Tashkent, Uzbekistan

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In order to book an accommodation in Tashkent enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Tashkent hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Tashkent map to estimate the distance from the main Tashkent attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Tashkent hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Tashkent

A hotel in Tashkent is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Tashkent hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Tashkent are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Tashkent hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Tashkent hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Tashkent have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Tashkent
An upscale full service hotel facility in Tashkent that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Tashkent hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Tashkent
Full service Tashkent hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Tashkent
Boutique hotels of Tashkent are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Tashkent boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Tashkent may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Tashkent
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Tashkent travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Tashkent focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Tashkent
Small to medium-sized Tashkent hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Tashkent traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Tashkent hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Tashkent
A bed and breakfast in Tashkent is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Tashkent bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Tashkent B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Tashkent
Tashkent hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Tashkent hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Tashkent
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Tashkent hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Tashkent lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Tashkent
Tashkent timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Tashkent often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Tashkent on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Tashkent
A Tashkent motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Tashkent for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Tashkent motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Tashkent

For the Turkish town and district, see Taşkent. For the World War II Soviet destroyer, see Tashkent-class destroyer.
Uzbek: Toshkent
Russian: Ташкент
Commercial buildings in Tashkent
Commercial buildings in Tashkent
Official seal of Tashkent
Tashkent is located in Uzbekistan
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates:  / 41.267; 69.217
Country Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Settled 5th to 3rd centuries BC
• Type City Administration
• Hakim (Mayor) Rakhmonbek Usmonov
• Total 334.8 km (129.3 sq mi)
Population (2012)
• Total 2,309,600
• Density 6,900/km (18,000/sq mi)
Time zone (UTC+5)
Website http://tashkent.uz/

Tashkent (/ˌtæʃˈkɛnt/; Uzbek: Toshkent, Тошкент, تاشكېنت, [tɒʃˈkent]; Russian: Ташкент, [tɐʂˈkʲɛnt]; literally "Stone City") is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan. The officially registered population of the city in 2012 was about 2,309,300.

Due to its position in Central Asia, Tashkent came under Sogdian and Turkic influence early in its history, before Islam in the 8th century AD. After its destruction by Genghis Khan in 1219, the city was rebuilt and profited from the Silk Road. In 1865 it was conquered by the Russian Empire, and in Soviet times witnessed major growth and demographic changes due to forced deportations from throughout the Soviet Union. Today, as the capital of an independent Uzbekistan, Tashkent retains a multi-ethnic population with ethnic Uzbeks as the majority.

Tashkent: History

See also: Timeline of Tashkent

During its long history, Tashkent has had various changes in names and political and religious affiliations.

Tashkent: Early history

Tashkent was settled by ancient people as an oasis on the Chirchik River, near the foothills of the West Tian Shan Mountains. In ancient times, this area contained Beitian, probably the summer "capital" of the Kangju confederacy.

Tashkent: History as Chach

In pre-Islamic and early Islamic times, the town and the province were known as Chach. The Shahnameh of Ferdowsi also refers to the city as Chach. Later the town came to be known as Chachkand/Chashkand, meaning "Chach City".

The principality of Chach had a square citadel built around the 5th to 3rd centuries BC, some 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the Syr Darya River. By the 7th century AD, Chach had more than 30 towns and a network of over 50 canals, forming a trade center between the Sogdians and Turkic nomads. The Buddhist monk Xuánzàng 玄奘 (602/603? – 664 AD), who travelled from China to India through Central Asia, mentioned the name of the city as Zhěshí 赭時. The Chinese chronicles Suí shū 隋書 ("Book of Suí"), Běi shǐ 北史 ("History of Northern Dynasties") and Táng shū 唐書 ("Book of Táng"), mention a possession called Shí 石 or Zhěshí 赭時 with a capital of the same name since the fifth century AD [Bichurin, 1950. v. II].

In the early 8th century, the region was conquered by Muslim Arabs.

Tashkent: Islamic history

The modern Turkic name of Tashkent (City of Stone) comes from Kara-Khanid rule in the 10th century ("Tash" in Turkic languages means stone). After the 16th century, the name evolved from Chachkand/Chashkand to Tashkand. The modern spelling of "Tashkent" reflects Russian orthography and 20th-century Soviet influence.

Tashkent: Mongol conquest and aftermath

The city was destroyed by Genghis Khan in 1219 and lost much of its population as a result of the Mongols' destruction of the Khwarezmid Empire in 1220. Under the Timurid and subsequent Shaybanid dynasties the city's population and culture gradually revived as a prominent strategic center of scholarship, commerce and trade along the Silk Road.

Tashkent: Kokand khanate

In 1809, Tashkent was annexed to the Khanate of Kokand. At the time, Tashkent had a population of around 100,000 and was considered the richest city in Central Asia. It prospered greatly through trade with Russia, but chafed under Kokand’s high taxes. The Tashkent clergy also favored the clergy of Bukhara over that of Kokand. However, before the Emir of Bukhara could capitalize on this discontent, the Russian army arrived.

Tashkent: Tsarist period

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was built by the Russian Orthodox Church in Tashkent

In May 1865, Mikhail Grigorevich Chernyayev (Cherniaev), acting against the direct orders of the tsar, and outnumbered at least 15-1, staged a daring night attack against a city with a wall 25 kilometres (16 mi) long with 11 gates and 30,000 defenders. While a small contingent staged a diversionary attack, the main force penetrated the walls, led by a Russian Orthodox priest armed only with a crucifix. Although defense was stiff, the Russians captured the city after two days of heavy fighting and the loss of only 25 dead as opposed to several thousand of the defenders (including Alimqul, the ruler of the Kokand Khanate). Chernyayev, dubbed the "Lion of Tashkent" by city elders, staged a "hearts-and-minds" campaign to win the population over. He abolished taxes for a year, rode unarmed through the streets and bazaars meeting common people, and appointed himself "Military Governor of Tashkent", recommending to Tsar Alexander II that the city be made an independent khanate under Russian protection.

The Tsar liberally rewarded Chernyayev and his men with medals and bonuses, but regarded the impulsive general as a "loose cannon", and soon replaced him with General Konstantin Petrovich von Kaufman. Far from being granted independence, Tashkent became the capital of the new territory of Russian Turkistan, with Kaufman as first Governor-General. A cantonment and Russian settlement were built across the Ankhor Canal from the old city, and Russian settlers and merchants poured in. Tashkent was a center of espionage in the Great Game rivalry between Russia and the United Kingdom over Central Asia. The Turkestan Military District was established as part of the military reforms of 1874. The Trans-Caspian Railway arrived in 1889, and the railway workers who built it settled in Tashkent as well, bringing with them the seeds of Bolshevik Revolution.

Tashkent: Effect of the Russian revolution

Tashkent ca.1910

With the fall of the Russian Empire, the Russian Provisional Government removed all civil restrictions based on religion and nationality, contributing to local enthusiasm for the February Revolution. The Tashkent Soviet of Soldiers' and Workers' Deputies was soon set up, but primarily represented Russian residents, who made up about a fifth of the Tashkent population. Muslim leaders quickly set up the Tashkent Muslim Council (Tashkand Shura-yi-Islamiya) based in the old city. On 10 March 1917, there was a parade with Russian workers marching with red flags, Russian soldiers singing La Marseillaise and thousands of local Central Asians. Following various speeches, Governor-General Aleksey Kuropatkin closed the events with words "Long Live a great free Russia".

The First Turkestan Muslim Conference was held in Tashkent 16–20 April 1917. Like the Muslim Council, it was dominated by the Jadid, Muslim reformers. A more conservative faction emerged in Tashkent centered around the Ulema. This faction proved more successful during the local elections of July 1917. They formed an alliance with Russian conservatives, while the Soviet became more radical. The Soviet attempt to seize power in September 1917 proved unsuccessful.

In April 1918, Tashkent became the capital of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkestan ASSR). The new regime was threatened by White forces, basmachi; revolts from within, and purges ordered from Moscow. In 1930 Tashkent fell within the borders of the Uzbek SSR, and became the capital of the Uzbek SSR, displacing Samarkand.

Tashkent: Soviet period

Tashkent, 1917
The Courage Monument in Tashkent on a 1979 Soviet stamp

The city began to industrialize in the 1920s and 1930s.

Violating the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. The government worked to relocate factories from western Russia and Ukraine to Tashkent to preserve the Soviet industrial capacity. This led to great increase in industry during World War II.

It also evacuated most of the German communist emigres to Tashkent. The Russian population increased dramatically; evacuees from the war zones increased the total population of Tashkent to well over a million. Russians and Ukrainians eventually comprised more than half of the total residents of Tashkent. Many of the former refugees stayed in Tashkent to live after the war, rather than return to former homes.

During the postwar period, the Soviet Union established numerous scientific and engineering facilities in Tashkent.

On 10 January 1966, then Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistan President Ayub Khan signed a pact in Tashkent with Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin as the mediator. On the next day, Shastri died suddenly, reportedly due to a heart attack. It is widely speculated that Shastri was killed by poisoning the water he drank.

On 26 April 1966, much of the old city was destroyed by a earthquake. More than 300,000 residents were left homeless. Some 78,000 poorly engineered homes were destroyed, mainly in the densely packed areas of the old city, where traditional adobe housing predominated. The Soviet republics, and some other countries such as Finland, sent "battalions of fraternal peoples" and urban planners to help rebuild devastated Tashkent. They created a model Soviet city of wide streets planted with shade trees, parks, immense plazas for parades, fountains, monuments, and acres of apartment blocks. About 100,000 new homes were built by 1970, but the builders occupied many, rather than the homeless residents of Tashkent. Further development in the following years increased the size of the city with major new developments in the Chilonzor area, north-east and south-east of the city.

At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Tashkent was the fourth-largest city in the USSR and a center of learning in the fields of science and engineering.

Due to the 1966 earthquake and the Soviet redevelopment, little architectural heritage has survived of Tashkent's ancient history. Few structures mark its significance as a trading point on the historic Silk Road.

Tashkent: Capital of Uzbekistan

Tashkent is the capital of and the most cosmopolitan city in Uzbekistan. It was noted for its tree-lined streets, numerous fountains, and pleasant parks, at least until the tree-cutting campaigns initiated in 2009 by the local government.

Alisher Navoiy Park

Since 1991, the city has changed economically, culturally, and architecturally. New development has superseded or replaced icons of the Soviet era. The largest statue ever erected for Lenin was replaced with a globe, featuring a geographic map of Uzbekistan. Buildings from the Soviet era have been replaced with new modern buildings. The "Downtown Tashkent" district includes the 22-story NBU Bank building, an Intercontinental Hotel, the International Business Center, and the Plaza Building.

Japanese Gardens in Tashkent

The Tashkent Business district is a special district, established for the development of small, medium and large businesses in Uzbekistan.

In 2007, Tashkent was named a "cultural capital of the Islamic world" by Moscow News, as the city has numerous historic mosques and significant Islamic sites, including the Islamic University. Tashkent holds the Samarkand Kufic Quran, one of the earliest written copies of the Quran, which has been located in the city since 1924.

Tashkent: Origin of television

A first demonstration of fully electronic TV set to public and committee was made in Tashkent in summer 1928 by Boris Grabovsky and his team. In his method that had been patented in Saratov in 1925, Boris Grabovsky proposed a new principle of TV imaging based on the vertical and horizontal electron beam sweeping under high voltage. Nowadays this principle of the TV imaging is used practically in all modern cathode-ray tubes. Historian and ethnographer Boris Golender (Борис Голендер in Russian), in a video lecture, described this event. This date of demonstration of the fully electronic TV set is the earliest known so far. Despite this fact, most modern historians disputably consider Vladimir Zworykin and Philo Farnsworth as inventors of the first fully electronic TV set. In 1964, the contribution made to the development of early television by Grabovsky was officially acknowledged by the Uzbek government and he was awarded the prestigious degree, 'Honorable Inventor of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic'.

Tashkent: Geography and climate

Tashkent and vicinity, satellite image Landsat 5, 2010-06-30
Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: WMO
Imperial conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Tashkent: Geography

Tashkent  / 41.300; 69.267 is situated in a well-watered plain to the west of the last Altai mountains on the road between Shymkent and Samarkand. Tashkent sits at the confluence of the Chirchik river and several of its tributaries and is built on deep alluvial deposits up to 15 metres (49 ft). The city is located in an active tectonic area suffering large numbers of tremors and some earthquakes. The local time in Tashkent is UTC/GMT +5 hours.

Tashkent: Climate

Tashkent features a Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa) with strong continental climate influences (Köppen: Dsa). As a result, Tashkent experiences cold and often snowy winters not typically associated with most Mediterranean climates and long, hot and dry summers. Winters are cold and often snowy, covering the months of December, January and February. Most precipitation occurs during these months which frequently falls as snow. The city experiences two peaks of precipitation in the early winter and spring. The slightly unusual precipitation pattern is partially due to its 500 m (roughly 1600 feet) altitude. Summers are long in Tashkent, usually lasting from May to September. Tashkent can be extremely hot during the months of July and August. The city also sees very little precipitation during the summer, particularly from June through September.

Climate data for Tashkent (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.2
Average high °C (°F) 6.9
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.9
Average low °C (°F) −1.5
Record low °C (°F) −28
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.8
Average precipitation days 11.1 9.6 11.4 9.5 7.0 3.2 1.3 0.7 1.5 4.8 7.3 9.5 76.9
Average snowy days 13 8 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 2 8 32.2
Average relative humidity (%) 73 68 62 60 53 40 39 42 45 57 66 73 56.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 117.3 125.3 165.1 216.8 303.4 361.8 383.7 365.8 300.9 224.8 149.5 105.9 2,820.3
Source #1: Centre of Hydrometeorological Service of Uzbekistan, World Meteorological Organisation
Source #2: Pogoda.ru.net (record low and record high temperatures), NOAA (mean monthly sunshine hours, 1961–1990)

Tashkent: Demographics

In 1983, the population of Tashkent amounted to 1,902,000 people living in a municipal area of 256 km (99 sq mi). By 1991, (break-up of Soviet Union) the number of permanent residents of the capital had grown to approximately 2,136,600. Tashkent was the fourth most populated city in the former USSR, after Moscow, Leningrad (St. Petersburg), and Kiev. Nowadays, Tashkent remains the fourth most populous city in the CIS and Baltic countries. The population of the city was 2,295,300 people in 2004.

As of 2008, the national structure of Tashkent was as follows:

  • 63.0% – Uzbeks
  • 20.0% – Russians
  • 4.5% – Tatars
  • 2.2% – Koryo-saram (Koreans)
  • 2.1% – Tajiks
  • 1.2% – Uighurs
  • 7.0% – other ethnic backgrounds

Tashkent: Districts

City districts of Tashkent
Streets of Tashkent

Tashkent is currently divided into the following districts (Uzbek: 'Tuman'):

Nr District Population
1 Bektemir 27,500 20.5 1,341 Tashkent District 1 - Bektemir.png
2 Chilanzar 217,000 30.0 7,233 Tashkent District 2 - Chilanzar.png
3 Yashnobod 204,800 33.7 6,077 Tashkent District 3 - Hamza.png
4 Mirobod 122,700 17.1 7,175 Tashkent District 4 - Mirobod.png
5 Mirzo Ulugbek 245,200 31.9 7,687 Tashkent District 5 - Mirzo Ulugbek.png
6 Sergeli 149,000 56.0 2,661 Tashkent District 6 - Sergeli.png
7 Shaykhontohur 285,800 27.2 10,507 Tashkent District 7 - Shaykhontohur.png
8 Olmazar 305,400 34.5 8,852 Tashkent District 8 - Olmazar.png
9 Uchtepa 237,000 28.2 8,404 Tashkent District 9 - Uchtepa.png
10 Yakkasaray 115,200 14.6 7,890 Tashkent District 10 - Yakkasaray.png
11 Yunusabad 296,700 41.1 7,219 Tashkent District 11 - Yunusabad.png

At the time of the Tsarist take over it had four districts (Uzbek daha):

  1. Beshyoghoch
  2. Kukcha
  3. Shaykhontokhur
  4. Sebzor

In 1940 it had the following districts (Russian район):

  1. Oktyabr
  2. Kirov
  3. Stalin
  4. Frunze
  5. Lenin
  6. Kuybishev

By 1981 they were reorganized into:

  1. Bektemir
  2. Akmal-Ikramov (Uchtepa)
  3. Khamza (Hamza)
  4. Lenin (Mirobod)
  5. Kuybishev (Mirzo Ulugbek)
  6. Sergeli
  7. Oktober (Shaykhontokhur)
  8. Sobir Rakhimov (Olmazar)
  9. Chilanzar
  10. Frunze (Yakkasaray)
  11. Kirov (Yunusabad)

Tashkent: Main sights

Prince Romanov Palace.
Alisher Navoi Opera and Ballet Theatre.
Museum of Applied Arts.
The Museum of History of Timurids.

Due to the destruction of most of the ancient city during the 1917 revolution and, later, to the 1966 earthquake, little remains of Tashkent's traditional architectural heritage. Tashkent is, however, rich in museums and Soviet-era monuments. They include:

  • Kukeldash Madrasah. Dating back to the reign of Abdullah Khan II (1557–1598) it is currently being restored by the provincial Religious Board of Mawarannahr Moslems. There is talk of making it into a museum, but it is currently being used as a madrassah.
  • Chorsu Bazaar, located near the Kukeldash Madrassa. This huge open air bazaar is the center of the old town of Tashkent. Everything imaginable is for sale.
  • Telyashayakh Mosque (Khast Imam Mosque). It Contains the Uthman Qur'an, considered to be the oldest extant Qur'an in the world. Dating from 655 and stained with the blood of murdered caliph, Uthman, it was brought by Timur to Samarkand, seized by the Russians as a war trophy and taken to Saint Petersburg. It was returned to Uzbekistan in 1924.
  • Yunus Khan Mausoleum. It is a group of three 15th-century mausoleums, restored in the 19th century. The biggest is the grave of Yunus Khan, grandfather of Mughal Empire founder Babur.
  • Palace of Prince Romanov. During the 19th century Grand Duke Nikolai Konstantinovich, a first cousin of Alexander III of Russia was banished to Tashkent for some shady deals involving the Russian Crown Jewels. His palace still survives in the centre of the city. Once a museum, it has been appropriated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • Alisher Navoi Opera and Ballet Theatre, built by the same architect who designed Lenin's Tomb in Moscow, Aleksey Shchusev, with Japanese prisoner of war labor in World War II. It hosts Russian ballet and opera.
  • Fine Arts Museum of Uzbekistan. It contains a major collection of art from the pre-Russian period, including Sogdian murals, Buddhist statues and Zoroastrian art, along with a more modern collection of 19th and 20th century applied art, such as suzani embroidered hangings. Of more interest is the large collection of paintings "borrowed" from the Hermitage by Grand Duke Romanov to decorate his palace in exile in Tashkent, and never returned. Behind the museum is a small park, containing the neglected graves of the Bolsheviks who died in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and to Osipov's treachery in 1919, along with first Uzbekistani President Yuldosh Akhunbabayev.
  • Museum of Applied Arts. Housed in a traditional house originally commissioned for a wealthy tsarist diplomat, the house itself is the main attraction, rather than its collection of 19th and 20th century applied arts.
  • History Museum the largest museum in the city. It is housed in the ex-Lenin Museum.
  • Amir Timur Museum, housed in a building with brilliant blue dome and ornate interior. It houses exhibits of Timur and of President Islam Karimov. The gardens outside contain a statue of Timur on horseback, surrounded by some of the nicest gardens and fountains in the city.
  • Navoi Literary Museum, commemorating Uzbekistan's adopted literary hero, Alisher Navoi, with replica manuscripts, Islamic calligraphy and 15th century miniature paintings.

The Russian Orthodox church in Amir Temur Square, built in 1898, was demolished in 2009. The building had not been allowed to be used for religious purposes since the 1920s due to the antireligious campaign conducted by Bolshevik (communist) government from Moscow across the former Soviet Union. During the Soviet period the building was used for different non-religious purposes; after independence it was a bank.

Tashkent also has a World War II memorial park and a Defender of Motherland monument.

Tashkent: Education

Most important scientific institutions of Uzbekistan, such as the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, are located in Tashkent. There are several universities and institutions of higher education:

  • Tashkent Automobile & Road Construction Institute
  • Tashkent State Technical University
  • Tashkent Institute of Architecture and Construction
  • International Business School Kelajak Ilmi
  • Tashkent University of Information Technologies
  • Westminster International University in Tashkent
  • Turin Polytechnic University in Tashkent
  • National University of Uzbekistan
  • University of World Economy and Diplomacy
  • Tashkent State Economic University
  • Tashkent State Institute of Law
  • Tashkent Institute of Finance
  • State University of Foreign Languages
  • Conservatory of Music
  • Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute
  • Tashkent State Medicine Academy
  • Institute of Oriental Studies
  • Tashkent Islamic University
  • Management Development Institute of Singapore in Tashkent
  • Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry
  • Tashkent Institute of Railway Transport Engineers
  • National Institute of Arts and Design named after Kamaleddin Bekhzod
  • Inha University Tashkent

Tashkent: Media

  • Nine Uzbek language newspapers, four in English, and nine publications in Russian
  • Several television and cable television facilities, including Tashkent Tower, the tallest structure in Central Asia

Moreover, there are digital broadcasting systems available in Tashkent which is unique in Central Asia.

Tashkent: Transportation

  • Metro system
  • Tashkent International Airport is the largest in the country, connecting the city to Asia, Europe and North American continents.
  • Tashkent–Samarkand high-speed rail line
  • Trolleybus system was closed down in 2010.
  • Tram transport end at 1 May 2016.

Tashkent: Entertainment and shopping

There are several shopping malls in Tashkent which are good both for entertainment and shopping. These include Next, Samarqand Darvoza and Kontinent shopping malls.

Next mall is very popular among families and prominent for its Science Lab for kids, Dinosaur’s museum, Ice Rink and Cinema.

Samarqand Darvoza offers a wide range of entertaining including Playground for kids, Game area, bowling and convenient multilayer parking place. It is a good place for kids’ birthday parties and family entertainment.

Kontinent Mall is conveniently located next to the Grand Mir Hotel. It is a smaller place but combines a variety of dining options such as diet cafe, fast food court and a bar.

Tashkent: Sport

Maksim Shatskikh, a striker for the Uzbekistan national football team, is from Tashkent

Football is the most popular sport in Tashkent, with the most prominent football clubs being FC Pakhtakor Tashkent and FC Bunyodkor, both of which compete in the Uzbek League. Footballers Maksim Shatskikh, Peter Odemwingie and Vassilis Hatzipanagis were born in the city.

Cyclist Djamolidine Abdoujaparov was born in the city, while tennis player Denis Istomin was raised there. Akgul Amanmuradova and Iroda Tulyaganova are notable female tennis players from Tashkent.

Gymnasts Alina Kabayeva and Israeli Olympian Alexander Shatilov were also born in the city.

Former world champion and Israeli Olympic bronze medalist sprint canoer in the K-1 500 m event Michael Kolganov was also born in Tashkent.

Natella Teller of Tashkent won an Olympic medal in Badminton.

Professional Dota 2 player Artour "Arteezy" Babaev was also born in Tashkent. Artour currently plays the carry role for Evil Geniuses.

Tashkent: Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Uzbekistan

Tashkent is twinned with:

  • Kazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • Turkey Ankara, Turkey
  • Kazakhstan Astana, Kazakhstan
  • China Beijing, China
  • Germany Berlin, Germany
  • Kyrgyzstan Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
  • Egypt Cairo, Egypt
  • Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
  • Bulgaria Haskovo, Bulgaria
  • Turkey Istanbul, Turkey
  • Pakistan Karachi, Pakistan
  • Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine
  • Belgium Kortrijk, Belgium
  • Russia Moscow, Russia
  • Latvia Riga, Latvia
  • United States Seattle, USA
  • South Korea Seoul, South Korea
  • Republic of Macedonia Skopje, Macedonia
  • Tunisia Tunis, Tunisia

Tashkent: See also

  • Gates of Tashkent
  • Tashkent Declaration

Tashkent: References

  1. "Official website portal of Tashkent City". Tashkent.uz. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  2. Pulleyblank, Edwin G. "The Consonantal System of Old Chinese," Asia Major 9 (1963), p. 94.
  3. "Fly to Tashkent with the Best Airfare". futurevacation.com. 2008-04-19. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  4. Jeff Sahadeo, Russian Colonial Society in Tashkent, Indiana University Press, 2007, p188
  5. Rex A. Wade, The Russian Revolution, 1917, Cambridge University Press, 2005
  6. Robert K. Shirer, "Johannes R. Becher 1891–1958", Encyclopedia of German Literature, Chicago and London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2000, by permission at Digital Commons, University of Nebraska, accessed 3 February 2013
  7. Edward Allworth (1994), Central Asia, 130 years of Russian dominance: a historical overview, Duke University Press, p. 102. Buy book ISBN 0-8223-1521-1
  8. Sadikov, A C; Akramob Z. M., Bazarbaev, A., Mirzlaev T.M., Adilov S. R., Baimukhamedov X. N., et al. (1984). Geographical Atlas of Tashkent (Ташкент Географический Атлас) (72 × 112) (in Russian) (2 ed.). Moscow. pp. 60, 64. Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
  9. Nurtaev Bakhtiar (1998). "Damage for buildings of different type.". Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. Retrieved 7 November 2008.
  10. "Good bye the Tashkent Public Garden!". Ferghana.Ru. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  11. "Moscow News – World – Tashkent Touts Islamic University". Mnweekly.ru. 21 June 2007. Archived from the original on 15 April 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  12. "Tashkent's hidden Islamic relic". BBC. 5 January 2006. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  13. Invention of television and Boris Grabovsky (in Russian)
  14. Invention of the iconoscope, the first electronic television camera
  15. K. Krull, The boy who invented TV: The story of Philo Farnsworth, 2014
  16. "World Weather Information Service – Tashkent". World Meteorological Organisation. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  17. "Exploring the Cities of Uzbekistan". expatify.com. 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  18. Updated Asian map of the Köppen climate classification system
  19. Tashkent Travel. "Tashkent weather forecast". Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Retrieved 11 June 2009.
  20. Happy-Tellus.com. "Tashkent, Uzbekistan travel information". Helsinki, Finland: Infocenter International Ltd. Retrieved 11 June 2009.
  21. "Climate Data for Tashkent". Centre of Hydrometeorological Service. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  22. "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Tashkent" (in Russian). Weather and Climate. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  23. "Tashkent Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  24. "ТАШКЕНТ (город)". Dic.academic.ru. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  25. (Russian) Statistics of the subdivisions of Tashkent
  26. MacWilliams, Ian (5 January 2006). "Tashkent's hidden Islamic relic". BBC News. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  27. Smele, Jonathan D. (20 November 2015). Historical Dictionary of the Russian Civil Wars, 1916–1926. ISBN 978-1442252806. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  28. uznews.net, Tashkent's central park is history, 25 November 2009
  29. Army memorial dismantled in Tashkent, 24 November 2009
  30. Ferghana.ru, МИД России указал послу Узбекистана на обеспокоенность «Наших», 16 January 2010 (Russian)
  31. "Sports-reference.com". Sports-reference.com. 1974-10-24. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  32. "Berlin – City Partnerships". Der Regierende Bürgermeister Berlin. Archived from the original on 2013-05-21. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
  33. "Seoul – Sister Cities [via WayBackMachine]". Seoul Metropolitan Government (archived 2012-04-25). Retrieved 2013-08-23.
  34. "International Cooperation: Sister Cities". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Archived from the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 26 January 2008.

Museum of Fine Arts

Tashkent: Further reading

  • Stronski, Paul, Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930–1966 (Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010).
  • Jeff Sahadeo, Russian Colonial Society in Tashkent, 1865–1923 (Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2010).
  • Tashkent travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • All about capital of Uzbekistan – Tashkent
  • Photos of historical monuments and modern buildings in Tashkent
  • Recent photos of Tashkent with comments in English
  • Disability Information Resource Centre in Tashkent
  • Tashkent Directory
  • [13][1] – Demographics (Taken from the Russian version of this article)

 / 41.267; 69.217

Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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