Timișoara, Romania
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In order to book an accommodation in Timișoara enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Timișoara hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Timișoara map to estimate the distance from the main Timișoara attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Timișoara hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Timișoara

A hotel in Timișoara is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Timișoara hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Timișoara are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Timișoara hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Timișoara hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Timișoara have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Timișoara
An upscale full service hotel facility in Timișoara that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Timișoara hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Timișoara
Full service Timișoara hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Timișoara
Boutique hotels of Timișoara are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Timișoara boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Timișoara may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Timișoara
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Timișoara travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Timișoara focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Timișoara
Small to medium-sized Timișoara hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Timișoara traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Timișoara hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Timișoara
A bed and breakfast in Timișoara is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Timișoara bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Timișoara B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Timișoara
Timișoara hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Timișoara hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Timișoara
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Timișoara hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Timișoara lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Timișoara
Timișoara timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Timișoara often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Timișoara on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Timișoara
A Timișoara motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Timișoara for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Timișoara motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Timișoara

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Timișoara
City
Clockwise: Orthodox Cathedral, Romanian National Opera, Stadionul Dan Păltinișanu, St. George's Catholic Cathedral and the Union Square
Clockwise: Orthodox Cathedral, Romanian National Opera, Stadionul Dan Păltinișanu, St. George's Catholic Cathedral and the Union Square
Coat of arms of Timișoara
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Little Vienna, City of Flowers, Heart of Banat
(Romanian: Mica Vienă, Orașul Florilor, Inima Banatului)
Timișoara is located in Romania
Timișoara
Timișoara
Location of Timișoara within Romania
Coordinates:  / 45.75972; 21.23000  / 45.75972; 21.23000
Country Romania
County Actual Timis county CoA.svg Timiș
Status County capital
First official record 1212 (as Temesiense)
Government
• Mayor Nicolae Robu (PNL)
• Deputy Mayor Dan Diaconu (PNL)
• Deputy Mayor Imre Farkas (UDMR/RMDSZ)
Area
• City 130.5 km (50.4 sq mi)
• Metro 1,570 km (610 sq mi)
Elevation 90 m (300 ft)
Population (2011 census)
• City 319,279 Increase
• Rank 3rd (98th in EU)
• Density 2,446.58/km (6,336.6/sq mi)
• Urban 347,613 Increase
• Metro 418,415 Increase
Demonym(s) timișorean, timișoreancă (ro)
temesvári (hu)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 300001-300990
Tel. code 0256 / 0356
Car Plates TM
Climate Cfb
Website www.primariatm.ro
Timișoara metropolitan area is a proposed project.

Timișoara (Romanian pronunciation: [timiˈʃo̯ara]; German: Temeswar, also formerly Temeschburg or Temeschwar; Hungarian: Temesvár, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈtɛmɛʃvaːr]; Yiddish: טעמשוואר‎; Serbian: Темишвар, Temišvar; Banat Bulgarian: Timišvár; Turkish: Temeşvar; Slovak: Temešvár) is the capital city of Timiș County, and the main social, economic and cultural centre in western Romania.

The third most populous city in the country, with 319,279 inhabitants as of the 2011 census, Timișoara is the informal capital city of the historical region of Banat. In September 2016, Timișoara was selected as the European Capital of Culture for 2021.

Timișoara: History

Main article: History of Timișoara

Timișoara: Middle Ages

Timișoara was first mentioned as a place in either 1212 or 1266 as Castrum Temesiense. The territory later to be known as Banat was conquered and annexed by the Kingdom of Hungary in 1030. Timișoara grew considerably during the reign of Charles I, who, upon his visit here in 1307, ordered the construction of a royal palace. Timișoara's importance also grew due to its strategic location, which facilitated control over the Banat plain. By the middle of the 14th century, Timișoara was at the forefront of Western Christendom's battle against the Muslim Ottoman Turks. French and Hungarian crusaders met at the city before engaging in the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. Beginning in 1443, John Hunyadi used Timișoara as a military stronghold against the Turks, having built a powerful fortress. The city was repeatedly besieged by the Ottomans in 1462, 1476, 1491, and 1522.

Timișoara: 16th–19th centuries

In 1552, a 16,000-strong Ottoman army led by Kara Ahmed Pasha conquered the city and transformed it into a capital city in the region (Temeşvar Eyalet). The local military commander, István Losonczy, and other Christians were massacred on 27 July 1552 while escaping the city through the Azapilor Gate.

Timișoara in 1656, a map by Nicolas Sanson

Timișoara remained under Ottoman rule for nearly 160 years, controlled directly by the Sultan and enjoying a special status, similar to other cities in the region such as Budapest and Belgrade. During this period, Timișoara was home to a large Islamic community and produced famous historical figures such as Osman Aga of Temesvar, until Prince Eugene of Savoy conquered it in 1716. Subsequently, the city came under Habsburg rule, and it remained so until the early 20th century, except for the Ottoman occupation between 1788–1789 during the Ottoman-Habsburg war. During this time, Timișoara evolved from a strategic fortress to an economic and industrial centre: numerous factories were built, electric illumination and public transport were introduced, and rail connections were established. The city was defortified starting in 1892 up until 1910, and several major road arteries were built to connect the suburbs with the city centre, paving the way for further expansion of the city.

It was the first mainland European city and second in the world after New York to be lit by electric street lamps in 1884. It was also the second European and the first city in what is now Romania with horse-drawn trams in 1869. It is said that Gustave Eiffel, the creator of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, drew the projects of one of Timișoara's footbridges over the Bega, the "Metal Bridge", however, it was actually planned by Róbert Tóth, the head of the Bridge Department, at the Reșița rail factory.

Timișoara: 20th century

Historical image of a streetcar in Timișoara in 1910

On 31 October 1918, local military and political elites establish the "Banat National Council", together with representatives of the region's main ethnic groups: Romanians, Germans, Serbs and Hungarians. On 1 November they proclaimed in Timișoara the short-lived Banat Republic. In the aftermath of World War I, the Banat region was divided between the Kingdom of Romania and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and Timișoara came under Romanian administration after Serbian occupation between 1918–1919. The city was ceded from Hungary to Romania by the Treaty of Trianon on 4 June 1920. In 1920, King Ferdinand I awarded Timișoara the status of a University Centre, and the interwar years saw continuous economic and cultural development. A number of anti-fascist and anti-revisionist demonstrations also took place during this time.

During World War II, Timișoara suffered damage from both Allied and Axis bombing raids, especially during the second half of 1944. On 23 August 1944, Romania, which until then was a member of the Axis, declared war on Nazi Germany and joined the Allies. Surprised, the local Wehrmacht garrison surrendered without a fight, and German and Hungarian troops attempted to take the city by force throughout September, without success.

After the war, the People's Republic of Romania was proclaimed, and Timișoara underwent Sovietization and later, systematisation. The city's population tripled between 1948 and 1992. In December 1989, Timișoara witnessed a series of mass street protests in what was to become the Romanian Revolution. On 20 December, three days after bloodshed began there, Timișoara was declared the first city free of Communism in Romania.

Timișoara: Geography

Bega canal at night

Timișoara lies at an altitude of 90 metres (300 feet) on the southeast edge of the Banat plain, part of the Pannonian Plain near the divergence of the Timiș and Bega rivers. The waters of the two rivers form a swampy and frequently flooded land. Timișoara developed on one of few places where the swamps could be crossed. These constituted a natural protection around the fortress for a very long time, however, they also favoured a wet and insalubrious climate, as well as the proliferation of the plague and cholera, which kept the number of inhabitants at a relatively low number and significantly prevented the development of the city. With time, however, the rivers of the area were drained, dammed and diverted. Due to these hydrographical projects undertaken in the 18th century, the city no longer lies on the Timiș River, but on the Bega canal. This improvement of the land was made irreversible by building the Bega canal (started in 1728) and by the complete draining of the surrounding marshes. However, the land across the city lies above a water table at a depth of only 0.5 to 5 metres (1.6–16.4 feet), a factor which does not allow the construction of tall buildings. The rich black soil and relatively high water table make this a fertile agricultural region.

This is a relatively active seismic area, and earthquakes up to 6 on the Richter scale have been recorded.

Timișoara: Climate

Main article: Climate of Romania

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).

The climate which defines Timișoara city is the temperate-oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb) and can be regarded as humid continental (Dfb) when using an isotherm of 0 °C (32 °F). The city characterises the South-Eastern part of The Pannonian Basin.

Climate data for Timișoara, Romania (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
20.5
(68.9)
28.2
(82.8)
32.0
(89.6)
34.5
(94.1)
38.4
(101.1)
41.1
(106)
41.0
(105.8)
39.7
(103.5)
33.8
(92.8)
27.1
(80.8)
20.2
(68.4)
41.1
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
5.6
(42.1)
11.9
(53.4)
17.6
(63.7)
22.8
(73)
25.7
(78.3)
27.8
(82)
27.6
(81.7)
24.0
(75.2)
18.1
(64.6)
10.3
(50.5)
4.2
(39.6)
16.5
(61.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
1.2
(34.2)
5.8
(42.4)
11.2
(52.2)
16.3
(61.3)
19.4
(66.9)
21.1
(70)
20.4
(68.7)
16.5
(61.7)
11.0
(51.8)
5.6
(42.1)
0.8
(33.4)
10.6
(51.1)
Average low °C (°F) −4.8
(23.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.2
(34.2)
5.8
(42.4)
10.1
(50.2)
13.4
(56.1)
14.6
(58.3)
14.3
(57.7)
11.2
(52.2)
6.2
(43.2)
2.1
(35.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.8
(42.4)
Record low °C (°F) −35.3
(−31.5)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−20.0
(−4)
−5.2
(22.6)
−5.0
(23)
2.2
(36)
5.9
(42.6)
5.0
(41)
−1.9
(28.6)
−6.8
(19.8)
−15.4
(4.3)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−35.3
(−31.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
36
(1.42)
37
(1.46)
48
(1.89)
65
(2.56)
76
(2.99)
64
(2.52)
50
(1.97)
40
(1.57)
39
(1.54)
48
(1.89)
50
(1.97)
593
(23.35)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 9.8
(3.86)
9.3
(3.66)
4.4
(1.73)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
3.7
(1.46)
7.2
(2.83)
34.4
(13.54)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7 7 7 8 9 10 7 6 6 5 8 9 89
Average relative humidity (%) 90 86 79 73 73 74 73 75 76 81 85 89 79
Mean monthly sunshine hours 72.1 92.2 155.4 186.4 242.4 262.3 300.6 280.2 217.5 177.3 86.4 56.9 2,129.7
Source #1: NOAA, Deutscher Wetterdienst
Source #2: Romanian National Statistic Institute (extremes 1901–2000)
  • Highest recorded temperature: 41.1 °C (106 °F) – 24 July 2007
  • Lowest recorded temperature: −35.3 °C (−32 °F) – 24 January 1963
  • Snow stays on the ground 30 days a year on average
  • Warmest month: July
  • Coolest month: January
  • Highest precipitation: June: 91.0 mm(3.589 in)
  • Lowest precipitation: February: 44.5 mm(1.737 in)

Climatic general features consist of various and irregular weather conditions. The dominating temperate air masses during spring and summer are of oceanic origin and come with great precipitations. Frequently, even during winter period, the Atlantic humid air masses bring rainy and snowy weather, rarely cold weather.

From September until February, frequent continental polar air masses coming from the East invade the area. In spite of all that, the Banat climate is also influenced by the presence of cyclones and warm air masses which come from the Adriatic Sea and the Mediterranean. Their characteristic feature is that of complete snow thaw during the winter period and stifling heat during the summer period.

Freak measurable snowfalls have occurred as early as late October and as late as early April, but snow in those months is rare, and significant falls do not usually occur until late November. The median date for the first freeze is 22 October, while that of the last freeze is 15 April.

Timișoara: Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1787 9,479 -
1847 18,103 +91.0%
1869 32,725 +80.8%
1900 53,033 +62.1%
1910 72,555 +36.8%
1930 91,580 +26.2%
1948 111,987 +22.3%
1956 142,257 +27.0%
1966 174,243 +22.5%
1977 269,353 +54.6%
1992 334,115 +24.0%
2002 317,660 −4.9%
2011 319,279 +0.5%
Source: Census data, Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
Central Timișoara (November 2012)

In 1910, when the city was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, it had 72,555 inhabitants. Of these, 31,644 (43.6%) were Germans, 28,552 (39.3%) Hungarians, 7566 (10.4%) Romanians and 4793 (6.7%) others.

As of 2011 census data, Timișoara has a population of 319,279, while the proposed Timișoara metropolitan area would have a population of 418,415.

Of this population, 86.79% were ethnic Romanians, while 5.12% were Hungarians, 1.37% Germans, 1.3% Serbs, 0.69% Romani, 0.18% Ukrainians, 0.17% Slovaks, 0.11% Jews and 0.76% others. 14.2% of the population are under 15 years of age, 4.0% are over 75.

The Ukrainian community is currently growing, partly due to the presence of Ukrainian language educational facilities. In recent years, local investment by Italian companies has spurred the creation of an Italian community, even leading to calls for an Italian Cultural Center.

Since 1990, Timișoara saw a slight population decline owing to migration and a drop in birthrates. Notably, the Hungarian and German communities experienced significant decline, with the latter being reduced by half between 1992 and 2002.

Timișoara: Economy

The economy of Timișoara has historic tradition in manufacturing, commerce, transport, education, communications and tourism.

Timișoara has been an important economic centre since the 18th century when the Habsburg administration was installed. Due to Austrian colonisation, ethnic and religious diversity and innovative laws, the economy began to develop. The technicians and craftsmen that settled in the city established guilds and helped develop the city's economy. In 1717, Timișoara became host to the first beer factory in Banat.

During the Industrial Revolution, numerous modern innovations were introduced. It was the first city in the monarchy with street lighting, and the first city in mainland Europe illuminated by electric light. The Bega river was also channelled during this time. It was the first navigable canal on current Romanian territory. This way, Timișoara had contact with Europe, and even with the rest of the world through the Black Sea, leading to the local development of commercialism. In the 19th century, the railway system of the Hungarian Kingdom reached Timișoara.

City Business Centre
Regional Business Centre

Timișoara was the first city in the country with international routes economic boom as the amount of foreign investment, especially in high-tech sectors, has risen. In an article in late 2005, French magazine L'Expansion called Timișoara Romania's economic showcase, and referred to the increased number of foreign investments as a "second revolution". In 2016, Timișoara was awarded by Forbes as the most dynamic city and the best city for business in Romania.

Apart from domestic local investment, there has been significant foreign investment from the European Union, particularly from Germany and Italy. Continental AG has produced tires since opening a plant in 1998. In the years that followed, Continental also established an automotive software engineering division in Timișoara. All in all, as of 2015 Continental AG employed about 8000 people in Timișoara, and the company keeps expanding. The Linde Group produces technical gases, and a part of the wiring moulds for BMW and Audi vehicles are produced by the company Dräxlmaier Group. Wiring for Volkswagen and other vehicles are produced at the German company Kromberg & Schubert. Also, Swiss company FM Logistic, already present in Timiș County for Alcatel-Lucent, Nestlé, P&G, Smithfield and in Bucharest for Cora, L'Oréal, Sanofi Aventis and Yves Rocher, and for companies like PROFI Rom Foods, BIC, Kraft Foods or SCA Packaging-offering them domestic transport services and international transport services for Bricostore, Arctic, Danone, Unilever or Contitech, the growth of FM Logistic in Romania and in Dudești through its first warehouse in Romania (Dudeștii Noi gives FM the opportunity). Nestlé produces waffles here. Among the chain restaurants present are McDonald's, KFC, Pizza Hut, Subway and Starbucks.

The city has two shopping malls: Iulius Mall Timișoara and Shopping City Timișoara. A third one will be completed in 2018, Timișoara Centrum. A fourth is planned to be built, Timișoara Plaza.

The USA company Flextronics maintains a workplace in the west of the city for the production of mobile telephony and government inspection department devices. In 2009, the company laid off 640 workers. The American company Procter & Gamble manufactures washing and cleaning agents in Timișoara. Smithfield Foods-the world's largest pork processor and hog producer-has two subsidiaries in Timișoara and Timiș County: Smithfield Ferme and Smithfield Prod.

Timișoara: Transport

Tramway and trolleybus routes

Timișoara has a complex system of regional transportation, providing road, air and rail connections to major cities in Romania and Europe.

Timișoara: Public transport

Main article: Public transport in Timișoara

Timișoara's public transport network consists of 9 tram lines, 9 trolleybus lines and 21 bus lines and it is operated by RATT (Regia Autonomă de Transport Timișoara), an autonomous institution of the City Hall. The system covers all the important areas of the city and it also connects Timișoara with some of the communes of the metropolitan area.

In 2015 Timișoara became the first city in Romania to offer public transport by bike. The bicycle-sharing system has 25 stations and 300 bikes which can be used by locals and tourists for free. Starting from 2016, RATT also offers vaporetto public transport on the Bega canal, resulting in Timișoara being the only city in Romania with 5 types of public transportation.

Timișoara: Road

Timișoara is on two European routes (E70 and E671) in the European road network. At a national level, Timișoara is located on four different national roads: DN6, DN69, DN59 and DN59A. The Romanian Motorway A1, under construction on some sections, will link the city with Bucharest and the eastern part of the country. The A1 is currently the only Romanian motorway that crosses a border, linking Timișoara with Hungarian motorway M43. The Timișoara Coach Station (Autogara) is used by several private transport companies to provide coach connections from Timișoara to a large number of locations from all over the country.

Timișoara: Air

The city is served by Romania's third busiest airport, Traian Vuia International Airport, located 10 km (6.2 mi) northeast away from the city centre. It used to be the hub of Romanian airline Carpatair, and it serves now as an operating base for low-cost airlines Ryanair and Wizz Air. There are regular flights from/to numerous major European and domestic destinations, such as Barcelona, Berlin, Brussels Charleroi, London Stansted, Munich, Rome or Paris. In 2016 the airport served 1,161,482 passengers.

Timișoara: Railway

Timișoara is a major railway centre and is connected to all other major Romanian cities, as well as local destinations, through the national CFR network. Timișoara is directly linked by train service with Budapest, Belgrade and Vienna. The main railway station of the city is Timișoara Nord railway station. More than 130 trains use this station daily. The other three railway stations of the city are mainly ussed by commuter trains.

Timișoara: Cityscape

Metropolitan Cathedral

Currently, the tallest building is the Timișoara Orthodox Cathedral, at 91 metres (299 feet) and the tallest office building is the Fructus Tower, at 65 metres (213 feet). Other tall buildings, over 60 metres (200 feet), include: Asirom Financial Centre, Bosch Center, Continental Hotel and United Business Center 2. Another proposed building, the United Business Center 0, should be completed by the end of 2017 and will be part of the mixed use urban regeneration project: Openville. When completed, the building will have a height of 155 metres (509 feet).

Timișoara: Government

Timișoara City Hall
Administrative Palace, Timiș Prefecture headquarters

The first free local elections in post-communist Timișoara took place in 1992. The winner was Viorel Oancea, of the Civic Alliance Party (PAC), which later merged with the Liberal Party. He was the first officer who spoke to the crowd of revolutionaries gathered in Opera Square. The 1996 elections were won by Gheorghe Ciuhandu, of the Christian Democrats. He had four terms, also winning elections in 2000, 2004 and 2008. Meanwhile, Ciuhandu took over the Christian Democratic Party and ran for president of Romania in 2004. Timișoara's mayor, elected in 2012 and again in 2016, is Nicolae Robu. Deputy mayors are Dan Diaconu (PNL) and Farkas Imre (UDMR).

Like all other local councils in Romania, the Timișoara local council, the county council and the city's mayor are elected every four years by the population. Decisions are approved and discussed by the local council (consiliu local) made up of 27 elected councillors. Local council composition after 2016 local elections:

Party Seats Current Council
National Liberal Party (PNL) 12
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 9
People's Movement Party (PMP) 2
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR/RMDSZ) 2
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE) 1
Adrian Orza (independent) 1

Additionally, as Timișoara is the capital of Timiș County, the city hosts the palace of the prefecture, the headquarters of the county council (consiliu județean) and the prefect, who is appointed by Romania's central government. The prefect is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and his role is to represent the national government at the local level, acting as a liaison and facilitating the implementation of National Development Plans and governing programmes at the local level. County council composition after 2016 local elections:

Party Seats Current Council
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 16
National Liberal Party (PNL) 14
People's Movement Party (PMP) 5
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE) 2

Currently, the city is the largest in the West development region, which is equivalent to NUTS-II regions in the European Union and is used by the European Union and the Romanian Government for statistical analysis and regional development. The West development region is not, however, an administrative entity.

Timișoara: Districts

Temesvár kerületei-hu.svg

Timișoara city traditionally divided into ten parts, but now they have no administrative function.

District Area (ha) Romanian name German name Hungarian name Institution
I 480 Cetate Innere Stadt Belváros 1718
II 1017 Fabric Fabrikstadt Gyárváros 1718
III 668 Elisabetin Elisabethstadt Erzsébetváros 1890
IV 442 Iosefin Josefstadt Józsefváros 1744
V 205 Mehala Mehala Mehala 1910
VI 231 Fratelia Fratelia Újkissoda 1948
VII 156 Freidorf Freidorf Szabadfalu 1950
VIII 67 Plopi Kardos-Kolonie Kardostelep 1951
IX 72 Ghiroda Nouă Neu-Giroda Erzsébetpuszta 1951
X 102 Ciarda Roșie Rote Tscharda Vörös Csárda 1953

In the 21st century, Timișoara city is divided into quarters (cartiere):

  • Aradului vest
  • Badea Cârțan
  • Banat I
  • Blașcovici
  • Braytim
  • Bucovina
  • Calea Aradului
  • Calea Buziașului
  • Calea Girocului
  • Calea Lipovei
  • Calea Lugojului
  • Calea Șagului
  • Calea Torontalului I, II
  • Cetate
  • Chișoda
  • Ciarda Roșie
  • Circumvalațiunii I, II, III, IV
  • Complex studențesc
  • Complex
  • Crișan
  • Dacia
  • Dâmbovița
  • Elisabetin
  • Fabric
  • Fratelia
  • Freidorf
  • Ghiroda Nouă
  • Ion Ionescu de la Brad
  • Iosefin
  • Kuncz
  • Lunei
  • Matei Basarab
  • Mehala I, II
  • Mircea cel Bătrân
  • Modern
  • Noua Timișoară
  • Olimpia
  • Pădurea Verde
  • Plăvăț
  • Plopi
  • Polonă
  • Ronaț
  • Soarelui
  • Stadion
  • Steaua
  • Tipografilor
  • Traian
  • Zona Odobescu

Timișoara: Culture and contemporary life

St. George Roman Catholic Dome

The city centre largely consists of buildings from the Austrian Empire era. The old city consists of several historic areas. These are: Cetate (Belváros in Hungarian, Innere Stadt in German), Iosefin (Józsefváros, Josephstadt), Elisabetin (Erzsébetváros, Elisabethstadt), Fabric (Gyárváros, Fabrikstadt). Numerous bars, clubs and restaurants have opened in the old Baroque square (Unirii Square).

  • Timișoara Orthodox Cathedral
  • St. George's Cathedral (The Dome)
  • Millennium Church
  • Iosefin Synagogue
  • Fabric Synagogue
  • Cetate Synagogue
  • Serbian Orthodox Cathedral
  • Maria Theresia Bastion
  • Victory Square (Piața Victoriei)
  • Liberty Square (Piața Libertǎții)
  • Union Square (Piața Unirii)
  • St.Maria Square (Piața Maria)
  • Saint George Square (Piața Sfântul Gheorghe)
  • Traian Square (Piața Traian)
  • Plevnei Square (Piața Plevnei)
  • Huniade Castle
  • House of Florymund Mercy
  • Brück House
  • House with Lions
  • House with Atlantes
  • Emmer House
  • Mühle House
  • The Turkish House
  • Dauerbach Palace
  • Deschan Palace
  • The Dicasterial Palace
  • Hilt Palace
  • Vogel Palace
  • Lloyd Palace
  • Löffler Palace
  • Merbl Palace
  • Neuhausz Palace
  • Széchényi Palace
  • Weiss Palace
  • Water Palace
  • Baroque Palace
  • The Roman Catholic Palace
  • Romanian Post Palace
  • The old town Hall
  • Military Casino
  • The military hospital
  • Historic abattoir
  • Neptune Public Bathroom
  • The Piarist Complex
  • The Bega canal
  • December 1989 Revolution Museum

Timișoara: Cultural Buildings

  • National Opera
  • Mihai Eminescu National Theatre
  • Csiky Gergely Hungarian State Theatre
  • German State Theatre
  • Merlin Pupper Theatre [4]
  • Banat Phiharmonic

Timișoara: Statues and historical monuments

  • Statue of the Holy Trinity
  • Statue of St. Maria
  • Statue of St. Nepomuk
  • Capitoline Wolf Statue
  • St. George's Monument
  • Traian Square Obelisk
  • Heroes Monument[3]

Timișoara: Museums

  • Art Museum Timișoara
  • Banat Village Museum
  • Military Museum
  • Museum of the Communist Consumer
  • December 1989 Revolution Museum
  • Museum of Banat
  • Museum of the Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral
  • Art Collection of the Serbian Episcopacy
  • Zoo

Timișoara: Performing arts

  • Banatul Philharmonic of Timișoara (Filarmonica Banatul Timișoara)
  • Romanian Opera House (Opera Română Timișoara)
  • National Theatre (Teatrul Național) http://ro.tntimisoara.com
  • German State Theatre (Teatrul German de Stat)
  • Hungarian State Theatre (Teatrul Maghiar de Stat)
  • Puppet Theatre (Teatrul pentru copii și tineret "Merlin")

Timișoara: Parks, Forests and gardens

  • Botanical Park
  • Central Park
  • Cathedral Park
  • Alpineț Park
  • Justice Park
  • Lidia Park
  • Roses Park
  • Ion Creangă Children's Park
  • Civil Park
  • Queen Maria Park
  • Elisabeth of Wied Park
  • Zoological Garden
  • Green Forest [17]

Timișoara: Festivals and Conferences

  • Plai Festival
  • Revolution Festival – music festival held in June at the Village Museum
  • Timișoara Jazz Festival (JazzTM) – international jazz festival that takes place outdoors, in Victory Square (and starting from 2016 also in the Civic and Justice parks), in July and brings to the scene international jazz artists
  • Teszt Festival – euroregional theatre festival
  • Timishort – Timishort is a short movie festival held since 2009
  • Ceau, Cinema! – Ceau, Cinema! is a "pocket-size" independent film festival that takes place in July made by volunteers and film enthusiasts with the support of local companies and cultural partners. It also takes place in Gottlob, which has the first reconditioned cinema in rural Romania.
  • StudentFest – a festival of culture and arts created by the students which has been held ever since 1992.
  • International Festival of Literature from Timișoara – the festival, held in October since 2012, brings together Romanian and foreign authors, for two days of lectures and open dialogue with the public
  • Street Delivery Festival – Organized in Bucharest, Timișoara and Iași, the festival reaches areas such as architecture, music, theatre, dance and film
  • Timișoara Tango Festival – Argentine Tango event
  • ISWinT – The International Student Week in Timișoara
  • TEDxTimișoara – an independent conference organised under license from TED Conference
  • SABOTAGE Festival – Indoor Electronic Music and Art Festival held in October
  • launmomentdat în parc Festival – Electronic Music and Art Festival held in the Botanical Park during June

Timișoara: European Capital of Culture

In 16 September 2016 Timișoara was selected as Romanian host city of European Capital of Culture in 2021. The city will co-host the event with Novi Sad and Eleusis.

Timișoara: Shopping and commerce

Due to high demand for business space, new commercial buildings have been built. The commercial sector is developing very quickly. Timișoara has two large shopping centres:

  • €105 million Iulius Mall Timișoara, one of the biggest shopping centres in Romania, with an over 66.500 m2 lettable area, 350 stores and parking for 3000 cars.
  • €85 million Shopping City Timișoara with 57.000 m2 lettable area, 110 brands, 13 cinema halls with IMAX and 4DX and 2700 parking places.

A third mall, Timișoara Centrum, will be completed in 2018. A fourth is planned to be built, Timișoara Plaza.

Timișoara also has several hypermarkets: Metro, Kaufland, Auchan, Carrefour, Billa and Selgros ; DIY stores Leroy Merlin, Praktiker, Dedeman, Hornbach (hypermarket), Arabesque (company); and supermarkets Carrefour Market, Lidl, Penny Market, Profi, Unicarm and sport retailer Decathlon Group. The city is undergoing a retail boom, with supermarkets and hypermarkets opened every year.

Timișoara: Education

Timișoara is the main educational and academic centre in west of Romania. Timișoara has four public universities and four private universities. The number of students of higher education institutions reached 60,000 in 2015.

Public

  • West University
  • "Politechnica" University of Timișoara
  • "Victor Babeș" University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • Banat's University of Agricultural Sciences

Private

  • Dimitrie Cantemir University
  • Tibiscus University
  • Mihai Eminescu University
  • Ioan Slavici University

Timișoara: Sport

Timișoara: Association football

  • ACS Poli Timișoara
  • Ripensia Timișoara
  • CFR Timișoara
  • SS Politehnica Timișoara

Historic

  • Chinezul Timișoara – 6 titles
  • Ripensia Timișoara – 4 titles
  • UM Timișoara

Timișoara: Basketball

  • BC Timișoara (M)
  • BC Timba Timișoara (M)
  • CSȘ Bega Timișoara (W)

Timișoara: Handball

  • CH Politehnica Timișoara

Timișoara: Rugby union

  • Timișoara Saracens RCM UVT

Timișoara: International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Romania

Timișoara: Twin towns – Sister cities

Timișoara has 17 twin towns and sister cities, as listed below:

  • Austria Graz, Austria
  • China Shenzhen, China
  • France Mulhouse, France
  • France Rueil-Malmaison, France
  • Germany Gera, Germany
  • Germany Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Hungary Szeged, Hungary
  • Italy Faenza, Italy
  • Italy Palermo, Italy
  • Italy Sassari, Italy
  • Italy Treviso, Italy
  • Ukraine Chernivtsi, Ukraine
  • Mexico Cancún, Mexico
  • Serbia Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Serbia Zrenjanin, Serbia
  • United Kingdom Nottingham, United Kingdom
  • Peru Trujillo, Peru
  • Vietnam Da Nang, Vietnam

Timișoara: Consulates

  • Austria Honorific consulate of Austria
  • Czech Republic Honorific consulate of the Czech Republic
  • France Honorific consulate of France
  • Germany General consulate of Germany
  • Hungary Honorific consulate of Hungary
  • India Honorific consulate of India
  • Italy General consulate of Italy
  • South Korea Honorific consulate of the Republic of Korea
  • Republic of Macedonia Honorific consulate of the Republic of Macedonia
  • Moldova Honorific consulate of the Republic of Moldova
  • Netherlands Honorific consulate of the Netherlands
  • Peru Honorific consulate of Peru
  • Serbia General consulate of Serbia
  • Spain Honorific consulate of Spain
  • Sweden Honorific consulate of Sweden
  • Tunisia Honorific consulate of Tunisia
Bega river during Bega Bulevard Festival
Bega river, in the centre of Timisoara

Timișoara: Panorama

Timișoara panorama from City Business Centre in 700 Area of the city in April 2016. See larger picture for landmark labels.

Timișoara: See also

  • List of people from Timișoara
  • List of places in Timișoara
  • Timișoara metropolitan area

Timișoara: References

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  • People from Timișoara
  • An introduction to Timișoara by Prof. Harry W. Morgan
  • Timișoara's home page, the oldest Romanian page on the net
  • City of Timișoara Homepage
  • Tourist Bureau of Romania
  • Updated map of Timișoara
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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