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What's important: you can compare and book not only Tangier hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Tangier. If you're going to Tangier save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Tangier online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Tangier, and rent a car in Tangier right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Tangier related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

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In order to book an accommodation in Tangier enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Tangier hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Tangier map to estimate the distance from the main Tangier attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Tangier hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Tangier

A hotel in Tangier is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Tangier hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Tangier are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Tangier hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Tangier hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Tangier have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Tangier
An upscale full service hotel facility in Tangier that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Tangier hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Tangier
Full service Tangier hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Tangier
Boutique hotels of Tangier are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Tangier boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Tangier may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Tangier
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Tangier travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Tangier focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Tangier
Small to medium-sized Tangier hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Tangier traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Tangier hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Tangier
A bed and breakfast in Tangier is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Tangier bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Tangier B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Tangier
Tangier hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Tangier hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Tangier
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Tangier hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Tangier lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Tangier
Tangier timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Tangier often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Tangier on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Tangier
A Tangier motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Tangier for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Tangier motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Tangier

.
Tangier
طنجة
ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ
Tangier
Tangier
Flag of Tangier
Flag
Nickname(s): The Blue and White city, Boughaz, The north's bride.
Tangier is located in Morocco
Tangier
Tangier
Tangier is located in Africa
Tangier
Tangier
Location of Tangier within Morocco
Coordinates:  / 35.767; -5.800
Country Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco
Region Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
Highest elevation 230 m (750 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2014)
• Total 947,952
• Rank 4th in Morocco
Demonym(s) Tangerian, Tangeriana
Time zone GMT 0
Postal code 90000​-​90010​-​90020​-​90030​-​90040​-​90050​-​90060​-​90070​-​90080​-​90090​-​90100
Area code(s) 0539-
Panoramic view of Tangier

Tangier (/tænˈɪər/; Arabic: طنجة‎‎ Ṭanjah; Berber: ⵟⴰⵏⴵⴰ Ṭanja; old Berber name: ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ Tingi; adapted to Roman: Tingis; also called Tangiers in English) is a major city in northwestern Morocco. It is located on the Maghreb coast at the western entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar, where the Mediterranean Sea meets the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Spartel. The town is the capital of the Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima region, as well as the Tangier-Assilah prefecture of Morocco.

Many civilisations and cultures have impacted the history of Tangier starting from before the 5th century BC. Between the period of being a strategic Berber town and then a Phoenician trading centre to the independence era around the 1950s, Tangier was a nexus for many cultures. In 1923, it was considered as having international status by foreign colonial powers, and became a destination for many European and American diplomats, spies, writers and businessmen.

The city is currently undergoing rapid development and modernisation. Projects include new tourism projects along the bay, a modern business district called Tangier City Center, a new airport terminal and a new football stadium. Tangier's economy is also set to benefit greatly from the new Tanger-Med port.

Tangier: Etymology

The city's name is said to come from Tingis, the daughter of Atlas, the mythical supporter of the Heavens. However, it more likely derives from the Semitic word tigisis, meaning "harbour". Tangier is also referred to as Boughaz or nicknamed as "the bride of the north" by the Moroccans and "the door of Africa" for its particular location in the peak of the continent.

Tangier: History

Palace of Justice in Tangier, around 1900
Palce of Justice in tangier, 2015
Two views of the Palace of Justice in the Tangier Kasbah, one from the turn of the 20th century (left) and the other from 2015 (right).
Panoramic view of the Jewish Cemetery in Tangier

Tangier was founded in the early 5th century BC by Carthaginian colonists, who were probably the first ones to settle around the coast.

The Greeks ascribed the city's establishment to the giant Antaios, whose tomb and skeleton are pointed out in the vicinity, calling Sufax the son of Hercules by the widow of Antaeus. The cave of Hercules, a few kilometres from the city, is a major tourist attraction. It is believed that Hercules slept there before attempting one of his twelve labours.

The souk

The commercial town of Tingi (Τιγγίς in Ancient Greek) came under Roman rule during the 2nd century BC (146 BC). It was initially autonomous, and then, under Augustus, became a colony (Colonia Julia, under Claudius) and capital of Mauritania Tingitana of Hispania (since 38 BC). It was the scene of the martyrdoms of Saint Marcellus of Tangier. Tingis was the main Roman city of Mauretania Tingitana in the 4th century and enjoyed huge development and importance. In the 5th century, Vandals conquered and occupied "Tingi" and from here swept across the Maghreb.

A century later (between 534 and 682), Tangier fell to the Byzantine Empire, before coming under the control of the Umayyad Caliphate in 702. Due to its Christian past, it is still a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church. When the Portuguese, driven in good part by religious fervour, started their colonial expansion by taking Ceuta in 1415, Tangier was always a primary goal. They failed to capture the city in 1437 but finally occupied it in 1471 (see List of colonial heads of Tangier). A partial plan of the original kasbah (Arabic: القصبة al-qaṣbah) was found in 2009–12, in a Portuguese document now preserved in the Military Archives of Sweden in Stockholm (Krigsarkivet (Riksarkivet)). The Portuguese rule lasted until 1662, when it was given to England's King Charles II as part of the dowry from the Portuguese Infanta Catherine of Braganza, becoming English Tangier. The English gave the city a garrison and a charter which made it equal to English towns. The English planned to improve the harbour by building a mole. With an improved harbour the town would have played the same role that Gibraltar later played in British naval strategy. The mole cost £340,000 and reached 1,436 feet (438 m) long, before being blown up during the evacuation.

An attempt of Sultan Moulay Ismail of Morocco to seize the town in 1679 was unsuccessful; but a crippling blockade by his Jaysh al-Rifi ultimately forced the English to withdraw. The English destroyed the town and its port facilities prior to their departure in 1684. Under Moulay Ismail the city was reconstructed to some extent, but it gradually declined until, by 1810, the population was no more than 5,000.

The United States dedicated its first consulate in Tangier during the George Washington administration. In 1821, the Legation Building in Tangier became the first piece of property acquired abroad by the U.S. government-a gift to the U.S. from Sultan Moulay Suliman. In 1828, Great Britain blockaded the port in retaliation for piracy. It was bombarded by the French Prince of Joinville in 1844.

Italian revolutionary hero Giuseppe Garibaldi lived in exile at Tangier in late 1849 and the first half of 1850, following the fall of the revolutionary Roman Republic.

Tangier's geographic location made it a centre for European diplomatic and commercial rivalry in Morocco in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. By the opening of the 20th century, it had a population of about 40,000, including 20,000 Muslims, 10,000 Jews and 9,000 Europeans (of whom 7,500 were Spanish). The city was increasingly coming under French influence, and it was here in 1905 that Kaiser Wilhelm II triggered an international crisis that almost led to war between his country and France by pronouncing himself in favour of Morocco's continued independence, with an eye to its future acquisition by the German Empire.

In 1912, Morocco was effectively partitioned between France and Spain, the latter occupying the country's far north and far south, while France declared a protectorate over the remainder. The last Sultan of independent Morocco, Moulay Hafid, was exiled to the Sultanate Palace in the Tangier Kasbah after his forced abdication in favour of his brother Moulay Yusef.

Tangier: International status

Tangier was made an international zone in 1923 under the joint administration of France, Spain and Britain under an international convention signed in Paris on 18 December 1923. Ratifications were exchanged in Paris on 14 May 1924. The convention was registered in League of Nations Treaty Series on 13 September 1924. The convention was amended in 1928. The governments of Italy, Portugal and Belgium adhered to the convention in 1928, and the government of the Netherlands in 1929.

Tangier's ancient wall

The International zone of Tangier had a 373 square kilometer area and, by 1939, a population of about 60,000 inhabitants.

Spanish troops occupied Tangier on 14 June 1940, the same day Paris fell to the Germans. Despite calls by Spanish nationalists to annex "Tánger español", the Franco regime publicly considered the occupation a temporary wartime measure. A diplomatic dispute between Britain and Spain over the latter's abolition of the city's international institutions in November 1940 led to a further guarantee of British rights and a Spanish promise not to fortify the area. The territory was restored to its pre-war status on October 11, 1945.

In July 1952 the protecting powers met at Rabat to discuss the Zone's future, agreeing to abolish it. Tangier joined with the rest of Morocco following the restoration of full sovereignty in 1956.

Pre-1956 Tangier had a population of 40,000 Muslims, 31,000 Europeans and 15,000 Jews.

Tangier: Ecclesiastical history

Originally, the city was part of the larger Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis, which included much of North Africa. Later the area was subdivided, with the eastern part keeping the former name and the newer part receiving the name of Mauretania Tingitana. It is not known exactly at what period there may have been an episcopal see at Tangier in ancient times, but in the Middle Ages Tangier was used as a titular see (i.e., an honorific fiction for the appointment of curial and auxiliary bishops), placing it in Mauretania Tingitana. For the historical reasons given above, one official list of the Roman Curia places the see in Mauretania Caesarea.

Towards the end of the 3rd century, Tangier was the scene of the martyrdom of Saint Marcellus of Tangier, mentioned in the Roman Martyrology on 30 October, and of St. Cassian, mentioned on 3 December.

Under the Portuguese domination, there was a Bishop of Tangier who was a suffragan of the diocese of Lisbon but in 1570 the diocese was united to the diocese of Ceuta. Six Bishops of Tangier from this period are known, the first, who did not reside in his see, in 1468. During the era of the French-Spanish protectorate over Morocco, Tangier was the residence of the Prefect Apostolic of Morocco, the mission having been founded on 28 November 1630, and entrusted to the Friars Minor. At the time it had a Catholic church, several chapels, schools and a hospital. The Prefecture Apostolic was raised to the status of a Vicariate Apostolic of Marocco 14 April 1908, and on 14 November 1956, became the Archdiocese of Tangier.

The city also has the Anglican church of Saint Andrew.

Tangier: Espionage

Tangier has been reputed as a safe house for international spying activities. Its position during the Cold War and during other spying periods of the 19th and 20th centuries is legendary.

Tangier acquired the reputation of a spying and smuggling centre and attracted foreign capital due to political neutrality and commercial liberty at that time. It was via a British bank in Tangier that the Bank of England in 1943 for the first time obtained samples of the high-quality forged British currency produced by the Nazis in "Operation Bernhard".

The city has also been a subject for many spy fiction books and films (see Tangier in popular culture).

Tangier: Climate

Tangier has a mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with heavier rainfall than most parts of North Africa and nearby areas on the Iberian Peninsula owing to its exposed location. The summers are relatively hot and sunny and the winters are wet and mild: frost is rare, however in January 2005 a low of −4.2 °C was recorded.

Climate data for Tangier (Tangier Airport) 1961–1990, extremes 1961–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
27.0
(80.6)
25.0
(77)
27.0
(80.6)
34.0
(93.2)
36.0
(96.8)
41.0
(105.8)
39.0
(102.2)
39.5
(103.1)
30.0
(86)
27.0
(80.6)
24.5
(76.1)
41.0
(105.8)
Average high °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
16.8
(62.2)
17.9
(64.2)
19.2
(66.6)
21.9
(71.4)
24.9
(76.8)
28.3
(82.9)
28.6
(83.5)
27.3
(81.1)
23.7
(74.7)
19.6
(67.3)
17.0
(62.6)
21.8
(71.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
13.1
(55.6)
14.0
(57.2)
15.2
(59.4)
17.7
(63.9)
20.6
(69.1)
23.5
(74.3)
23.9
(75)
22.8
(73)
19.7
(67.5)
15.9
(60.6)
13.3
(55.9)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
9.4
(48.9)
10.1
(50.2)
11.2
(52.2)
13.4
(56.1)
16.2
(61.2)
18.7
(65.7)
19.1
(66.4)
18.3
(64.9)
15.6
(60.1)
12.2
(54)
9.7
(49.5)
13.6
(56.5)
Record low °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
1.0
(33.8)
3.5
(38.3)
1.0
(33.8)
7.0
(44.6)
10.0
(50)
11.0
(51.8)
11.0
(51.8)
10.0
(50)
7.0
(44.6)
3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 103.5
(4.075)
98.7
(3.886)
71.8
(2.827)
62.2
(2.449)
37.3
(1.469)
13.9
(0.547)
2.1
(0.083)
2.5
(0.098)
14.9
(0.587)
65.1
(2.563)
134.6
(5.299)
129.3
(5.091)
735.9
(28.972)
Average precipitation days 11.2 11.4 10.1 9.3 6.1 3.7 0.8 0.8 3.1 8.0 11.1 12.0 87.6
Average relative humidity (%) 80 81 78 78 76 74 70 72 73 76 79 81 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169.2 166.9 231.7 251.7 298.9 306.8 344.0 330.7 275.6 238.2 180.6 166.9 2,960.7
Source #1: NOAA
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (humidity, 1973–1993) Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)

Tangier: Subdivisions

The prefecture is divided administratively into the following:

Name Geographic code Type Households Population (2004) Foreign population Moroccan population Notes
Assilah 511.01.01. Municipality 6,245 28,217 66 28,151
Bni Makada 511.01.03. Arrondissement 47,384 238,382 74 238,308
Charf-Mghogha 511.01.05. Arrondissement 30,036 141,987 342 141,645
Charf-Souani 511.01.06. Arrondissement 25,948 115,839 273 115,566
Tanger-Medina 511.01.07. Arrondissement 40,929 173,477 2,323 171,154
Al Manzla 511.03.01. Rural commune 555 3,031 0 3,031
Aquouass Briech 511.03.03. Rural commune 787 4,132 3 4,129
Azzinate 511.03.05. Rural commune 920 4,895 0 4,895
Dar Chaoui 511.03.07. Rural commune 877 4,495 0 4,495 1,424 residents live in the centre, called Dar Chaoui; 3,071 residents live in rural areas.
Lkhaloua 511.03.09. Rural commune 2,405 12,946 1 12,945
Sahel Chamali 511.03.11. Rural commune 1,087 5,588 2 5,586
Sidi Lyamani 511.03.13. Rural commune 1,883 10,895 1 10,894 1,101 residents live in the centre, called Sidi Lyamani; 9,794 residents live in rural areas.
Boukhalef 511.81.03. Rural commune 3,657 18,699 4 18,695 3,187 residents live in the centre, called Gueznaia; 15,512 residents live in rural areas.

Tangier: Culture

Young ladies on a terrace in Tangiers (1880s) by Rudolf Ernst

The multicultural placement of Muslim, Christian and Jewish communities and the foreign immigrants attracted writer and composer Paul Bowles, playwright Tennessee Williams, the beat writers William S. Burroughs, Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac, the painter Brion Gysin and the music group the Rolling Stones, who all lived in or visited Tangier during different periods of the 20th century.

The writer George Orwell and his wife (travelling as Mr. & Mrs. Blair) visited Tangier in September, 1938. Orwell reported newspapers on sale: "La Press Morocain, strongly pro-Franco; Le Petite Morocain, impartial; La Dépêche Morocain, somewhat pro-Franco; Le Journal De Tanger, seemingly non-political; Tangier Gazette & Morocco Mail, an English weekly, slightly antifascist and strongly anti-Japanese." He also noted "There are four post offices, one French, one British and two Spanish – Franco and government. Stamps are British surcharged Tangier. Coinage as in French Morocco."

It was after Delacroix that Tangier became an obligatory stop for artists seeking to experience the colours and light he spoke of for themselves-with varying results. Matisse made several sojourns in Tangier, always staying at the Grand Hotel Villa de France. "I have found landscapes in Morocco," he claimed, "exactly as they are described in Delacroix's paintings." The Californian artist Richard Diebenkorn was directly influenced by the haunting colours and rhythmic patterns of Matisse's Morocco paintings.

Antonio Fuentes was born in Tangier in 1905 from a Spanish family. An article in La Gazette du Maroc described Antonio Fuentes as the Picasso of Tangier, and he died in the city 90 years later.

In the 1940s and until 1956 when the city was an International Zone, the city served as a playground for eccentric millionaires, a meeting place for secret agents and all kinds of crooks and a mecca for speculators and gamblers, an Eldorado for the fun-loving "Haute Volée". During the Second World War the Office of Strategic Services operated out of Tangier for various operations in North Africa.

Around the same time, a circle of writers emerged which was to have a profound and lasting literary influence. This included Paul Bowles, who lived and wrote for over half a century in the city, Tennessee Williams and Jean Genet as well as Mohamed Choukri (one of North Africa's most controversial and widely read authors), Abdeslam Boulaich, Larbi Layachi, Mohammed Mrabet and Ahmed Yacoubi. Among the best known works from this period is Choukri's For Bread Alone. Originally written in Classical Arabic, the English edition was the result of close collaboration with Bowles (who worked with Choukri to provide the translation and supplied the introduction). Tennessee Williams described it as "a true document of human desperation, shattering in its impact." Independently, William S. Burroughs lived in Tangier for four years and wrote Naked Lunch, whose locale of Interzone is an allusion to the city.

After several years of gradual disentanglement from Spanish and French colonial control, Morocco reintegrated the city of Tangier at the signing of the Tangier Protocol on 29 October 1956. Tangier remains a very popular tourist destination for cruise ships and day visitors from Spain and Gibraltar.

Tangier: Sport

I.R.T. (or Ittihad Riadi de Tanger) is a football club. Tangier would be one of the host cities for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations football tournament, which would be played at the new Ibn Batouta Stadium and in other cities across Morocco, until Morocco was banned from participating the Africa Cup of Nations due to their denial.

National Cricket Stadium is the only top-class cricket stadium in Morocco. Stadium hosted its first International Tournament from 12 to 21 August 2002. Pakistan, South Africa and Sri Lanka competed in a 50-overs one day triangular series.

The International Cricket Council has granted international status to the Tangier Cricket Stadium, official approval that will allow it to become North Africa's first international cricket venue.

Tangier: Economy

Port of Tangier
Street in Medina (Old City)

Tangier is Morocco's second most important industrial centre after Casablanca. The industrial sectors are diversified: textile, chemical, mechanical, metallurgical and naval. Currently, the city has four industrial parks of which two have the status of free economic zone (see Tangier Free Zone).

Tangier's economy relies heavily on tourism. Seaside resorts have been increasing with projects funded by foreign investments. Real estate and construction companies have been investing heavily in tourist infrastructures. A bay delimiting the city centre extends for more than 7 kilometres (4 miles). The years 2007 and 2008 were particularly important for the city because of the completion of large construction projects; These include the Tangier-Mediterranean port ("Tanger-Med") and its industrial parks, a 45,000-seat sports stadium, an expanded business district, and a renovated tourist infrastructure.

Tangier Med, a new port 40 kilometers outside the traditional Tangier city, began construction in 2004 and became functional in 2007. Its site plays a key role in connecting maritime regions, as it is in a very critical position on the Strait of Gibraltar, which passes between Europe and Africa. The makeup of the new port is 85% transhipment 15% for domestic import and export activities. The port is distinguished by its size, infrastructure, and efficiency in managing the flow of ships. Tangier Med has linked Morocco to Europe’s freight industry. It has also helped connect Morocco to countries in the Mediterranean, Africa, and America. The port has allowed Tangier to become a more globalized city with new international opportunities that will help facilitate economic growth. The construction and operation of the port aimed to create 120,000 new jobs, 20,000 at the port and 100,000 resulting from growing economic activity.

Agriculture in the area of Tangier is tertiary and mainly cereal.

The infrastructure of this city on the strait of Gibraltar consists of a port that manages flows of goods and travellers (more than one million travellers per annum) and integrates a marina with a fishing port.

Artisanal trade in the old medina (old city) specializes mainly in leather working, handicrafts made from wood and silver, traditional clothing, and shoes of Moroccan origin.

The city has seen a fast pace of rural exodus from other small cities and villages. Today's population is more than three-times larger than 32 years ago (850.000 inhabitants in 2014 vs. 250,000 in 1982). This phenomenon has resulted in the appearance of peripheral suburban districts, mainly inhabited by poor people, that often lack sufficient infrastructure.

Tangier: Notable landmarks

American Legation entrance
Mohammed V Mosque
Hotel Continental
  • Dar el Makhzen (Sultan's palace)
  • Ancien Palais du Mendoub
  • Perdicaris Parc Named after the notable Ion H. Percifaris (Greek-American communitist of Tangiers).
  • Sidi Bou Abib Mosque
  • Tangier Grand Mosque
  • Church of the Immaculate Conception
  • Anglican Church of St. Andrew
  • Plaza de Toros (bullring arena) on Rue de Tetouan
  • Gran Teatro Cervantes
  • Tangier American Legation Museum
  • Museum of Moroccan Arts and Antiquities
  • Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Fondation Lorin
  • Musée de Carmen-Macein
  • Grand Socco souk and square
  • Petit Socco souk
  • Casabarata souk or giant flea market
  • Hotel Continental
  • Rue Es-Siaghine
  • Rue de la Liberté
  • Avenue Pasteur
  • Avenue Mohammed VI beach
  • Parc de la Mendoubia
  • Quartier du Marshan
  • Colline du Charf
  • Café Hafa

Tangier: Transport

Tangier Ibn Battouta Airport

A railway line connects the Tangier area with Rabat, Casablanca and Marrakesh in the south, and with Fes and Oujda in the east. The service is operated by ONCF. The Rabat–Tangier expressway connects Tangier to Fès via Rabat 250 kilometres (155 miles), and Settat via Casablanca 330 km (205 mi) and Tanger-Med port. The Ibn Batouta International Airport (formerly known as Tangier-Boukhalef) is located 15 km (9 mi) south-west of the city centre.

The new Tanger-Med Port is managed by the Danish firm A. P. Moller–Maersk Group and will free up the old port for tourist and recreational development.

Tangier's Ibn Batouta International Airport and the rail tunnel will serve as the gateway to the Moroccan Riviera, the littoral area between Tangier and Oujda. Traditionally, the northern coast was a rural stronghold, with some of the best beaches on the Mediterranean. It is slated for rapid urban development. The Ibn Batouta International Airport has been modernized to accommodate more flights. The biggest airline at the airport is Royal Air Maroc. In addition, a TGV high-speed train system is being built. It will take a few years to complete, and will become the fastest train system in the Maghreb.

Tangier: Language

Most of the inhabitants of Tangier speak Darija, mainly influenced by Spanish. About 25% of the city inhabitants speak Berber in their daily lives. Tangerian, as the residents refer to their language, is different from the rest of Morocco, with a lexicon derived from Berber, Spanish, English, and old Tangerian words.

Written Arabic is used in government documentation and on road signs together with French. French is used in universities and large businesses. English and Spanish are well understood in all hotels and tourist areas.

Tangier: Education

Moulay Rachid School in Tangier

Tangier offers four types of education systems: Arabic, French, Spanish and English. Each offers classes starting from pre-Kindergarten up to the 12th grade, as for German in the three last years of high school. The Baccalaureat, or high school diploma are the diplomas offered after clearing the 12 grades.

Many universities are inside and outside the city. Universities like the Institut Superieur International de Tourisme (ISIT), which grants diplomas, offer courses ranging from business administration to hotel management. The institute is one of the most prestigious tourism schools in the country. Other colleges such as the École Nationale de Commerce et de Gestion (ENCG-T) is among the biggest business schools in the country as well as École Nationale des Sciences appliquées (ENSA-T), a rising engineering school for applied sciences. University known as Abdelmaled Essaadi holding many what they mainly known as faculties; Law, Economics and Social sciences (FSJEST) and the FST of Technical Sciences. and the most attended Institut of ISTA of the OFPPT.

Tangier: Primary education

There are more than a hundred Moroccan primary schools, dispersed across the city. Private and public schools, they offer education in Arabic, French and some school English until the 5th grade. Mathematics, Arts, Science Activities and nonreligious modules are commonly taught in the primary school.

Tangier: International primary institutions

  • American School of Tangier
  • École Adrien Berchet (French primary school)
  • Groupe scolaire Le Détroit (French school)
  • Colegio Ramón y Cajal (Spanish primary school)
  • English College of Tangier

Tangier: International high schools

  • American School of Tangier
  • Lycée Regnault de Tanger (French high school)
  • Groupe scolaire Le Détroit (French school)
  • Instituto Español Severo Ochoa (Spanish high school)
  • English College of Tangier
  • Mohammed Fatih Turkish School of Tangier
  • Tangier Anglo Moroccan School

Tangier: Notable people

  • Yasser Harrak – Writer and human rights activist.
  • Ibn Battuta – Moroccan scholar and traveler who went on a worldwide quest.
  • Ralph Benmergui – Canadian TV and radio host at the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
  • Paul Bowles – American writer, composer and ethnomusicologist
  • William S. Burroughs – Beat Generation Writer, wrote Naked Lunch during the 1950s in Tangier.
  • Alexandre Rey Colaço – Portuguese pianist
  • Ion Perdicaris – Greek-American became the unofficial head of Tangier's foreign community
  • Karim Debbagh – Moroccan Film producer
  • Roger Elliott – first British Governor of Gibraltar
  • Antonio Fuentes – Painter described as the 'Picasso of Tangier'[1]
  • Abdullah al-Ghumari – Muslim cleric
  • Sanaa Hamri – Moroccan music video director.
  • Emmanuel Hocquard – French poet
  • Jean-Luc Mélenchon – French politician, currently MEP
  • Claude-Jean Philippe – French film critic
  • Alexander Spotswood – American Lieutenant-Colonel and Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
  • Heinz Tietjen – German music composer
  • Abderrahmane Youssoufi – former Prime Minister of Morocco
  • Ahmed Yacoubi – international painter extraordinaire

Tangier: Twin towns/sister cities

Tangier is twinned with:

  • Portugal Faro, Portugal (since 1954)
  • Spain Algeciras, Spain
  • Spain Cádiz, Spain
  • Tunisia Bizerta, Tunisia
  • Belgium Liège, Belgium (since 2006)
  • Morocco Casablanca, Morocco (since 2004)
  • France Metz, France
  • France Moulins, France
  • United States Pasadena, California, USA
  • France Beaugency, France
  • France Saint-Denis de la Réunion, France
  • Philippines Dagupan, Philippines

Tangier: See also

  • History of Morocco
  • List of cities in Morocco
  • List of Colonial Heads of Tangier
  • Mauretania Tingitana
  • Tingis
  • English Tangier
  • Tangier International Zone

Tangier: Notes

  1. 2014 "Morocco Population Census - Tangier (طنجة)" Check |url= value (help). Haut Commissariat au Plan. p. 7. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  2. "Tangier". Online Etymology Dictionary.
  3. Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Tingis". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  4. B. W. Diffie, Prelude to Empire, Portugal Overseas before Henry the Navigator, University of Nebraska Press, Ann Arbor, 1960, pp. 83–90.
  5. Martin Malcolm Elbl, "Tangier's Qasba Before the Trace Italienne Citadel of 1558–1566: The 'Virtual' Archaeology of a Vanished Islamic and Portuguese Fortress," Portuguese Studies Review 17 (2) (2009; publ. 2012): 1–44.[1]
  6. Winston S. Churchill, Marlborough: His Life and Times, Book I (University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 1933) p. 35.
  7. Enid M. G. Routh - Tangier: England's lost Atlantic outpost, 1912; Martin Malcolm Elbl, "(Re)claiming Walls: The Fortified Médina of Tangier under Portuguese Rule (1471–1661) and as a Modern Heritage Artefact," Portuguese Studies Review 15 (1–2) (2007; publ. 2009): 103–192; a long study of the previous Portuguese Breakwater at Tangier, and interesting notes on the English Mole and its contractors are found in Elbl, Portuguese Tangier, Chapter Eight.
  8. Power, Faith and Fantasy: In the beginning, for America, was the Middle East, Matt Buckingham, week, February 14, 2007.
  9. "'Abd ar-Rasham". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak – Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  10. Bensoussan, David (2010). Il Était Une Fois Le Maroc: Témoignages Du Passé Judéo-Marocain (in French). Québec: Éditions Du Lys. ISBN 978-2-922505-21-4.
  11. League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 28, pp. 542–631.
  12. Text in League on Nations Treaty Series, vol. 87, pp. 212–251.
  13. "City states". Retrieved 2008-09-21.
  14. Payne, S.G. The Franco Regime, 1936–1975. Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1987. 268.
  15. Payne 1987, p. 274, note 28.
  16. Benton, Assistant Secretary (October 21, 1945). "Reestablishment of the International Regime in Tangier". Department of State Bulletin. 330. XIII: 613–618.
  17. "Final Declaration of the International Conference in Tangier and annexed Protocol. Signed at Tangier, on 29 October 1956 [1957] UNTSer 130; 263 UNTS 165". 1956.
  18. "Tangier(s)". Jewish Virtual Library. Archived from the original on January 18, 2012.
  19. Annuario Pontificio 2010, p. 721
  20. Pennell, C. R. (1999). "Wars: The Second World War in Morocco". Morocco since 1830: A History. New York University Press. p. 257. ISBN 1-85065-426-3.
  21. Valor, G. Ballester. "Synop report summary".
  22. "Tangier Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  23. "Klimatafel von Tanger / Marokko" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  24. "Station Tangier Airport" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  25. "Recensement général de la population et de l'habitat de 2004" (PDF). Haut-commissariat au Plan, Lavieeco.com. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  26. George Orwell Diaries. W.W. Norton & Co. 2012. pp. 93–94. ISBN 978-0-87140-410-7.
  27. La Gazette Du Maroc. La Gazette Du Maroc. Retrieved on 2011-06-04.
  28. www.antoniofuentes.org. www.antoniofuentes.org. Retrieved on 2011-06-04.
  29. The American Legation at Tangier, Morocco Archived January 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  30. Morocco then South Africa to host Cups. FIFA.com (2011-01-29). Retrieved on 2011-06-04.
  31. César Ducruet, Fatima Mohamed-Chérif, Najib Cherfaoui. Maghreb Port Cities in Transition: The Case of Tangier (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
  32. Ouail El Im Rani Et Al., International Journal Of Research In Management, Economics And Commerce,, and Issn 2250-057X, Impact Factor: 6.384, Vo Lu Me 06 Issue 07, July 2016, Page 73-81. Tangier Med Port: What Role for the Moroccan Economy and the International Trade? (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
  33. "Geminações de Cidades e Vilas". Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-07-20.

Tangier: Bibliography

See also: Bibliography of the history of Tangier
  • liste des emails pour plusieurs société a tanger
  • Official site of The Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies
  • History, description, and images of Tangier on Archnet
  • Tangier photo gallery
  • Navigating Tangier's Labyrinth – slideshow by The New York Times
  • "Tangier". Islamic Cultural Heritage Database. Istanbul: Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture.
  • Tangier on Archnet – History, sites, photos (historic and contemporary), and media

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