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How to Book a Hotel in Pushkin

In order to book an accommodation in Pushkin enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Pushkin hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Pushkin map to estimate the distance from the main Pushkin attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Pushkin hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Pushkin is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Pushkin is waiting for you!

Hotels of Pushkin

A hotel in Pushkin is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Pushkin hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Pushkin are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Pushkin hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Pushkin hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Pushkin have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Pushkin
An upscale full service hotel facility in Pushkin that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Pushkin hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Pushkin
Full service Pushkin hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Pushkin
Boutique hotels of Pushkin are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Pushkin boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Pushkin may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Pushkin
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Pushkin travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Pushkin focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Pushkin
Small to medium-sized Pushkin hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Pushkin traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Pushkin hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Pushkin
A bed and breakfast in Pushkin is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Pushkin bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Pushkin B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Pushkin
Pushkin hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Pushkin hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Pushkin
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Pushkin hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Pushkin lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Pushkin
Pushkin timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Pushkin often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Pushkin on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Pushkin
A Pushkin motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Pushkin for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Pushkin motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Pushkin at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Pushkin hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

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Travelling and vacation in Pushkin

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Not to be confused with Pushkino, Russia.
Pushkin (English)
Пушкин (Russian)
- Municipal town -
Catherine Palace in Tsarskoe Selo 02.jpg
Catherine Palace
Pushkin is located in Russia
Pushkin
Pushkin
Location of Pushkin in Russia
Coordinates:  / 59.733; 30.383  / 59.733; 30.383
Small Coat Pushkin (St Petersburg).jpg
Pushkin city coa 2010.gif
Coat of arms
Flag
Municipal town Day June 24
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Saint Petersburg
Municipal status
Representative body Municipal Urban Council
Statistics
Area 201 km (78 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census) 92,889 inhabitants
Density 462/km (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)
Founded 1710 (1808)
Postal code(s) 196600
Dialing code(s) +7 812
Official website
Pushkin on Wikimedia Commons

Pushkin (Russian: Пушкин) is a municipal town in Pushkinsky District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia, located 24 kilometers (15 mi) south from the center of St. Petersburg proper, and its railway station, Tsarskoye Selo, is directly connected by railway to the Vitebsky Rail Terminal of the city. Population: 92,889 (2010 Census).

Pushkin was founded in 1710 as an imperial residence named Tsarskoye Selo and received status of a town in 1808. The first public railways in Russia, Tsarskoye Selo Railways, were opened here in 1837 and connected the town to the capital St. Petersburg. After the October Revolution, the town was renamed to Detskoye Selo (meaning Children's Village). Its name was further changed in 1937 to Pushkin to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the death of the Russian poet Alexander Pushkin. The town contains an ensemble of the 18th century "Tsarskoye Selo". This museum complex includes the Catherine Palace, Alexander Palace and other buildings and associated parks; it is a major tourist attraction of the area and is included in the list of monuments protected by the UNESCO.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Geology

The town is located on the Neva Lowland, on the left bank of the river Neva. The landscape is quite varied and contains hills, ridges and terraces intermixed with valleys, plains, forests and farmland. Numerous springs give rise to streams and feed ponds. In the Paleozoic era, 300–400 million years ago, the area was covered by a sea. Sediments of that time form a layer thicker than 200 metres (660 feet) on top of the Baltic Shield consisting of granite, gneiss and diabase. The modern topography was shaped by the glacier retreat some 12,000 years ago which created the Littorina Sea. About 4,000 years ago the sea receded and formed the valley of the Neva River which has not changed much over the last 2,500 years.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Climate

The climate Pushkin is temperate and wet, it is transitional between oceanic and continental. The length of the day varies from 5 hours and 51 minutes in the winter solstice to 18 hours and 50 minutes in the summer solstice. Summer is short and moderately warm, whereas winter is long and uneven, with frequent thaws. Air temperatures above 0 °C (32 °F) prevail from early April to mid-November. The coldest month is February. Winds mostly blow southward and frequently change air mass above the city. Summer is dominated by westerly and northwesterly winds, and the wind direction changes to westerly and southwesterly in winter. The cloudiest months are November, December and January, and the least cloudy are May, June and July. There are at least 240 sunny days per year. Between May 25 and July 16, white nights are observed when the sun only briefly goes over the horizon and the day lasts nearly 19 hours. The area is mostly fed by surface and ground waters.

Climate data for Pushkin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
10.2
(50.4)
14.9
(58.8)
25.3
(77.5)
30.9
(87.6)
34.6
(94.3)
35.3
(95.5)
33.5
(92.3)
30.4
(86.7)
21.0
(69.8)
12.3
(54.1)
10.9
(51.6)
35.3
(95.5)
Average high °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.1
(39.4)
9.2
(48.6)
16.1
(61)
20.5
(68.9)
22.2
(72)
20.6
(69.1)
14.6
(58.3)
8.5
(47.3)
1.8
(35.2)
−0.7
(30.7)
9.4
(48.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−6.0
(21.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.4
(39.9)
10.9
(51.6)
15.8
(60.4)
17.7
(63.9)
16.4
(61.5)
11.0
(51.8)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
−3.9
(25)
5.2
(41.4)
Average low °C (°F) −7.9
(17.8)
−7.7
(18.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
1.6
(34.9)
7.1
(44.8)
11.9
(53.4)
14.0
(57.2)
13.0
(55.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.7
(38.7)
−2.1
(28.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
2.8
(37)
Record low °C (°F) −35.9
(−32.6)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−6.6
(20.1)
0.1
(32.2)
4.9
(40.8)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−12.9
(8.8)
−22.2
(−8)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−35.9
(−32.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
31
(1.22)
35
(1.38)
33
(1.3)
38
(1.5)
64
(2.52)
78
(3.07)
77
(3.03)
67
(2.64)
65
(2.56)
56
(2.2)
49
(1.93)
633
(24.92)
Source:

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Soil, vegetation and wildlife

Prior to the founding of the town the area was covered by temperate coniferous forests (mostly pine and fir) with an admixture of broad-leaved trees and fens. The soils were mostly podzol, combined with peat and gleysols. Intensive economic activities changed the original forest landscape to agricultural land with small groves of aspen, birch, alder and willow. In the 18–19th centuries, a large park area of 704 hectares has been created in and around the city. Owing to the parks and environment-friendly policies, the Pushkin area has relatively low level of pollution. There is a large number of birds, reptiles and invertebrates; also common are hare and muskrat.

Muziy SPb 2010 3294.jpg
Muziy SPb 2010 3344.jpg
Sadov.JPG
St. Serge church Tsarskoye Selo1.jpg
Moscow gate Gostiny Dvor Sadovaya Street Church of St. Sergius

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: History

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Establishment of a settlement

Three-ruble memorial coin of the Bank of Russia

In 1609–1702, on the place of Catherine Palace stood a Swedish estate Sarskaya Manor (Russian: Сарская мыза, Finnish: Saari mojs, Swedish: Sarishoff meaning "high place"). It was a small estate, which consisted of a wooden house, household annexes, and a modest garden divided by two perpendicular avenues into four squares. This estate originated from an earlier settlement, which was mentioned in church inventories of 1501 and marked on maps drawn for Boris Godunov as Saritsa (Russian: Сарица). This name later transformed to Sarskaya Manor, then to Saar Village, and finally became the Tsarskoye Selo (meaning "Tsar's Village" in Russian).

After the expulsion of the Swedes from the area Peter the Great gave the manor to Alexander Menshikov. Later, by an official decree of 13 June 1710 the whole area including 43 villages was assigned to Marfa Skavronskaya, wife of Peter who later became Empress Catherine I. This date of 13 June 1710 is considered as the founding date of the city. In 1717–1724 the architect Johann Braunstein built here a two-storied stone palace surrounded by ancillary buildings, and Y. V. Roozen created a garden with two ponds at the palace. Because of the growing number of servants, a separate village and a wooden Uspenskaya Church (1716) were built nearby. Around then the Sarskaya Mansion transformed into Tsarskoye Selo. The first street of the city, Perednyaya Street (meaning "Front Street", now Sadovaya Street) was established in 1720. Construction of the Znamenskaya Church, the oldest stone building in the city, started in 1734.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Imperial residence

Empress Elizabeth of Russia in Tsarskoye Selo (Eugene Lanceray, gouache, 1905)

During the reign of Elizabeth, Tsarskoye Selo became the imperial residence. In 1740-50s the modest palace of Catherine I was rebuilt into a luxurious summer residence, the Catherine Palace. Between 1751 and 1756 the reconstruction was led by Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli, and the present look of the palace has not changed much since then. In 1755, the Amber Room was moved from the Winter Palace to the Catherine Palace. The gardens were extended and decorated with sculptures and pavilions. A canal was dug from Vittolovsky Springs (6 kilometres (4 miles) from the Tsarskoye Selo) to provide water for the park ponds, and several stone houses were built on the Perednyaya Street.

The inflow of people to the area in the 1770s urged Catherine II to separate the Tsarskoye Selo from the urban area. By the decree of January 1780 she established a town Sofia nearby with a separate administration. Further construction works without imperial orders were banned in Tsarskoye Selo and most merchants and clergy were moved to Sofia. The town was divided into rectangular districts with a vast open place in the center. A wooden church of Saints Constantine and Helen and then the stone Sophia Cathedral (1788) were raised in the town center. According to Johann Gottlieb Georgi, in 1794, Sofia was mostly populated by the palace workers and peasants. It had a number of stone buildings, a church resembling Hagia Sophia of Constantinople, and a factory in the suburbs producing paper for state bank notes. The town prospered owing to the proximity of St. Petersburg and imperial attention.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Town

Map of the Tsarskoye Selo area (1858)
Tsarskoye Selo, postcard of 1904
Nicholas II meets deputies after the consecration of the Fyodor Cathedral (1912)

A new park which later became Alexander Park was established in the 1770s to the west of the Catherine Palace, and in 1792–1795 Giacomo Quarenghi built the Alexander Palace at the north-eastern border of the park for the future emperor Alexander I. In 1808, Alexander I merged the Tsarskoye Selo with Sofia and proclaimed it a town and the seat of Tsarskoselsky Uyezd. In 1808, he appointed William Heste as the town architect, which post he held until his death in 1832. Heste compiled a master plan for Tsarskoye Selo, with division into quarters and associated gardens and orchards. Most residents moved from Sofia to Tsarskoye Selo and the former was converted to a residence of a military regiment. By 1817, Tsarskoye Selo had 15 streets, 354 buildings and a population of 4,000.

The Catherine Palace suffered from the fire of 1820 and was reconstructed by the architect Vasily Stasov. He also designed several buildings in classical style, namely the Manezh, Stable Building and Grand Orangery. Between 1811 and 1843 a wing of the Catherine Palace hosted the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum where Aleksandr Pushkin studied between 1811 and 1817. Several historical objects were created in those decades including the iron Egyptian gates by Adam Menelaws.

The first public railway in the Russian Empire, Tsarskoselskaya Railway, was laid in 1837 and connected Tsarskoye Selo with the capital St. Petersburg. Its length was about 22.5 km (14.0 mi) and the journey time about 40 minutes. The prominent Catherine Cathedral was built in 1840. The town was expanding and by 1855 had 44 streets, 10 churches, 400 houses, 8 military barracks, 3 hospitals and a female seminary. Tsarskoye Selo was one of the most developed cities of Russia. In 1887 it became the first fully electrified town in Europe, and by the end of the 19th century had a telephone network.

In 1905, the Alexander Palace became the main residence of the Nicholas II. Here the royal family was held under house arrest after the February Revolution. In 1902–1908 the town was equipped with the most advanced by the time water system with a separate sewer network and a water purification station. By 1909 the town had 30,000 residents and 19 schools. In 1910, an Imperial garrison camp was established to the north of the Catherine Palace, on the border of Alexander Park and the city. It had a separate cathedral (Fedorovskiy Cathedral), a dining hall, and two hospitals, one for officers and one for soldiers. The first bus route was opened in 1911, and in 1914 a powerful for the time 300-kilowatt wireless telegraphy station was built in the city. Léon Theremin worked at that station in 1918–1919.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Soviet period

Catherine Park (1939)

In 1918, after the October Revolution, the palace and park complex was declared as museum and national property. On 7 November 1918 it was renamed to Detskoye Selo (Russian: Детское Село, "Children's Village"), because of the large number of children's institutions established in the area, and due to a general trend to rename Tsar-related geographical names. On 10 February 1937, on the occasion of the 100-year anniversary of the death of Aleksandr Pushkin, the town was given his name. On 10 June 1939, the Catherine Cathedral was demolished by the Soviet authorities.

After the start of World War II, on 17 September 1941, the town was occupied by the German troops. Several buildings of the palace complex were destroyed or damaged and many artworks were abducted, including the entire inner decoration of the Amber Room. The town was liberated on 24 January 1944 as a result of the Krasnoye Selo–Ropsha Offensive.

Restoration of the palace complex was initiated already during the war. Public access was gradually re-established to the parks (1946), lyceum (1949) and six palace halls (1959). The Amber Room was restored only by 2003. The town was rebuilt in 1950-1960s. Several factories were established in the eastern part of Pushkin and in Sofia and two prominent monuments were raised in 1960, to Vladimir Lenin (sculptor Zair Azgur) and Ernst Thälmann (sculptor Arnold). In 1975, the town was equipped with a new water system and modern sewage treatment facilities, which were upgraded in 1999–2005 within a joint Russian-Finnish-Swedish project.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Post-Soviet period

Since the early 1990s Pushkin became a luxury housing development area. Notable festivals are conducted every year on the weekend after the City Day (24 June). International carnivals are conducted in the town from 1995 and from 2000 Pushkin is a member of the Federation of European Carnival Cities. Large scale cleanup and reconstruction of the town was conducted before the celebration of the 300th anniversary of the town (24 June 2010). In April 2004 vandals pushed the monument of Lenin from its pedestal breaking the statue. The reconstruction of the Catherine Cathedral began on the place of the monument on 7 December 2006. Another monument of Lenin was heavily damaged on 6 December 2010 in an explosion staged by an unknown group.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Coat of arms

Coat of arms of Pushkin (Tsarskoye Selo)

The coat of arms of Tsarskoye Selo was adopted on 12 March 1831 as a crowned monogram of Catherine I. It was however not the emblem of the city, but only of the imperial residence. Two town emblems were proposed by Baron Bernhard Karl von Koehne, one in 1859 and another in 1882, but neither was accepted.

In Soviet times the town had no coat of arms. In 1990, the coat of arms of 1831 was registered as the emblem of Museum "Tsarskoye Selo" and for this reason could not be approved as a symbol of the city. The Decree of Pushkin City Council of 15 March 2001 approved the following coat of arms. It featured an oval shield with the monogram of Catherine I on red background. The shield was topped with a golden crown and had golden laurel branches underneath. On 25 March 2010, Pushkin Municipal Council approved the current four-panel coat of arms. Two of its panels feature identical crowned monograms of Catherine I on red background, and the other two parts depict a black double-headed eagle of the Catherine II era on a purple background. The eagle has a red tongue, golden beaks and claws and three crowns. In its right paw the eagle holds a silver torch burning with gold flame and in the left paw it has a two-legged silver anchor without a cross bar. The eagle's breast is covered with a blue oval shield with a silver cross on it; the rim of the shield is formed by a snake biting its tail. This 4-part coat is named as "extended" or "big" (Russian: большой) whereas its one part with the Catherine I monogram is called "small" (Russian: малый) and is also an official coat of arms of Pushkin.

Population trend of Pushkin

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Population

Working-age population makes 63% of the total, 13% are younger and 24% are older than the working age. The number of children born in 2008 was 1278; this is 137 more than in 2007, yet this about half of the value required for population replacement; 285 children were born by unmarried mothers. 1471 marriage and 742 divorce acts were registered in 2009. The fraction of women in the total population is 54%, and the difference is especially large (2700 women per 1000 men) for citizen outside of working age. The average age of residents is 40 years and is increasing. During 11 months of 2009, 19,316 foreign nationals were registered in Pushkin, that is 3,500 more than in 2008.

Population of Pushkin
Year 1817 1897 1910 1926 1939 1959 1970 1979 1989 1991 1996 2002 2007 2010
Population 4,000 22,400 30,880 19,300 56,000 46,000 70,000 90,000 95,415 95,300 93,600 84,628 96,000 92,889

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Layout and architecture of the town

The modern layout of Pushkin was developed in the early 20th century, it consists of two main parts. The northeastern part (old Tsarskoye Selo) contains the oldest streets of the city, such as Sadovaya, Srednyaya and Malaya, and has the Cathedral Square in its center. At the request of Alexander I this part was surrounded by the Catherine and Alexander parks from the south and west and by the October and Sofia boulevards from the east and north. Yet, this part of the town has been constantly expanding, to the east up to the railroad and to the north up to Detskoselskiy boulevard. The southern part of the town is the former town of Sofia, planned by Catherine II and centered at the Sofia Square. To the north, east and west of this part lie the Catherine, Babolovo and Otdelny parks. The railroad to Pavlovsk and Vitebsk runs through the eastern border of the city.

The major attractions of the town are described below.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: State Museum-Reserve "Tsarskoye Selo"

See also: Tsarskoye Selo

This palace and park ensemble of 18th–19th centuries served as the royal residence and was converted into a museum after the nationalization in March 1918. It received its current status of museum-reserve in 1992. Restoration of the museum is partly supported by the World Bank; about US$4 million has been spent by 2008 and some US$3.2 million more is required to complete the restoration. The museum-reserve includes:

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Catherine Park

The park is named in honor of the Empress Catherine I of Russia. It occupies an area of 107 hectares and consists of the regular Old Garden (1717–1720) and an English garden (1760–1796, architect Vasily Neyelov) separated by large ponds. The park includes numerous pavilions of significant architectural and historical value. Most of them have been restored.

Catherine Park
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Pushkin Catherine Park 01.jpg
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Admiralteystvo (Catharine park, Tsarskoye Selo, St.Petersburg, Russia - 2006).jpg
Catherine Palace Pavilion Hermitage Cameron's Gallery Admiralty

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Catherine Palace

Lyceum

The original palace of 1717–1723 was rebuilt in 1743–1756, first by Mikhail Zemtsov, A. V. Kvasov and Savva Chevakinsky and then by Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli. Rastrelli was the primary author of the architectural design and lush sculptural decoration of the façade, in the style of Russian Baroque; he also designed the interior layout and decoration. The main courtyard is facing west and has a gilded wrought-iron fence and gates. The palace is surrounded by a few buildings added in the late 18th century. One of them is a four-story outhouse to the south, which hosted the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum and was then converted into a museum, a branch of the All Russian Pushkin Museum. Lyceum is connected with the palace by an arch over Sadovaya Street (architect I. Neelov). Other attachments to the palace include Zubovsky wing on the southern side (architect Y. M. Felton) and Cameron's Gallery, cold saunas and a hanging garden to the southeast. One of the most famous rooms of the palace is the Amber Room.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Alexander Park

The park occupies an area of 120 hectares next to the main entrance. It consists of a regular part (the New Garden, 1740s, N. Girard) and the Landscape Park (1790s) with three ponds and artificial mounds. River Kuzminka, partitioned by a dam, flows in the western part of the park. Unfortunately, most monuments in the park are in a deteriorating condition.

Alexander Park
Ponds of the New Garden in Tsarskoe Selo 03.jpg
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Alexander Park Chinese Village Pavilion Arsenal Pavilion "White Tower"

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Alexander Palace

Main article: Alexander Palace

This classical palace was built in 1792–1796 by Giacomo Quarenghi for Alexander I. The palace is an elongated two-storey building with double wings on either side and a two-row colonnade on the northern side. Next to the palace is a vast park with a lake.

Panoramic view of Alexander Palace in 2010

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Other points of interest

  • The Tsars originally had their railway station served by their own railway line that branched off the main St.Petersburg Vitebsk Station to Tsarskoye Selo main line south of Shushary station. A number of incomplete bridge structures survive from this railway. The Tsars' personal railway station, which served by the Alexander and Catherine Palaces survives in derelict condition to the North of Alexandra Park on Akademicheski Prospect.
  • Babolovo Park was established in the late 18th century and expanded to an area of 268.8 ha in 1820-1860s. It is connected by a straight lane with the Catherine Park. In 1783–1786, Babolovo Palace was built in the park by the architect V. I. Neelov for the prince Grigory Potemkin. It was rebuilt in 1824–1825 by Vasily Stasov and is known for a large granite bath. The palace is ruined at present. Taitsky conduit built in 1772–1787 runs through the park. Until 1905, this was the only water pipeline of Tsarskoye Selo.
  • Otdelny Park has an area of 100 hectares. It starts on the left side of the Sofia Boulevard and extends to Pavlovsk. The park contains Kolonistsky pond created in 1824–1825 for draining the surrounding countryside.
  • Fermsky Park is located near the Fedorovskiy town and Alexander Park. It was arranged by Adam Menelaws in 1818–1820 as a grazing area at the nearby imperial farm. A pond was dug in the park for watering.
  • Buffer Park has been established in the late 1980 – early 1990s. It is situated at the entrance to Pushkin through the Pulkovo highway. The park contains five ponds and is adjacent to Kuzminskoye Cemetery. Tsarskoselskaya Railway was passing through the park and its remains are still visible.
  • Reserve Palace was built in 1817–1824 on Sadovaya street in a classical style reminiscent of an Italian Renaissance villa by the architects Adam Menelaws and Vasily Stasov.
  • Gostiny Dvor (1866, architect N. Nikitin) is a set of interconnected premises with large halls meant for commercial activities.
  • Palace of Princess Olga Paley (1911–1912, architect K. Schmidt) is three-story building in classical style, is now home to the Military Engineering-Technical University.
  • Mansion of Viktor Kochubey (1911–1913, architect A. I. Taman, Radishcheva street 4). Nowadays it houses the sanatorium "Tsarskoye Selo".
  • Detskoye Selo Station building (1946–1950, architect E. A. Levinson) consists of a two-storey body and three pavilions. The project was awarded Stalin Prize in 1951.
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Tsars Railway Station Tsarskoye Selo 1.JPG
Reserve Palace Gostiny Dvor
Postcard. 1904
Palace of Princess Olga Paley Memorial Museum of A. Pushkin Tsars' personal railway station

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Economy

As of January 1, 2010, there were 741 companies in Pushkin, including 165 in foodservice, 358 in trade and 53 in small retail sales, 162 in household services, as well as 8 supermarkets and one market. Large retail chains of the town include such as "Pyatyorochka", "Magnit" and "RiOMAG".

Mechanical engineering is the core industry of Pushkin. It is represented by such enterprises as plant "Sophia" (railway equipment), Pushkin's Engineering Works (road construction equipment), NGOs STIGMASH (boiler equipment), plant "Astra" and "DVT" (woodworking machinery). Several companies produce medical equipment. The town has an asphalt plant, a stone processing plant Medved' ("Bear"), and several woodworking and furniture production factories. The town has well-developed food industry which produced prefabricated frozen meat ("Daria"), beer (Tinkoff brewery is part of Anheuser-Busch InBev – the biggest beer producer in Russia), bread ("Tsarskoselsky bread"), among other products. The factory "СЛАВЯНСКИЙ" is one of the largest Russian producers of frame-panel houses.

The Sofia are of Pushkin hosts a military garrison with several aircraft and artillery units and a military cooks school No. 228. Outside the town there is military airfield and an aircraft repair plant, which is part of Forces of central subordination of the Russian Air Force.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Social institutions and well-being

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Transportation

Railway station Tsarskoye Selo

Pushkin region has a well-developed system of commuter trains and buses, with 24 municipal and 17 commercial bus routes. A major railway line St. Petersburg – Vitebsk passes through the city. Saint Petersburg Ring Road and three major international highways run near Pushkin, namely M10 E105, M20 E95 and M11 E20. Pushkin is connected with St. Petersburg via Pulkovo, Moscow and Vitebsk highways.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Museums

  • Pushkin Museum is located in the one-story historical wooden house (1827, Pushkinskaya Street, 2/19). Here Pushkin spent the summer of 1831 with his wife Natalia. The exhibition contains his office and describes work of the poet at that time.  / 59.724056; 30.400000
  • Historical museum of the town (1977) features about 30,000 exhibits related to the history of Tsarskoye Selo and its inhabitants.  / 59.721139; 30.405056
  • Museum of the painter Pavel Chistyakov is valued not only by its exhibition, but also by its location in a historical Russian wooden house.  / 59.713111; 30.426194
  • Museum "Tsarskoselskaya Collection" (1909) exhibits modern and traditional artworks created by leading masters of pictorial and plastic realism from 1910 to the present. It is housed in an Art Nouveau building with gothic elements.  / 59.723000; 30.407972
  • Museum-exhibition "Anna Akhmatova. Tsarskoye Selo" (1999) is based on the collection of the honorary citizen A. D. Umnikov.  / 59.719528; 30.403639
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Museum of History and Literature Museum of Pavel Chistyakov Museum "Tsarskoselskaya Collection" Museum exhibition "Anna Akhmatova. Tsarskoye Selo"

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Education and research

Pushkin has 14 secondary schools, 24 kindergartens and nurseries, a boarding school, a high school, gymnasium, art school, music school, several foreign languages schools, cadet school, College of Traditional Culture and the St. Petersburg Railway College. Higher education is provided by the St. Petersburg State Agrarian University, Pushkin Leningrad State University, Institute of Law and Business, Naval Engineering Institute and a Military Institute of the Mozhaysky Military Space Academy.

The town is a major center of agricultural science hosting a number of research centers and laboratories. They include the Northwestern Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Farm Animals, All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Protection, All-Russian Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology, Institute of Plant Industry, Research Institute of Chemical Soil Reclamation and many others.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Religion

Fyodorovsky Cathedral in winter

The town has a large number of churches and chapels. Most of them are Orthodox and are objects of cultural heritage, and only a few are listed below:

Sophia Cathedral
  • Fedorovskiy Cathedral (1909–1912, architect Vladimir Pokrovsky, Academichesky Pr. 34) used to be a home church of the Imperial Family. The priests and servants of the cathedral stayed in the nearby Fedorovskiy Gorodok – a complex built in 1913-1917s in Russian Revival style.
  • Znamenskaya Church (1734–1747, architect Ivan Blank) is an acting Orthodox Church and the oldest stone building in the town in the Petrine Baroque style.
  • Panteleimon Church – an active church.
  • Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin (1870–1872, architects Ippolit Monighetti and A. F. Vidov) – an active Orthodox Church in Eclectic style.
  • Sorrow Church at the former community of the Red Cross (1912–1914, architect S. A. Danini) – an active Orthodox Church in Russian Revival style.
  • Catherine Cathedral (1835–1840, architect Konstantin Thon) – an Orthodox cathedral which was demolished in 1939 and restored in 2010 to the 300 anniversary of Tsarskoye Selo.
  • Sophia Cathedral (1782–1788, architects Charles Cameron and I. E. Starov) – and active Orthodox cathedral in classic style.
  • St. Julian's Church, Pushkin (1894–1899, architect V. N. Kuritsyn) – an Orthodox church in Russian Revival style, under restoration.
  • Church of St. Sergius (1903–1904, architect A. Uspensky, Fodder lane 4) – an Orthodox Church.

The town has several churches of other denominations. Their construction is due to the fact that the town was the imperial residence, which always hosted non-Orthodox believers. Currently active are the Church of St. John the Baptist (Roman Catholic cathedral in the classical style) and an Evangelical Lutheran Church built in Gothic Revival style. The Church of Evangelical Christian Baptists is being restored. In addition, there is a Stake of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). There are two cemeteries: Kazan (area 28.83 hectares) and Kuzminskoye (4.6 hectares).

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Sports

From 1947 to 2010 the town has raised 3 Honored Master of Sports, 19 International Masters of Sports and 62 Masters of Sports. There is a large number of clubs for all major sports, two swimming pools, and a town stadium for 1,500 spectators. The stadium holds track and field athletics competitions and hosts the local football club "Tsarskoye Selo" founded in 2009.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Media

Pushkin has cable television which is also used, from 1991, for broadcasting the local radio station "Tsarskoye Selo". The local newspapers include "Tsarskoselskaya Newspaper" (published since 1906), which focuses on culture, international relations, government and district events; "Municipal Vestnik" reports the activities of the Pushkin Municipal Council; "Gorodok-info" is a small advertising and information newspaper distributed by hand; "Gazeta + TV" is weekly news advertising edition, and "Nash Pervyi" is a local advertising magazine.

Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Twin towns – Sister cities

Pushkin is twinned with the following sister cities:

  • Denmark Aalborg, Denmark since 1976
  • Greece Athens, Greece
  • United States Annapolis, United States
  • Republic of Macedonia Bitola, Republic of Macedonia, since 2005
  • Germany Brunswick, Germany
  • France Cambrai, France, since 2003
  • Italy Castel Goffredo, Italy
  • Greece Corfu, Greece
  • United Kingdom Cumbria, United Kingdom
  • United Kingdom Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • Germany Grünwald, Germany
  • Finland Heinola, Finland, since 1997
  • Greece Heraklion, Greece
  • Finland Imatra, Finland
  • Italy Ivrea, Italy
  • United States Kalamazoo, United States, since 1992
  • Finland Kerava, Finland
  • Finland Lappeenranta, Finland
  • Finland Lahti, Finland
  • Russia Loukhsky District, Republic of Karelia, Russia, since 1999
  • Italy Mantua, Italy, since 1993
  • United States Nassau County, United States, since 1996
  • Belarus Novopolotsk, Belarus, since 2003
  • Germany Neukölln, Germany, since 1991
  • Germany Nürtingen, Germany
  • Japan Ogano, Japan, since 1999
  • Russia Olyokminsk, Russia, since 1997
  • Greece Rethymnon, Greece, since 1996
  • Kazakhstan Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan, since 1995
  • United Kingdom Stratford-upon-Avon, United Kingdom
  • Poland Szczecin, Poland
  • Spain Tarragona, Spain, since 1997
  • Romania Tulcea, Romania
  • France Valance, France, since 2010
  • Russia Valdai, Russia, since 2000
  • France Versailles, France
  • Germany Weimar, Germany
  • United States Worcester, United States, since 1987
  • Germany Zerbst, Germany, since 1994
  • Poland Zielona Góra, Poland

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  48. Городские здания и памятники |Cайт города Пушкина (Царского Села) |История города |Достопримечательности – дворцы и парки, музеи, храмы |Новости |Афиша |Справочник адресов и телефонов организаций. Tsarselo.info. Retrieved on 2011-03-11.
  49. РБД Дистрибьюция – телефон 448-82-87. Rbd.spb.ru. Retrieved on 2011-03-11.
  50. Yellow Pages
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  52. СЕВЕРО-ЗАПАДНОЕ МАШИНОСТРОИТЕЛЬНОЕ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЕ. GorodPushkin.ru. Retrieved on 2011-03-11.
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  54. Медицинская техника и оборудование-производство. GorodPushkin.ru. Retrieved on 2011-03-11.
  55. Камнеобрабатывающие заводы. GorodPushkin.ru. Retrieved on 2011-03-11.
  56. Деревообработка, лесоматериалы. GorodPushkin.ru. Retrieved on 2011-03-11.
  57. Мебель-производство. GorodPushkin.ru. Retrieved on 2011-03-11.
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Pushkin, Saint Petersburg: Bibliography

  • Darinsky A. V. (1982). География Ленинграда (Geography of Leningrad). Leningrad: Lenizdat.
  • Official website of Pushkin's business of commerce
  • Portal of Pushkin
  • The murder of the Jews of Pushkin during World War II, at Yad Vashem website.
  • Photos of The Tsar's Private Railway Station, St.Petersburg
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