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Hotels of Šiauliai

A hotel in Šiauliai is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Šiauliai hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Šiauliai are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Šiauliai hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Šiauliai hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Šiauliai have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Šiauliai
An upscale full service hotel facility in Šiauliai that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Šiauliai hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Šiauliai
Full service Šiauliai hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Šiauliai
Boutique hotels of Šiauliai are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Šiauliai boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Šiauliai may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Šiauliai
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Šiauliai travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Šiauliai focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Šiauliai
Small to medium-sized Šiauliai hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Šiauliai traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Šiauliai hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Šiauliai
A bed and breakfast in Šiauliai is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Šiauliai bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Šiauliai B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Šiauliai
Šiauliai hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Šiauliai hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Šiauliai
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Šiauliai hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Šiauliai lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Šiauliai
Šiauliai timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Šiauliai often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Šiauliai on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Šiauliai
A Šiauliai motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Šiauliai for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Šiauliai motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Šiauliai

City municipality
Cathedral of Šiauliai
Cathedral of Šiauliai
Flag of Šiauliai
Coat of arms of Šiauliai
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Saulės miestas (The Sun City)
Šiauliai is located in Lithuania
Location of Šiauliai
Coordinates:  / 55.933; 23.317  / 55.933; 23.317
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic region Samogitia
County Šiauliai County
Municipality Šiauliai city municipality
Capital of Šiauliai County
Šiauliai city municipality
Šiauliai district municipality
First mentioned 1009
Granted city rights 1589
Elderships Medelynas eldership, Rėkyva eldership
• Total 81.13 km (31.32 sq mi)
Elevation 151 m (495 ft)
Population (2016-01-20)
• Total 102,983
• Density 1,300/km (3,300/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 76xxx
Area code(s) (+370) 41
Vehicle registration S
Website www.siauliai.lt
Pedestrian boulevard at night
Former Šiauliai Jewish school
Šiauliai during January 13, 1991
Venclauskai Palace
Hill of Crosses
Šiauliai church in 19th century
Šiauliai after the First World War
Monument to Soviet Soldiers died in 1941-1945 War, Šiauliai, Lithuania

Šiauliai ([ʃɛʊ̯ˈlʲɛɪ̯ˑ]) is the fourth largest city in Lithuania, with a population of 133,900. From 1994 to 2010 it was the capital of Šiauliai County. Unofficially, the city is the capital of Northern Lithuania.

Šiauliai: Names

Šiauliai is referred to by a various names in different languages: Samogitian Šiaulē, Latvian Saule (historic) and Šauļi (modern), German (outdated) Schaulen, Polish Szawle, Russian Шавли (Shavli - historic) and Шяуляй (Shyaulyai - modern), Yiddish שאַװל (Shavel).

Šiauliai: History

The city was first mentioned in written sources as Soule in Livonian Order chronicles describing the Battle of Saule. Thus the city's founding date is now considered to be September 22, 1236, the same date when the battle took place, not far from Šiauliai. At first it developed as a defense post against the raids by the Teutonic and Livonian Orders. After the battle of Grunwald in 1410, the raids stopped and Šiauliai started to develop as an agricultural settlement. In 1445, a wooden church was built. It was replaced in 1625 with the brick church which can be seen in the city center today.

Šiauliai was granted Magdeburg city rights in the 16th century, when it also became an administrative center of the area. However, in the 16th to 18th centuries the city was devastated by The Deluge and epidemics of the Bubonic plague.

The credit for the city's rebirth goes to Antoni Tyzenhaus (1733–1785) who after a violent revolt of peasants of the Crown properties in the Northern Lithuania (so-called in Polish: Powstanie Szawelskie, 1769), started the radical economic and urban reforms. He decided to rebuild the city according to the Classicism ideas: at first houses were built randomly in a radial shape, but Tyzenhaus decided to build the city in an orderly rectangular grid. Šiauliai grew to become a well-developed city, with several prominent brick buildings. In 1791 Stanisław August Poniatowski, king of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, confirmed once again that Šiauliai's city rights and granted it a coat of arms which depicted a bear, the symbol of Samogitia, the Eye of Providence, and a red bull, the symbol of the Poniatowski family. The modern coat of arms has been modeled after this version.

After the Partitions of Poland, Šiauliai got a new coat of arms. The city grew and became an important educational and cultural center. Also, infrastructure was rapidly developing: in 1836–1858 a road connecting Riga and Tilsit was built, in 1871 a railroad connecting Liepāja with Romny was built. Šiauliai, being in a crossroad of important merchant routes, started to develop as an industrial town. Already in 1897 it was the third largest city in Lithuania with population of about 16,000. The demographics changed also: 56.4% of the inhabitants were Jewish in 1909. Šiauliai was known for its leather industry. Chaim Frenkel owned the biggest leather factory in the Russian Empire.

Šiauliai: World War I and independent Lithuania

During World War I, about 85% of the buildings were burned down and the city center was destroyed. After the war and re-establishment of Lithuania, the importance of Šiauliai grew. Before Klaipėda was attached to Lithuania, the city was second after Kaunas by population size. By 1929 the city center was rebuilt. Modern utilities were also included: streets were lighted, it had public transportation, telephone and telegraph lines, water supply network and sewer.

The first years of independence were difficult because the industrial city lost its markets in Russia. It needed to find new clients in Western Europe. In 1932 a railroad to Klaipėda was built and it connected the city to the Western markets. In 1938 the city produced about 85% of Lithuania's leather, 60% of footwear, 75% of flax fiber, 35% of candies. Culture also flourished as many new periodicals were printed, new schools and universities opened, a library, theater, museum, and normal school were opened.

Šiauliai: World War II

In 1939, one fifth of the city's population was Jewish. German soldiers entered Šiauliai on June 26, 1941. The first mass murder of Šiauliai Jews was perpetrated in the Kužiai forest, about 12 kilometers outside Šiauliai, on June 29, 1941. According to one of the Jewish survivors of Šiauliai, Nesse Godin, some 700 people were shot in nearby woods during the first weeks of occupation after having been forced to dig their own graves. Beginning on July 29, 1941 and continuing throughout the summer of 1941, the Germans murdered about 8,000 Jews from Šiauliai and the Šiauliai region in the Kužiai forest. 125 Jews from Linkuva were also murdered there along with ethnic Lithuanian and Russian members of the Communist Party and the Communist Youth.

The Šiauliai Ghetto was established in July 1941. There were two Jewish ghetto areas in Šiauliai, one in the Kaukas suburb, and one in Trakų.During World War II, the Jewish population was reduced from 8,000 to 500. About 80% of the buildings were destroyed.

Šiauliai: Soviet era

The city was largely rebuilt anew in a typical Soviet fashion during the years of subsequent Soviet occupation.

Šiauliai: Mayors

  • 1990–1991 – Kazimieras Šavinis
  • 1991–1995 – Arvydas Salda
  • 1995 – 1997 – Alfredas Lankauskas
  • 2000 – Vida Stasiūnaitė
  • 2002–2003 – Vaclovas Volkovas
  • 2003–2007 – Vytautas Juškus
  • 2007–2011 – Genadijus Mikšys
  • 2011–2015 – Justinas Sartauskas
  • 2015–"present" – Artūras Visockas

Šiauliai: Geography

Šiauliai Žemaičių located in eastern part of the northern plateau, Mūša, Dubysa and Venta River divide. Distance of 210 kilometres (130 miles) to Vilnius, Kaunas – 142 km (88 mi), Klaipėda – 161 km (100 mi), Riga – 128 km (80 mi), Kaliningrad – 250 km (155 mi). The total city area 81.13 square kilometres (31.32 sq mi), from the green areas 18.87 square kilometres (7.29 sq mi), water – 12.78 square kilometres (4.93 sq mi). Urban land outside perimeter of the administrative 70,317 kilometres (43,693 miles).

Altitude: Rėkyvos the lake water level – 129.8 m (425.85 ft) above sea level, Talsos lake level – 103.0 m (337.93 ft) in the city center – 128.4 m (421.26 ft), Salduvės Hill – 149.7 m (491.14 ft) above sea level.

Šiauliai: Water

The total water area – 1,280 ha, 15.7% in urban areas.

  • Šiauliai Lakes
    • Rėkyva Lake, 1179ha
    • Talša lake, 56,2ha
    • Ginkūnai Lake, 16,6ha
  • River
    • Kulpė
    • Rūdė
    • Vijolė
    • Švedė
    • Šimša
    • Tilžė
    • Šventupis

Šiauliai: Climate

The average temperature in January; −7 °C (19 °F) in July; +18 °C (64 °F). The amount of precipitation in a year – 538.5 mm (21.2 in).

In 1942, the city recorded the lowest Lithuania year mean temperature (+3.6 °C).

Climate data for Šiauliai
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.1
Average high °C (°F) −2.6
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.1
Average low °C (°F) −7.9
Record low °C (°F) −36.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 33
Average precipitation days 19 14 15 13 13 13 15 15 16 16 19 20 188
Mean monthly sunshine hours 37 65 125 176 263 277 261 243 166 100 42 29 1,784
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization
Source #2: NOAA (extremes and sun)

Šiauliai: Demographics

In 1795, there were 3,700 people living in Šiauliai, rising to 16,128 by 1897, when it was the second most populous city in Lithuania after Kaunas. The Jewish population of Šiauliai rose steadily through the second half of the nineteenth century, from 2,565 in 1847 to around 7,000 at century's end. By the outbreak of World War I, 12,000 of the town's inhabitants were Jews, making Šiauliai majority Jewish. A particular Jew called Shauli Bar-On had encouraged the Jews of Europe to come to Lithuania because he saw enormous potential for success. A battlefield during the Great War, Šiauliai saw thousands of its denizens flee, never to return.

In 1923, Šiauliai population's was third to that of Kaunas and Klaipėda.

Šiauliai: Economy

Iron Fox
U.S. Air Force F-15C Eagle in Šiauliai

Beginning in the 19th century, Šiauliai become an industrial center. During the Russian Empire period, the city had the largest leather factory in the whole empire, owned by Chaim Frenkel. Šiauliai contributed to around 85% of all leather production in Lithuania, 60% of the footwear industry, 75% of the flax fiber industry, and 35% of the sweets industry.

During the Soviet years, the city produced electronics, mechanical engineering, wood processing, construction industry. Most of the industrial enterprises were concentrated in urban areas.

According to 2005 data, the city has:

  • Manufacturing and service companies – 3195
  • Commercial enterprises – 781
  • Shopping centers – 30, including
    • Akropolis, opened March 2009
    • Saulės miestas, opened March 2007
    • Bruklinas, opened November 2007
    • Tilžė, opened February 2008
    • Arena, opened November 2007

Šiauliai: Education

Didždvaris gymnasium
Šiauliai State College
  • 1851 Boys' Gymnasium (now Julius Janonis Gymnasium) was opened
  • 1898 Girls' Gymnasium (now Didždvaris Gymnasum) was opened
  • 1920 Jewish Gymnasium was opened
  • 1920 Šiauliai Teachers seminary was founded
  • 1928 Primary education became compulsory
  • 1930 Vincas Kudirka primary school was opened
  • 1939 The Institute of trade was moved from Klaipėda, it was the first Higher Education school in Šiauliai
  • 1948 Šiauliai Teachers Institute was founded, in 1954 it became Pedagogical Institute, and since 1996, when the Šiauliai faculty of Kaunas Polytechnic Institute was connected, it is Šiauliai University.

Students in city (in 2006):

  • In Šiauliai University – 10,440
  • In Šiauliai College – 2,770
  • In Northern Lithuania College – 700
  • In Šiauliai region College of Management and Languages – 517
  • In Šiauliai Conservatory – 149
  • In Šiauliai Vocational Training Center – 2,663

There are 8 gymnasiums, 7 high schools, 16 secondary schools, 7 primary schools, 9 children's non-formal education schools, 29 kindergartens. 21,000 students studied in general education schools in 2006.

Šiauliai: Parks

City municipality building

The city park to the creation of Anton Tyzenhaus essentially graduated Vladimir Zubov. The 19th century Park was the middle of regular rectangular shape, and age at the end was close to the English style of the free layouts. Citizens for a small fee was allowed to walk in the park. In 1931, Park and Alley chestnut was officially donated to the Šiauliai city municipality.

Šiauliai has 16 parks, covering an area of 1177 hectares. Didždvario, province and Rėkyvos parks add to the cultural values of the registry.

Šiauliai: Transport

Trains in Šiauliai Train Station

Šiauliai has always been a major intersection. The famous Saulės battle took place near a trade route from Riga to Bubiai and Tauragė.In 1836–1858 Riga–Sovetsk highway was built near it. About 1912, first cars appeared on city's streets.

Highways passing through Šiauliai :

  • A9 / E272 Šiauliai – Panevėžys (79 km)
  • A11 / E272 Šiauliai – Palanga (147 km)
  • A12 / E77 Riga – Šiauliai – Sovetsk (186 km).
  • City has is western bypass A18.

In 2006 Šiauliai had 297 km (185 mi) of roads, of which 32% had a gravel surface. The longest streets are Tilžės street – 9.72 km (6.04 mi) and Vilnius street – 5.67 km (3.52 mi) with 1.28 km (0.80 mi) of it being a pedestrian boulevard.

In 1871 the Liepaja-Romny railway was built. The Tilžė–Riga and Šiauliai–Klaipeda railways were built in 1916 and 1931, respectively. The city has a railway station.

In 1930, an air strip was developed. It was expanded in 1961 during the Soviet period and developed into a large VVS base. It is now a military base for NATO, and home to the Šiauliai International Airport.

The first passenger transport company in Šiauliai was founded in 1940. It was autotrestas, which had 29 buses. In 1944 a motor firm replaced autotresto. In 1947 the first taxi company, Šiauliai cars, appeared. Subsequently, to meet the needs of an increasing population, bus and taksomotorų autoūkis were added in 1955. In 2006, a modern bus station with a trade center was constructed. The city has 27 city routes, the maximum number is 29.

Šiauliai: Communications

Šiauliai of communication in 1897 could be used not only for mail or telegraph, and telephone. Telephone subscribers in 1923 was 170, while in 1937 – 700 rooms. 1936; the city to install a phone machine.

1957, a television tower, which are equipped with radio and antenna lines. In 1995 launched the construction of cable television lines, 1998 started to install the cable internet, since 2003 – Optical Internet line. In 2008 the city has 14 post offices (central LT-76001).

Šiauliai: Sport

Šiauliai arena

Since 1924 soccer was played in Šiauliai. By the year 1936 there were 14 soccer teams in the city. Later other sports also started to be played professionally: basketball, handball, rugby, hockey, athletics, cycling, boxing and other sports. On 25 July 2007 in preparation for the 37th European men basketball championship, a modern Šiauliai Arena was opened to the public.

Club Sport League Venue
BC Šiauliai Basketball Lithuanian Basketball League (LKL), Baltic Basketball League (BBL), Eurocup Šiaulių arena
FK Šiauliai Football The A League A Lyga Šiaulių stadionas
ABRO- Saulė Basketball Šiaulių sporto rūmai
RC Vairas Rugby union Lithuanian Rugby Championship Zoknių stadionas
RC Baltrex Rugby union Talšos stadionas
RC Šiauliai Rugby union Talšos stadionas
Šiauliai central square

Šiauliai: Twin towns – sister cities

Šiauliai is twinned with:

  • Ukraine Khmelnytsky, Ukraine
  • Poland Częstochowa, Poland
  • United States Omaha, United States
  • Belarus Baranovichi, Belarus
  • Denmark Fredericia, Denmark
  • Latvia Jelgava, Latvia
  • Russia Kaliningrad, Russia
  • Sweden Kristianstad, Sweden
  • Estonia Pärnu, Estonia
  • Netherlands Etten-Leur, Netherlands
  • Germany Plauen, Germany

Šiauliai: Notable people

View of Siauliai

According to the population census of 2001, ethnic Lithuanians comprise 93%, Russians – 5%, and the remaining 2% consist of Ukrainians, Belarusians, Jews, Roma, Latvians, Armenians and other ethnic groups. About 94% of the city's population consider Lithuanian their native language, 5% are Russian speakers and the remainder speak Ukrainian, Belarusian, Latvian, Roma, Armenian etc. About 80% of those older than 20 have a command of the Russian language, while only 17% can speak English and 7% – German.

The list of notable people who were born in Šiauliai:

  • Regimantas Adomaitis, movie and stage actor, born here
  • André Andrejew, a classic Russian and French movie art director, born here
  • Šarūnas Bartas, film director, born here
  • Wojciech Buyko, Polish classic photographer, born here in 1882 (†1942?)
  • Virgilijus Noreika, opera singer, born here
  • Yosef Shalom Eliashiv (image), rabbi, and grandson of a kabbalist Rabbi Shalom Ben Hayim Haikel Eliashiv zt"l (Leshem), a native of this city
  • Jacob Gens, self-proclaimed Vilnius Ghetto police commander under the Nazi occupation (1941–1943), born here (1903)
  • Nesse Godin, Shoah survivor and Shoah awareness advocate in the United States.
  • Robertas Javtokas, professional basketball player
  • Veniamin Kagan, mathematician specializing in geometry
  • Samuel Kessel, father of Joseph Kessel, physician was born here
  • Igor Kisiel, scientist, professor at the Technical University of Wroclaw, born in Illovieciai near Šiauliai
  • Albrycht Stanisław Radziwiłł, magnate, noble, a duke and a politician. He held the post of Starosta (city foreman) of this city.
  • Jan Sawicki-Stella, colonel in the Russian army who during the insurrection against Russia in 1863, went to fight on the Polish-Lithuanian side, born here
  • Meyer Schapiro, art historian, born here
  • Henrietta Schumann, concert pianist, born here in 1909 before emigrating to America in 1924.
  • Antanas Sireika, born near Šiauliai was a coach for a hometown basketball team for many seasons.
  • Olegas Truchanas, Lithuanian photographer, went to school here, recognized in Australia for his ecological conscious photography
  • Wiktoryn Witkiewicz, father of the legendary Russian envoy to Afghanistan Jan Prosper Witkiewicz, has been the Vice-Marshall of Šiauliai in Kingdom of Poland
  • Mindaugas Žukauskas, professional basketball player was born here
  • Marius Žaromskis, mixed martial artist fighter

Šiauliai: See also

  • BC Šiauliai
  • Telshe yeshiva
  • Hill of Crosses

Šiauliai: References

  1. "History of the city". Šiauliai. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  2. Urieli, Assaf. "Shavl – שאַװל – Šiauliai, Lithuania". Kehila Links. JewishGen. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  3. "Mass Murder of the Šiauliai Jews at Kužiai Forest". Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum. 2010.
  4. Levin, Dov (2008). "Šiauliai". Encyclopaedia Judaica. The Gale Group.
  5. Bubnys, A (2002). The Fate of Jews in Šiauliai and Šiauliai Region" – The Šiauliai Ghetto: Lists of Prisoners 1942. Vilnius.
  6. "World Weather Information Service – Siauliai". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  7. "Siauliai Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  8. Stanislawski, Michael. "Šiauliai". The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. YIVO. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  9. "International relations". Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  10. "The History of Omaha Sister Cities Association." Omaha Sister Cities Association. Retrieved 12/8/08.


  • Official website
  • Šiauliai Tourism Information Centre
  • "Here Their Stories Will Be Told..." The Valley of the Communities at Yad Vashem, Siauliai, at Yad Vashem website.
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