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When a hotel search in São Luís is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in São Luís is waiting for you!

Hotels of São Luís

A hotel in São Luís is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in São Luís hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in São Luís are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some São Luís hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most São Luís hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in São Luís have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in São Luís
An upscale full service hotel facility in São Luís that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury São Luís hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in São Luís
Full service São Luís hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in São Luís
Boutique hotels of São Luís are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. São Luís boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in São Luís may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in São Luís
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of São Luís travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most São Luís focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in São Luís
Small to medium-sized São Luís hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded São Luís traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service São Luís hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in São Luís
A bed and breakfast in São Luís is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, São Luís bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical São Luís B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in São Luís
São Luís hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many São Luís hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in São Luís
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized São Luís hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in São Luís lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in São Luís
São Luís timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in São Luís often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of São Luís on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in São Luís
A São Luís motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of São Luís for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of São Luís motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in São Luís

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São Luís
Municipality
The Municipality of
São Luís do Maranhão
São Luís do Maranhão - Capital.jpg
Flag of São Luís
Flag
Coat of arms of São Luís
Coat of arms
Location of São Luís
Location of São Luís
São Luís is located in Brazil
São Luís
São Luís
Location in Brazil
Coordinates:  / -2.52833; -44.30444
Country Brazil
Region Northeast
State Bandeira do Maranhão.svg Maranhão
Founded September 8, 1612
Government
• Mayor Edivaldo Holanda Júnior (PDT)
Area
• Municipality 827.141 km (319.360 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (12 ft)
Population (2010 IBGE)
• Municipality 1,011,943
• Density 1,183.4/km (3,064.9/sq mi)
• Metro 1,227,659
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
Postal Code 65000-000
Area code(s) +55 98
Website São Luís, Maranhão

São Luís (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w luˈis], Saint Louis) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Maranhão. The city is located on Ilha de São Luís (Saint Louis' Island) in the Baía de São Marcos (Saint Mark's Bay), an extension of the Atlantic Ocean which forms the estuary of Pindaré, Mearim, Itapecuru and other rivers. Its coordinates are 2.53° south, 44.30° west. The city proper has a population of some 986,826 people (2008 IBGE estimate). The metropolitan area totals 1,227,659, ranked as the 16th largest in Brazil.

São Luís, created originally as Saint-Louis-de-Maragnan, is the only Brazilian state capital founded by France (see France Équinoxiale) and it is one of the three Brazilian state capitals located on islands (the others are Vitória and Florianópolis).

The city has two major sea ports: Madeira Port and Itaqui Port, through which a substantial part of Brazil's iron ore, originating from the (pre)-Amazon region, is exported. The city's main industries are metallurgical with Alumar, and VALE. São Luís is home of the Federal University of Maranhão.

São Luís was the home town of famous Brazilian samba singer Alcione, Brazilian writers Aluísio Azevedo, Ferreira Gullar and Josué Montello, Belgian-naturalised soccer player Luís Oliveira, and the musician João do Vale and Zeca Baleiro, a Música popular brasileira (MPB) singer.

São Luís, Maranhão: History

Originally the town was a large village of the Tupinambá tribe. The first Europeans to see it were the French, in 1612, who intended to make it the center of a colony named Equinoctial France. They built a fort named Saint-Louis de Maragnan after King Louis XIII and his Saintly ancestor Louis IX. The settlement was conquered for Portugal by Jerônimo de Albuquerque in 1615, when it was renamed São Luís. There had been little time for the French to build a city, a fact which has led to some controversy as to the actual date of the founding of the city, whether by the French or the Portuguese. In 1641, the city was invaded by the Dutch, who left in 1645. In 1677, the city was made the seat of the new Roman Catholic Diocese of São Luís do Maranhão.

View of São Luís, c. 1665

Only when those invasions ceased permanently did the colonial government decide to create the state of Grão-Pará e Maranhão, independent from the rest of the country. By that time, the economy was based on agriculture, particularly the exportation of sugar cane, cacao and tobacco. Conflicts amongst the local elites would lead to the Beckman's Revolt. This started due the struggle between Jesuits and landowners, the first against the Indian slavery and the others against the unfair treatment given by the Portuguese authorities; the situation lead to an uprising against the Portuguese, led by the brothers Manuel and Tomás Beckman and lasted till the intervention of Portuguese troops under the command of the general Gomes Freire de Andrade. After few skirmishes, the rebels were defeated and the Beckman brothers arrested and, after a brief trial, were hanged, drawn and quartered. The last words of Manuel Beckman at the gallows were "Pelo Povo do Maranhão morro contente" ("By the Maranhão people I die happy"). The phrase decorates the main hall of State Council Building.

Soon after the outbreak of the American Civil War, the region started to provide cotton to Great Britain. The wealth generated by this activity was used to modernize the city; to bring religious men to come and teach in its schools; and supplement the water supply. The city came to be the third most populous city in the country. By the end of the 19th century, agriculture was in decay and since then the city's population has been searching for other ways to make a living.

Nowadays, São Luís has the largest and best preserved heritage of colonial Portuguese architecture of all Latin America. The island is known as the "Island of Love" and as "the Brazilian Athens", due to its many poets and writers, such as Sotero dos Reis, Aluísio Azevedo, Graça Aranha, Gonçalves Dias (the most famous), Josué Montello, Ferreira Gullar, among others.

The ancestral composition of São Luís, according to an autosomal DNA study, is 42% European, 39% Native American and 19% African.

São Luís, Maranhão: Economy

Colares Moreira Avenue.

Maranhão's economy was one of the most prosperous in the country until the mid-nineteenth century. However, after the Civil War the United States of America, when it lost space in the export of cotton, the state collapsed. Only after the end of the 1960s did the state begin to receive incentives and emerge from seclusion, by way of road and rail connections with other regions.

In the late eighteenth century, increased international demand for cotton to meet the English textile industry coupled with reduced production because of the North American War of Independence in the United States provided the perfect setting to stimulate cotton production in Maranhão. Shipping companies and Southampton & Company Maranha Maranha Shipping Company, shipping steam, which performed the transportation of cotton from the states of Georgia and Alabama, began operating in St. Louis shaft - London, leading to production of Caxias and Baixada Maranhão. By the early twentieth century, St. Louis still exporting cotton to England by sea, through the lines and Booth Red Cross Line Line (the extended route to Iquitos) and company-Maranha Liverpool Shipping Company.

During this period, the golden phase of the economy of Maranhão, São Luís has a living cultural effervescence. The city, which related more to the European capitals that the other Brazilian cities, was the first company to receive an Italian opera. Had as few sidewalks and lighting in the country. Received weekly the latest news from French literature. The great fortunes cotton and local business sent their children to study in Recife, Salvador, Rio de Janeiro and, especially, Europe.

The opening of the Port of Itaqui in St. Louis, currently second in depth in the world, second only to the Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and one of the busiest in the country, served to drain the industrial production and iron ore coming from Train Serra dos Carajás, activity operated by Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. The proximity to strategic markets in Europe and North America has led the Port an attractive option to export, but suffers from increased coastal shipping. Ludovicense economy is based on the aluminum processing industry, food, tourism and services. St. Louis has the largest GDP in the state, hosting two public universities (and UFMA UEMA) and various educational institutions and private colleges. According to the latest data from the IBGE survey of the city of St. Louis has a GDP of R $9,340,944,000.00 to 29 and thus the national economy from over 5,560 Brazilian municipalities, and occupying the 14th position among the capitals.

São Luís, Maranhão: Climate

The city of São Luís experiences a borderline between tropical savanna climate and tropical monsoon climate, (Aw and Am) with a short dry season from August to November. During this period when the equatorial rainband associated with the highly seasonalized positioning of the Intertropical Convergence Zone is not over the city, warm to hot temperatures and abundant equatorial sunshine prevail. Conversely, the humid, rainy wet season dominates the remaining majority of the year, with abundant cloud cover prevalent and heavy rains falling from December to July, with the heaviest rainfall and highest cloud cover from January to May. The cloudiest month of the year is March with a monthly average of 107.2 hours of bright sunshine throughout the month, while the sunniest month of the year is August with a monthly average of 260.3 hours of sunshine throughout the month. The wettest month is April with an average monthly total of 476 mm (18.74 in) of precipitation, while the driest month is October with an average total of average precipitation total of 8 mm (0.31 in). Nearly 70 per cent of average annual precipitation is recorded on average from February to May.

The municipality contains part of the 1,535,310 hectares (3,793,800 acres) Upaon-Açu/Miritiba/Alto Preguiças Environmental Protection Area, created in 1992. The city is home to the Sítio Rangedor State Park, formerly the fully protected Sítio Rangedor Ecological Station. The municipality also contains a small part of the Baixada Maranhense Environmental Protection Area, a 1,775,035.6 hectares (4,386,208 acres) sustainable use conservation unit created in 1991 that has been a Ramsar Site since 2000. The 2,634 hectares (6,510 acres) Bacanga State Park is just south of the city.

Climate data for São Luís (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.6
(92.5)
36
(97)
32.8
(91)
33
(91)
33.2
(91.8)
33.1
(91.6)
32.7
(90.9)
34.4
(93.9)
34
(93)
33.2
(91.8)
34.4
(93.9)
33.8
(92.8)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
29.4
(84.9)
29.4
(84.9)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
30.4
(86.7)
30.2
(86.4)
30.7
(87.3)
31
(88)
31.2
(88.2)
31.4
(88.5)
31.1
(88)
30.4
(86.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1
(79)
25.7
(78.3)
25.6
(78.1)
25.8
(78.4)
25.9
(78.6)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26.9
(80.4)
26.7
(80.1)
26.1
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 23.5
(74.3)
23.1
(73.6)
23
(73)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.6
(72.7)
23
(73)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23.29
(73.83)
Record low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20.1
(68.2)
17.9
(64.2)
13.1
(55.6)
20.2
(68.4)
20.6
(69.1)
18.1
(64.6)
20.3
(68.5)
20.9
(69.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.6
(70.9)
20
(68)
13.1
(55.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 244.2
(9.614)
373
(14.69)
428
(16.85)
475.9
(18.736)
316.5
(12.461)
173.3
(6.823)
131.1
(5.161)
29.4
(1.157)
23.3
(0.917)
7.6
(0.299)
10.5
(0.413)
77.4
(3.047)
2,290
(90.16)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 13 17 23 22 20 13 10 4 2 1 1 4 130
Average relative humidity (%) 85 88 89 90 89 86 86 84 81 81 79 71 84.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 152.6 113.7 107.2 113.7 162.6 213.1 237.6 260.3 249.9 251.8 244.1 206.3 2,312.9
Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).

São Luís, Maranhão: Education

São Luís is the most important educational centre of the state.

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

Educational institutions include:

  • Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)
  • Universidade Estadual do Maranhão (UEMA)
  • Faculdade Santa Terezinha (CEST)
  • Centro de Ensino Universitário do Maranhão (UNICEUMA)
  • Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Maranhão (IFMA)
  • Faculdade São Luís
  • Unidade de Ensino Superior Dom Bosco (UNDB)
  • Faculdade Atenas Maranhense (FAMA)
  • Faculdade do Maranhão (FACAM)
  • Faculdade Pitágoras

São Luís, Maranhão: Culture

Historic Centre of São Luís
Reviver.JPG
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Brazil Edit this on Wikidata
Criteria iii, iv, v
Reference 821
Coordinates  / -2.53; -44.3028
Inscription 1997 (21st Session)
Website www.saoluis.ma.gov.br
São Luís, Maranhão is located in Brazil
São Luís, Maranhão
Location of São Luís, Maranhão
[edit on Wikidata]

São Luís is known for its tiles which most buildings in the historical centre are covered in. Because of it the city is also known as "The Tiles City" and "Brazilian Athens".

It also has some cultural peculiarities namely:

São Luís, Maranhão: Tambor de Crioula

Afro-Brazilian dance in which gaily clad women court a bateria of tambors (a row of drums). Whirling and gyrating in time to the music they negotiate for prime position in the centre of the bateria.

São Luís, Maranhão: Tambor de Mina

Not to be confused with the above, this is the local variant of the Afro-Brazilian religion Candomblé.

São Luís, Maranhão: Bumba Meu Boi

Theater Artur Azevedo in São Luís.

The Bumba Meu Boi is a popular farce which takes its form as a grand musical pantomime. Practice is a public affair and begins directly after Easter reaching its climax in June when literally hundreds of groups perform on a nightly basis for popular acclaim. Set personalities and characters play out a comedic tragedy with a metaphor for social harmony at its heart. Settlers, the infamous "Coroneis", Indians, spirit workers, African slaves and forest spirits are enacted though costumes, choreography and music - all performed amongst the all-night revelry. The crowd joins in with singing, dancing and dependent on the groups sotaque (or style) the playing of matracas (two wooden blocks, held in each hand and struck together repeatedly). Like the festival of Sao João and its requisite Forró dance in the North-Eastern states further south Bumba Meu Boi is a harvest festival but with the bull as its centre-piece.

São Luís, Maranhão: Capoeira

The São Luís form of capoeira is said to be akin to the kind of capoeira now recognized as 'traditional bahian capoeira' that predated the Bahian Angola/regional polemic which split the capoeira world in the 1950s.

São Luís, Maranhão: Historical center

In 1997 the city's historical center was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Starting in 1989 there has been an extensive program to restore and renovate the colonial era buildings of the city's historical center.

São Luís, Maranhão: Transportation

A bus in São Luís.

The city is served by the Marechal Cunha Machado International Airport.

There are 184 bus lines operating in the metropolitan area, served by a fleet of more than 3,000 buses. More than 500,000 people use the bus system every day. The metropolitan area has a network of alternative transportation that works with drivers who usually have their own coach and organize themselves into cooperatives to enable them to provide the public transport service duly legalized in the department of city traffic.

The city has also an efficient radio system with more than 2000 taxi cabs accredited.

Sao Luis is home to a port that receives boats that carry passengers across to the city of Alcantara, which is located in the metropolitan area. It also has another port that receives ferries carrying people and cars that are destined for cities in the region of the state known as the low lands.

Being an island, the city has only one output ground, the bridge of the Estreito dos Mosquitos, which links the island of Sao Luis by road BR-135.

Marechal Cunha Machado International Airport

São Luís, Maranhão: Telecommunications

Local area phone code (named DDD in Brazil) to call São Luis city is 98 (DDD98).

São Luís, Maranhão: Sports

Football is the most popular sport in São Luís, though its clubs aren't much well known in the rest of Brazil. The professional clubs in São Luís are: Sampaio Corrêa who currently play in Brazil's second division, Moto Club who play in the fourth division and Maranhão Atlético Clube who take part in the regional Campeonato Maranhense.

Castelão Stadium, the largest in the city.

São Luís, Maranhão: Notable residents

  • Maria Firmina dos Reis (1825–1917), abolitionist and author.
  • Dan Kearns (born 1956), Canadian football player.
  • Steve Kearns (born 1959), Canadian football player.
  • Aluísio de Azevedo (1857-1913), Brazilian writer and diplomat.
  • Artur Azevedo (1855-1908), Brazilian writer and poet.

São Luís, Maranhão: References

  1. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572005000100004
  2. APA Upaon-Açu/Miritiba/Alto Preguiças (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2017-02-09
  3. Aurina Carneiro (11 May 2016), Plenário aprova projeto que altera Estação Ecológica do Sítio do Rangedor (in Portuguese), Agência Assembleia, retrieved 2016-05-17
  4. APA Baixada Maranhense (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-06-13
  5. PES do Bacanga (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-08-03
  6. "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  7. "Temperatura Máxima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  8. "Temperatura Mínima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  9. "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  10. "Número de Dias com Precipitação Maior ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  11. "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  12. "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  13. "Temperatura Máxima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Archived from the original on June 21, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  14. "Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Archived from the original on June 21, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  15. "São Luis do Maranhao, DDD98 area phone code". Retrieved December 12, 2012.
  • Official city site
  • Aerial pictures from the City of Sao Luis made with powered paraglider

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