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In order to book an accommodation in Reykjavik enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Reykjavik hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Reykjavik map to estimate the distance from the main Reykjavik attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Reykjavik hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Reykjavik

A hotel in Reykjavik is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Reykjavik hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Reykjavik are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Reykjavik hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Reykjavik hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Reykjavik have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Reykjavik
An upscale full service hotel facility in Reykjavik that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Reykjavik hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Reykjavik
Full service Reykjavik hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Reykjavik
Boutique hotels of Reykjavik are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Reykjavik boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Reykjavik may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Reykjavik
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Reykjavik travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Reykjavik focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Reykjavik
Small to medium-sized Reykjavik hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Reykjavik traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Reykjavik hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Reykjavik
A bed and breakfast in Reykjavik is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Reykjavik bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Reykjavik B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Reykjavik
Reykjavik hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Reykjavik hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Reykjavik
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Reykjavik hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Reykjavik lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Reykjavik
Reykjavik timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Reykjavik often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Reykjavik on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Reykjavik
A Reykjavik motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Reykjavik for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Reykjavik motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Reykjavik

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Reykjavík
Reykjavik Main Image.jpg
From upper left: Reykjavik from Perlan, rooftops from Hallgrímskirkja, Reykjavik from Hallgrímskirkja, Fríkirkjan, panorama from Perlan
ISL Reykjavik COA.svg
Coat of arms of Reykjavík
Reykjavikurborg map.svg
Location of Reykjavík
Region Capital Region
Constituency Reykjavík Constituency North
Reykjavík Constituency South
Market right August 18, 1786
Mayor Dagur Bergþóruson Eggertsson (SDA)
Council Reykjavík City Council
Area 273 km (105 sq mi)
Population 123,246 (2016)
Density 451.5/km (1,169/sq mi)
Municipal number 0000
Postal code(s) 101–155
Website reykjavik.is (in Icelandic)

Reykjavík (/ˈrkjəvɪk, -vk/ RAYK-yə-vik, RAYK-yə-veek; Icelandic: [ˈreiːcaˌviːk]) is the capital and largest city of Iceland. It has a latitude of 64°08' N, making it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state, and is a popular tourist destination. It is located in southwestern Iceland, on the southern shore of Faxa Bay. With a population of around 123 300 (and over 216 940 in the Capital Region), it is the heart of Iceland's cultural, economic and governmental activity.

Reykjavík is believed to be the location of the first permanent settlement in Iceland, which, according to Ingólfur Arnarson, was established in AD 874. Until the 19th century, there was no urban development in the city location. The city was founded in 1786 as an official trading town and grew steadily over the next decades, as it transformed into a regional and later national centre of commerce, population, and governmental activities. It is among the cleanest, greenest, and safest cities in the world.

Reykjavik: History

A painting by Johan Peter Raadsig of Ingólfur commanding his high seat pillars to be erected
Reykjavík in the 1860s

The first permanent settlement in Iceland by Norsemen is believed to have been established at Reykjavík by Ingólfur Arnarson from Norway around AD 870; this is described in Landnámabók, or the Book of Settlement. Ingólfur Arnarson is said to have decided the location of his settlement using a traditional Norse method; he cast his high seat pillars (Öndvegissúlur) into the ocean when he saw the coastline, then settled where the pillars came to shore. Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name, which loosely translates to Smoke Cove (the city is sometimes referred to as Bay of Smoke or Smoky Bay in English language travel guides). The original name was Reykjarvík with an additional "r" that had vanished around 1800.

Reykjavík is not mentioned in any medieval sources except as being covered by farmland, but the 18th century saw the beginning of urban concentration. The Danish rulers of Iceland backed the idea of domestic industry in Iceland that would stimulate much-needed development on the island. In 1752, the King of Denmark, Frederik V, donated the estate of Reykjavík to the Innréttingar Corporation; the name comes from the Danish language word indretninger, meaning institution. The leader of this movement was Skúli Magnússon (is). In the 1750s several houses were built to house the wool industry that was to be Reykjavík's most important employer for a few decades and the original reason for its existence. Other crafts were also practised by the Innréttingar, such as fisheries, sulphur mining, agriculture, and shipbuilding.

The Danish Crown abolished monopoly trading in 1786 and granted six communities around the country an exclusive trading charter, Reykjavík was one of them and the only one to hold on to the charter permanently. The year 1786 is regarded as the date of the city's founding; its 200th anniversary was celebrated in 1986. Trading rights were still limited to the subjects of the Danish Crown, and Danish traders continued to dominate trade in Iceland. Over the following decades, their business in Iceland expanded. After 1880, free trade was expanded to all nationalities and the influence of Icelandic merchants started to grow.

Reykjavik: Rise of nationalism

Reykjavík in 1881

Icelandic nationalist sentiment gained influence in the 19th century and the idea of Icelandic independence became widespread. Reykjavík, as Iceland's only city, was central to such ideas. Advocates of an independent Iceland realized that a strong Reykjavík was fundamental to that objective. All the important events in the history of the independence struggle were important to Reykjavík as well. In 1845 Alþingi, the general assembly formed in 930 AD, was re-established in Reykjavík; it had been suspended a few decades earlier when it was located at Þingvellir. At the time it functioned only as an advisory assembly, advising the King about Icelandic affairs. The location of Alþingi in Reykjavík effectively established the city as the capital of Iceland.

In 1874, Iceland was given a constitution; with it, Alþingi gained some limited legislative powers and in essence became the institution that it is today. The next step was to move most of the executive power to Iceland: Home Rule was granted in 1904 when the office of Minister For Iceland was established in Reykjavík. The biggest step towards an independent Iceland was taken on 1 December 1918 when Iceland became a sovereign country under the Crown of Denmark, the Kingdom of Iceland.

By the 1920s and 1930s most of the growing Icelandic fishing trawler fleet sailed from Reykjavík and salt-cod production was its main industry, but the Great Depression hit Reykjavík hard with unemployment and labour union struggles occurring that sometimes became violent.

Reykjavik: World War II

On the morning of 10 May 1940, following the German occupation of Denmark and Norway on 9 April 1940, four British warships approached Reykjavík and anchored in the harbour. In a few hours, the allied occupation of Reykjavík was complete. There was no armed resistance, and taxi and truck drivers even assisted the invasion force, which initially had no motor vehicles. The Icelandic government had received many requests from the British government to consent to the occupation, but it always declined on the basis of the Neutrality Policy. For the remaining years of World War II, British and later American soldiers occupied camps in Reykjavík, and the number of foreign soldiers in Reykjavík became about the same as the local population of the city. The Royal Regiment of Canada (RREGTC) formed part of the garrison in Iceland during the early part of the war.

The economic effects of the occupation were positive for Reykjavík: the unemployment of the Depression years vanished and construction work began. The British built Reykjavík Airport, which is still in service today, mostly serving domestic flights. The Americans, meanwhile, built Keflavík Airport, situated 50 km (31 mi) west of Reykjavík, which would become Iceland's primary international airport. In 1944, the Republic of Iceland was founded and a president, elected by the people, replaced the King; the office of the president was placed in Reykjavík.

Reykjavik: Post-war development

In the post-war years the growth of Reykjavík accelerated. A mass exodus from the rural countryside began, largely due to improved technology in agriculture that reduced the need for manpower, and because of a population boom resulting from better living conditions in the country. A once primitive village was rapidly transformed into a modern city. Private cars became common and modern apartment complexes rose in the expanding suburbs. Much of Reykjavík lost its village feel. In 1972, Reykjavík hosted the world chess championship between Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky. The 1986 Reykjavík Summit between Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev underlined Reykjavík's international status. Deregulation in the financial sector and the computer revolution of the 1990s again transformed Reykjavík. The financial and IT sectors are now significant employers in the city. The city has fostered some world-famous talents in recent decades, such as Björk, Ólafur Arnalds and bands Múm, Sigur Rós and Of Monsters and Men, poet Sjón and visual artist Ragnar Kjartansson.

Reykjavik: Geography

Reykjavík seen from above
Esja, the mountain range to the north of Reykjavík

Reykjavík is located in southwest Iceland. The Reykjavík area coastline is characterized by peninsulas, coves, straits, and islands.

During the Ice Age (up to 10,000 years ago) a large glacier covered parts of the city area, reaching as far out as Álftanes. Other parts of the city area were covered by sea water. In the warm periods and at the end of the Ice Age, some hills like Öskjuhlíð were islands. The former sea level is indicated by sediments (with clams) reaching (at Öskjuhlíð, for example) as far as 43 m (141 ft) above the current sea level. The hills of Öskjuhlíð and Skólavörðuholt appear to be the remains of former shield volcanoes which were active during the warm periods of the Ice Age.

After the Ice Age the land rose as the heavy load of the glaciers fell away, and began to look as it does today.

The capital city area continued to be shaped by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, like the one 4,500 years ago in the mountain range Bláfjöll, when the lava coming down the Elliðaá valley reached the sea at the bay of Elliðavogur.

The largest river to run through Reykjavík is the Elliðaá River, which is non-navigable. It is one of the best salmon fishing rivers in the country. Mount Esja, at 914 m (2,999 ft), is the highest mountain in the vicinity of Reykjavík.

The city of Reykjavík is mostly located on the Seltjarnarnes peninsula, but the suburbs reach far out to the south and east. Reykjavík is a spread-out city: most of its urban area consists of low-density suburbs, and houses are usually widely spaced. The outer residential neighbourhoods are also widely spaced from each other; in between them are the main traffic arteries and a lot of empty space.

Panorama of Reykjavík seen from Perlan with the mountains Akrafjall (middle) and Esja (right) in the background
Panorama of Reykjavík seen from Perlan in summer during sunset. As seen in the picture Reykjavík is mild enough to permit the growing of trees.

Reykjavik: Climate

Using the -3 °C isotherm and 1961-1990 climate data Reykjavík has a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc), that can be classified as a subarctic climate (Dfc) using the 0 °C isotherm, also very closely borders a tundra climate (ET). A warming climate has led to Reykjavík falling firmly into the subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc) when considering climate data from 2000-2014.

Despite its northern latitude, temperatures very rarely drop below −15 °C (5 °F) in the winter. This is because the Icelandic coastal weather in winter is moderated by the North Atlantic Current, itself an extension of the Gulf Stream (see also Extratropical cyclone). The city's coastal location does make it prone to wind, however, and gales are common in winter. Summers are cool, with temperatures fluctuating between 10 and 15 °C (50 and 59 °F), rarely exceeding 20 °C (68 °F). Reykjavík averages 147 days with measurable precipitation every year. Droughts are uncommon although they occur in some summers. In the summer of 2007, no rain was measured for one month. Summer tends to be the sunniest season, although May receives the most sunshine of any individual month. Overall, the city receives around 1,200 annual hours of sunshine, which is comparable with other places in Northern and North-Western Europe. Nonetheless, Reykjavik is one of the cloudiest and coldest capitals of any nation in the world. The highest ever recorded temperature in Reykjavík was 25.7 °C (78 °F), recorded on July 30, 2008, while the lowest ever recorded temperature was −19.7 °C (−3 °F), recorded on January 30, 1971.

Climate data for Reykjavík (1961-1990) Extremes (1949-present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
10.2
(50.4)
13.0
(55.4)
14.7
(58.5)
20.6
(69.1)
22.4
(72.3)
25.7
(78.3)
24.8
(76.6)
18.5
(65.3)
15.7
(60.3)
12.6
(54.7)
12.0
(53.6)
25.7
(78.3)
Average high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
2.8
(37)
3.2
(37.8)
5.7
(42.3)
9.4
(48.9)
11.7
(53.1)
13.3
(55.9)
13.0
(55.4)
10.1
(50.2)
6.8
(44.2)
3.4
(38.1)
2.2
(36)
7.0
(44.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
0.4
(32.7)
0.5
(32.9)
2.9
(37.2)
6.3
(43.3)
9.0
(48.2)
10.6
(51.1)
10.3
(50.5)
7.4
(45.3)
4.4
(39.9)
1.1
(34)
0.2
(32.4)
4.3
(39.7)
Average low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−2.1
(28.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.4
(32.7)
3.6
(38.5)
6.7
(44.1)
8.3
(46.9)
7.9
(46.2)
5.0
(41)
2.2
(36)
−1.3
(29.7)
−2.8
(27)
1.9
(35.4)
Record low °C (°F) −19.7
(−3.5)
−17.6
(0.3)
−16.4
(2.5)
−16.4
(2.5)
−7.7
(18.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
1.4
(34.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−15.1
(4.8)
−16.8
(1.8)
−19.7
(−3.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 75.6
(2.976)
71.8
(2.827)
81.8
(3.22)
58.3
(2.295)
43.8
(1.724)
50.0
(1.969)
51.8
(2.039)
61.8
(2.433)
66.5
(2.618)
85.6
(3.37)
72.5
(2.854)
78.7
(3.098)
798.8
(31.449)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13.3 12.5 14.4 12.2 9.8 10.7 10.0 11.7 12.4 14.5 12.5 13.9 148.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 26.9 51.8 111.1 140.0 192.0 161.3 171.3 154.8 124.8 83.4 38.5 12.1 1,268.4
Source: Icelandic Met Office
Climate data for Reykjavík (2000-2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
10.2
(50.4)
12.4
(54.3)
14.0
(57.2)
18.5
(65.3)
22.4
(72.3)
25.7
(78.3)
24.8
(76.6)
17.6
(63.7)
15.6
(60.1)
12.1
(53.8)
12.0
(53.6)
25.7
(78.3)
Average high °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
3.8
(38.8)
4.7
(40.5)
7.3
(45.1)
10.4
(50.7)
13.5
(56.3)
15.1
(59.2)
14.5
(58.1)
11.6
(52.9)
7.6
(45.7)
5.0
(41)
3.6
(38.5)
8.4
(47.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
1.0
(33.8)
1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39)
6.9
(44.4)
10.3
(50.5)
11.9
(53.4)
11.3
(52.3)
8.7
(47.7)
4.8
(40.6)
2.5
(36.5)
0.9
(33.6)
5.4
(41.7)
Average low °C (°F) −1.1
(30)
−1.5
(29.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
1.3
(34.3)
4.0
(39.2)
7.7
(45.9)
9.4
(48.9)
8.8
(47.8)
6.4
(43.5)
2.5
(36.5)
0.2
(32.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.0
(37.4)
Record low °C (°F) −11.5
(11.3)
−14.4
(6.1)
−12.5
(9.5)
−8.9
(16)
−5.2
(22.6)
0.2
(32.4)
3.5
(38.3)
2.7
(36.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−7.2
(19)
−15.1
(4.8)
−12.8
(9)
−15.1
(4.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 88
(3.46)
83
(3.27)
84
(3.31)
66
(2.6)
43
(1.69)
44
(1.73)
50
(1.97)
65
(2.56)
101
(3.98)
77
(3.03)
74
(2.91)
97
(3.82)
872
(34.33)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 23 68 107 172 230 198 185 177 116 102 41 15 1,433
Source: Climatological statistics for the period 2000–2014

Reykjavik: Cityscape

Reykjavik from Hallgrimskirkja
Panorama of the northern seashore of Reykjavík, as seen from Örfirisey.

Reykjavik: City administration

The Reykjavík City Council governs the city of Reykjavík according to law number 45/1998 and is directly elected by those aged over 18 domiciled in the city. The council has 15 members who are elected using the open list method for four year terms.

The council selects members of boards, and each board controls a different field under the city council's authority. The most important board is the City Board that wields the executive rights along with the City Mayor. The City Mayor is the senior public official and also the director of city operations. Other public officials control city institutions under the mayor's authority. Thus, the administration consists of two different parts:

  • The political power of City Council cascading down to other boards
  • Public officials under the authority of the city mayor who administer and manage implementation of policy.

Reykjavik: Political control

The Independence Party was traditionally the ruling party for the city, having an overall majority from its establishment in 1929 until 1978, when it was narrowly lost. From 1978 to 1982, a three party coalition composed of the People's Alliance, the Social Democratic Party, and the Progressive Party formed the majority of the council. In 1982, the Independence Party regained an overall majority of the seats which it held for three consecutive terms. In 1994, Icelandic socialist parties formed an alliance called the Reykjavíkurlistinn (R-list) which was led by Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir to victory. The alliance stood for election for three consecutive city council elections and won a majority in all of them, until it was dissolved for the city council election of 2006 when five different parties were on the ballot. The Independence Party obtained seven members of the council, and thus failed to gain overall control, but together with the Progressive Party, and its one council member, they were able to form a new majority in the council which took over in June 2006.

In October 2007 a new majority was formed on the council, consisting of members of the Progressive Party (1), the Social Democratic Alliance (4), the Left-Greens (2) and the F-list (1) (liberals and independents), after controversy regarding REI, a subsidiary of OR, the city's energy company. However three months later the leader of the F-list formed a new majority together with the Independence Party. Ólafur F. Magnússon, the leader of the F-list, was elected mayor on 24 January 2008, and in March 2009 the Independence Party was due to appoint a new mayor. This changed once again on 14 August 2008 when the fourth majority of the term was formed, when the Independence Party and the Social Democratic Alliance formed a majority, with Hanna Birna Kristjánsdóttir becoming mayor.

The City Council election in May 2010 saw a new political party, The Best Party, win six of 15 seats and they formed a coalition with the Social Democratic Alliance with comedian Jón Gnarr becoming mayor. At the 2014 election, the Social Democratic Alliance had its best showing yet gaining five seats in the council, while Bright future (successor to the Best Party) received two seats and the two parties formed a coalition with the Left-Green movement and the Pirate party both of which received one councilor each. The Independence Party received its worst election with only four seats in the council.

Reykjavik: northeast aerial panorama

Reykjavik: Mayor

The mayor is appointed by the city council; usually one of the council members is chosen but they may also appoint a mayor who is not a member of the council.

The post was created in 1907 and advertised in 1908. Two applications were received, from Páll Einarsson, sheriff and town mayor of Hafnarfjörður and from Knud Zimsen, town councillor in Reykjavík. Páll was appointed on 7 May and was mayor for six years. At that time the city mayor received a salary of 4500 ISK per year and 1500 ISK for office expenses. The current mayor is Dagur B. Eggertsson.

Reykjavik: Demographics

Reykjavík is the largest and most populous settlement in Iceland. Present-day Reykjavík is a city with people from at least 100 countries. The most common ethnic minorities are Poles, Lithuanians, and Danes. In 2009, foreign-born individuals made up 8% of the total population. Children of foreign origin, many of whom are adopted, form a more considerable minority in the city's schools: as many as a third in places. The city is also visited by thousands of tourists, students, and other temporary residents, at times outnumbering natives in the city centre.

Historical population of Reykjavík.

Reykjavik: Districts

Districts of Reykjavík

Reykjavík is divided into 10 districts:

  • Vesturbær (District 1)
  • Miðborg (District 2, city centre)
  • Hlíðar (District 3)
  • Laugardalur (District 4)
  • Háaleiti og Bústaðir (District 5)
  • Breiðholt (District 6)
  • Árbær (District 7)
  • Grafarvogur (District 8)
  • Kjalarnes (District 9) (in the north-east)
  • Grafarholt og Úlfarsárdalur (District 10)

Reykjavik: Economy

Borgartún is the financial centre of Reykjavík, hosting a large number of companies and three investment banks.

Old whaling ships Hvalur 6, 7, 8 and 9

Reykjavík has been at the centre of Iceland's economic growth and subsequent economic contraction over the last decade, a period referred to in foreign media as the "Nordic Tiger" years, or "Iceland's Boom Years". The economic boom led to a sharp increase in construction, with large redevelopment projects such as Harpa concert hall and conference centre and others. Many of these projects came to a screeching halt in the following economic crash of 2008.

In 2009, Reykjavík was listed as the richest city in the world in 2007 by The Economist Group.

Reykjavik: Infrastructure

Reykjavik: Roads

Per capita car ownership in Iceland is among the highest in the world at roughly 522 vehicles per 1,000 residents, though Reykjavík is not severely affected by congestion. Several multi-lane highways (mainly dual carriageways) run between the most heavily populated areas and most frequently driven routes. Parking spaces are also plentiful in most areas. Public transportation consists of a bus system called Strætó bs. Route 1 (the Ring Road) runs through the city outskirts and connects the city to the rest of Iceland.

Reykjavik: Airports and seaports

Reykjavík Airport, the second largest airport in the country (after Keflavík International Airport), is positioned inside the city, just south of the city centre. It is mainly used for domestic flights, as well as flights to Greenland and the Faroe Islands. It was built there by the British occupation force during World War II, when it was on the outskirts of the then much smaller Reykjavík. Since 1962, there has been some controversy regarding the location of the airport, since it takes up a lot of valuable space in central Reykjavík.

Reykjavík has two seaports, the old harbour near the city centre which is mainly used by fishermen and cruise ships and Sundahöfn in the east city which is the largest cargo port in the country.

Old Harbor

Reykjavik: Railways

Two steam locomotives were used to build the harbour Reykjavík Docks railway; both are now on display in Reykjavík.

There are no public railways in Iceland, due to its sparse population, but the locomotives used to build the docks are on display.

Reykjavik: District heating

Volcanic activity provides Reykjavík with geothermal heating systems for both residential and industrial districts. In 2008, natural hot water was used to heat roughly 90% of all buildings in Iceland. Of total annual use of geothermal energy of 39 PJ, space heating accounted for 48%.

Most of the district heating in Iceland comes from three main geothermal power plants:

  • Svartsengi combined heat and power plant (CHP)
  • Nesjavellir CHP plant
  • Hellisheiði CHP plant

Reykjavik: Cultural heritage

Safnahúsið (the Culture House) was opened in 1909 and has a number of important exhibits. Originally built to house the National Library and National Archives and also previously the location of the National Museum and Natural History Museum, in 2000 it was re-modeled to promote the Icelandic national heritage. Many of Iceland's national treasures are on display, such as the Poetic Edda, and the Sagas in their original manuscripts. There are also changing exhibitions of various topics.

Reykjavik: Lifestyle

Reykjavik: Nightlife

Laugavegur main street in downtown Reykjavík

Reykjavík is famous for its weekend nightlife. Icelanders tend to go out late, so bars that look rather quiet can fill up suddenly-usually after midnight on a weekend.

Alcohol is expensive at bars. People tend to drink at home before going out. Beer was banned in Iceland until 1 March 1989, but has since become popular among many Icelanders as their alcoholic drink of choice.

There are over 100 different bars and clubs in Reykjavík; most of them are located on Laugavegur and its side streets. It is very common for an establishment that is a café before dinner to turn into a bar in the evening. Closing time is usually around 4:30 am at weekends and 1 am during the week. The Iceland Airwaves music festival is annually staged in November.

Reykjavik: New Year's Eve

The arrival of the new year is a particular cause for celebration to the people of Reykjavík. Icelandic law states that anyone may purchase and use fireworks during a certain period around New Year's Eve. As a result, every New Year's Eve the city is lit up with fireworks displays.

Reykjavik: Main sights

Blue Lagoon, a geothermal spa located near Reykjavík
Austurstræti street
  • Alþingishúsið - the Icelandic parliament building
  • Austurvöllur - a park in central Reykjavík surrounded by restaurants and bars
  • Árbæjarsafn (Reykjavík Open Air Museum) - Reykjavík's Municipal Museum
  • Blue Lagoon - geothermal spa located near Reykjavík
  • CIA.IS - Center for Icelandic Art - general information on Icelandic visual art
  • Hallgrímskirkja - the largest church in Iceland
  • Harpa Reykjavík - Reykjavík Concert & Conference Center
  • Heiðmörk - the largest forest and nature reserve in the area
  • Höfði - the house in which Gorbachev and Reagan met in 1986 for the Iceland Summit
  • Kringlan - the second largest mall in Iceland
  • Laugardalslaug - swimming pool
  • Laugavegur - main shopping street
  • National and University Library of Iceland (Þjóðarbókhlaðan)
  • National Museum of Iceland (Þjóðminjasafnið)
  • Nauthólsvík - a geothermally heated beach
  • Perlan - a glass dome resting on five water tanks
  • Ráðhús Reykjavíkur - city hall
  • Rauðhólar - a cluster of red volcanic craters
  • Reykjavík 871±2 - exhibition of an archaeological excavation of a Viking age longhouse, from about AD 930
  • Reykjavík Art Museum - the largest visual art institution in Iceland
  • Safnahúsið, culture House, National Centre for Cultural Heritage (Þjóðmenningarhúsið)
  • Tjörnin - the pond
  • University of Iceland
  • Vikin Maritime Museum - a maritime museum located by the old harbour

Reykjavik: Recreation

Reykjavik Golf Club was established in 1934. It is the oldest and largest golf club in Iceland. It consists of two 18-hole courses - one at Grafarholt and the other at Korpa. The Grafarholt golf course opened in 1963, which makes it the oldest 18-hole golf course in Iceland. The Korpa golf course opened in 1997.

Reykjavik: Education

Reykjavik: Secondary schools

  • Borgarholtsskóli (Borgó)
  • Fjölbrautaskólinn í Breiðholti (FB)
  • Fjölbrautaskólinn við Ármúla (FÁ)
  • Kvennaskólinn í Reykjavík (Kvennó)
  • Menntaskólinn Hraðbraut
  • Menntaskólinn í Reykjavík (MR)
  • Menntaskólinn við Hamrahlíð (MH)
  • Menntaskólinn við Sund (MS)
  • Tækniskólinn
  • Verzlunarskóli Íslands (Verzló)

Reykjavik: Universities

  • Iceland Academy of the Arts
  • Reykjavík University
  • The University of Iceland

Reykjavik: International schools

  • Reykjavik International School

Reykjavik: Sports teams

Reykjavik: Football

Reykjavik: Other

Reykjavik: Twin towns and sister cities

Reykjavík is twinned with:

  • Azerbaijan Baku, Azerbaijan
  • Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela
  • Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Finland Helsinki, Finland
  • United Kingdom Kingston upon Hull, United Kingdom
  • Bolivia La Paz, Bolivia
  • Mexico Mexico City, Mexico
  • Russia Moscow, Russia
  • Greenland Nuuk, Greenland
  • Norway Oslo, Norway
  • Russia Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • United States Seattle, United States (since 1986)
  • Sweden Stockholm, Sweden
  • Republic of Macedonia Strumica, Macedonia
  • Faroe Islands Tórshavn, Faroe Islands
  • Lithuania Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Canada Winnipeg, Canada
  • Poland Wrocław, Poland

In July 2013, mayor Jón Gnarr filed a motion before the city council to terminate the city's relationship with Moscow, in response to a trend of anti-gay legislation in Russia. According to The Daily Telegraph, "Mr Gnarr has long been an advocate for gay rights, appearing in Gay Pride parades in drag"; in 2009, Iceland was the first modern country to have an openly LGBT head of government (Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, who is a lesbian), and the Alþingi unanimously legalized same-sex marriage in 2010.

Reykjavik: See also

  • Althing
  • Beer Day (Iceland)
  • Kringlan
  • Menningarnótt
  • Rail transport in Iceland
  • Reykjavík Green Days

Reykjavik: Notes

  1. "Vísindavefurinn: Af hverju varð Reykjavík höfuðstaður Íslands?". Vísindavefurinn.
  2. "Vísindavefurinn: Hvað er Reykjavík margir metrar?". Vísindavefurinn.
  3. "Mannfjöldi eftir sveitarfélögum, kyni, ríkisfangi og ársfjórðungum 2010-2016". Hagstofa Íslands. Hagstofa Íslands. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  4. "Reykjavik - definition of Reykjavik in English from the Oxford dictionary". www.oxforddictionaries.com. Retrieved 2016-03-29.
  5. "How to say or pronounce Reykjavik - PronounceNames.com". www.pronouncenames.com. Retrieved 2016-03-29.
  6. "Things to do in Reykjavík". Guide to Iceland. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  7. Yunlong, Sun (2007-12-23). "Reykjavík rated cleanest city in Nordic and Baltic countries". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
  8. "15 Green Cities". Grist. 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
  9. "Iceland among Top 10 safest countries and Reykjavík is the winner of Tripadvisor Awards". TRAVELIO.net. 2010-05-20. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
  10. "Google.com". Google.com. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  11. "Google.com". Google.com. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  12. Er eitthvert örnefni á höfuðborgarsvæðinu eða vík eða vogur, sem heitir Reykjavík?. Vísindavefur. (in Icelandic)
  13. Hvaðan kemur nafnið "Innréttingarnar" á fyrirtækinu sem starfaði hér á á 18. öld?. Vísindavefur. (in Icelandic)
  14. "Weather statistics for Reykjavik". yr.no.
  15. The weather of 2010 in Iceland Icelandic Met Office
  16. "Reykjavik sees record summer temperature". Agence France-Presse. July 31, 2008.
  17. "Nokkur íslensk veðurmet". Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2008-07-17.
  18. "Reykjavík 1961-1990 Averages". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  19. "Reykjavík Extreme Values". Icelandic Met Office. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  20. "Mánaðarmeðaltöl fyrir stöð 1 - Reykjavík" (in Icelandic).
  21. "1998 nr. 45 3. júní/ Sveitarstjórnarlög". Althingi.is. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  22. "Best Party wins polls in Iceland's Reykjavík". BBC News Online. 2010-05-30. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
  23. Jón Glarr is no longer mayor of Reykjavík. Reykjavík Grapevine.
  24. Foreign citizens in Reykjavík by districts 2002-2010 Reference Icelandic Statistical Bureau
  25. "Reykjavík – fjölmenningarborg barna" (PDF). 18 January 2008. Retrieved 2014-07-07.
  26. "Vísir - Breskir ferðamenn fjölmennastir sem fyrr". Visir.is. Retrieved 2011-09-15.
  27. Surowiecki, James (2008-04-21). "Iceland's Deep Freeze". The New Yorker.
  28. Kvam, Berit (2009-06-19). "Iceland: light at the end of the tunnel?". Nordic Labour Journal.
  29. "Iceland: the boom years". The Telegraph. 2009-08-18.
  30. "Motor vehicles (most recent) by country". United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook. nationmaster.com. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
  31. "NEA.is". NEA.is. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  32. "Mannvit". Mannvit. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  33. Guide leaflet to the Culture House 2008, published by the National Centre for Cultural Heritage.
  34. "The Dynamics of Shifts in Alcoholic Beverage Preference: Effects of the Legalization of Beer in Iceland". Questia.com. Archived from the original on September 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  35. "Reykjavik Golf Club".
  36. "Christmas around the world". Hull in print. Hull City Council. December 2006.
  37. "Convenio de amistad entre Ciudad de México y Reykjavík" (in Spanish). SEGOB.
  38. Irvine, Chris (2013-07-15). "Reykjavik mayor proposes cutting ties with Moscow over gay law". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
  39. "Reykjavík, Iceland - Sister Cities". Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  40. "Vinarbýir - Tórshavnar kommuna". torshavn.fo.
  41. "Wrocław będzie miał nowe miasto partnerskie". tuwroclaw.com.
  42. "Sister Cities Ramp Up Russia Boycott Over Antigay Law". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 2014-04-30.

Reykjavik: References

  • Hermannsdóttir, Edda (2006-07-03). "Consumption of alcoholic beverages 2005". Prices and consumption. Reykjavík: Hagstofa Íslands. Retrieved 2007-02-01.
This audio file was created from a revision of the "Reykjavík" article dated 2008-06-23, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help)
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