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Hotels of Rostock
A hotel in Rostock is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Rostock hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Rostock are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Rostock hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Rostock hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Rostock have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Rostock
An upscale full service hotel facility in Rostock that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Rostock hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Rostock
Full service Rostock hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Rostock
Boutique hotels of Rostock are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Rostock boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Rostock may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Rostock
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Rostock travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Rostock focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Rostock
Small to medium-sized Rostock hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Rostock traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Rostock hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Rostock
A bed and breakfast in Rostock is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Rostock bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Rostock B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Rostock
Rostock hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Rostock hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Rostock
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Rostock hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Rostock lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Rostock
Rostock timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Rostock often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Rostock on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Rostock
A Rostock motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Rostock for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Rostock motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
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Rostock (German pronunciation:[ˈʁɔstɔk] ( listen)) is the largest city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Rostock is on the Warnow river; the district of Warnemünde 12 kilometres (7 miles) north of the city centre is directly on the Baltic Sea coast.
Rostock is home to one of the oldest universities in the world, the University of Rostock, founded in 1419.
The city territory of Rostock stretches for about 20 km (12 mi) along the Warnow to the Baltic Sea. The largest built-up area of Rostock is on the western side of the river. The eastern part of its territory is dominated by industrial estates and the forested Rostock Heath. Rostock is considered as the only regiopolis in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
See also: Timeline of Rostock
Rostock: Early history
In the 11th century Polabian Slavs founded a settlement at the Warnow river called Roztoc (*ras-tokŭ, Slavic for "fork of a river"); the name Rostock is derived from that designation.
The Danish king Valdemar I set the town aflame in 1161. Afterwards the place was settled by German traders. Initially there were three separate cities:
Altstadt (Old Town) around the Alter Markt (Old Market) with St. Petri (St. Peter's Church),
Mittelstadt (Middle Town) around the Neuer Markt (New Market) with St. Marien (St. Mary's Church) and
Confirmation of Lübeck law city rights, 1218
Neustadt (New Town) around the Hopfenmarkt (Hop Market, now University Square) with St. Jakobi (St. James's Church, now demolished).
In 1218, Rostock was granted Lübeck law city rights by Heinrich Borwin, prince of Mecklenburg.
Rostock: Hanseatic League
Rostock University, one of the world's oldest universities, founded 1419.
During the first partition of Mecklenburg following the death of Henry Borwin II of Mecklenburg in 1226, Rostock became the seat of the Lordship of Rostock, which survived for almost a century. In 1251, the city became a member of the Hanseatic League. In the 14th century it was a powerful seaport town with 12,000 inhabitants and the biggest city of Mecklenburg. Ships for cruising the Baltic Sea were constructed in Rostock. The formerly independent fishing village of Warnemünde at the Baltic Sea became a part of Rostock in 1323, to secure the city's access to the Baltic Sea.
In 1419, one of the earliest universities in Europe, the University of Rostock, was founded.
Rostock: 15th to 18th century
Rostock in the 16th century
Rostock in the 17th century
At the end of the 15th century the dukes of Mecklenburg succeeded in enforcing their rule over the town of Rostock, which had until then been only nominally subject to their rule and essentially independent. They took advantage of a riot known as Domfehde, a failed uprising of the impoverished population. Subsequent quarrels with the dukes and persistent plundering led ultimately to a loss of economic and political power.
In 1565 there were further clashes with Schwerin that which had far-reaching consequences. Among other things, was the introduction of a beer excise that favoured the dukes. John Albert I advanced on the city with 500 horsemen, after Rostock had refused to take the formal oath of allegiance, and had the city wall slighted in order to have a fortress built. Not until the first Rostock Inheritance Agreement of 21 September 1573, in which the state princes were guaranteed hereditary rule over the city for centuries, binding Rostock for a long time, and recognizing them as the supreme judicial authority, was the conflict ended. The citizens slighted the fortress the following spring. From 1575 to 1577 the city walls were rebuilt, as was the Lagebusch tower and the Stein Gate in the Dutch Renaissance style. The inscription sit intra te concordia et publica felicitas, which can still be read on the gate, refers directly to the conflict with the Duke. In 1584 it finally came to the Second Rostock Inheritance Agreement, which resulted in a further loss of former tax privileges. At the same time, these inheritance contracts put paid to Rostock's ambition of achieving imperial immediacy as Lübeck had done in 1226.
The strategic location of Rostock provoked the envy of its rivals. Danes and Swedes occupied the city twice, first during the Thirty Years' War (1618–48) and again from 1700 to 1721. Later, the French, under Napoleon, occupied the town for about a decade until 1813. In nearby Lübeck-Ratekau, Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, who was born in Rostock and who was one of few generals to fight on after defeat at the Battle of Jena, surrendered to the French in 1806. This was only after furious street fighting in the Battle of Lübeck, in which he led some of the cavalry charges himself. By the time of the surrender, the exhausted Prussians had neither food nor ammunition.
Rostock: 19th century
Colourful gabled houses of Rostock
In the first half of the 19th century Rostock regained much of its economic importance, due at first to the wheat trade, then, from the 1850s, to industry, especially to its shipyards. The first propeller-driven steamers in Germany were constructed here.
The city grew in area and population, with new quarters emerging in the south and west of the ancient borders of the city. Two notable developments were added to house the increasing population at around 1900:
Steintor-Vorstadt in the south, stretching from the old city wall to the facilities of the new Lloydbahnhof (Lloyd Railway Station, now Rostock Hauptbahnhof), was designed as a living quarter and consisted mostly of large single houses, once inhabited by wealthy citizens.
Kröpeliner-Tor-Vorstadt in the west, was designed to house the working population as well as to provide smaller and larger industrial facilities, such as the Mahn & Ohlerich's Brewery (now Hanseatische Brauerei Rostock). The main shipyard, Neptun, was nearby at the shore of the river.
Rostock: 20th century
In the 20th century, important aircraft manufacturing facilities were situated in the city, such as the Arado Flugzeugwerke in Warnemünde and the Heinkel Works with facilities at various places, including their secondary Heinkel-Süd facility in Schwechat, Austria - the original Heinkel firm's Rostock facilities being named Heinkel-Nord. It was at their facilities in Rostock-Marienehe (today's Rostock-Schmarl, along the west bank of the Unterwarnow estuary) that the world's first airworthy jet plane prototype made its test flights.
In the early 1930s, the Nazi Party began to gain among Rostock's voters, many of whom had suffered economic hardship during the 1920s. In elections in the summer 1932, when the Nazis achieved their greatest national showing in a free election of 37.3 percent, they polled 40.3 percent in Rostock. A year later, after the Nazi seizure of power and the suppression of other political parties, the Rostock city council (Stadtrat) was composed entirely of Nazis. In the so-called "Crystal Night" Kristallnacht of Nov. 10, 1938, the Jewish synagogue in Rostock's Augustenstrsse was destroyed by arson and dozens of Jews were beaten and imprisoned.
Feverish rearmament by the Nazi regime boosted Rostock's industrial importance in the late 1930s, and employment soared at the Heinkel and Arado factories and at the Neptunwerft shipyard. The city's population grew from 100,000 in 1935 to 121,192 in 1939.
During World War II, Rostock was subjected to repeated and increasingly heavy bombing attacks, especially by the British Royal Air Force. Targets included the Heinkel and Arado plants and the shipyard, but churches and other historic structures in the city center also were heavily damaged, among them the 14th century Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas Church) and Jakobikirche (St. Jacob's Church). The ruins of the latter were torn down in 1960.
After the war, the city-now in the German Democratic Republic-became East Germany's largest seaport, and the now state-owned shipyards in the district of Warnemünde were expanded. Its population, boosted in part by resettled refugees from former German territories in the east, increased in the GDR years to a peak of 260,000. Following the reunification of Germany in 1990, Rostock lost its privileged position as the No. 1 port of the GDR, and the city's population declined to about 200,000. However, after 2006, the population increased again. Today, Rostock and Warnemünde are significant tourist destinations on the Baltic Sea.
The Rostock-Lichtenhagen riots occurred from August 22 to August 24, 1992 when violent xenophobic riots took place in the Lichtenhagen district of Rostock, Germany; these were the worst mob attacks against migrants in postwar Germany. Even though stones and petrol bombs were thrown at an apartment block where asylum seekers lived, no one was killed. At the height of the riots, several hundred militant right-wing extremists were involved, and about 3,000 neighbourhood onlookers stood by, applauding them.
Depiction of Rostock in 1845
Rostock bomb damage, 1942
City Hall, Market Square after war
Rostock in 2011
The 16th century Steintor city gate
St. Mary's Church (Marienkirche), 2011
Districts of Rostock
Coat of Arms
Motto: Within your walls may be harmony and happiness (Latin)
Rostock has had three different coats of arms, known as the Signum, the Secretum and the Sigillum. The Signum, which can be traced back to 1367, was developed last and is to this day the coat of arms of the city.
The Signum depicts a golden griffin on a blue background, with bars of silver and red, the colours of the Hanseatic League, below. It can be seen not only on flags and houses, and at bus stops, but also on bridges, gullies, fences, ships and restaurants.
Since the 13th century, the governing body of the city has been the city council (Rat), first consisting of ten, later of 24 aldermen (Ratsherren). The chairman of the city council was the city mayor. In the 19th century there were even three mayors. Since 1925, the head of the city has borne the title of Lord Mayor. Having been elected for centuries by the city council, he is now elected directly by the citizens of Rostock, following a reform in 2002.
Restored Rostock City Hall, a mixture of Baroque and Brick Gothic architecture.
The city parliament (Bürgerschaft) represents the citizens. Representative are elected for five years. The number of representatives is currently 53.
4 FÜR ROSTOCK – pro OB
3 Rostocker Bund
The city parliament is presided by the Präsident der Bürgerschaft. He heads and prepares the sessions and, together with the Lord Mayor, represents the city.
Roland Methling (Independent), was elected Lord Mayor of Rostock in the first round by 58.2% of the voters on 27 February 2005.
Rostock: Partner cities
Rostock has signed partnership agreements with the following cities:
Szczecin, Poland, 1957
Turku, Finland, 1959
Dunkirk, France, 9 April 2000
Riga, Latvia, 1961
Antwerp, Belgium, 1963
Århus, Denmark, 1964
Bergen, Norway, 1965
Gothenburg, Sweden, 1965
Varna, Bulgaria, 1966
Rijeka, Croatia, 1966
Bremen, Germany, 1987
Dalian, People's Republic of China, 1988
Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, 2001
Guldborgsund, Denmark, 2014
Rostock is a member of the international network New Hanse.
Geographical position of the Rostock Regiopolis
Rostock: Regiopolis Rostock
Rostock is the first city region that defines itself not only as a city in its boundaries, but as a regiopolis, with a supra-regional sphere of influence. A regiopolis can be compared to a metropolis, but on a smaller scale. This is a sign for the inter-regional cooperation and economic dynamics that can be found in the Rostock area. A taskforce with different actors such as the hanseatic city of Rostock, the administrative district of Rostock, the Regional Planning Association Middle Mecklenburg/Rostock and the local business organisations are working on the promotion and advancement of the concept.
Rostock is located nearly centrally on Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's Baltic Sea coast. The city is crossed by the Warnow.
The seaside part of Rostock, Rostock-Warnemünde, is about 16 km (10 mi) to the north of the historic city centre. The west and the southeast are the most densely populated parts of town. The overseas port is to the east of Rostock. Rostock stretches 21.6 km (13.4 mi) from the Baltic Sea to the south and 19.4 km (12.1 mi) from east to west.
Rostock has an oceanic climate typical of the South Baltic Sea region, and the climate has more in common with that found in southern Sweden and in Sealand, Denmark than the typical German oceanic climate that usually has milder winter days.
Climate data for Rostock
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Source: BBC Weather
Rostock: Main sights
Panorama of Rostock from the bank of the Warnow river during the Hanse Sail
Aerial view of marina and Yacht Harbour Residence "Hohe Düne" at the Baltic Sea, close to Warnemünde.
Heiligengeisthof (Holy Spirit Courtyard).
One of the most picturesque places in Rostock is the Neuer Markt (New Market Square), with the Town Hall - that was originally built in the 13th century in Brick Gothic style, but extensively transformed in the 18th century, with the addition of a Baroque façade and a banqueting hall. The square also preserved six original, carefully restored gable houses from the 15th and 16th centuries. The other historical houses in Hanseatic style that once bordered the square were destroyed in an Allied air-raid in 1942, and rebuilt in a simplified manner.
The 15th-century Kerkhofhaus (at Große Wasserstraße, behind the Town Hall) is considered the best preserved brick Gothic house in Rostock.
St. Mary's Church Marienkirche, on Ziegenmarkt, is an imposing Brick Gothic church. Built in the 13th century, it was enlarged and modified at the end of the 14th century into the present cross-shaped basilica. The huge tower was not completed until the end of the 18th century. Inside there is an astronomical clock built in 1472 by Hans Düringer.
Kröpeliner Straße - main shopping street
The main pedestrian precinct is Kröpeliner Straße, that runs east from the Neuer Markt to the 14th-century Kröpeliner Tor, a former town gate. The main buildings of Rostock University lie at Universitätsplatz, near the middle of the street, in front of the lively fountain of zest for life (Brunnen der Lebensfreude).
The Kloster St Katharinen (Convent of St. Catherine), an old Franciscan monastery founded in 1243, and extended several times during the 14th and 15th centuries. Now used as the seat of the Academy of Music and Theatre (HMT-Rostock).
The Brick Gothic Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas Church), which is the oldest church in Rostock, built in mid-13th century. Heavily damaged during World War II and subsequently restored, the building is now used as an exhibition centre and concert hall, due to its outstanding acoustics.
Some parts of the medieval city wall, with four city gates, have survived to the present day.
Alexandrinenstraße in Warnemünde.
Speicher (office buildings) at night. Headquarters of AIDA Cruises.
Warnemünde is the seaside part of Rostock and a major attraction of the city. Locals and tourists alike enjoy the maritime flair of old houses, a large beach, a lighthouse and the old fisherman port.
The economy is mainly characterized by maritime industries (especially shipbuilding), high-tech industries (IT, biotechnology/life sciences, medical engineering), the University of Rostock, tourism and the service sector. Major companies include:
Caterpillar Inc., manufacturer of diesel engines for ships
Deutsche Seereederei Rostock, transport, cruises, property and tourism holding
Neptun Werft, shipyard belonging to Meyer Neptun Group
Nordic Yards Warnemünde, shipyard
Tamsen Maritim shipyard
Nordex SE, a major producer of wind turbines
Suzlon, world's 5th largest wind turbine manufacturer
Hanseatische Brauerei Rostock, German brewery belonging to the Oetker-Gruppe
Rostock University Hospital (Universitätsmedizin)
Yara International, supplier of plant nutrients
Historical Botanical Garden of Rostock University, greenhouse
Rostock is home to one of the oldest universities in the world. Founded in 1419, the University of Rostock is the third oldest university in Germany in continuous operation, and one of the oldest universities of the world. It also maintains a botanical garden, the Botanischer Garten Universität Rostock.
The Academy of Music and Theatre (Hochschule für Musik und Theater) offers graduate degrees in artistic fields. Founded in 1994, the institution combined Ernst Busch, the former drama school, and the outpost school of the Hanns Eisler Music School Berlin. Today, the combined school is a member of the Association of Baltic Academies of Music (ABAM), a union of 17 music conservatories at the Baltic Sea and Israel. Unique in Europe is the postgraduate degree in piano duo performance. The school possesses a large opera stage (Katharinensaal) and two chamber music halls. There are concerts every day throughout the year.
Rostock also hosts the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and the Leibniz Institute for Catalysis, as well as two branches of Fraunhofer Institutes, one for Computer Graphics and one for Large Structures in Production Technology.
The city is home to the annual Hanse Sail festival, during which many large sailing ships and museum vessels are brought out to sea, drawing over 1.5 million visitors.
An annual jazz festival, Ostsee-Jazz ("Baltic Sea Jazz"), takes place in June.
The Lichtspieltheater Wundervoll is the art house cinema of Rostock. It opened in 1993 and offers a daily programme in two venues, the Metropol and the Frieda 23 with three cinemas. At Frieda 23 is the Institut für neue Medien (IFNM), Rostock's Institute for New Media, which includes a media workshop. Both Liwu and IFNM are active members of the Landesverband Filmkommunikation Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Special screenings for schools, educational programmes and special programmes are offered as well. It is the central venue for Rostock's Film Festival, the Festival im Stadthafen (FISH), the German Federal Festival for Young German Film.
Rostock: Museums and Zoo
Walter Kempowski archives
Rostock Art Gallery (Kunsthalle Rostock)
Museum of Cultural History (Kulturhistorisches Museum)
Stasi Museum (Dokumentations- und Gedenkstätte der Bundesbeauftragten für die Unterlagen des Staatssicherheitsdienstes der ehemaligen Deutschen Demokratischen Republik)
Warnemünde Local History Museum (Heimatmuseum Warnemünde)
Shipbuilding and Shipping Museum (Schiffbau- und Schifffahrtsmuseum)
Walter Kempowski Archive
Ostseestadion, home ground of Hansa Rostock
F.C. Hansa Rostock
Rostocker FC 1895
Sportpark am Damerower Weg
HC Empor Rostock
3rd league (men and women team)
Oberliga (3rd division)
EBC Rostock Seawolves
Regionalliga Nord (3rd league)
Inline-Skaterhockey-Bundesliga (1st league)
Oberliga SH-MV (3rd league)
Rostock can be reached by motorway (Autobahn) A 1 from Hamburg via Lübeck on A 20 and by A 19 from Berlin and A 20 from Stettin in Poland.
Rostock: Public transport
Rostock Hauptbahnhof (main station)
Transit map of Rostock (4 January 2012)
Rostock Hauptbahnhof offers fast rail connections to Hamburg and Berlin and from there to almost any other European city.
Within the city the Rostock tramway network is available, along with a wide network of buses and ferries. The first privately financed tunnel in Germany crosses the Warnow river and thus connects the eastern part of Rostock with the western part.
Rostock is Germany's largest Baltic port. Rostock is also home to a large ferry port. It is a main base for ferry operators Scandlines and TT-Line, which both connect Rostock with major Scandinavian destinations. Furthermore, Rostock receives the highest number of cruise tourists in Germany every year.
Ferries leave for
Rostock harbour at sunset
The cruise ship A'Rosa Blu leaving Rostock in summer 2003
The Rostock–Laage Airport offers connections to major German and international destinations; regular flights to e.g. Munich are offered. The nearest larger international airports are in Hamburg and Berlin. There are also a number of airfields for smaller aircraft, such as Purkshof.
Rostock: Notable people
Main page: Category:People from Rostock
This is a list of notable people who were born or lived in the city of Rostock:
Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian Generalfeldmarschall
Johann Georg Noel Dragendorff (1836–1898), chemist
Joachim Gauck, (born 1940), president of Germany since 18 March 2012
André Greipel, (born 1982), cyclist
Ernst Heinkel, (1888–1958), aviation pioneer
Walter Hallstein, (1901–1982), politician (see Hallstein Doctrine)
Britta Kamrau, (born 1979), long-distance swimmer
Walter Kempowski, (1929–2007), writer
Franziska Knuppe, (born 1974), fashion model
Albrecht Kossel, (1853–1927), recipient of 1910 Nobel Prize in physiology/medicine
Paul Martens, (born 1983), cyclist
Marteria (Marten Laciny), (born 1982), rap singer/artist
Gustav Mie, (1868–1957), physicist
Hans von Ohain, (1911–1998), physicist and engineer, constructor of the first operational jet engine
Rudolph Sohm, (1941–1917), lawyer and Church historian
Jan Ullrich, (born 1973), cyclist, winner of Tour de France 1997
Paul Walden, (1863–1957), scientist
Paul Wallat, (1879–1964), painter and sculptor
"Bevölkerungsstand der Kreise, Ämter und Gemeinden in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 31.12.2015". Statistisches Amt Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (in German). July 2016.
"Partnerstädte" (in German). Hansestadt Rostock. Retrieved 2015-02-16.
"Kontakty partnerskie Miasta Szczecin". Urząd Miasta Szczecin (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2012-08-18. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
"Dunkirk International" (in French). Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved December 17, 2007.
"Twin cities of Riga". Riga City Council. Archived from the original on 2008-12-04. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
Frohmader, Andrea. "Bremen - Referat 32 Städtepartnerschaften / Internationale Beziehungen" [Bremen - Unit 32 Twinning / International Relations]. Das Rathaus Bremen Senatskanzlei [Bremen City Hall - Senate Chancellery] (in German). Retrieved 2013-08-09.
"Auszug - Vereinbarung einer Städtepartnerschaft zwischen der Hansestadt Rostock und der Gemeinde Guldborgsund/ Dänemark" (in German). Hansestadt Rostock. 14 May 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-04-05. Retrieved 2015-02-16.
Regiopole Rostock (German)
"Average Conditions Rostock, Germany". BBC Weather. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved December 21, 2009.
Bomben auf Rostock; H.-W. Bohl, B. Keipke, k. Schröder; Konrad Reich Verlag 1995
Rostocker Nasenbären website
Rostock: External links
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European Route of Brick Gothic: Rostock
Urban and rural districts in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in Germany
Cities in Germany by population
Freiburg im Breisgau
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Offenbach am Main
cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
Capitals of the former East German Bezirke
Members of the Hanseatic League by Quarter
Chief cities shown in smallcaps.
Free Imperial Cities of the Holy Roman Empire shown in italics.
Frankfurt an der Oder
Cologne and Dortmund were both capital of the Westphalian Quarter at different times.
Antwerp gained importance once Bruges became inaccessible due to the silting of the Zwin channel.
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