Shymkent, Kazakhstan

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In order to book an accommodation in Shymkent enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Shymkent hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Shymkent map to estimate the distance from the main Shymkent attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Shymkent hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Shymkent

A hotel in Shymkent is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Shymkent hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Shymkent are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Shymkent hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Shymkent hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Shymkent have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Shymkent
An upscale full service hotel facility in Shymkent that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Shymkent hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Shymkent
Full service Shymkent hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Shymkent
Boutique hotels of Shymkent are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Shymkent boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Shymkent may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Shymkent
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Shymkent travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Shymkent focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Shymkent
Small to medium-sized Shymkent hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Shymkent traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Shymkent hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Shymkent
A bed and breakfast in Shymkent is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Shymkent bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Shymkent B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Shymkent
Shymkent hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Shymkent hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Shymkent
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Shymkent hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Shymkent lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Shymkent
Shymkent timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Shymkent often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Shymkent on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Shymkent
A Shymkent motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Shymkent for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Shymkent motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Shymkent

Collage of city sites
Collage of city sites
Shymkent is located in Kazakhstan
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates:  / 42.31667; 69.59583
Country Kazakhstan
Region South Kazakhstan Region
Founded 12th century
• Akim (mayor) Darkhan Satybaldy
• Total 347 km (134 sq mi)
Elevation 506 m (1,660 ft)
Population (2014 est.)
• Total 854 500
• Agglomeration 1,400,000
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
Postal code 160000
Area code(s) (+7) 7252
Vehicle registration X

Shymkent (Kazakh: Шымкент/Şımkent, شىمكەنت), known until 1993 as Chimkent (Uzbek: 'Чимкент', چىمكېنت; Russian: Чимкент), is the capital city of South Kazakhstan Region, the most densely populated region in Kazakhstan. It is the third most populous city in Kazakhstan behind Almaty and Astana with an estimated population of 629,600 in 2011. A major railroad junction on the Turkestan-Siberia Railway, the city is also a notable cultural centre, with an international airport. Shymkent is situated 690 kilometres (430 mi) west of Almaty and 120 kilometres (75 mi) to the north of Tashkent, Uzbekistan. 603,499 (2009 Census results); 423,902 (1999 Census results).

Shymkent: History

Shymkent was founded in the twelfth century as a caravanserai to protect the Silk Road town of Sayram, 10 km to the east. Shymkent grew as a market center for trade between Turkic nomads and the settled Sogdians. It was destroyed several times: by Genghis Khan, soldiers from the southern Khanates, and by nomad attacks. In the early 19th century it became part of the khanate of Kokand. It was captured by the Russians in 1864. It was renamed Chernyaev in 1914 and renamed Shymkent in 1924. Following the Russian conquest, Shymkent was a city of trade between nomadic Turks and sedentary Turks, and was famous for its kumis.

There was a gulag located near Shymkent, and many Russian-speaking people came to the area via imprisonment.

The name Shymkent comes from two Persian/Tajik words, later adopted and adjusted to Kazakh language: "cheman"/"cham" (shim in Kazakh) meaning turf, and kand (kent in Kazakh), meaning city. Together, Chemkand or Shymkent for "city in the grass/turf."

After Kazakhstan gained independence, the city was renamed Shymkent in 1993 as part of the government’s campaign to apply Kazakh names to cities. The formal spelling of Шымкент (Shymkent) as codified in Kazakhstan’s Constitution goes against the Russian spelling rules of never having the letter "ы" follow the letter "ш". As a result, the new name Шымкент (Shymkent) is used only in Kazakhstan, while Russia and some other countries using Russian language continue to use the original spelling Чимкент (Chimkent).

In January 2015 Shymkent officials sent a request to UNESCO to be recognized as an ancient city.

Shymkent: Geography

Shymkent: Climate

Shymkent features a borderline Mediterranean (Köppen Csa)/Dry-Summer Continental Climate (Dsa) climate, not unlike Eastern Washington or Northern Idaho but with much hotter summers. Shymkent features hot, relatively dry summers and cold winters. Winters here are noticeably warmer than in more northerly cities like Almaty and Astana, with the mean monthly temperature during the city’s coldest month (January) averaging around −1 °C (30.2 °F). Shymkent averages just under 600 millimetres (23.62 in) of precipitation annually.

Climate data for Shymkent (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.2
Average high °C (°F) 4.1
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.7
Average low °C (°F) −4.8
Record low °C (°F) −31.1
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73
Average rainy days 5 7 9 9 9 5 4 3 3 6 6 6 72
Average snowy days 8 7 4 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 3 6 29
Average relative humidity (%) 75 73 67 63 56 44 39 34 39 55 69 75 57

Shymkent: Demographics

  • Kazakhs 64.76%
  • Russians 14.52%
  • Uzbeks 13.70%
  • Tatars 1.54%
  • Others 5.48% (Ukrainians 0.54%, Koreans 1.00%)

According to the census of 2011, the city had 637,800 inhabitants.

Shymkent: Economy

Formerly dominated by lead mining, industrial growth began in the 1930s.

A lead smelter was opened in Shymkent in 1934 or 1938. It supplied a major part of the USSR's metals needs, copper as well as lead and others, including three-quarters of all bullets fired by the Red Army. Smelting continued until 2008, causing extreme levels of pollution (lead, cadmium et al.) in the surrounding ground, and then controversially restarted in 2010, briefly, under a major UK-listed company, Kazakhmys.

The city also has industries producing refined zinc, processed karakul pelts, textiles, foodstuffs, and pharmaceuticals. Also, the city has a medium-sized refinery, which is owned and operated by PetroKazakhstan.

Shymkent: Main sights

A bicycle-sharing system, Shymkent-bike, allows you to reach all main sights.

  • Ordabasy circle, site of Friday Mosque and MIG Memorial
  • Regional Studies and History Museum
  • Victory Park
  • Central Park
  • Museum of Repression
  • Afghan War Memorial
  • Arboretum
  • Nauryz/Navruz Holiday Celebrations over Spring Solstice
  • Al-Farabi Square
  • Mega Shopping Center

Shymkent: Sport

  • FC Ordabasy - Superleague side
  • BIIK Kazygurt - women's football team

In Command & Conquer: Generals, Shymkent is the starting point of the GLA counterattack by destroying the Chinese presence and a local hydroelectric dam to flood out the Chinese outposts in the riverside.

Shymkent: Twin cities

City Country Year
Stevenage United Kingdom United Kingdom
İzmir Turkey Turkey
Adana Turkey Turkey
Mogilev Belarus Belarus
Grosseto Italy Italy
Pattaya Thailand Thailand
Khujand Tajikistan Tajikistan

Shymkent: References

  1. Курносова, Светлана. "О развитии Шымкента отчитался аким города Дархан Сатыбалды". Retrieved 2014-12-09.
  2. Министерство регионального развития республики Казахстан. "Программа развития регионов".
  3. Estimation 2011-11-21 (in rus.)
  4. Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chimkent". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 165.
  5. "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  6. Peoples of central Asia. By Lawrence Krader. Published by Indiana University, 1971
  8. Through Russian central Asia. By Stephen Graham. Published by The Macmillan Company, 1916
  9. The Gulag Archipelago, 1918–1956: an experiment in literary investigation. By Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn, H. T. Willetts, Thomas P. Whitney. Published by Westview Press, 1997
  10. "Shymkent Seeks UNESCO Recognition As 2,200-Year-Old City".
  11. "Weather and Climate - The Climate of Shymkent" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  14. People & Power (TV programme), Al Jazeeera English, Robin Forestier, 20 February 2014
  15. The USSR. By John C. Dewdney. Published by Dawson, 1976
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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