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Hotels of Shaoxing

A hotel in Shaoxing is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Shaoxing hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Shaoxing are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Shaoxing hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Shaoxing hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Shaoxing have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Shaoxing
An upscale full service hotel facility in Shaoxing that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Shaoxing hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Shaoxing
Full service Shaoxing hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Shaoxing
Boutique hotels of Shaoxing are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Shaoxing boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Shaoxing may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Shaoxing
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Shaoxing travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Shaoxing focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Shaoxing
Small to medium-sized Shaoxing hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Shaoxing traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Shaoxing hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Shaoxing
A bed and breakfast in Shaoxing is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Shaoxing bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Shaoxing B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Shaoxing
Shaoxing hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Shaoxing hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Shaoxing
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Shaoxing hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Shaoxing lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Shaoxing
Shaoxing timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Shaoxing often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Shaoxing on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Shaoxing
A Shaoxing motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Shaoxing for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Shaoxing motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Shaoxing

Prefecture-level city
Shaoxing Cityscape.jpg
Location of Shaoxing City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
Location of Shaoxing City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
Country China
Province Zhejiang
County-level divisions 6
• Mayor Yu Zhihong (俞志宏)
• Total 8,279.1 km (3,196.6 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
• Total 4,912,239
• Density 590/km (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0575
GDP 2015 ¥446.6 billion
GDP per capita 2015 ¥100,811
License Plate Prefix 浙D
Website www.sx.gov.cn
Shaoxing (Chinese characters).svg
"Shaoxing" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese 绍兴
Traditional Chinese 紹興
Postal Shaohing
Literal meaning (An era of the Song dynasty)
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Shàoxīng
Gwoyeu Romatzyh Shawshing
Wade–Giles Shao-hsing
IPA [ʂâuɕíŋ]
Romanization Soh-shing
Yue: Cantonese
Yale Romanization Siuh-hīng
Jyutping Siu-hing
Southern Min
Tâi-lô Siāu-heng
Middle Chinese
Middle Chinese d͡ʒjèw xing
Simplified Chinese 会稽
Traditional Chinese 會稽
Postal Kwaiki
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Kuàijī
Gwoyeu Romatzyh Kuayji
Wade–Giles K‘uai-chi
IPA [kʰwâitɕí]
Romanization Kwae-ji
Yue: Cantonese
Yale Romanization Kui-kāi
Jyutping Kui-kai
Southern Min
Tâi-lô Kuè-ke
Traditional Chinese 山陰
Postal Shanyin
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Shānyīn
Gwoyeu Romatzyh Sayeen
Wade–Giles Shan-yin
Romanization Sae-yin

Shaoxing ([ʂâuɕíŋ]; Chinese: 绍兴) is a prefecture-level city on the southern shore of Hangzhou Bay in eastern Zhejiang province, China. It was formerly known as Kuaiji and Shanyin and abbreviated in Chinese as (Yuè) from the area's former inhabitants. Located on the south bank of the Qiantang River estuary, it borders Ningbo to the east, Taizhou to the southeast, Jinhua to the southwest, and Hangzhou to the west. As of 2010, its population was 4,912,339 inhabitants. Among which, 1,914,683 (Keqiao and Yuecheng districts) lived in the built-up metropolitan area of Hangzhou-Shaoxing, with a total of 8,156,154 inhabitants.

Notable residents of Shaoxing include Wang Xizhi, the parents of Zhou Enlai, Lu Xun, and Cai Yuanpei. It is also noted for Shaoxing wine, meigan cai, and stinky tofu, and was recently featured on A Bite of China. Its local variety of Chinese opera sung in the local dialect and known as Yue or Shaoxing opera is second in popularity only to Peking opera. In 2010, Shaoxing celebrated the 2,500th anniversary of the founding of the city.

Economically, the city's driven by manufacturing of textiles, electronics, and energy-efficient lighting. Zhejiang has the fifth highest per capita GDP in the nation, with the city itself at 32nd nationally by GDP per capita.

Shaoxing: Etymology

The city was first named Shaoxing in 1131 during the Southern Song dynasty. The name comes from the Shaoxing reign period of Emperor Gaozong of Song, and is a poetic term meaning "inheriting the imperial task and resurging to prosperity".

Shaoxing: History

Modern-day Shaoxing lies north of the Kuaiji Mountains, which were an important center of the semi-nomadic people of Yue during ancient China's Spring and Autumn period. Chinese legend connected them with events in the life of Yu the Great, the founder of the Xia. Around the early 5th century BC, the time of Yue's famous king Goujian, his people began establishing permanent centers in the alluvial plain north of the hills. Following his freedom from captivity in Wu, Goujian commissioned his advisor Fan Li to erect a major triangular fortification in the area of present-day Shaoxing's Yuecheng District. Following Yue's conquest of Wu, though, its royal court was removed to its former rival's capital (present-day Suzhou) until its own conquest by Chu in 334 BC.

Following the area's conquest in 222 BC, the Qin Empire's Kuaiji Commandery was also established in Wu (which then took the name "Kuaiji" from this role) but the First Emperor visited the town in the last year of his reign (210 BC), ascending Mount Kuaiji (present-day Mount Xianglu) and sacrificing to the spirit of Yu. The commemorative stele he erected is now lost but was visited by Sima Qian during his 1st-century BC pilgrimage of China's historical sites and was preserved in his Records of the Grand Historian. By the time of the Later Han, the lands between the Yangtze and Hangzhou Bay received their own commanderies and administration of Kuaiji-then stretching along the south shore of the bay from Qiantang (present-day Hangzhou) to the East China Sea. The area's capital in present-day Yuecheng was then known as Kuaiji until the 12th century, when it was renamed Shaoxing. The present site of Yu's mausoleum dates to the 6th-century Southern Dynasties period.

Under the Ming and Qing dynasties, the area was organized as a prefecture containing the following eight counties: urban Kuaiji and Shanyin and rural Yuyao, Zhuji, Xiaoshan, Shangyu, Xinchang, and Cheng (or Sheng). From the later Ming through the Qing, Shaoxing was famous (or notorious) for its network of native sons throughout the Chinese government bureaucracy, cooperating out of native-place loyalty. In addition to the substantial number of Shaoxing natives who succeeded in becoming officials via the regular civil-service examination route, this vertical Shaoxing clique also included county-level jail wardens, plus unofficial legal specialists (muyou) working privately for officials at the county, prefectural, and provincial levels, plus clerks working in Beijing's Six Boards (central administrative offices), especially the Boards of Revenue and Punishment. The legal experts were also known as Shaoxing shiye (Shaoxing masters), and they were indispensable advisers to the local and regional officials who employed them, since their knowledge of the detailed Qing legal code permitted the officials, whose education was in the Confucian Classics, to competently perform one of their major functions, that of judging local civil and criminal cases. Coming from the same gentry social class as the officials, the legal experts were expected to adhere to the ethical dictum enunciated by Wang Huizu, Shaoxing's most famous muyou: "If not in accord [with your employer], then leave" (Bu he ze qu).

Under the Republic of China during the early 20th century, the prefecture was abolished and the name Shaoxing was applied to a new county comprising the former Shanyin and Kuaiji. Currently, Shaoxing is a municipality with a somewhat smaller land area than its Ming-Qing namesake prefecture, having lost Xiaoshan county to Hangzhou on the west and Yuyao county to Ningbo on the east.

Shaoxing: Administration

The prefecture-level city of Shaoxing administers three districts, two county-level cities and one county.

Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin
Yuecheng District 越城区 Yuèchéng Qū
Keqiao District 柯桥区 Keqiao Qū
Shangyu District 上虞区 Shàngyú Qū
Zhuji City 诸暨市 Zhūjì Shì
Shengzhou City 嵊州市 Shèngzhōu Shì
Xinchang County 新昌县 Xīnchāng Xiàn

Shaoxing: Geography and climate

  • Average Temperature: 16 °C

Shaoxing: Major sights

A boat on one of Shaoxing's waterways, near the city center

There are a number of historical places connected with the writer Lu Xun:

  • Lu Xun's residence (鲁迅故居) near the centre of the city.
  • Xianheng Hotel (咸亨酒店), founded in 1894, mentioned in works by the novelist. In front of the gate is a statue of Kong Yiji, a character in one of his stories.
  • Sanwei School (三味书屋), built around 1890, at the end of the Qing Dynasty. It was used by the Zhou clan. The writer was born there and grew up in the house, where he studied both western economics and literature as well as Chinese subjects. After he returned to China, he turned it into a primary school, believing that education could inspire national regeneration. He introduced advanced ideas, and technical knowledge to provide opportunities for children in Shaoxing.
  • Baicao Garden (百草园)

Other sights include:

  • Tomb of Yu the Great (大禹陵), legendary founder of the Xia Dynasty.
  • East Lake (东湖), scenic area outside the city.
  • Orchid Pavilion (兰亭), commemorating the calligrapher Wang Xizhi and his famous work Lantingji Xu (蘭亭集序), written in Shaoxing in 353 AD.
  • Shen Garden (沈园), in Yan'an Road, associated with the poet Lu You and his love for his first wife Tang Wan. The garden dates back to the Southern Song Dynasty.
  • Green Vine Study (青藤書屋), former home of the Ming period painter Xu Wei.
  • Qiu Jin's House (秋瑾故居), Ming period.
  • Zhou Enlai's ancestral home (周恩來祖居), Qing period.

Shaoxing: Special events

Shaoxing was the location of the official world choir games in 2010. It will host the world Korfball championship in late October 2011.

Shaoxing: Shaoxing wine

  • Chinese rice wine (黃酒) is also known as Shaoxing wine (紹興酒) or simply Shao Wine (紹酒). The brewery utilizes a natural process using the "pure" water of the Jianhu-Mirror Lake. It has a unique flavour and a reputation both nationally and internationally. It is used as a liquor and in cooking as well as a solvent for Chinese herbal medicated ointments. The China Shaoxing Yellow Wine Group Corporation produces 110,000 tons annually for domestic and overseas markets. [1]

Shaoxing: Zhufu folk customs

The Dashan Pagoda in Shaoxing
Boats in Donghu (east lake), a lake in Shaoxing

Due to its long history, Shaoxing has accumulated and handed down a characteristic culture known as "Yue Culture". As an important part of Yue Culture and a traditional folk custom of Shaoxing, Zhufu (祝福, literally "worshipping the God of Blessing") still has great influence on Shaoxing people and their lives.

Shaoxing: History and background

Zhufu is also called Zuofu and is the most prominent annual sacrificial ceremony in Shaoxing. The gods worshipped are Nanchao Shengzhong (南朝圣众) and Huangshan Xinan (黄山西南). They have been worhipped since the Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368 CE). Legend holds that when the government of the Song Dynasty (960-1279 CE) was overthrown by the Mongolian army and replaced by the Yuan Dynasty, the original Song citizens, namely the Han people, were extremely afraid of the newly established minority political power. They secretly offered sacrifices at midnight to the emperors of South Song Dynasty and those patriotic martyrs who died to save the nation.

Nanchao Shengzhong refers to a group of martyrs, who died in the war of resistance against the Mongolian invasion, including Emperor Huaizong of Song, last emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty, Wen Tianxiang, scholar-general of Southern Song Dynasty, who was captured but didn’t give in to the enemy and later was killed by the Yuan Government, and Lu Xiufu, the Southern Song Prime Minister who committed suicide, together with Emperor Huaizong and 800 other officials and members of the imperial court. Huangshan Xinan refers to two anonymous brothers who sacrificed their lives to save civilians from being killed by the Mongolian army. In memory of the brothers, the local people named the place where they were killed after them and offered sacrifice to a portrait or statue of the brothers.

Records show that the Mongolian nobility, the ruling class of the Yuan Dynasty, treated the Han people harshly, such that the Han people created and cleverly disguised their gods Nanchao Shengzhong and Huangshan Xinan in order to mourn for the lost nation and its patriotic martyrs whilst praying for their blessing. The ruling class knew only of the ostensible purpose of the annual sacrificial ceremony, believing it was the means to entertain the God of Blessing and pray for a good harvest the next year as well as harmony. The ceremony was handed down from generation to generation and finally became a convention whilst its political meaning gradually dimmed. It became a pure sacrificial ceremony, held annually to offer thanks to the God of Blessing for all his blessings and to pray for the next year's blessing.

Shaoxing: Dates

Zhufu is often held during the period between December 24 and December 28 according to the Chinese lunar calendar. Shaoxing people first choose an auspicious day according to the Chinese lunar calendar to hold the ceremony. In Shaoxing, the days between December 20 and December 30 of the Chinese lunar calendar are called nights instead of days so as to remind homemakers that the Spring Festival is approaching and they should hurry up to prepare for Zhufu and the Spring Festival.

Shaoxing: Ceremonial rite

Thereafter, the officiant of the ceremony who is usually the man of the house, lights incense and red candles, hangs golden and silver Taiding made of paper on the left and right candleholders, puts cushions for kneeling on the ground in order, and inserts a Mazhang Stick, which represents Nanchao Shengzhong or Huangshan Xinan into the prepared holder. Females are not allowed to be present whilst the sacrifice is underway. After tasks are completed, the male members of the family successively kneel down facing the main door and kowtow to the god. At that moment there are many taboos. For example, the wine should not be poured from a cup, and chopsticks should not fall into the ground. Silence is also maintained to avoid taboos.

When all is prepared, the officiant pours wine for those present. They hold their wine cups high as quickly as possible to see the god out. Then the officiant burns the Mazhang Stick together with golden and silver Taiding in the courtyard. He cuts the tongues from the chicken and goose then throws them on to the roof of the house at the same time and praying to the god to take away the tongues which symbolize possible calamities emanating from the spoken word. Finally, the officiant put a cup of wine with tea onto the ashes of Mazhang Stick signifiying the end of Zhufu. Ancestor worship follows the ceremony and, although similar to Zhufu, differences do exist. After worship, the family sits down at tables and eat Fuli together, which they call Sanfu or sharing the blessings.

As a featured folk custom, Zhufu has been handed down and well protected as part of Shaoxing's cultural heritage. It is reputable because of its special origin. It was widely popularized by Lu Xun (1881-1936, Shaoxing-born) in his short story Zhufu 祝福, which he named after the sacrificial ceremony. Whilst deeply moved by the ill-fated leading character of the novel, readers get to learn the details of the Zhufu tradition.

Shaoxing: Notable people

  • Xi Shi (西施) 506 BC–?, one of the Four Beauties of ancient China, who lived in Zhuji county, Shaoxing.
  • Wang Xizhi (王羲之), 303–361, calligrapher, lived in Shaoxing.
  • Lu You (陸游), 1125–1210, poet and literati of the Southern Song period, who famously encountered his former wife in Shen Garden.
  • Xu Wei (徐渭) 1521-1593, Ming dynasty painter, born in Shaoxing.
  • Wang Shouren (王守仁) 1472–1529, Ming dynasty politician and scholar.
  • Liu Zongzhou 1578–1645, also known as Jishan, later Ming politician and scholar, born in Shaoxing.
  • Zhang Dai (张岱), 1597–1689, essayist and historian of the later Ming period, born in Shaoxing.
  • Cai Yuanpei (蔡元培) 1868–1940, educator and thinker, born in Shaoxing.
  • Qiu Jin (秋瑾) 1875–1907, revolutionary, raised in Shaoxing.
  • Lu Xun (鲁迅) (aka Zhou Shuren) 1881–1936, writer, leading figure of modern Chinese literature, born in Shaoxing.
  • Ma Yinchu (马寅初) 1882–1982, educator and economist, born in Shengzhou, Shaoxing.
  • Chen Yi ( 陈仪) 1883–1950, Kuomintang soldier and politician, born in Dongpuzhen (東浦鎮), Shaoxing.
  • Zhou Zuoren (周作人) 1885–1967, essayist and translator, brother of Lu Xun, born in Shaoxing.
  • Zhou Enlai (周恩来) 1898–1976, first Premier of the People's Republic of China
  • Wong Tin Lam (王天林) 1927-2010, Hong Kong screenwriter, producer, director, and actor, father of Wong Jing.
  • Zhou Quan (周全) 1987–, film director and producer.
  • Tong Jinquan 1954-, real estate billionaire

Shaoxing: See also

  • Jiangnan

Shaoxing: References

  1. Zhongguo gujin diming dacidian 中国古今地名大词典 [Dictionary of Chinese Place-names Ancient and Modern] (Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, 2005), 2006.
  2. Hargett, James M. Hargett. "會稽: Guaiji? Guiji? Huiji? Kuaiji? Some Remarks on an Ancient Chinese Place-Name" in Sino-Platonic Papers, No. 234. March 2013. Accessed 24 July 2014.
  3. James H. Cole, Shaohsing: Competition and Cooperation in Nineteenth-Century China (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, Association for Asian Studies Monograph Series, 1986); James H. Cole, "The Shaoxing Connection: A Vertical Administrative Clique in Late Qing China," Modern China 6 #3 (July 1980), 317-326.
  4. http://musica-mundi.com
  5. Vanburen, Andrew (8 November 2013). "TONG JINQUAN: PRC Property Baron Bought S$200 m of VIVA INDUSTRIAL". NextInsight. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  • Shaoxing air quality index reports

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