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Saxony Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

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▪ Interesting sights of Saxony

What's important: you can compare and book not only Saxony hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Saxony. If you're going to Saxony save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Saxony online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Saxony, and rent a car in Saxony right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Saxony related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Saxony with other popular and interesting places of Germany, for example: Sindelfingen, Bad Driburg, Saxony, Bad Salzuflen, Soltau, Mainz, Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Brilon, Duisburg, Hesse, Bad Reichenhall, Heide Park, Norden, Berlin, Düsseldorf, Neuss, Saxony-Anhalt, Potsdam, Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, Cochem, Freiburg, Bad Godesberg, Wiesbaden, Rügen, Bremen, Bernkastel-Kues, Münster, Göttingen, Ingolstadt, Karlsruhe, Friedrichshafen, Cologne, Speyer, Solingen, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bad Füssing, Rostock, Aachen, Olsberg, Bochum, Ruhpolding, Sylt, Frankfurt, Trier, Munich, Zingst, Hanover, Heiligendamm, North Rhine-Westphalia, Travemünde, Kiel, Stralsund, Bad Kreuznach, Wuppertal, Lübeck, Flensburg, Westerland, Regensburg, Bad Harzburg, Bad Ems, Bremerhaven, Bad Mergentheim, Baden-Württemberg, Schleswig-Holstein, Görlitz, Füssen, Xanten, Warnemünde, Lindau, Neuschwanstein Castle, Rust, Quedlinburg, Berchtesgaden, Magdeburg, Braunlage, Schmallenberg, Cuxhaven, Medebach, Eisenach, Koblenz, Bad Kissingen, Norderney, Monschau, Brandenburg, Krefeld, Ulm, Thuringia, Stuttgart, Osnabrück, Rhineland-Palatinate, Sassnitz, Bergen auf Rügen, Bonn, Erlangen, Winterberg, Erfurt, Paderborn, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Goslar, Oberhausen, Chemnitz, Essen, Weimar, Oberstdorf, Nuremberg, Bad Birnbach, Mönchengladbach, Heligoland, Bottrop, Bielefeld, Hamburg, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Gelsenkirchen, Schönau am Königsee, Lake Constance, Binz, Bamberg, Norddeich, Oldenburg, Braunschweig, Mannheim, Dortmund, Europa-Park, Würzburg, Bad Schandau, Augsburg, Saarbrücken, Fürth, Heidelberg, Wernigerode, Saarland, Glowe, Leipzig, Wolfsburg, Baden-Baden, Dresden, Rathen, Marburg, Bad Homburg, Inzell, Putbus, Schwerin, Bavaria, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Saxony

In order to book an accommodation in Saxony enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Saxony hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Saxony map to estimate the distance from the main Saxony attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Saxony hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Saxony is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Saxony is waiting for you!

Hotels of Saxony

A hotel in Saxony is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Saxony hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Saxony are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Saxony hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Saxony hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Saxony have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Saxony
An upscale full service hotel facility in Saxony that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Saxony hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Saxony
Full service Saxony hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Saxony
Boutique hotels of Saxony are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Saxony boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Saxony may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Saxony
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Saxony travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Saxony focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Saxony
Small to medium-sized Saxony hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Saxony traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Saxony hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Saxony
A bed and breakfast in Saxony is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Saxony bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Saxony B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Saxony
Saxony hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Saxony hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Saxony
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Saxony hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Saxony lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Saxony
Saxony timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Saxony often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Saxony on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Saxony
A Saxony motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Saxony for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Saxony motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Saxony at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Saxony hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

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Travelling and vacation in Saxony

Free State of Saxony
Freistaat Sachsen (de)
Swobodny stat Sakska (wen)
State of Germany
Flag of Free State of Saxony
Coat of arms of Free State of Saxony
Coat of arms
Deutschland Lage von Sachsen.svg
Coordinates:  / 51.02694; 13.35889
Country Germany
Capital Dresden
• Minister-President Stanislaw Tillich (CDU)
• Governing parties CDU / SPD
• Bundesrat votes 4 (of 69)
• Total 18,415.66 km (7,110.33 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)
• Total 4,084,851
• Density 220/km (570/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code DE-SN
GDP/ Nominal €113/ $125 billion (2015)
GDP per capita €28,000/ $31,000 (2015)
Website sachsen.de

The Free State of Saxony (German: der Freistaat Sachsen [ˈfʁaɪ̯ʃtaːt ˈzaksn̩]; Upper Sorbian: Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec and Ústí nad Labem Regions). Its capital is Dresden, and its largest city is Leipzig.

Saxony is the tenth largest of Germany's sixteen states, with an area of 18,413 square kilometres (7,109 sq mi), and the sixth most populous, with 4 million people.

Located in the middle of a large, formerly all German-speaking part of Europe, the history of the state of Saxony spans more than a millennium. It has been a medieval duchy, an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, a kingdom, and twice a republic.

The area of the modern state of Saxony should not be confused with Old Saxony, the area inhabited by Saxons. Old Saxony corresponds approximately to the modern German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and the Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Saxony: Geography

Saxony: Administration

Saxony is divided into 10 districts:

Map of 10 districts in Saxony (Sachsen).

1. Bautzen (BZ)
2. Erzgebirgskreis (ERZ)
3. Görlitz (GR)
4. Leipzig (L)
5. Meißen (MEI) (Meissen)
6. Mittelsachsen (FG)
7. Nordsachsen (TDO)
8. Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge (PIR)
9. Vogtlandkreis (V)
10. Zwickau (Z)

In addition there are three cities which have the status of an urban district (German: kreisfreie Städte):

  1. Chemnitz (C)
  2. Dresden (DD)
  3. Leipzig (L)

Between 1990 and 2008, Saxony was divided into the three regions (Regierungsbezirke) of Chemnitz, Dresden and Leipzig. After a reform in 2008, these regions - with some alterations of their respective areas - were called Direktionsbezirke. In 2012, the authorities of these regions were merged into one central authority, the Landesdirektion Sachsen (de).

The Erzgebirgskreis district includes the Ore Mountains, and the Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district includes Saxon Switzerland and the Eastern Ore Mountains.

Saxony: Largest cities

The largest cities in Saxony according to the 31 December 2015 estimate. To this can be added that Leipzig forms a metropolitan like region with Halle, known as Ballungsraum Leipzig/Halle. The latter city is located just across the border to Saxony-Anhalt. Leipzig shares for instance an S-train system (known as S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland) and an airport with Halle.

Rank City Population
1 Leipzig 560,472
2 Dresden 543,825
3 Chemnitz 248,645
4 Zwickau 91,123
5 Plauen 65,201
6 Görlitz 55,255
7 Freiberg 41,641
8 Bautzen 39,845
9 Freital 39,734
10 Pirna 38,010

Saxony: Economy

Saxony has, after Saxony Anhalt, the most vibrant economy of the states of the former East Germany (GDR). Its economy grew by 1.9% in 2010. Nonetheless, unemployment remains above the German average. The eastern part of Germany, excluding Berlin, qualifies as an "Objective 1" development-region within the European Union, and is eligible to receive investment subsidies of up to 30% until 2013. FutureSAX, a business plan competition and entrepreneurial support organisation, has been in operation since 2002.

Microchip makers near Dresden have given the region the nickname "Silicon Saxony". The publishing and porcelain industries of the region are well known, although their contributions to the regional economy are no longer significant. Today the automobile industry, machinery production and services contribute to the economic development of the region. Saxony is also one of the most renowned tourist destinations in Germany - especially the cities of Leipzig and Dresden and their surroundings. New tourist destinations are developing, notably in the lake district of Lausitz.

Saxony reported an average unemployment of 8.8% in 2014. By comparison the average in the former GDR was 9.8% and 6.7% for Germany overall. The unemployment rate reached 8.2% in May 2015 (6.3% for all of Germany).

The Leipzig area, which until recently was among the regions with the highest unemployment rate, could benefit greatly from investments by Porsche and BMW. With the VW Phaeton factory in Dresden, and many part suppliers, the automobile industry has again become one of the pillars of Saxon industry, as it was in the early 20th century. Zwickau is another major Volkswagen location. Freiberg, a former mining town, has emerged as a foremost location for solar technology. Dresden and some other regions of Saxony play a leading role in some areas of international biotechnology, such as electronic bioengineering. While these high-technology sectors do not yet offer a large number of jobs, they have stopped or even reversed the brain drain that was occurring until the early 2000s in many parts of Saxony. Regional universities have strengthened their positions by partnering with local industries. Unlike smaller towns, Dresden and Leipzig in the past experienced significant population growth.

Saxony: Demographics

The population of Saxony has been declining since 1950, a process which accelerated after German reunification in 1990. In recent years only the cities of Dresden and Leipzig and some towns in their hinterlands have had increases. The following table illustrates the population of Saxony since 1905:

Significant foreign born populations
Nationality Population (2017)
Syria 17,509
Russia 9,914
Vietnam 7,902
Ukraine 6,358
Afghanistan 6,123
China 5,940
Romania 5,329
Iraq 5,067
Czechia 4,638
Hungary 4,621
India 4,485
Turkey 4,268
Pakistan 3,276
Italy 3,260
Henry the Lion (with his wife Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony) is crowned as Duke of Saxony

The first medieval Duchy of Saxony was a late Early Middle Ages "Carolingian stem duchy", which emerged around the start of the 8th century AD and grew to include the greater part of Northern Germany, what are now the modern German states of Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Schleswig-Holstein and Saxony-Anhalt. The Saxons converted to Christianity during this period.

While the Saxons were facing pressure from Charlemagne's Franks, they were also facing a westward push by Slavs to the east. The territory of the Free State of Saxony, called White Serbia was, since the 5th century, populated by Slavs before being conquered by Germans e.g. Saxons and Thuringii. A legacy of this period is the Sorb population in Saxony. Eastern parts of present Saxony were ruled by Poland between 1002 and 1032 and by Bohemia since 1293.

Saxony: Holy Roman Empire

The territory of the Free State of Saxony became part of the Holy Roman Empire by the 10th century, when the dukes of Saxony were also kings (or emperors) of the Holy Roman Empire, comprising the Ottonian, or Saxon, Dynasty. Around this time, the Billungs, a Saxon noble family, received extensive fields in Saxony. The emperor eventually gave them the title of dukes of Saxony. After Duke Magnus died in 1106, causing the extinction of the male line of Billungs, oversight of the duchy was given to Lothar of Supplinburg, who also became emperor for a short time.

In 1137, control of Saxony passed to the Guelph dynasty, descendants of Wulfhild Billung, eldest daughter of the last Billung duke, and the daughter of Lothar of Supplinburg. In 1180 large portions west of the Weser were ceded to the Bishops of Cologne, while some central parts between the Weser and the Elbe remained with the Guelphs, becoming later the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. The remaining eastern lands, together with the title of Duke of Saxony, passed to an Ascanian dynasty (descended from Eilika Billung, Wulfhild's younger sister) and were divided in 1260 into the two small states of Saxe-Lauenburg and Saxe-Wittenberg. The former state was also named Lower Saxony, the latter Upper Saxony, thence the later names of the two Imperial Circles Saxe-Lauenburg and Saxe-Wittenberg. Both claimed the Saxon electoral privilege for themselves, but the Golden Bull of 1356 accepted only Wittenberg's claim, with Lauenburg nevertheless continuing to maintain its claim. In 1422, when the Saxon electoral line of the Ascanians became extinct, the Ascanian Eric V of Saxe-Lauenburg tried to reunite the Saxon duchies.

However, Sigismund, King of the Romans, had already granted Margrave Frederick IV the Warlike of Meissen (House of Wettin) an expectancy of the Saxon electorate in order to remunerate his military support. On 1 August 1425 Sigismund enfeoffed the Wettinian Frederick as Prince-Elector of Saxony, despite the protests of Eric V. Thus the Saxon territories remained permanently separated. The Electorate of Saxony was then merged with the much bigger Wettinian Margraviate of Meissen, however using the higher-ranking name Electorate of Saxony and even the Ascanian coat-of-arms for the entire monarchy. Thus Saxony came to include Dresden and Meissen. In the 18th and 19th centuries Saxe-Lauenburg was colloquially called the Duchy of Lauenburg, which in 1876 merged with Prussia as the Duchy of Lauenburg district.

Saxony: Foundation of the second Saxon state

Late 17th and 18th century electors of Saxony, as depicted on a frieze on the outside wall of Dresden palace
Saxony is home to numerous castles, like the Schloss Moritzburg north of Dresden
Zwinger in Dresden, 1895

Saxony-Wittenberg, in modern Saxony-Anhalt, became subject to the margravate of Meissen, ruled by the Wettin dynasty in 1423. This established a new and powerful state, occupying large portions of the present Free State of Saxony, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Bavaria (Coburg and its environs). Although the centre of this state was far to the southeast of the former Saxony, it came to be referred to as Upper Saxony and then simply Saxony, while the former Saxon territories were now known as Lower Saxony.

In 1485, Saxony was split. A collateral line of the Wettin princes received what later became Thuringia and founded several small states there (see Ernestine duchies). The remaining Saxon state became still more powerful and was known in the 18th century for its cultural achievements, although it was politically weaker than Prussia and Austria, states which oppressed Saxony from the north and south, respectively.

Between 1697 and 1763, the Electors of Saxony were also elected Kings of Poland in personal union.

In 1756, Saxony joined a coalition of Austria, France and Russia against Prussia. Frederick II of Prussia chose to attack preemptively and invaded Saxony in August 1756, precipitating the Third Silesian War (part of the Seven Years' War). The Prussians quickly defeated Saxony and incorporated the Saxon army into the Prussian army. At the end of the Seven Years' War, Saxony recovered its independence in the 1763 Treaty of Hubertusburg.

Saxony: Saxony in the 19th and 20th centuries

Saxony: 19th century

In 1806, French Emperor Napoleon abolished the Holy Roman Empire and established the Electorate of Saxony as a kingdom in exchange for military support. The Elector Frederick Augustus III accordingly became King Frederick Augustus I of Saxony. Frederick Augustus remained loyal to Napoleon during the wars that swept Europe in the following years; he was taken prisoner and his territories declared forfeit by the allies in 1813, after the defeat of Napoleon. Prussia intended the annexation of Saxony but the opposition of Austria, France, and the United Kingdom to this plan resulted in the restoration of Frederick Augustus to his throne at the Congress of Vienna although he was forced to cede the northern part of the kingdom to Prussia. These lands became the Prussian province of Saxony, now incorporated in the modern state of Saxony-Anhalt except westernmost part around Bad Langensalza now in the one of Thuringia. Also Lower Lusatia became part of Province of Brandenburg and northeastern part of Upper Lusatia became part of Silesia Province. The remnant of the Kingdom of Saxony was roughly identical with the present federal state, albeit slightly smaller.

Meanwhile, in 1815, the southern part of Saxony, now called the "State of Saxony" joined the German Confederation. (This German Confederation should not be confused with the North German Confederation mentioned below.) In the politics of the Confederation, Saxony was overshadowed by Prussia. King Anthony of Saxony came to the throne of Saxony in 1827. Shortly thereafter, liberal pressures in Saxony mounted and broke out in revolt during 1830-a year of revolution in Europe. The revolution in Saxony resulted in a constitution for the State of Saxony that served as the basis for its government until 1918.

During the 1848–49 constitutionalist revolutions in Germany, Saxony became a hotbed of revolutionaries, with anarchists such as Mikhail Bakunin and democrats including Richard Wagner and Gottfried Semper taking part in the May Uprising in Dresden in 1849. (Scenes of Richard Wagner's participation in the May 1849 uprising in Dresden are depicted in the 1983 movie Wagner starring Richard Burton as Richard Wagner.) The May uprising in Dresden forced King Frederick Augustus II of Saxony to concede further reforms to the Saxon government.

In 1854 Frederick Augustus II's brother, King John of Saxony, succeeded to the throne. A scholar, King John translated Dante. King John followed a federalistic and pro-Austrian policy throughout the early 1860s until the outbreak of the Austro-Prussian War. During that war, Prussian troops overran Saxony without resistance and then invaded Austrian (today's Czech) Bohemia. After the war, Saxony was forced to pay an indemnity and to join the North German Confederation in 1867. Under the terms of the North German Confederation, Prussia took over control of the Saxon postal system, railroads, military and foreign affairs. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, Saxon troops fought together with Prussian and other German troops against France. In 1871, Saxony joined the newly formed German Empire.

Saxony: 20th century

Dresden in ruins. After World War II, over 90 percent of the city centre was destroyed.
Modern architecture at the University of Leipzig

After King Frederick Augustus III of Saxony abdicated on 13 November 1918, Saxony, remaining a constituent state of Germany (Weimar Republic), became the Free State of Saxony under a new constitution enacted on 1 November 1920. In October 1923 the federal government under Chancellor Gustav Stresemann overthrew the legally elected SPD-Communist coalition government of Saxony. The state maintained its name and borders during the Nazi era as a Gau, but lost its quasi-autonomous status and its parliamentary democracy.

As World War II drew to its end, U.S. troops under General George Patton occupied the western part of Saxony in April 1945, while Soviet troops occupied the eastern part. That summer, the entire state was handed over to Soviet forces as agreed in the London Protocol of September 1944. Britain, the USA, and the USSR then negotiated Germany's future at the Potsdam Conference. Under the Potsdam Agreement, all German territory East of the Oder-Neisse line was annexed by Poland and the Soviet Union, and, unlike in the aftermath of World War I, the annexing powers were allowed to expel the inhabitants. During the following three years, Poland and Czechoslovakia forcibly expelled German-speaking people from their territories, and some of these expellees came to Saxony. Only a small area of Saxony lying east of the Neisse River and centred around the town of Reichenau (now called Bogatynia), was annexed by Poland. The Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SVAG) merged that very small part of the Prussian province of Lower Silesia that remained in Germany with Saxony.

On 20 October 1946, SVAG organised elections for the Saxon state parliament (Landtag), but many people were arbitrarily excluded from candidacy and suffrage, and the Soviet Union openly supported the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED). The new minister-president Rudolf Friedrichs (SED), had been a member of the SPD until April 1946. He met his Bavarian counterparts in the U.S. zone of occupation in October 1946 and May 1947, but died suddenly in mysterious circumstances the following month. He was succeeded by Max Seydewitz, a loyal follower of Joseph Stalin.

The German Democratic Republic (East Germany), including Saxony, was established in 1949 out of the Soviet zone of Occupied Germany, becoming a constitutionally socialist state, part of COMECON and the Warsaw Pact, under the leadership of the SED. In 1952 the government abolished the Free State of Saxony, and divided its territory into three Bezirke: Leipzig, Dresden, and Karl-Marx-Stadt (formerly and currently Chemnitz). Also areas around Hoyerswerda was part of Cottbus one.

The Free State of Saxony was reconstituted with slightly altered borders in 1990, following German reunification. Besides the formerly Silesian area of Saxony, which was mostly included in the territory of the new Saxony, the free state gained further areas north of Leipzig that had belonged to Saxony-Anhalt until 1952.

Saxony: Culture

Saxony: Religion

Religion in Saxony - 2011
religion percent
EKD Protestants
Roman Catholics
Evangelische Freikirchen
Orthodox churches
Other religions

Saxony has traditionally been predominantly Protestant (though the monarchs of the Saxon Kingdom themselves were Catholic as an ancestral relic of being Kings of Poland), but after World War II and 40 years of Communist rule, the majority of the population has become secular. In 1925, 90.3% of the Saxon population was Protestant, 3.6% was Roman Catholic, 0.4% was Jewish and 5.7% was placed in other religious categories. As of 2011, the Evangelical Church in Germany represented the largest faith in the state, adhered to by 21.4% of the population. Members of the Roman Catholic Church formed a minority of 3.8%. About 0.9% of the Saxons belonged to an Evangelical free church (Evangelische Freikirche, i.e. various Protestants outside the EKD), 0.3% to Orthodox churches and 1% to other religious communities, while 72.6% did not belong to any public-law religious society.

Saxony: Languages

Boundary sign of Bautzen / Budyšin in German and Upper Sorbian; many place names in eastern Saxony are derived from Sorbian.

The most common patois spoken in Saxony are combined in the group of "Thuringian and Upper Saxon dialects". Due to the inexact use of the term "Saxon dialects" in colloquial language, the Upper Saxon attribute has been added to distinguish it from Old Saxon and Low Saxon. Other German dialects spoken in Saxony are the dialects of the Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains), which have been affected by Upper Saxon dialects, and the dialects of the Vogtland, which are more affected by the East Franconian languages.

Upper Sorbian (a Slavic language) is still actively spoken in the parts of Upper Lusatia that are inhabited by the Sorbian minority. The Germans in Upper Lusatia speak distinct dialects of their own (Lusatian dialects).

Saxony: Education

Saxony has four large universities and five Fachhochschulen or Universities of Applied Sciences. The Dresden University of Technology, founded in 1828, is one of Germany's oldest universities and University of Applied Sciences, Zwickau founded in 1897 With 36,066 students as of 2010, it is the largest university in Saxony and one of the ten largest universities in Germany. It is a member of TU9, a consortium of nine leading German Institutes of Technology. Leipzig University is one of the oldest universities in the world and the second-oldest university (by consecutive years of existence) in Germany, founded in 1409. Famous alumni include Leibniz, Goethe, Ranke, Nietzsche, Wagner, Angela Merkel, Raila Odinga, Tycho Brahe, and nine Nobel laureates are associated with this university.

Saxony: Geography

Topography of Saxony

Saxony: Tourism

Saxony is a well known tourist destination. Dresden and Leipzig are two of Germany's most visited cities. Areas along the border with the Czech Republic, such as the Lusatian Mountains, Ore Mountains, Saxon Switzerland, and Vogtland, attract significant visitors, largely Germans. Saxony has well-preserved historic towns such as Meissen, Freiberg, Pirna, Bautzen, and Görlitz.

Saxony: Politics

Stanislaw Tillich

A minister-president heads the government of Saxony. Stanislaw Tillich has been minister-president since 28 May 2008. See: List of Ministers-President of Saxony, for a full listing.

Saxony: 2014 state election

Saxony: Results

e • d Summary of the 31 August 2014 Landtag of Saxony elections results
< 2009 Flag of Saxony.svg Next >
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Christian Democratic Union
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands – CDU
645,344 39.4 Decrease0.8 59 Increase1
Die Linke
309,568 18.9 Decrease1.7 27 Decrease2
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands – SPD
202,374 12.4 Increase2.0 18 Increase4
Alternative for Germany
Alternative für Deutschland – AfD
159,547 9.7 Increase9.7 14 Increase14
Alliance '90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
93,852 5.7 Decrease0.7 8 Decrease1
National Democratic Party of Germany
Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands – NPD
81,060 5.0
Decrease0.6 0 Decrease8
Free Democratic Party
Freie Demokratische Partei – FDP
61,847 3.8 Decrease6.2 0 Decrease14
Other parties 83,776 5.1 Decrease1.7 0 Steady
Valid votes 1,637,364 98.7 Increase0.5
Invalid votes 22,281 1.3 Decrease0.5
Totals and voter turnout 1,659,645 49.2 Decrease3.0 126 Decrease6
Electorate 3,375,734 100.00 -
Source: Wahlrecht.de

Saxony: See also

  • Saxony (wine region)

Saxony: References

  1. "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2015] (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2016.
  2. Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – in Deutschland 1991 bis 2014 nach Bundesländern (WZ 2008) – Volkswirtschaftliche Gesamtrechnungen der Länder VGR dL".
  3. "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). 31 December 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  4. "Free State of Saxony". Britannica. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  5. http://www.stadtplan.net/sonderkarten/detail.php/?karte=sachsen-anhalt/Ballungsraum-Leipzig-Halle_2388
  6. http://www.s-bahn-mitteldeutschland.de/s_mitteldeutschland/view/index.shtml
  7. https://www.leipzig-halle-airport.de/en/
  8. "Die Arbeitsmarkt im Juli 2014" (PDF). IHK Berlin. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  9. Freistaat Sachsen - Die angeforderte Seite existiert leider nicht. Smwa.sachsen.de. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  10. "Still Troubled". The Economist. Retrieved 2014-08-25.
  11. "Arbeitslosenquote in Deutschland nach Bundesländern 2013". De.statista.com. Retrieved 2013-07-16.
  12. [1] 31 Dec. 2014 German Statistical Office. Zensus 2014: Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2014
  13. "Geburten je Frau im Freistaat Sachsen 1990–2010" (PDF). saschen.de. Retrieved 2014-10-21.
  14. The Ascanian coat-of-arms shows the Ascanian barry of ten, in sable and or, covered by a crancelin of rhombs bendwise in vert.
  15. , p. 486
  16. , p. 510
  17. , pp. 510–511
  18. , p. 511
  19. Grundriss der Statistik. II. Gesellschaftsstatistik by Wilhelm Winkler, p. 36
  20. "Zensusdatenbank - Ergebnisse des Zensus 2011".

Saxony: Bibliography

  • Pollock, James K.; Thomas, Homer (1952). Germany in Power and Eclipse. New York, NY: D. Van Nostrand.
  • Official governmental portal
  • Christmas time in Saxony
  • some facts about Saxony
  • some stories about Dresden Neustadt – The Capital of Saxony
  • Geographic data related to Saxony at OpenStreetMap
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