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Hotels of Sudak
A hotel in Sudak is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Sudak hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Sudak are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Sudak hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Sudak hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Sudak have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Sudak
An upscale full service hotel facility in Sudak that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Sudak hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Sudak
Full service Sudak hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Sudak
Boutique hotels of Sudak are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Sudak boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Sudak may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Sudak
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Sudak travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Sudak focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Sudak
Small to medium-sized Sudak hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Sudak traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Sudak hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Sudak
A bed and breakfast in Sudak is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Sudak bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Sudak B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Sudak
Sudak hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Sudak hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Sudak
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Sudak hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Sudak lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Sudak
Sudak timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Sudak often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Sudak on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Sudak
A Sudak motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Sudak for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Sudak motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
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Sudak (Ukrainian: Судак; Russian: Судак; Crimean Tatar: Sudaq; Greek: Σουγδαία; sometimes spelled Sudac or Sudagh) is a town, multiple former Eastern Orthodox bishopric and double Latin Catholic titular see. It is of regional significance in Crimea, a territory recognized by most countries as part of Ukraine but annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea. Sudak serves as the administrative center of Sudak Municipality, one of the regions Crimea is divided into. It is situated 57 km (35 mi) to the west of Feodosia (the nearest railway station) and 104 km (65 mi) to the east of Simferopol, the republic's capital. Population: 16,492 (2014 Census).
A city of antiquity, today it is a popular resort, best known for its Genoese fortress, the best preserved on the northern shore of the Black Sea.
Map of the Khazar Khaganate and surrounding states, c. 820 CE. Area of direct Khazar control shown in dark blue, sphere of influence in purple. Other boundaries shown in dark red.
It is believed that the city was founded in 212 CE by Alani settlers on the territory of the Bosporan Kingdom. Merchants from the Roman Empire founded Sougdaea, in Greek Σουγδαία (a reference to Sogdia) in the 3rd century. In the 6th century, the Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I ordered the construction of a fortress. The Khazars attacked in the 7th century, giving it the name Suğdaq. The Life of St. Stefan of Surozh (Russian: св. Стефан Сурожский) describes the 8th-century town as a dependency of the Byzantine Empire. Around the start of the 9th century, it was supposedly attacked by the Rus' chieftain, Bravlin. It is thought that the Khazars retained the town from the early 9th century until 1016, when the Byzantines finally defeated the Khazar warlord Georgeios Tsulo. Afterwards, the town seems to have preserved some sort of autonomy within the Byzantine Empire.
From the 9th century until around the 12th century, there were important trade exchanges between the then Surozh and the Kievan Rus'.
It became an important location for trading on the Silk Road in the 12th and 13th centuries, despite attacks by the Cumans-Kipchaks in the 11th century and further damages inflicted by the Tatars (in 1223, but also in 1239). The city was controlled by the Cumans-Kipchaks, as reported by Ibn al-Air, who said "city of the Qifjaq from which (flow) their material possessions. It is on the Khazar Sea. Ships come to it bearing clothes. The Qifjiqs buy from them and sell them slaves. Burtas furs, beaver, squirrels ..." The Seljuk Sultanate of Rum army and fleet from Sinop held and fortified Sudak in 1224. Whereupon, the Sultan of Rum, Kayqubad I, built a mosque in 1225.
Crimea in the middle of the 15th century
The Venetians also came to Sudak at the beginning of the 13th century to take their share, naming the fortress Soldaia, before ceding it to Genoese control in 1365. The Ottomans took control of Soldaia and all other Genoese colonies, as well as the Principality of Theodoro in 1475. Although Sudak was the strategical center of a qadılıq, the smallest administrative unit in the Ottoman Empire, the town lost much of its military and commercial importance, until the Crimean Khanate took over.
In 1771, Sudak was occupied by Rumyantsev's army. In 1783, it definitively passed to the Russian Empire, with the rest of Crimea. Though sometimes contested, it seems that a mass emigration occurred as a result of the ensuing instability in that period. Even Potemkin ordered in 1778 the eviction of the Christian population from Crimea. The town rapidly turned into a small village, and according to the 1805 census, Sudak had just 33 inhabitants.
In 1804, the first Russian school of viticulture was opened there.
The present status of the town was acquired in 1982.
Panorama of Sudak
Sudak: Ecclesiastical History
Sudak: Byzantine Archbishopric of Sugdaea
In the Roman era, Sugdaea was the Metropolitan Archbishopric of a Crimean ecclesiastical province named Zechia for the Bosporan client kingdom, whose suffragans included Soldaia, also on Sudak's territory. It was in the sway of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, where it ranked 35th according to the Notitia Episcopatuum edited by Byzantine emperor Leone VI (886-912). However Lequin and Farlati held it to be a suffragan of the Metropolitan of Marcianopolis, near the Danube.
Its historical Archbishops were :
Stefanus, recorded in 787
Constantinus, in 997.
Apparently it was merged, in the 12th century, with the Archdiocese of Phulli.
See Russian Orthodox Diocese of Surozh for Surozh, the old name of the city as an episcopal see in the Russian Orthodox Church, which has been nominally transferred to the Russian Orthodox Diocese in Great Britain and Ireland.
Sudak: Latin bishopric of Soldaia
Under Venetian/Genoese rule, a Latin Catholic diocese of Soldaia was established in 1390, which has had the following residential Bishops :
Bonifacius (19 agosto 1393 - ? death)
Giovanni Greenlaw, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (18 September 1400 - ?)
Ludovico, Dominican Order (O.P.) (? - 15 December 1427), next Bishop of Diocese of Cembalo
Agostino di Caffa, O.P. (23 July 1432 - ? death)
Giovanni di Pera, O.P. (9 July 1456 - ? death)
Leonardo Wisbach, O.P. (6 October 1480 - ? death)
It was suppressed circa 1500 after the Ottoman conquest of the Crimea in 1475.
Sudak: Latin titular Metropolitan see of Sugdaea
In 1933 the Ancient see was nominally restored as Titular bishopric of Sugdæa (Sugdaea), which was promoted in 1948 to Metropolitan titular archbishopric.
It is vacant for decades, having had a single incumbent of the fitting Metropolitan archiepiscopal (highest) rank :
Titular Archbishop Thomas Roberts, Jesuit Order (S.J.) (1950.12.04 – 1970.12.07), as emeritates as former Metropolitan Archbishop of Bombay (India) (1937.08.12 – 1950.12.04).
Sudak: Latin titular Episcopal see of Soldaia
In 1933 the diocese was nominally restored as a Latin Catholic titular bishopric.
It is vacant for decades, having had a single incumbent of the fitting episcopal (lowest) rank :
Titular Bishop José Romão Martenetz, Basilian Order of Saint Josaphat (O.S.B.M.) (1958.05.10 – 1971.11.29), as Auxiliary Bishop of Brazil of the Eastern Rite (Brazil) (1958.05.10 – 1962.05.30); succeeded as Apostolic Exarch of Brazil of the Ukrainians (Brazil) (1962.05.30 – 1971.11.29), later Eparch (Bishop) of São João Batista em Curitiba of the Ukrainians (Brazil) (1971.11.29 – 1978.03.10).
Sudak: See also
Gazaria (Genoese colonies) - the name for Genoese communities in Crimea
List of Catholic dioceses in Ukraine
Krasnokam‘yanka - Qızıltaş - Krasnokamyenka
Nature in Sudak
This place is located on the Crimean Peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine. According to the political division of Russia, there are federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula. According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, there are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula.
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
The Old East Slavic name of the city was then Сурож (Surozh). There is a monastery bearing his name in the village of Qızıltaş: Russian: Кизилташский монастырь святого Стефана Сурожского.
Hrushevskyi, Mykhailo. "History of Ukraine-Rus" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-07-18.
"Legends of Crimea: The March of Bravlin". kpot.narod.ru (in Russian). narod.ru. Retrieved 2008-07-18.
H. B. Paksoy, Central Asian Monuments, p.31.
Notes on Saldjūq Architectural Patronage in Thirteenth Century, Anatolia H. Crane, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 36, No. 1 (1993), 6.
Members of the Polo family and other Venetian merchants having resided in the town since the 12th century.
Sudak: Sources and External links
Sugdea, Surozh, Soldaia in History and Culture of the Ruthenian Ukraine - Scientific conference materials, Kiev-Sudaq, 2002 (prints only) (Russian)