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Hotels of San Miguel de Tucumán
A hotel in San Miguel de Tucumán is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in San Miguel de Tucumán hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in San Miguel de Tucumán are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some San Miguel de Tucumán hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most San Miguel de Tucumán hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in San Miguel de Tucumán have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in San Miguel de Tucumán
An upscale full service hotel facility in San Miguel de Tucumán that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury San Miguel de Tucumán hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in San Miguel de Tucumán
Full service San Miguel de Tucumán hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in San Miguel de Tucumán
Boutique hotels of San Miguel de Tucumán are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. San Miguel de Tucumán boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in San Miguel de Tucumán may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in San Miguel de Tucumán
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of San Miguel de Tucumán travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most San Miguel de Tucumán focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in San Miguel de Tucumán
Small to medium-sized San Miguel de Tucumán hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded San Miguel de Tucumán traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service San Miguel de Tucumán hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in San Miguel de Tucumán
A bed and breakfast in San Miguel de Tucumán is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, San Miguel de Tucumán bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical San Miguel de Tucumán B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in San Miguel de Tucumán
San Miguel de Tucumán hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many San Miguel de Tucumán hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in San Miguel de Tucumán
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized San Miguel de Tucumán hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in San Miguel de Tucumán lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in San Miguel de Tucumán
San Miguel de Tucumán timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in San Miguel de Tucumán often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of San Miguel de Tucumán on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in San Miguel de Tucumán
A San Miguel de Tucumán motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of San Miguel de Tucumán for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of San Miguel de Tucumán motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
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(From top to bottom; from left to right) Aerial view of the city; Nacional University of Tucumán; Independence House; Tucumán Government House and the Tucumán Cathedral.
Coat of arms
San Miguel de Tucumán
Coordinates: / -26.8330556; -65.21667
Germán Alfaro (ApB)
90 km (34.88 sq mi)
480 km (209.3 sq mi)
431 m (1,300 ft)
Population (2009 est.)
San Miguel de Tucumán (usually called simply Tucumán) is the capital of the Tucumán Province, located in northern Argentina 1,311 kilometres (815 mi) from Buenos Aires. It is the fifth-largest city of Argentina after Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Rosario and Mendoza and the most important of the northern region. The Spanish Conquistador Diego de Villarroel (es) founded the city in 1565 in the course of an expedition from present-day Peru. Tucumán moved to its present site in 1685.
San Miguel de Tucumán: Overview
The city is bordered on the north by Las Talitas (Tafí Viejo), on the east by Banda del Río Salí and Alderetes (Cruz Alta), on the west by the city of Yerba Buena, and on the south by Lules.
The city is located on the slopes of the Aconquija mountains, the easternmost mountain range before the large Chaco-Pampean flats. It is the commercial center of an irrigated area that produces large quantities of sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and fruit, giving the province its nickname, the Garden of the Republic. The National University of Tucumán (1914) and the Saint Thomas Aquinas University of the North (1965) are in the city.
On July 9, 1816, a congress gathered in Tucumán declared independence from Spain, which did not officially recognize it until 1862. The meeting place of the congress, the House of Tucumán, has been reconstructed as a national monument. After the national government broke down in 1820, the town was capital of the short-lived Republic of Tucumán.
Its telephone code is 0381, and its postal codes are T4000 (Center), T4001 (North), T4002 (South) and T4003 (East).
San Miguel de Tucumán: History
"Tucumán 1812", by Gerardo Flores Ivaldi. The Cabildo and San Francisco church are displayed on the painting.
Former Tucumán station built by North Western Railway.
Demolition of the former Cabildo, 1908.
San Martín street in San Miguel downtown.
The first foundation of "San Miguel de Tucumán y Nueva Tierra de Promisión" was on May 31, 1565 by Diego de Villarroel in the Campos de Ibatín, distant 60 km to the south west from the current city is located nowadays. The city was moved to "La Toma" (where the old town or casco histórico is placed today) in 1685, due to the low quality of Ibatín water.
On September 24, 1812, the Battle of Tucumán took place near the city, when the Spanish army coming from the Alto Perú were defeated by the army led by Manuel Belgrano. Belgrano had been committed to step back to Córdoba by the government of Buenos Aires, but the Tucumán inhabitants requested him to resist another Spanish invasion.
With his troops almost unarmed and tired but reinforced with local gauchos (self named Los decididos de Tucumán), Belgrano attacked the Spanish army by their backs, defeating them and ensuring the Independence of Argentina so after the battle of Tucumán, the same army led by Belgrano would achieve another victory in Salta.
After those battles, Belgrano established in a circle-shaped fortress known as "La Ciudadela", located 1-km from the current Plaza de la Independencia (former Plaza Mayor). Because of being a patriot barracks and located on an intermediate point between the Río de la Plata and the Alto Perú and Santa Cruz de la Sierra, San Miguel de Tucumán was designated as city venue for the Congress of the Independence. On July 9, 1816, the Independence of Argentina was declared, not only of Spain but any other foreign domination. The act of the Independence was signed at the Casa de Tucumán, also named "Casa Histórica" or "Casa de la Independencia".
By 1850 the city has been increased its population considerably, overpassing the estimated registers. Because of that, in 1870 it was proposed the city was expanded, setting new limits. During those years, the first railway line reached the city, built by British-owned Córdoba Central Railway. The immigrants arrived to the region (most of them were Spanish, Arabian, Jews and Italians) influenced the architectural style that adapted to those new cultures, leaving the original colonial style behind. Therefore, new buildings in the city were made in Neoclassical, eclectic and pinturesque styles.
During the first years of 20th Century the city added 400 ha for recreational uses, therefore the first great park (similar to the existing in Paris and London) was built. Until 1930 the city doubled its population.
San Miguel de Tucumán: Cultural and tourist heritage
Basílica de San Francisco
Casa de Tucumán, where Argentine Independence was declared.
Historic buildings surrounding the Plaza Independencia.
The House of Government of Tucumán was built in Art Nouveau style at the end of 19th century. The White Room is commonly used to receive notable people who visit the city.
In the city downtown, the San Miguel de Tucumán Cathedral still preserves some colonial elements and other elements from Italian architecture. The Basílica de San Francisco (also declared a historical heritage), the Parroquia de San Roque, Basílica del Santísimo Sacramento (known as "Iglesia de Santo Domingo"), Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Merced and the Iglesia Nuestra Señora de Lourdes are some of the most important churches of the city.
The Casa de Tucumán (or "Casa de la Independencia"), as the site of the declaration of independence of Argentina, is the most significant building in the city. After the Congress of Tucumán various people lived in the house and deterioration became visible over the years, which is clearly evident in the famous photo taken by Angel Paganelli in 1869. The Government of Argentina acquired the historic house in 1874 with a view to its serving as a post office. Starting in the 1880s celebrations took place in the building to commemorate Independence.
Nevertheless, the government did not remodel the house until 1903, when it was demolished almost completely due to its very poor condition. The only room that was preserved from demolition was the room where the Independence was declared by the congressists. In 1942 the house was completely rebuilt, based on the original plans and the picture taken by Paganelli in 1869. For that purpose, the same kind of bricks, tajas and baldoas were used
Other notable buildings of San Miguel include the Teatro San Martín (with some elements in neoclassical style), and the Correo Central, made in a mix of styles and a tower inspired in the palaces of Florence (specially Palazzo Vecchio), the old Legislature, the Palace of Justice, the Casino (former Savoy Hotel, built in 1912), the birthplace of Nicolás Avellaneda, the Colegio Nacional Bartolomé Mitre and the Campo de las Carreras, where the battle of Tucumán took place and which is now an historical park.
San Miguel de Tucumán: Main sights
Tucumán Government Palace
Ninth of July Park
Timoteo Navarro Museum of Art
Cementerio del Oeste
President Avellaneda's House
Museum of Northern Folklore
Federación Económica Building
San Francisco Basilica
Museum of Sacred Art
La Merced Church
San Miguel de Tucumán: Cultural life and education
Interior of the San Martín theatre.
For decades, San Miguel de Tucumán has been one of the cultural spots in the country, in part due to the influence of the National University of Tucumán. It has been the birthplace and/or home of well-known personalities such as folk singer Mercedes Sosa, author Tomas Eloy Martínez, a professor at Rutgers University in the United States; musician Miguel Ángel Estrella, artist/architect Tomás Saraceno, painter Luis Lobo de la Vega, and many others.
Two large theatres (San Martín and Alberdi) and several smaller and independent theaters offer a wide array of events, including plays, concerts, operas, and ballet, all year round. The Septiembre Musical is by far the most important cultural event during the year. This music festival, generally held at Independence Square, brings together several local and national artists who perform different musical styles ranging from folk music to rock.
Universities in the city include the public National University of Tucumán and the National Technological University, and the private (and Catholic) Saint Thomas Aquinas University of the North and the Saint Paul T University.
Since August 2008, the city has been the location of trials of high-ranking former military officers charged with war crimes from the 1976–83 dictatorship. Luciano Menéndez, a former colonel, was convicted for crimes against humanity, including the kidnapping and disappearance of senator (Guillermo Vargas Aignasse) on the night of the golpe (coup) in 1976. Many Abuelas de la Plaza de Mayo (Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo) have been seen in and around the Tucumán trials. The convictions of Menéndez and Ricardo Bussi (es) were the first of this round of prosecution of military leaders of the Jorge Rafael Videla dictatorship. Their sentencings were seen as symbolic victories for the mothers and grandmothers whose children or husbands were "disappeared" by the military during that dark period of Argentine history.
San Miguel de Tucumán: Sports
Association football is the favorite sport in the city. San Miguel's main football clubs are Club Atlético San Martín de Tucumán and Club Atlético Tucumán. Club Atletico San Martin is based out of San Miguel de Tucuman and was founded in 1909. This team has won four total national titles (1944, 1988, 2005, and 2007-08) and several regional titles. The longtime rival, Club Atletico Tucuman, is also based in the city of San Miguel de Tucuman but was founded in 1901. This team is the oldest football club in the Tucuman Province and the team has five national titles (1959, 2004, 2005, 2007-08, and 2008-09) and also many regional titles.
Basketball is also a popular sport, some clubs are Juan Bautista Alberdi Club, Central Córdoba Club, Belgrano Club, Villa Luján Club, Tucumán BB Club and others. Tucumán was one of two co-hosts of the 1995 FIBA Americas Championship.
The city is also a rugby union hotbed and hosts the Unión de Rugby de Tucumán, as well as the province's two most successful clubs: Tucumán Rugby Club and Universitario. The rugby of Tucumán is the second most powerful in the Argentine, behind the Rugby of the Buenos Aires Union. For eight times, the Naranjas (Oranges) won the Argentine Championship of Unions; this is the greatest number won by a hinterland union. Other important rugby clubs of the city are Natación y Gimnasia, Cardenales, Tucumán Lawn Tennis, Los Tarcos, amongst others. The fans of the rugby of Tucumán are the most passionate among the Argentines.
San Miguel de Tucumán: Transport
The city is served by several bus lines that have routes within the city limits, and some others that connect it to the neighbouring cities of Yerba Buena, El Manantial, Tafí Viejo, Las Talitas, Banda del Río Salí, and Alderetes. San Miguel de Tucumán enjoys one of the largest bus stations in Argentina. The 30,000 m² estación central de ómnibus (opened in 1994) is the point from where hundreds of bus services arrive from and depart to almost all of the largest and mid-size cities throughout the country.
The Teniente General Benjamín Matienzo International Airport (TUC/SANT) is the city's airport (though located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) east of the city, in the neighboring department of Cruz Alta) serving over 290,000 passengers a year. There are daily flights to Buenos Aires, Jujuy, Santiago del Estero, Campo Arenal, the Minera Alumbrera Gold Mine, as well as international flights to Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. The Mauricio Gilli Aerodrome is a Private Airport, located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) west from the city, for Private Aviation. It is locally known as Aeroclub.
The city has also four railway stations, with only the Mitre Railway terminus operating passenger trains to Retiro in Buenos Aires, with intermediate stops in Santiago del Estero and Santa Fe provinces amongst other stations. The other train station active is Belgrano Railway station, originally built by the Córdoba Central Railway and currently operated by freight company Trenes Argentinos Cargas y Logística.
Railway stations in San Martín de Tucumán:
Trenes Argentinos, NCA
Tucumán (Central Norte)
Argentine North Western
Also known as "El Bajo" station.
The line was also known as "Provincial".
San Miguel de Tucumán: Climate
San Miguel de Tucuman lies in a transition zone between temperate climates to the south, and subtropical climates to the north. It has a humid subtropical climate (Cwa) under the Köppen climate classification, with vastly more precipitation in the summer than in the winter. The average annual temperature is 19.3 °C (66.7 °F). The precipitation pattern is monsoonal: out of the 966 mm (38.0 in) that fall annually, most of it falls in the summer months, while the winter months tend to be drier.
The average temperature in winter is 13.6 °C (56.5 °F). July is the coldest month with a mean temperature of 12.1 °C (53.8 °F). Frosts are uncommon, with some years recording no frosts at all. Usually, when frosts occur, they are light with temperatures rarely falling below −2 °C (28.4 °F). Winters are sunny, averaging 9–12 clear days and 9–12 overcast days per month. Snow is extremely rare, but in 2007, it reached the city center. There have been other episodes of sleet and snow in the mountains around the city, and in 2010, sleet was reported downtown again, a very rare event.
Spring and fall are transition seasons. Springs are very short, and by October, summer weather settles in the city, with highs beyond 30 °C (86.0 °F) very common. This is due to the dryness of the season: daytime highs are close to those in the summer, when rainfall and clouds are persistent, whereas spring is often sunny and arid. April marks the beginning of the fall, but temperatures remain near summer levels: 21 to 27 °C (69.8 to 80.6 °F) during the day, and 12 to 18 °C (53.6 to 64.4 °F) during the night. Rainfall decreases as fall progresses.
Summers are the hottest and most humid time of year. The average temperature during the summer ranges from 24 to 26 °C (75.2 to 78.8 °F). In the summer, one can expect daytime highs ranging from 30 to 31 °C (86.0 to 87.8 °F); at night, 19 to 20 °C (66.2 to 68.0 °F) are the norm. Much of the rainfall that the city receives occurs during the summer months and cloudy weather tends to be more common, averaging 11–13 overcast days and only 2–4 clear days per month. Heat waves can push temperatures up to 40 to 45 °C (104.0 to 113.0 °F). However, some relief is possible after cold fronts from the south caused by Pampero winds which brings in cooler air. These winds can be strong following a hot day in advance of the cold fronts.
The highest temperature recorded was 45.0 °C (113.0 °F) on October 31, 2009 while the lowest temperature recorded was −2.5 °C (27.5 °F) on July 11, 2007 and on August 16, 1999.
Climate data for San Miguel de Tucumán (1981–1990, extremes 1970–present)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Percent possible sunshine
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and lows)
Source #2: UNLP (sun and extremes)
San Miguel de Tucumán: Media
Channel 8 studios Tucumán.
San Miguel de Tucumán is home to two free-to-air television stations (Channel 8 and Channel 10), four newspapers (La Gaceta, El Siglo, El Periódico, El Tribuno de Tucumán), three cable television companies (CCC, ATS, and TCC), and several radio stations.
San Miguel de Tucumán: Healthcare
San Miguel de Tucuman is part of the Provincial Health System (Sistema Provincial de Salud or SIPROSA). This system divided the Tucuman province into four systematic areas with San Miguel being in its own area. Each area has its own public hospitals and Health Primary Attention Centers for the people. This divisions purpose was to help regulate health care assistance across the population and make it more accessible. Since then, SIPROSA has been a part of a modernizing program with the government in trying to make a successful medical records system. This would collect data from all the different resources and compile it into one database making it a lot easier and quicker for patients to pull up medical history, medical records, or anything of that nature. This is a big step for the Tucuman region.
San Miguel de Tucumán: Notable residents
Juan Bautista Alberdi, lawyer, writer, political theorist and diplomat.
Carlos Alvarado-Larroucau, writer.
Francisco Maldonado da Silva, Jewish marytr
Gregorio Aráoz de Lamadrid
Nicolás Avellaneda former President of Argentina.
Franco Fagioli opera singer
Victor García, theatre director.
Omar Hasan, rugby player.
Daniel Hourcade, former international rugby player, Pumas head coach.
Tomás Eloy Martínez, journalist and writer, author of Santa Evita.
Richard Maury, American engineer, honorary professor of the National University
Lola Mora, sculptor.
Mercedes María Paz, tennis player.
César Pelli, architect.
José María Núñez Piossek, former international/professional rugby player.
Julio A. Roca, former President of Argentina.
Alejandro Romay, television and theatre producer.
Federico Nicolás Sánchez, rugby player.
Juan Soler, actor.
Mercedes Sosa, folk music singer.
San Miguel de Tucumán: Pictorial
9 de Julio Park
House of Government
San Martín Teathre
National Technology University
Benjamín Matienzo international airport
Mitre Railway station
San Miguel de Tucumán: Sister cities
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
San Miguel de Tucumán: References
"Argentina". CA San Martin De Tucuman. OMNISPORT.Missing or empty |url= (help);|access-date= requires |url= (help)
"Argentina". CA Tucuman. OMNISPORT.Missing or empty |url= (help);|access-date= requires |url= (help)
"Club Atletico San Martin De Tucuman". Club Atletico San Martin De Tucuman. N.p.Missing or empty |url= (help);|access-date= requires |url= (help)
"First Choice for Serious Engineering Research". Engineering Village. IEEE Argentina Sect.Missing or empty |url= (help);|access-date= requires |url= (help)
"Casa de Gobierno de Tucumán"
Sesma, Pablo; Guido, Elvira; Puchulu, Maria (1998). "Clima de la Provincia de Tucuman" (PDF). Retrieved 1 August 2015.
"Provincia de Tucuman–Clima Y Metéorologia" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Archived from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
"Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981-1990)" (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Argentina. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
"Heladas Meteorológicas–Tucumán Aero" (in Spanish). Facultad de Agronomía - Universidad de Buenos Aires. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
"Tucumán, Tucumán". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
"Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
Sister Cities designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI). Retrieved March 29, 2015.
San Miguel de Tucumán: External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to San Miguel de Tucumán.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for San Miguel de Tucumán.
Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about San Miguel de Tucumán.