Sarıkamış, Turkey

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Hotels of Sarıkamış

A hotel in Sarıkamış is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Sarıkamış hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Sarıkamış are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Sarıkamış hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Sarıkamış hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Sarıkamış have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Sarıkamış
An upscale full service hotel facility in Sarıkamış that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Sarıkamış hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Sarıkamış
Full service Sarıkamış hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Sarıkamış
Boutique hotels of Sarıkamış are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Sarıkamış boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Sarıkamış may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Sarıkamış
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Sarıkamış travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Sarıkamış focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Sarıkamış
Small to medium-sized Sarıkamış hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Sarıkamış traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Sarıkamış hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Sarıkamış
A bed and breakfast in Sarıkamış is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Sarıkamış bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Sarıkamış B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Sarıkamış
Sarıkamış hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Sarıkamış hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Sarıkamış
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Sarıkamış hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Sarıkamış lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Sarıkamış
Sarıkamış timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Sarıkamış often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Sarıkamış on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Sarıkamış
A Sarıkamış motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Sarıkamış for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Sarıkamış motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Sarıkamış

Sarıkamış is located in Turkey
Coordinates:  / 40.33806; 42.57306  / 40.33806; 42.57306
Country Turkey
Province Kars
• Mayor Göksal Toksoy (AKP)
• Kaymakam Yusuf İzzet Karaman
• District 1,971.01 km (761.01 sq mi)
Population (2012)
• Urban 19,727
• District 50,308
• District density 26/km (66/sq mi)
Post code 36500

Sarıkamış is a town and a district of Kars Province in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Its population was 17,860 in 2010. The town sits in a valley and is surrounded by mountains, many of which are covered with pine forests. It has a subalpine climate, with average of 7–8 ft/2.1m-2.4m of snowfall; it has very long winters and short, dry summers. In recent years Sarıkamış has developed as a winter skiing resort, with one of the world's longest pistes.

Sarıkamış district neighbours the districts of Selim and Kağızman to East, Şenkaya and Horasan to West, Eleşkirt to South, Selim and Şenkaya to North and occupies an area of 1732 km. Its average altitude is 1500-2000m, and Aladag Mountain, 3138m, is within its borders. Other important mountains are Süphan, Balıklı (2835m), Kösedağı (2599m), Çıplakdağ (2634m) and Soğanlı (2849m). The Kars and Aras rivers flow through it.

Extensive barracks from the Russian period surround the town and are still in use by the Turkish army. Other historical buildings include the town's former Russian cathedral, known locally as Yanik Kilise, now used as a mosque after being used as a cinema for many years. A hunting lodge, built for a visit by Czar Nicolas, is located at the edge of the pine forests.

Upper Sarikamish in March 1916

Sarıkamış: History

For most of the 19th century, Sarikamish was an insignificant settlement that was divided into two parts: upper Sarikamish and lower Sarikamish.

Nothing is known of its earlier history, but nearby archaeological sites date from Urartian times: there is a Urartian fortress on a hill beside upper Sarikamish, another, 12 km away, beside Chatak village, and a third, 15 km away, at a site known as Yedikilise. To the east and south of the town, in the forests of Soğanlı, there were many medieval Armenian monasteries, but most were in ruins by 1878.

Seljuk sultan Alp Arslan invaded the Sarikamish area including Allahüekber Dağları and Soğanlı mountains in 1064, only a few years prior to the battle of Manzikert between the armies of Alp Arslan and Byzantines. The area was then taken by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1534 and became a liva of Kars sancak of the Ottoman Empire.

In the 19th century the region around Sarikamish became a conflict zone between the Ottoman and Russian empires. Battles took place at nearby Zivin in 1829, 1855 and 1877.

After the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, Sarikamish became part of the Russian empire, incorporated within the militarily administered Kars Oblast, which was renowned for the extreme ethnic diversity of its population. Lower Sarikamish developed into a small, modern town. Being close to the Ottoman border, it was also a military station with barracks for two regiments. It had a railway station that was the railhead for the line running from Kars and Alexandropol.

Sarikamish market in March 1916

An important battle took place between the armies of the Ottoman and Russian empires in and around the city in late December 1914-January 1915 as part of the Caucasus Campaign of World War I.

Main article: Battle of Sarikamish

Enver Pasha, the leader of the Ittihat ve Terakki party in Istanbul, personally led the army along with Hafiz Hakki Pasha, who was his brother in-law, to scale the Mount Allahu Ekber and afterwards attack the Russian army in Sarikamish. Enver Pasha intended to occupy the town in order to halt logistic support to the city of Kars, which the Turks lost to the Russians in 1878, and which he was planning to reoccupy.

In mid December, Enver Pasha entered the Caucasus region through Armenia. Enver ordered his forces to attack along many routes with the goal of arriving suddenly at Sarikamis at the same time. The chief German military advisor, Liman von Sanders strongly argued against this plan but was ignored. Governor General Vorontsov planned to withdraw his forces to the city of Kars. But General Yudenich, in charge of the defense of the area, ignored Vorontsov's wishes to withdraw and instead stayed to defend Sarikamis.

Enver's forces lost touch with one another and arrived at Sarakamis at different times from December 29 through the 3rd of January. The first divisions to arrive briefly took control of the barracks in the western part of the city but were driven off. In the following days, as more Ottoman forces arrived at the battle, they attacked without coordination and the Russians under the skillful command of Yudenich fought off the attacks one by one. The battle finally ended on January 4 and the Ottoman army retreated in complete disorganization back through the mountains in the middle of winter.

The number of Turkish losses is estimated to be 60,000-80,000 dead out of an army of 90,000. It is very likely that the majority of Turkish soldiers died because of inadequate winter clothing and field shelters during the attack and retreat. In any event, this was an extraordinarily costly defeat for the Turks; in losses this was the worst single defeat they suffered in the entire war. Turkish soldiers reached their targets but they were too weak to win. The Russian casualties were estimated at 35,000.

As one German officer attached to the army wrote later, the Ottoman 3rd army had "suffered a disaster which for rapidity and completeness is without parallel in military history."

In 2005 the Turkish Army's 9th Infantry Division, located here, was reduced to a brigade, still part of Third Army.

  • Sarikamis

Sarıkamış: See also

  • Soğuksu Nature Park, a 2011-established nature park 3 km (1.9 mi) southeast of Sarıkamış.

Sarıkamış: Virtual Tour - Panoramic Photos

  1. 360 Degree Panoramic Photos / Sarıkamış Virtual Tour, 360TR.COM, 2009

Sarıkamış: References

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. Sinclair, Thomas Allen, "Eastern Turkey, an Architectural and Archeological Survey", volume one p417-418, London, 1987.
  4. Parsegian, V. L. (project director), "Armenian Architecture: A Documented Photo-Archival Collection on Microfiche", volumes 1.
  5. W.E.D. Allen & P. Muratoff, "Caucasian Battlefields", p263, Cambridge, 1953.
  6. T.N. Dupuy's Encyclopedia of Military History (many editions)
  7. Tucker, Spencer. The Great War: 1914-18 (1998)
  8. A Peace to End all Peace, David Fromkin, 1989 page 121
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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