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In order to book an accommodation in Samsun enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Samsun hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Samsun map to estimate the distance from the main Samsun attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Samsun hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Samsun is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Samsun is waiting for you!

Hotels of Samsun

A hotel in Samsun is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Samsun hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Samsun are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Samsun hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Samsun hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Samsun have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Samsun
An upscale full service hotel facility in Samsun that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Samsun hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Samsun
Full service Samsun hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Samsun
Boutique hotels of Samsun are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Samsun boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Samsun may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Samsun
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Samsun travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Samsun focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Samsun
Small to medium-sized Samsun hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Samsun traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Samsun hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Samsun
A bed and breakfast in Samsun is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Samsun bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Samsun B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Samsun
Samsun hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Samsun hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Samsun
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Samsun hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Samsun lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Samsun
Samsun timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Samsun often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Samsun on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Samsun
A Samsun motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Samsun for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Samsun motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Samsun

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Samsun
Metropolitan municipality
In order: Artificial lake near Liberation wharf, Statue of Honor in Belediye Park, Istiklal Street, bottom: View of SS Bandırma museum ship, Samsun tram, wall of covered market.
In order: Artificial lake near Liberation wharf, Statue of Honor in Belediye Park, Istiklal Street, bottom: View of SS Bandırma museum ship, Samsun tram, wall of covered market.
Samsun is located in Turkey
Samsun
Samsun
Location of Samsun within Turkey
Coordinates:  / 41.283; 36.333
Country Turkey
Region Black Sea
Province Samsun
Boroughs
Government
• Mayor Yusuf Ziya Yılmaz (AKP)
Area
• Metropolitan municipality 1,055 km (407 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2013)
• Density 573/km (1,480/sq mi)
• Urban 605,319
Time zone FET (UTC+3)
Postal code 55
Area code(s) (+90) 362
Licence plate 55
Climate Cfa
Website www.samsun.bel.tr www.samsun.gov.tr

Samsun is a city on the north coast of Turkey with a population over half a million people. It is the provincial capital of Samsun Province and a major Black Sea port. The growing city has two universities, several hospitals, shopping malls, a lot of light manufacturing industry, sports facilities and an opera.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk began the Turkish War of Independence here in 1919.

Samsun: Name

The present name of the city may come from its former Greek name of Amisos (Αμισός) by a reinterpretation of Eis Amison (meaning to Amisos) + ounta (Greek suffix for place names) to Eis Sampsunda (Σαμψούντα) and then Samsun (pronounced [sɑmsun]).

The early Greek historian Hecataeus wrote that Amisos was formerly called Enete, the place mentioned in Homer's Iliad. It has also been known as Peiraieos by Athenian settlers and even briefly as Pompeiopolis by a Roman statesman who wanted it named after him.

The city was called Simisso by the Genoese and during the Ottoman Empire the present name was written in Ottoman Turkish: صامسون‎ (Samsoon).

Samsun: History

Samsun: Ancient history

Parts of goose-headed and camel-headed Phrygian pottery vessels
People from Samsun. National costumes in Ottoman era, 1910's

Paleolithic artifacts found in the Tekkeköy Caves can be seen in Samsun Archaeology Museum.

The earliest layer excavated of the höyük of Dündartepe revealed a Chalcolithic settlement. Early Bronze Age and Hittite settlements were also found there and at Tekkeköy.

Samsun (then known as Amisos, alternative spelling Amisus) was settled between the years of 760–750 BC by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. The city's ideal combination of fertile ground and shallow waters attracted numerous traders.

Around the time Amisus was settled by the Milesians in the 6th century BCE, it is believed that there was significant Greek activity along the coast of the Black Sea, although the archaeological evidence for this is very fragmentary. The only archaeological evidence we have as early as the 6th century is a fragment of wild goat style Greek pottery, in the Louvre.

The city was captured by the Persians in 550BC and became part of Cappadocia (satrapy). In the 5th century BC, Amisus became a free state and one of the members of the Delian League led by the Athenians; it was then renamed Peiraeus under Pericles. In the 4th century BC the city came under the control of the Kingdom of Pontus. The Amisos treasure may have belonged to one of the kings. Tumuli, containing tombs dated between 300BC and 30BC, can be seen at Amisos Hill but unfortunately Toraman Tepe was mostly flattened during construction of the 20th century radar base.

The Romans took over in 71 BC and Amisos became part of Bithynia et Pontus province. Around 46 BC, during the reign of Julius Caesar, Amisus became the capital of Roman Pontus. From the period of the Second Triumvirate up to Nero, Pontus was ruled by several client kings, as well as one client queen, Pythodorida of Pontus, a granddaughter of Marcus Antonius. From 62 CE it was directly ruled by Roman governors, most famously by Trajan's appointee Pliny. Pliny the Younger's address to the Emperor Trajan in the 1st century CE "By your indulgence, sir, they have the benefit of their own laws," is interpreted by John Boyle Orrery to indicate that the freedoms won for those in Pontus by the Romans was not pure freedom and depended on the generosity of the Roman emperor.Around 46 BC, during the reign of Julius Caesar, Amisus became the capital of Roman Pontus. From the period of the Second Triumvirate up to Nero, Pontus was ruled by several client kings, as well as one client queen, Pythodorida of Pontus, a granddaughter of Marcus Antonius. From 62 CE it was directly ruled by Roman governors, most famously by Trajan's appointee Pliny. Pliny the Younger's address to the Emperor Trajan in the 1st century CE "By your indulgence, sir, they have the benefit of their own laws," is interpreted by John Boyle Orrery to indicate that the freedoms won for those in Pontus by the Romans was not pure freedom and depended on the generosity of the Roman emperor.

The estimated population of the city around 150 CE is between 20,000-25,000 people, classifying it as a relatively large city for that time. The city functioned as the commercial capital for the province of Pontus; beating its rival Sinope (now Sinop) due to its position at the head of the trans-Anatolia highway

In Late Antiquity, the city became part of the Dioecesis Pontica within the eastern Roman Empire; later still it was part of the Armeniac Theme. Samsun Castle was built on the seaside in 1192, it was demolished between 1909 and 1918.

Samsun: Early Christianity

Though the roots of the city are Hellenistic, it was also one of the centers of an early Christian congregation. Its function as a commercial metropolis in northern Asia Minor was a contributing factor to enable the spread of Christian influence. As a large port city –the commercial capital of Pontus - travel to and from Christian hotbeds like Jerusalem was not uncommon. According to Josephus, there was large Jewish diaspora in Asia Minor,. Given that the early evangelist Christians focused on Jewish diaspora communities, and that the Jewish diaspora in Amisus was a geographically accessible group with a mixed heritage group, it is not surprising that Amisus would be an appealing site for evangelist work. The author of 1 Peter 1:1 addresses the Jewish diaspora of the province of Pontus, along with four other provinces: “Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To God's elect, exiles scattered throughout the provinces of Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia.” (Peter 1:1) As Amisus would have been the largest commercial port-city in the province, it is believed certain that the spread of Christianity in the region would have begun there. In the 1st century Pliny the Younger documents accounts of Christians in and around the cities of Pontus. His accounts center on his conflicts with the Christians when he served under the Emperor Trajan and describe early Christian communities, his condemnation of their refusal to renounce their religion, but also describes his tolerance for some Christian practices like Christian charitable societies. Many great early Christian figures had connections to Amisus, including Caesarea Mazaca, Gregory the Illuminator (raised as a Christian from 257 CE when he was brought to Amisus) and Basil the Great (Bishop of the city 330-379 CE).

Christian bishops of Amisus include Antonius, who took part in the Council of Chalcedon in 451; Erythraeus, a signatory of the letter that the bishops of Helenopontus wrote to Emperor Leo I the Thracian after the killing of Patriarch Proterius of Alexandria; the late 6th-century bishop Florus, venerated as a saint in the Greek menologion; and Tiberius, who attended the Third Council of Constantinople (680), Leo, the Second Council of Nicaea (787), and Basilius, the Council of Constantinople of 879. The diocese is no longer mentioned in the Greek Notitiae Episcopatuum after the 15th century and thereafter the city was considered part of the see of Amasea. However, some Greek bishops of the 18th and 19th centuries bore the title of Amisus as titular bishops. In the 13th century the Franciscans had a convent at Amisus, which became a Latin bishopric some time before 1345, when its bishop Paulus was transferred to the recently conquered city of Smyrna and was replaced by the Dominican Benedict, who was followed by an Italian Armenian called Thomas. No longer a residential diocese, it is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.

Samsun: Medieval and modern history

Samsun was part of the Seljuk Empire and Sultanate of Rum and the Empire of Trebizond and was one of the Genoese colonies. After the breakup of the Seljuk Empire into small principalities (beyliks) in the late 13th century, the city was ruled by one of them, the Isfendiyarids. It was captured from the Isfendiyarids at the end of the 14th century by the rival Ottoman beylik (later the Ottoman Empire) under sultan Bayezid I, but was lost again shortly afterwards.

The Ottomans permanently conquered the town in 1420, and it became part of the Sanjak of Canik (Turkish: Canik Sancağı), which was at first part of the Rûm Eyalet.

In the later Ottoman period, the land around the town mainly produced tobacco, with its own type being grown in Samsun, the Samsun-Bafra, which the British described as having "small but very aromatic leaves", and commanding a "high price." The town was connected to the railway system in the second half of the 19th century, and tobacco trade boomed. There was a British consulate in the town from 1837 to 1863.

Samsun, then home to an Armenian community numbering over 5,000, was heavily affected during the Armenian Genocide of 1915. According to local eyewitnesses, such as Hafiz Mehmet, many of the Samsun Armenians were drowned in the Black Sea. Others were deported from Samsun and ultimately massacred in provinces further south. After the Armenian Genocide, there remained eleven islamicized Armenians and two Armenian physicians. Armenian orphans who had survived were given to Turkish families.

Replica of the cargo ship SS Bandırma, which carried Atatürk from Istanbul and arrived in Samsun on May 19, 1919, the date which traditionally marks the beginning of the Turkish War of Independence.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk established the Turkish liberation movement against the Allies in Samsun on May 19, 1919, the date which traditionally marks the beginning of the Turkish War of Independence. Atatürk, appointed by the Ottoman government as Inspector of the Ninth Army Troops Inspectorate of the Empire in eastern Anatolia, left Constantinople aboard the now-famous SS Bandırma May 16 for Samsun. Instead of obeying the orders of the Ottoman government, then under the control of the occupying Allies, he and a number of colleagues declared the beginning of the liberation movement. Later in the War of Independence, the city was bombarded by the Greek Navy.

By 1920, Samsun's population totaled about 36,000.

Samsun: People

During the Tanzimat some people were exiled from the Balkans and in the mid-19th century Circassians expelled from the other side of the Black Sea. However the grandparents of many of the present inhabitants migrated to Samsun from further east on the Black Sea. In the 21st century some foreigners arrived, some for the universities and some as refugees (there are more Iraqis than Syrians).Overwhelming majority of people are Muslims.

Samsun: Government

The council has various service units. There is a 2010 to 2014 strategic plan. Samsun has a budget deficit of TL 323 million.

Samsun: Geography

Kızılırmak, an important Wetland in the Black Sea area of Turkey

Samsun is a long city which extends along the coast between two river deltas which jut into the Black Sea. It is located at the end of an ancient route from Cappadocia: the Amisos of antiquity lay on the headland northwest of the modern city center.

The city is growing fast: land has been reclaimed from the sea and many more apartment blocks and shopping malls are currently being built. Industry is tending to move (or be moved) east, further away from the city center and towards the airport.

Samsun: Rivers

To Samsun's west, lies the Kızılırmak ("Red River", the Halys of antiquity), one of the longest rivers in Anatolia and its fertile delta. To the east, lie the Yeşilırmak ("Green River", the Iris of antiquity) and its delta. The River Mert reaches the sea at the city.

Samsun: Climate

Samsun has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa), like most of the eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey.

Spring temperatures can vary by over 10 degrees from one day to the next. Summers are warm and humid, and the average maximum temperature is around 27 °C (81 °F) in August. Winters are cool and damp, and the lowest average minimum temperature is around 3 °C (37 °F) in January.

Precipitation is heaviest in late autumn and early winter. Snow sometimes occurs between the months of December and March, but never more than a few centimeters of snow falls in the city, and temperatures below the freezing point rarely last more than a couple of days.

The water temperature, as in the whole Turkish Black Sea coast, is always cool, fluctuating between 8–20 °C (46–68 °F) throughout the year.

Climate data for Samsun
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
26.5
(79.7)
33.6
(92.5)
37.0
(98.6)
36.4
(97.5)
37.4
(99.3)
37.5
(99.5)
35.2
(95.4)
38.3
(100.9)
38.4
(101.1)
31.4
(88.5)
28.9
(84)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
11.1
(52)
12.0
(53.6)
15.3
(59.5)
19.0
(66.2)
23.7
(74.7)
26.5
(79.7)
27.0
(80.6)
23.9
(75)
20.1
(68.2)
16.7
(62.1)
13.1
(55.6)
18.27
(64.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
7.1
(44.8)
7.9
(46.2)
11.4
(52.5)
15.6
(60.1)
20.3
(68.5)
23.3
(73.9)
23.5
(74.3)
20.0
(68)
16.1
(61)
12.4
(54.3)
9.3
(48.7)
14.51
(58.11)
Average low °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
3.9
(39)
4.7
(40.5)
8.0
(46.4)
12.1
(53.8)
16.2
(61.2)
19.2
(66.6)
19.7
(67.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.9
(55.2)
9.2
(48.6)
6.4
(43.5)
11.08
(51.97)
Record low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
−7.0
(19.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.7
(36.9)
9.0
(48.2)
13.4
(56.1)
14.0
(57.2)
7.0
(44.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.8
(27)
−4.0
(24.8)
−8.1
(17.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 68.1
(2.681)
57.5
(2.264)
63.3
(2.492)
57.1
(2.248)
48.7
(1.917)
45.9
(1.807)
32.2
(1.268)
39.7
(1.563)
51.4
(2.024)
80.6
(3.173)
83.8
(3.299)
78.0
(3.071)
706.3
(27.807)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13.5 13.5 15.4 14.2 12.7 9.4 5.8 6.3 9.9 12.2 12.0 12.9 137.8
Average relative humidity (%) 68 72 77 80 82 78 74 74 75 72 71 69 74.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.5 90.4 102.3 129.0 192.2 246.0 263.5 254.2 186.0 136.4 102.0 74.4 1,853.9
Percent possible sunshine 26.3 30.3 27.7 32.3 42.8 54.2 57.2 59.4 49.7 39.6 34.5 26.1 40.01
Source: http://mgm.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme_z16/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=SAMSUN

Samsun: Architecture

Samsun: Mosques

  • Pazar Mosque, Samsun's oldest surviving building, a mosque built by the Ilkhanate Mongols in the 13th century.
  • Valide or Büyük Mosque was built by Batumlu Hacı Efendi in 1884. Its name "Valide" comes from the mother of Ottoman Sultan Abdulaziz.
  • Hacı Hatun Mosque dates from 1694.

Samsun: Transport

AnsaldoBreda Sirio in Samsun

Long distance buses the bus station is outside the city centre, but most bus companies provide a free transfer there if you have a ticket. Passenger and freight trains run to Sivas via Amasya. The train station is in the city center. Freight trains are taken by ferry to railways at Kavkaz in Russia, and will later see service to the port of Varna in Bulgaria and Poti in Georgia.

Modern trams run between the train station and Ondokuz Mayıs University. There is a plan to run electrically powered bus rapid transit between the railway station and Tekkekoy. City buses carry passengers actively.Dolmuş, the routes are numbered 1 to 4 and each route has different color minibuses. The 320 m (1,050 ft) long Samsun Amisos Hill Gondola serves from Batıpark the archaeological area on the Amisos Hill, where ancient tombs in tumuli were discovered.

Samsun-Çarşamba Airport is 23 km (14 mi) east of the city center. It is possible to reach the airport by Havas service buses: they depart from the coach park close to Kultur Sarayi in the city center. Horse-drawn carriages, (Turkish:fayton) run along the seafront. There was automated bike rental along the seafront, but it is not currently operational.

Samsun: Economy

Hospital of Ondokuz Mayıs University's Faculty of Medicine in Samsun.

Samsun has a mixed economy with a cluster of medical industries.

Samsun: Ports and shipbuilding

Former Ottoman Bank branch in Samsun.

Samsun is a port city. In the early 20th century, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey funded the building of a harbor. Before the building of the harbor, ships had to anchor to deliver goods, approximately 1 mile or more from shore. Trade and transportation was focused around a road to and from Sivas. The privately operated port fronting the city centre handles freight, including RORO ferries to Novorossiysk, whereas fishing boats land their catches in a separate harbour slightly further east. A ship building yard is under construction at the eastern city limit. Road and rail freight connections with central Anatolia can be used to send inland both the agricultural produce of the surrounding well rained upon and fertile land, and also imports from overseas.

Samsun: Manufacturing and Food Processing

There is a light industrial zone between the city and the airport. The main manufactured products are medical devices and products, furniture (wood is imported across the Black Sea), tobacco products (although tobacco farming is now limited by the government), chemicals and automobile spare parts.

Flour mills import wheat from Ukraine and export some of the flour.

Samsun: Local government and services

Provincial government and services (e.g. courts, prisons and hospitals) support the surrounding region. Agricultural research establishments support provincial agriculture and food processing.

Samsun: Shopping

Samsun Piazza Mall

Most of the many new shopping malls are purpose built, but the former tobacco factory in the city center has been converted into a mall.

Samsun: Culture

Samsun: The Atatürk Culture Center

Atatürk Kültür Sarayı (AKM - Palace of Culture). Concerts and other performances are held at the Kultur Sarayi, which is shaped much like a ski jump. "Samsun State Opera and Ballet" performs in The Atatürk Culture Center. Founded in 2009 it is one of the six state opera houses in Turkey. The Samsun Opera have performed Die Entführung (W. A. Mozart) in the annual Istanbul Opera Festival. In collaboration with The Pekin Opera, The Samsun Opera performed Puccini's Madama Butterfly in the Aspendos International Opera and Ballet Festival in 2012. Other performances include La bohème, La traviata, Don Quijote, Giselle. The current musical director is Lorenzo Castriota Skanderbeg.

Samsun: Museums

Gazi Museum
  • Archaeological and Atatürk Museum. The archaeological part of the museum displays ancient artifacts found in the Samsun area, including the Amisos treasure. The Atatürk section includes photographs of his life and some personal belongings.
  • Atatürk (Gazi) Museum. It houses Atatürk's bedroom, his study and conference room as well as some personal belongings.
  • Samsun City Museum. A new museum.

Samsun: Folk Dancing

There is an annual international festival.

Samsun: Education

There are two universities in Samsun: the state run Ondokuz Mayıs University and the private sector Canik Başarı University. There is also a police training college and many small private colleges.

Samsun: Media

There is a local newspaper called Haber Gazetesi and a local TV channel.

Samsun: Health

There are many public and private hospitals.

Samsun: Parks, Nature Reserves and other greenspace

Statue of Atatürk by the Austrian sculptor Heinrich Krippel in Samsun's city center.

Parks

  • Batı Park (West Park) is a large park on land reclaimed from the sea
  • Doğu Park (East Park)
  • Atatürk Park contains his statue by Austrian sculptor Heinrich Krippel, which was completed in 1931. The statue was depicted on the obverse of the Turkish 100,000 lira banknotes of 1991-2001.

Nature Reserves

  • Çakırlar Korusu

Other greenspace

As of 2015 there are 3 army barracks in the city (Esentepe Kışlası, Gökberk Kışlası and 19 Mayis Kışlası) with substantial greenspace. Should they become surplus to military requirements in future, for example due to reduced conscription, it is currently unclear what would happen to the greenspace.

Samsun: Sports

In ancient Roman times gladiator sword fighting apparently took place in Amisos, as depicted on a tombstone dating from the 2nd or 3rd century CE.

Tekkeköy Yaşar Doğu Arena opened in 2013.

Football is the most popular sport: in the older districts above the city center children often kick balls around in the evenings in the smallest streets. The city's football club is Samsunspor, which plays its games at the Samsun 19 Mayıs Stadium.

Basketball, volleyball, tennis, swimming, cable skiing (in summer), horse riding, go karting, paintballing, martial arts and many other sports are played. Cycling and jogging are only common along the sea front, where recreational fishing is also popular.

Samsun: International relations

Samsun: Twin towns - Sister cities

Sister city of Samsun.

Samsun is twinned with:

  • United States North Little Rock, Arkansas, United States (2006)
  • Iran Gorgan, Iran (2006)
  • Northern Cyprus İskele, Northern Cyprus (2006)
  • Russia Novorossiysk, Russia (2007)
  • Tanzania Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (2007)
  • Sweden Kalmar, Sweden (2008)
  • France Bordeaux, France (2010)
  • Germany Kiel, Germany (2010)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Brčko, Bosnia and Herzegovina (2012)
  • Tunisia Bizerte, Tunisia
  • Ukraine Donetsk, Ukraine
  • Germany Kiel, Germany
  • Ghana Accra, Ghana

Samsun: Notable people

  • Tyrannion of Amisus - 1st century BCE grammarian
  • Nebahat Çehre - actress and beauty queen
  • Mustafa Dağıstanlı - two times Olympic gold medalist sports wrestler
  • Yaşar Doğu - Gold medalist wrestler
  • Orhan Gencebay - musician
  • Sagopa Kajmer - musician
  • DJ Jackson - DJ
  • Tanju Çolak - 1987 European Golden Boot holder soccer player/striker
  • Yıldıray Çınar - musician
  • Mehmet Aslantuğ - actor
  • Ece Erken – TV-hostess and actress
  • Ahu Türkpençe - actress
  • Deniz Kılıçlı, college basketball player at West Virginia University
  • Şefik Avni Özüdoğru, military officer in the Ottoman and Turkish armies
  • A.I. Bezzerides - (1908-2007) - American novelist and screenwriter

Samsun: See also

  • Anatolian Tigers
  • Beyliks of Canik
  • State road D010 (Turkey)
  • Samsun Castle
  • Category:Tourist attractions in Samsun

Samsun: References

  1. Özhan Öztürk. Karadeniz: Ansiklopedik Sözlük (Blacksea: Encyclopedic Dictionary). 2 Cilt (2 Volumes). Heyamola Publishing. Istanbul.2005 Buy book ISBN 975-6121-00-9
  2. "Samsun Guide" (PDF).
  3. "..:: REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF CULTURE AND TOURISM ::..". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  4. "..:: REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF CULTURE AND TOURISM ::..". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  5. {Cohen, Getzel M. (1995). “The Hellenistic Settlements in Europe, the Islands, and Asia Minor.” Berkely and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press. p. 384.
  6. Wilson, M. W. "Cities of God in Northern Asia Minor: Using Stark's Social Theories to Reconstruct Peter's Communities". Verbum et Ecclesia 32 (1). p. 3.
  7. Topalidis, S. "Formation of the First Greek Settlements in the Pontos". Pontos World. Pontosworld.com. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  8. Tsetskhladze, G.R. (1998 ) “The Greek Colonisation of the Black Sea Area: Historical Interpretation of Archaeology.” Stuttgart: F. Steiner. p. 19.; Louvre page
  9. Wilson, M. W. "Cities of God in Northern Asia Minor: Using Stark's Social Theories to Reconstruct Peter's Communities". Verbum et Ecclesia 32 (1). p. 4.
  10. Jones, A.H.M (1937). “The Cities of the Eastern Roman Provinces”. Oxford: The Carendon Press. p. 149.
  11. "ESKİ SAMSUN' DA (AMİSOS) AYDINLANAN TARİH".
  12. "Antik Amisos Kenti".
  13. Orrery, J. B. (1752). “The Letters of Pliny the Younger: With Observations on Each Letter; and an Essay on Pliny's Life, Addressed to Charles Lord Boyle.” The 3rd ed. London: Printed by James Bettenham, for Paul Vaillant. p. 407.
  14. Mitchell, S. (1995). “Anatolia: Land, Men, and Gods in Asia Minor.” Journal of Roman Studies, 85. p. 301-302.
  15. http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=7207
  16. Society For The Promotion Of Hellenic Studies. (2013). “Roads to Pontus, Royal and Roman.” The Journal of Hellenic Studies (Vol. 21). London: Forgotten Books. (Original work published pre-1945, year unknown) p. 105-6.
  17. Wilson, M. W. "Cities of God in Northern Asia Minor: Using Stark's Social Theories to Reconstruct Peter's Communities". Verbum et Ecclesia 32 (1). p. 2.
  18. Schalit, A. "Asia Minor." Encyclopedia Judaica. Accessed March 11, 2015.
  19. "Pliny and Trajan on the Christians." Pliny and Trajan on the Christians. Accessed April 7, 2015.
  20. Alikin, V. A. (2010). ‘Chapter 7.’ In “The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering Origin, Development and Content of the Christian Gathering in the First to Third Centuries.” Leiden: Brill. p. 270.
  21. Wilson, M. W. "Cities of God in Northern Asia Minor: Using Stark's Social Theories to Reconstruct Peter's Communities". Verbum et Ecclesia 32 (1). p. 7.
  22. Siméon Vailhé, v. Amisus, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XII, Paris 1953, coll. 1289-1290]
  23. Jean Richard, La Papauté et les missions d'Orient au Moyen Age (XIII-XV siècles), École Française de Rome, 1977, pp. 170–171 and 235-236
  24. Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 Buy book ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 831
  25. "File:Anatolia 1097 it.svg". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  26. Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 61.
  27. "Foreign Office: Consulate, Samsun, Ottoman Empire: Entry Books and Registers of Correspondence".
  28. Kieser, Hans-Lukas (2006). Turkey Beyond Nationalism Towards Post-Nationalist Identities. London: I.B. Tauris & Co. p. 111. ISBN 085771757X.
  29. Kevorkian, Raymond (2011). The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History. I.B.Tauris. pp. 487–91. ISBN 0857730207.
  30. Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 54.
  31. "The Exiles from Balkans to Black Sea Coast After the Tanzimat".
  32. "Report to the Board of Health of the Ottoman Empire, Samsun, May 20, 1864".
  33. http://www.samsun.bel.tr/hizmet-birimleri.asp
  34. http://www.samsun.bel.tr/Dosya%5C2010_2014_Stratejik_Plan.pdf
  35. "İstanbul, Ankara contribute 60 pct of tax revenue in Q1". TodaysZaman. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  36. "Climate: Samsun - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". 31 August 2013. Climate-Data.org.
  37. "Samsun". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  38. "Samsun-Kavkaz ferry line to link Turkey with Russia, Central Asia".
  39. "Samsun". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  40. "..:: REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF CULTURE AND TOURISM ::..". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  41. "2023 Export Target 5 Billion Dollars".
  42. ""FESTİVALİ ANLAMAK" ve SAHİP".
  43. "Police college website (Turkish)".
  44. Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey. Banknote Museum: 7. Emission Group - One Hundred Thousand Turkish Lira - I. Series, II. Series & III. Series. – Retrieved on 20 April 2009.
  45. "ÇAKIRLAR KORUSUMESİRE YERİ".
  46. "Tombstone for the gladiator Diodorus".
  47. "Samsun - Twin Towns". © Samsun-City.sk. Retrieved 2013-10-19.

 / 41.29028; 36.33361

  • Samsun travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Samsun Governor's Office (Turkish)
  • Samsun Metropolitan Municipality (Turkish)
  • Official Tourist Information
  • Port Authority
  • Current port arrivals and departures
  • Coins Amisus coins (click "Database" and search by state: Amisus)
  • Amisos coins found on criminals
  • Map of Samsun
  • Opera and Ballet
  • A History of Amisos (Samsun)
  • Samsun News Office (Turkish)
  • Samsun Business (Turkish)
  • Samsun Folk Dance Society (Turkish)
  • Samsun (Turkish)
  1. "December 2013 address-based calculation of the Turkish Statistical Institute as presented by citypopulation.de".
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