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Hotels of Saxony-Anhalt
A hotel in Saxony-Anhalt is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Saxony-Anhalt hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Saxony-Anhalt are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Saxony-Anhalt hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Saxony-Anhalt hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Saxony-Anhalt have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Saxony-Anhalt
An upscale full service hotel facility in Saxony-Anhalt that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Saxony-Anhalt hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Saxony-Anhalt
Full service Saxony-Anhalt hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Saxony-Anhalt
Boutique hotels of Saxony-Anhalt are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Saxony-Anhalt boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Saxony-Anhalt may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Saxony-Anhalt
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Saxony-Anhalt travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Saxony-Anhalt focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Saxony-Anhalt
Small to medium-sized Saxony-Anhalt hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Saxony-Anhalt traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Saxony-Anhalt hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Saxony-Anhalt
A bed and breakfast in Saxony-Anhalt is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Saxony-Anhalt bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Saxony-Anhalt B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Saxony-Anhalt hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Saxony-Anhalt
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Saxony-Anhalt hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Saxony-Anhalt lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Saxony-Anhalt often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Saxony-Anhalt on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Saxony-Anhalt
A Saxony-Anhalt motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Saxony-Anhalt for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Saxony-Anhalt motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
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"Anhalt" redirects here. For other uses, see Anhalt (disambiguation).
Saxony-Anhalt Sachsen-Anhalt (German)
State of Germany
Coat of arms
Coordinates: / 51.97111; 11.47000
Reiner Haseloff (CDU)
• Governing parties
CDU / SPD / Greens
• Bundesrat votes
4 (of 69)
20,451.58 km (7,896.40 sq mi)
110/km (280/sq mi)
• Summer (DST)
ISO 3166 code
€56 billion (2014)
GDP per capita
Saxony-Anhalt (German: Sachsen-Anhalt, pronounced[ˌzaksn̩ ˈanhalt]) is a landlocked federal state of Germany surrounded by the federal states of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony and Thuringia.
Its capital is Magdeburg and its largest city is Halle (Saale). Saxony-Anhalt covers an area of 20,447.7 square kilometres (7,894.9 sq mi) and has a population of 2.34 million. It is the 8th largest state in Germany by area and the 10th largest by population.
The state of Saxony-Anhalt grew out of the former Prussian Province of Saxony and Free State of Anhalt during Prussia's dissolution after World War II. In 1945 the US army administration and, subsequently, the Soviet army administration organised the former province's territory into the new state. The state became a part of the newly established German Democratic Republic in 1947 but in 1952 the state was dissolved and its territory was divided into the East German districts of Halle and Magdeburg, with the exception of the city of Torgau which joined Leipzig. After German reunification in 1990, the state was re-established, leaving out Torgau.
Saxony-Anhalt should not be confused with Saxony or Lower Saxony, the names of two other German states.
See also: List of places in Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt is one of 16 Bundesländer (see German: Bundesland) of Germany. It is located in the western part of eastern Germany. By size, it is the 8th largest state in Germany and by population it is the 10th largest.
It borders four other Bundesländer: Lower Saxony to the north-west, Brandenburg to the north-east, Saxony to the south-east, and Thuringia to the south-west.
In the north, the Saxony-Anhalt landscape is dominated by plain (North German Plain). The old Hanseatic towns Salzwedel, Gardelegen, Stendal, and Tangermünde are located in the sparsely populated Altmark. The Colbitz-Letzlingen Heath and the Drömling near Wolfsburg mark the transition between the Altmark region and the Elbe-Börde-Heath region with its fertile, sparsely wooded Magdeburg Börde. Notable towns in the Magdeburg Börde are Haldensleben, Oschersleben (Bode), Wanzleben, Schönebeck (Elbe), Aschersleben and the capital Magdeburg, from which the Börde derives its name.
The Harz mountains are located in the south-west, comprising the Harz National Park, the Harz Foreland and Mansfeld Land. The highest mountain of the Harz (and of Northern Germany) is Brocken, with an elevation of 1,141 meters (3,735 ft). In this area, one can find the towns of Halberstadt, Wernigerode, Thale, Eisleben and Quedlinburg.
The wine-growing area Saale-Unstrut and the towns of Zeitz, Naumburg (Saale), Weißenfels, and Freyburg (Unstrut) are located on the rivers Saale and Unstrut in the south of the state.
The metropolitan area of Halle (Saale) forms an agglomeration with Leipzig in Saxony. This area is known for its highly developed chemical industry (the Chemiedreieck - chemical triangle), with major production plants at Leuna, Schkopau (Buna-Werke) and Bitterfeld. Finally, in the east, Dessau-Roßlau and Wittenberg are situated on the Elbe (as is the capital Magdeburg) in the Anhalt-Wittenberg region.
Saxony-Anhalt: Administrative subdivisions
View over Magdeburg, capital of Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt's most populous city, Halle (Saale), is the seat of the state's largest university.
The capital of Saxony-Anhalt is Magdeburg. It is the second-largest city in the state, closely after Halle. From 1994 to 2003, the state was divided into three regions (Regierungsbezirke), Dessau, Halle and Magdeburg, and, below the regional level, 21 districts (Landkreise). Since 2004, however, this system has been replaced by 11 rural districts and three urban districts.
The rural districts are:
The urban districts are:
Saxony-Anhalt: Largest cities
The largest cities in Saxony-Anhalt according to a 31 December 2014 estimate:
Halle is the largest city in Saxony-Anhalt
Magdeburg with its famous cathedral
View over Dessau
Inside the old town of Wittenberg, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Halberstadt with its churches
The Cathedral of Naumburg
Castle in Wernigerode
Main article: History of Saxony-Anhalt
Coat-of-arms of Saxony-Anhalt between 1946 and 1952.
In April 1945 the US Army took control of most of the western and northern area of the future Saxony-Anhalt. The U.S. Group Control Council, Germany (a precursor of the OMGUS) appointed the first non-Nazi officials in leading positions in the area. So Erhard Hübener, put on leave by the Nazis, was reappointed Landeshauptmann (state governor). By early July the US Army withdrew from the former Prussian Province of Saxony to make way for the Red Army to take it as part of the Soviet occupation zone, as agreed by the London Protocol in 1944.
On 9 July the Soviet SVAG ordered the merger of the Free State of Anhalt, Halle-Merseburg, the governorate of Magdeburg (in its then borders), Allstedt (before Thuringia) and some Brunswickian eastern exclaves and salients (Calvörde and the eastern part of the former Blankenburg district) with the Province of Saxony. The previously Saxon Erfurt governorate had become a part of Thuringia.
For the earlier history see the respective articles of these entities before 1945. Anhalt takes its name from Anhalt Castle near Harzgerode; the origin of the name of the castle remains unknown.
The SVAG appointed Hübener as president of the provincial Saxon administration, a newly created function. The administration was seated in Halle an der Saale, which became the capital, also of later Saxony-Anhalt until 1952. On 3 September 1945 the new administration enacted by Soviet-inspired ordinance the mass expropriations, mostly hitting holders of large real estates, often of noble descent.
On the occasion of the first (and one and only) election in the Soviet zone, allowing parties truly to compete for seats in provincial and state parliaments, on 20 October 1946, the Province of Saxony was renamed as the Province of Saxony-Anhalt (German: Provinz Sachsen-Anhalt), taking the prior merger into account. On 3 December 1946 the members of the new provincial parliament elected Hübener the first minister-president of Saxony-Anhalt with the votes of CDU and Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (LDPD). Thus he became the only governor in the Soviet zone, who was not a member of the communist Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED). He was an inconvenient governor for the Soviet rulers.
After the official Allied decision to dissolve the Free State of Prussia, which had remained in limbo since the Prussian coup of 1932, its former provinces, in as far as they still existed, achieved statehood, thus the province emerged into the State of Saxony-Anhalt on 6 October 1947. It became part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) in 1949. From 1952 to 1990 the East German states were dissolved and Saxony-Anhalt's territory was divided into the East German districts of Halle and Magdeburg except territory around Torgau was in Leipzig. In 1990, in the course of German reunification, the districts were reintegrated as a state. But, territory around Torgau did not return to the state and joined Saxony. Now, Torgau is the centre of Nordsachsen district (since 2008).
In 2015 the skeletal remains of an ancient inhabitant of Karsdorf dated from the Early Neolithic (7200 BP) were analysed; he turned out to belong to the paternal T1a-M70 lineage and maternal lineage H1.
Since German reunification there has been a continuous downward trend in the population of Saxony-Anhalt. This is partly due to outward migration and partly because the death rate exceeds the birth rate. Although the birth rate has been steady since 1994, the net reproduction rate is only approximately 70%. However, the total fertility rate reached 1.50 in 2014, the highest value since 1990.
Demographic history of Saxony-Anhalt since 1990
The percentage of foreigners in the population of Saxony-Anhalt is 1.9 percent, the lowest of all the federal states of Germany.
Religion in Saxony-Anhalt - 2010
The region has historically been associated with the Lutheran faith, but under Communist rule, church membership was strongly discouraged and much of the population disassociated itself from any religious body. Saxony-Anhalt contains many sites tied to Martin Luther's life, including Lutherstadt Eisleben and Lutherstadt Wittenberg.
In 2010, the majority of citizens in Saxony-Anhalt were irreligious and more were leaving the churches than entering them. 17.6% of Saxon-Anhaltish adhered to the major denominations of Christianity (14.1% were members of the Evangelical Church in Germany and 3.5% were Catholics), 2% were members of other religions (mostly Judaism, the New Apostolic Church, Islam and Mandeism). 80.4% of the citizens of Saxony-Anhalt were religiously unaffiliated.
Saxony-Anhalt: List of minister presidents of Saxony-Anhalt
Main article: List of Ministers-President of Saxony-Anhalt
Main article: Landtag of Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt: 13 March 2016 state election
See also: Saxony-Anhalt state election, 2016
Leading party in each electoral district-black represents the Christian Democratic Union, blue the Alternative for Germany, and red The Left
e • d Summary of the 13 March 2016 Landtag of Saxony-Anhalt elections results < 2011Next >
Christian Democratic Union Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands – CDU
Alternative for Germany Alternative für Deutschland – AfD
The Left Die Linke
Social Democratic Party of Germany Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands – SPD
Alliance '90/The Greens Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
Free Democratic Party Freie Demokratische Partei – FDP
Free Voters Saxony-Anhalt Freie Wähler
National Democratic Party of Germany Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands – NPD
Animal Protection Party Tierschutzpartei
Alliance for Human Rights, Animal and Nature Protection (de) Tierschutzallianz
Alliance for Progress and Renewal Allianz für Fortschritt und Aufbruch – ALFA
Totals and voter turnout
Minister-president Reiner Haseloff (CDU) retained his position in a coalition with former partner SPD, and the Greens.
Saxony-Anhalt: Development of the economy
Saxony-Anhalt was part of the communist German Democratic Republic. After the breakdown of communism and the German reunification in 1990, the collapse of non competitive former GDR industries temporarily caused severe economic problems. In 2000, Saxony-Anhalt had the highest unemployment rate of all German states, at 20.2%.
However, the process of economic transformation towards a modern market economy seems to be completed. Massive investments in modern infrastructure have taken place since 1990, and the remaining and newly created businesses are highly competitive. For example, the industry has doubled its share of international revenue from 13 percent in 1995 to 26 percent in 2008. Meanwhile, the unemployment rate has fallen considerably. By 2010 the GDP of Saxony-Anhalt was almost two and a half times higher than it was in 1991.
Even though part of this recovery was induced by the quite good performance of the Germany economy, Saxony-Anhalt did not only follow the national trend, but clearly outperformed other German states. For example, it got ahead of three German states in terms of unemployment (10.8%, as of September 2011): the German capital and city-state of Berlin (12.7%), the city-state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (11.3%), and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (11%).
Saxony-Anhalt: Structure of the economy
The chemical industry is quite important, with almost 25,500 employees across 214 plants in 2010. One of the biggest chemical producing areas can be found around the city of Bitterfeld-Wolfen. Because of the chemical industry, Saxony-Anhalt attracts more foreign direct investments than any other state in eastern Germany.
The state is the location of numerous wind farms producing wind-turbine energy.
Saxony-Anhalt is also famous for its good soil. Hence, the food industry has an important role with almost 19,500 employees across 190 plants in 2010. Some of the best known products are Baumkuchen from Salzwedel and Halloren chocolate globes from Germany’s oldest chocolate factory in Halle.
Saxony-Anhalt: World Heritage Sites
See also: List of World Heritage Sites in Europe § Germany
Saxony-Anhalt has the most World Heritage Sites of all states in Germany.
Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg
Luther Memorials in Wittenberg
Luther Memorials in Eisleben
Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm
Lied für Sachsen-Anhalt ("Song for Saxony-Anhalt")
Motto: Land of the Early Risers
Saxony-Anhalt: See also
Outline of Germany
"Bevölkerung der Gemeinden – Stand: 31.12.2015" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German).