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In order to book an accommodation in Tirupati enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Tirupati hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Tirupati map to estimate the distance from the main Tirupati attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Tirupati hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Tirupati is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Tirupati is waiting for you!

Hotels of Tirupati

A hotel in Tirupati is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Tirupati hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Tirupati are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Tirupati hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Tirupati hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Tirupati have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Tirupati
An upscale full service hotel facility in Tirupati that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Tirupati hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Tirupati
Full service Tirupati hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Tirupati
Boutique hotels of Tirupati are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Tirupati boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Tirupati may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Tirupati
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Tirupati travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Tirupati focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Tirupati
Small to medium-sized Tirupati hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Tirupati traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Tirupati hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Tirupati
A bed and breakfast in Tirupati is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Tirupati bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Tirupati B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Tirupati
Tirupati hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Tirupati hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Tirupati
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Tirupati hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Tirupati lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Tirupati
Tirupati timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Tirupati often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Tirupati on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Tirupati
A Tirupati motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Tirupati for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Tirupati motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Tirupati

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Tirupati
City
Sri Venkateswara Temple, Tirumala, Tirupati
Sri Venkateswara Temple, Tirumala, Tirupati
Nickname(s): Spiritual Capital of Andhra Pradesh
Tirupati is located in Andhra Pradesh
Tirupati
Tirupati
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates:  / 13.65; 79.42  / 13.65; 79.42
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Chittoor
Municipality 1 April 1886
Municipal corporation 2 March 2007
Boroughs 4 Suburbs: Tirumala, Tiruchanur, Renigunta, Chandragiri
Government
• Type Municipal Corporation
• Body Tirupati Municipal Corporation (MCT)
• MLA-Tirupati M.Suguna (Telugu Desam Party)
• MP Varaprasad Rao Velagapalli
• Municipal Commissioner Chevvuru Hari Kiran
Area
• City 27.44 km (10.59 sq mi)
Population (2011)
• City 287,035
• Rank 156th (India)
9th (Andhra Pradesh)
• Density 10,000/km (27,000/sq mi)
• Metro 461,900
Languages
• Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 517501
Telephone code +91–877
Vehicle registration AP 03
UN/LOCODE IN TIR
Website tirupati.cdma.ap.gov.in/en

Tirupati (Listen/ˈtɪrʊpɒtɪ/) is a city in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Tirupati (urban) mandal, and of the Tirupati revenue division. As of 2011 census, it had a population of 374,260, making it the ninth most populous city in Andhra Pradesh. It is the seventh most urban agglomerated city in the state, with a population of 459,985. Tirupati is considered one of the holiest Hindu pilgrimage sites because of Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, besides other historical temples, and is referred to as the "Spiritual Capital of Andhra Pradesh". Tirupati is also home to many educational institutions and universities. For the year 2012-13, India's Ministry of Tourism named Tirupati as the "Best Heritage City". Tirupati has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under Smart Cities Mission by Government of India.

Tirupati: Etymology

As per the book Symposium written by Dr. Jagannatha Rao, it was assumed that Tirupati might have been Tripathi and Tri might be a Sanskrit word referring to Lord of Tripathy of the sacred hill. In Tamil, Tiru means the sacred or Goddess Lakshmi and pathi means husband. As per some Malayalam manuscripts, it was Tripati and Teeropaty amd Marathi reports translations by Baboo Rao depicts as Tripathy

Tirupati: Tirupati in Legends

According to Varaha Purana, during Treta Yugam, Lord Sri Rama resided here along with Sita Devi and Lakshmana on his return from Lankapuri.

Tirupati: History

Tirupati: Ancient History

Tirumala (Upper Tirupati) The town was an established centre of Vaishnavism around the 5th century A.D. during which it was praised by Alvars. The temple rites were formalised by the Vaishnavite saint Ramanujacharya in the 11th century AD. Tirupati survived the Muslim and British invasions. During the early 1300s Muslim invasion of South India, the deity of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam was brought to Tirupati for safekeeping. The temple town for most of the medieval era part of Vijayanagara Empire till 17th century and its rulers contributed considerable resources and wealth notable by Krishna Deva Raya and Achyuta Deva Raya, Sadasiva Raya and Tirumala Deva Raya.

The temple was built and upgraded in parts by various kingdoms. The inscriptions in the temple were found in Sanskrit, Telugu, Tamil and Kannada languages which specify the contributions of the Pallava Kingdom around the 9th century AD, Chola Kingdom around the 10th century AD and the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century AD. During the 15th century, Sri Tallapaka Annamacharya sung many songs in praise of the holy town in Telugu. He compared it to be divine, including the rocks, streams, trees, animals, and adds that it is heaven on the earth. One example of such a song is:

kaTTedura vaikunTamu kANAchaina konDa
teTTalAya mahimalE tirumala konDa ||
vEdamulE Silalai velasinadi konDa
yEdesa puNya rAsulE yErulainadi konDa
gAdili brahmAdi lOkamula konalu konDa
Sree dEvuDunDETi SEshAdri konDa ||

Tirupati (Lower Tirupati)

Rajagopuram of Sri Govindarajaswamy Temple in Tirupati

There was no human settlement at Lower Tirupati until the year 1500. With the growing importance of Upper Tirupati, a village formed at the present day Kapilatheertham Road area and was named "kotturu" . It was later shifted to the vicinity of Govindarajaswamy Temple which was consecrated around the year 1130 CE. Later the village grew into its present-day form around Govindaraja Swamy Temple which is now the heart of the city. It has now gained a lot of popularity as a tourism place.

Tirupati: Modern History

In 1932, Tirumala Venkateswara Temple was handed over to Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams by the TTD Act of 1932. In 2006, Tirupati Urban Development Authority(TUDA) and TTD together conducted "Tirupati Utsavam" which focused on the history of development of Tirupati town, kings who visited Tirumala and their contribution for development of the temple. The fourth World Telugu Conference, a conference for furtherance of Telugu language, was conducted at Tirupati during December, 2012 for three days.

Tirupati: Environment

Tirupati: Geography

Tirupati is located at  / 13.65; 79.42 in the Chittoor District of South Indian State of Andhra Pradesh. It lies at the foot of Seshachalam Hills of Eastern Ghats which were formed during Precambrian era. One of its suburbsTirumala, which is the home to Sri Venkateswara Temple, is also located within the hills. Tirupati Urban agglomeration includes Tirupati(City) and its suburbs Tirumala, Tiruchanur, Chandragiri, Renigunta. Tirupati is surrounded by Srikalahasti towards the East, Puttur towards the South, Poothalapattu towards the west and the Seshachalam hills towards the North.

A board in Tirumala hills briefing details of Eparchaean Unconformity

Tirupati: Geology

At 12 km point on the Tirupati - Tirumala ghat road, there is a major discontinuity of stratigraphic significance that represents a period of remarkable serenity in the geological history of the Earth. This is referred to as Eparchaean Unconformity. This Unconformity separates the Proterozoic Nagari Quartazite and Archean granite representing a time gap of 800 Ma. In 2001, the Geological Survey of India(GSI) declared the Eparchaean Unconfirmity to be one of the 26 "Geological Monuments of India".

Silathoranam(Natural arch) at Tirumala Hills, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh

Silathoranam, a Natural arch and a distinctive geological wonder is located in the Tirumala Hills at a distance of 1 km from Tirumala Venkateswara Temple. The Arch measures 8 metres in width and 3 metres in height and is eroded from quartizite of Cuddapah Supergroup of Middle to Upper Proterozoic(1600 to 570 Ma) by weathering agents like water and wind.

Tirupati: Flora and Fauna

Sri Venkateswara National Park

Sri Venkateswara National Park is a national park and biosphere reserve which is part of Seshachalam Hills. The total area of the park is 353 km. The park is home for about 1,500 vascular plant species belonging to 174 families. Some of the rare and endemic plant species like red sanders, Shorea talura, Shorea thumburggaia, Terminalia pallida, sandalwood, Syzygium alternifolium, Psilotum nudum occur in this region. Cycas beddomei is a species of cycad in the genus Cycas is found only in the Tirumala Hills.About 178 species of birds from this national park have been identified which includes the globally threatened yellow-throated bulbul, grey-fronted green pigeon, critically endangered Oriental white-backed vulture, large hawk-cuckoo, blue-faced malkoha, yellow-browed bulbul, Indian scimitar-babbler and Loten's sunbird. Among predators the leopard is quite common, along with the wild dog. Among reptiles, the most interesting species is the gliding lizard, found in some deep forested valleys. Another important reptile of this national park is the golden gecko.

Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park

Established in 1987, Tirupati Zoo or Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park is a zoo located at Tirupati and is Asia's Second largest Zoo with an area of 5500 acres. It is built on the concept of Hindhu Mythology. It exhibits only animals that are mentioned in our ancient epics like Ramayana, Mahabharatha, Panchatantra. The enclosures are also named based on Indian Mythology. It hosts wide range of animals, Reptiles and Birds like Deers, Monkeys, Lions, Tigers, Bears, Elephants, Peafowl, Grey pelican, Marsh crocodile, Starred tortoise etc.

Sri Venkateswara Gosamrakshana shala

It is home for Cattle received as a donation(Godanam). It was established in the year 1956 by TTD and later renamed to S.V. Gosamrakshana Shala during 2004. It is located at Chandragiri Road, Tirupati. It is maintained by Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams based on the funds received under Sri Venkateswara Gosamrakshana Shala Trust. Activities of the Trust includes providing good environment, management, feeding to the Cattle. The milk and its products produced here are being used by TTD for daily rituals at Sri Venkateswara Temple and other TTD Temples.

Tirupati: Climate

Monsoon remains moderate and summer experiences temperatures ranging from 35 to 40 degrees Celsius. In winter the minimum temperatures will be between 18 and 20 degrees Celsius. Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in July, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.The city experiences maximum rainfall in November during northeast monsoon season.

Climate data for Tirupati, India (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.6
(96.1)
39.5
(103.1)
43
(109)
44.2
(111.6)
45
(113)
45.2
(113.4)
40.5
(104.9)
40.5
(104.9)
40
(104)
43.1
(109.6)
34.8
(94.6)
34.3
(93.7)
45.2
(113.4)
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86)
33.1
(91.6)
36.8
(98.2)
39.2
(102.6)
40.3
(104.5)
37.9
(100.2)
35.9
(96.6)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
32.8
(91)
30.2
(86.4)
29.0
(84.2)
34.6
(94.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
19.9
(67.8)
22.8
(73)
26.2
(79.2)
28.0
(82.4)
27.3
(81.1)
26.1
(79)
25.7
(78.3)
25.2
(77.4)
23.7
(74.7)
21.8
(71.2)
19.9
(67.8)
23.8
(74.8)
Record low °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
14.5
(58.1)
14.8
(58.6)
20
(68)
20.4
(68.7)
21.5
(70.7)
20.7
(69.3)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
16.5
(61.7)
15
(59)
13.5
(56.3)
12.9
(55.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.6
(0.693)
5.1
(0.201)
5.2
(0.205)
15.9
(0.626)
58.5
(2.303)
77.0
(3.031)
117.3
(4.618)
127.3
(5.012)
131.7
(5.185)
205.2
(8.079)
249.1
(9.807)
116.2
(4.575)
1,126.2
(44.339)
Source: Indian Meteorological Department

Tirupati: Demographics

As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 374,260. The total population constitute, 187,931 males and 186,329 females - a sex ratio of 992 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. The Urban agglomeration had a population of 459,985, of which males constitute 231,456, females constitute 228,529 - a sex ratio of 987 females per 1000 males and 41,589 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 356,558 literates with an average literacy rate of 85.22%.

Telugu is the official and widely spoken language. While Tamil, Kannada and Hindi are the other languages spoken due to the large number of visiting pilgrims. Hinduism is the major religion and most of the temples in Tirupati are of Dravidian architecture.

Tirupati: Culture

Festivals

The city celebrates all major Hindu festivals which includes, Sankranti, Ugadi, Krishna Janmashtami, Maha Shivaratri, Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali, Rama Navami, Kartik Poornima etc. Srivari Brahmotsavam is a nine-day event, celebrated during the months of September–October, the temple of Tirumala witness lakhs of devotees. During this festival, the processional deity Malayappa of Venkateswara Temple, along with his consorts Sridevi and Bhudevi, is taken in a procession in four mada streets around the temple on different Vahanams. Tirupati also celebrates a carnival named as Tirupati Ganga Jatara, held during second week of May every year. This is a week long festival where Goddess Gangamma (Grama Devatha) is worshiped. The tank behind the temple of Padmavathi Temple, Tiruchanur has Padma Pushkarini, where Chakra Snanam will be held on last day of Annual Padmavathi Brahmotsavams (Panchami Teertham). It will witness lakhs of Devotees taking a dip in the holy waters. Vaikunta Ekadasi, the day on which it is believed that Vaikunta Dwarams will be opened and the most important Vasihnavite festival, is celebrated in Tirumala and Tirupati with grandeur. Rathasapthami is another festival, celebrated during February, when Lord Venkateswara's processional deity, (Malayappa) is taken in a procession around the temple on seven different vahanas from early morning to late night. Sri Krishna janmastami also known as Gokulashtami is celebrated with great fervor at Tirupati. The Lotus Temple belonging to International Society for Krishna Consciousness(ISKCON) will be illuminated with lamps and paintings displaying themes from Srimad Bhagavatham. The celebrations include offering prayers to Sri Krishna, Utlotsavam, Annamayya Kirtana alapana, Geetha Parayanam etc. On this day 'Gokulashtami Asthanam' will be held at Tirumala Venkateswara Temple. TTD will also celebrate the janmastami at Sri Venkateswara Gosamrakshana Shala where prayers will be offered to cows, horses and elephants. The Maha Shivaratri and Kartik Poornima are the most auspicious occasions celebrated in Kapila Theertham.

Tirupati Laddu (Srivari Laddu) offered to Lord Venkateswara at Tirupati Temple

Cuisine

Tirupati is known for world-famous Tirupati Laddu. It is the prasadam at Venkateswara Temple, Tirumala. Tirupati Laddu had got Geographical indication tag which entitles only Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams to make or sell it.

Arts, crafts and architecture

Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams established Sri Venkateswara Museum, one at Tirumala and the other at Tirupati. It has a wonderful collection of Tirupati temple architecture and historical artefacts, such as ancient weaponry, pooja items and idols. It has a comprehensive photo gallery that gives a unique insight into the Tirupati region's culture and traditions. It also boasts a meditation centre. In 1988-89 Archaeological Survey of India had established an Archaeological Museum in the Chandragiri fort at Chandragiri. It exhibits rich collection of stone and metal sculptures of Hindu gods and other cultural vestiges retrieved from other historical places like Gudimallam, Gandikota and Yaganti. It also includes galleries for medieval weaponry swords and daggers, coins and paper documents.

Tirupati: Governance

Tirupati Assembly constituency is one of the 175 assembly constituencies of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. Tirupati is part of Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency). Varaprasad Rao Velagapalli of YSR Congress Party is the sitting Member of Parliament for Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency) and M Suguna of Telugu Desam Party is the sitting Member of Legislative Assembly for Tirupati (Assembly constituency).

Tirupati: Civic administration

Tirupati Municipal Corporation (TMC) oversees the administration of the city. Tirupati was constituted as a municipality on 1 April 1886; it was upgraded to a second grade municipality on 1 October 1962, to a first grade municipality on 12 December 1965, to special grade municipality on 13 February 1970, and to selection grade municipality on 7 October 1998. Tirupati Municipality was upgraded to a municipal corporation on 2 March 2007. The area of the municipal corporation at the time of formation was 16.59 square kilometres (6.41 sq mi). While, at present the area of the city is 27.44 square kilometres (10.59 sq mi).

Tirupati Urban Development Authority (TUDA) is the urban planning authority. It was constituted in the year 1981, with Tirupati town and 89 villages under its jurisdiction. In 2008, it included Srikalahasti, Puttur and 69 surrounding villages. At present TUDA covers an area of 1,211.51 km (467.77 sq mi).

Tirupati: Law and order

Sapthagiri Security Zone at Alipiri-Tirupati

Tirupati has the status of Urban Police District; it has 25 police stations. Tirupati temple was deployed with 100 Octopus (Organisation For Counter Terrorist Operations) commandos to look over its security. This was formed by Government of Andhra Pradesh in the year 2012. The elite commando force has been specially trained for in house intervention, hostage rescue and Israeli combat technique Krav Maga.

At Alipiri, security zone was established to screen vehicles and pilgrims entering Tirumala, to safeguard the hills from terrorists and anti-social elements. To assure more safety in Tirumala-Tirupati, the government of Andhra Pradesh started a project called "Safe City-Tirupati": the Tirupati temple and the city will be placed under 24*7 CCTV surveillance with 3000 CCTV cameras, monitored from acommand-and-control centre. Baggage scanners and Explosive detectors are installed at several places.

Tirupati: Utility services

Electricity to the city is distributed by Andhra Pradesh Southern Power Distribution Limited (APSPDCL), headquartered at Tirupati. The city mostly depends on groundwater for its needs, though it also gets water from Telugu Ganga canal and Kalyani dam. There are five dams in the vicinity: Kalyani Dam, Papavinasanam Dam, Gogurbham Dam, Pasupudara Dam, Kumaradara Dam, Akasa Ganga. all in the Tirumala Hill ranges. Of these dams Papavinasanam, Gogurbham, Pasupudara, kumaradara, and Akasa Ganga completely cater the water needs of Tirumala and Venkateswara Temple while 49% of Kalyani Dam water is being supplied to Tirumala and remaining water will be supplied to Tirupati.

Tirupati fals under the Tirupati Telecom District of the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited. BSNL is planning to establish 27 Wi-Fi hotspots in the city. The city also had a Regional Passport Seva Kendra(PSK). PSK-Tirupati will cover Prakasam, Nellore, Chittoor, Kadapa, Kurnool and Anantapur districts of Andhra Pradesh and will come under Hyderabad Passport Office.

According to the National Urban Sanitation Policy, the city was ranked 117th in the country in 2009–10, with a total of 39.363 points. As a part of 'Swachh Tirupati', Tirupati Municipal Corporation has started household waste segregation programme. As of May 2015, 150 Tonnes of waste is being collected per day from households within the municipal limits. The city is the 11th most cleanliest city with 66 points in the cleanliness scorecard published by Union Tourism Ministry of India.

Tirupati: Healthcare

Tirupati is a medical hub with major hospitals situated in its vicinity. Many of these are either run under State government or run/funded by Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD).

Sri Venkateswara Ram Narayan Ruia government hospital(SVRR) is one of the largest in the state of Andhra Pradesh, and the main government hospital for the Rayalaseema region. It is started in the year 1962 with a donation of Rs.5 lakhs from Sri Radha Krishna N. Ruia and 15 lakhs from Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. At present it has 750 beds. Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences(SVIMS) is another major medical institute, founded in 1986.

Balaji Institute of Surgery, Research and Rehabilitation(BIRRD) for the Disabled has 250 beds; it was established in 1985 by TTD to treat patients suffering from polio myelitis, cerebral palsy, congenital anomalies, spinal injuries, and the orthopaedically handicapped. A non-profit organisation, it is run with funds from Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams and donations from the public. Government Maternity Hospital(GMH) in Tirupati is the largest maternity hospital in the state of Andhra pradesh in terms of number of deliveries. Established 50 years ago, GMH is thronged by Pregnant woman from Chittoor, YSR kadapa, Nellore, Anantapur districts of Andhra Pradesh and few areas of Tamil Nadu. GMH bagged "Best hospital award" under "sterilization and institutional deliveries category" from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for the year 2013. Aswini Hospital in Tirumala is a general hospital in Tirumala maintained by TTD.

Tirupati: Economy

Dmart, Tirupati

Tourism is the major industry in Tirupati. Entire economy is directly or indirectly depends on Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams(TTD). TTD is headquartered at Tirupati. Established in 1932, TTD is an independent Trust which manages Tirumala Venkateswara Temple and other temples in Tirupati and all over the world. It is also involved in several social activities. Being a major religious tourist destination, Hospitality Industry is also a major industry in Tirupati which includes many 3 star hotels and lodges. Andhra Pradesh Southern Power Distribution Company Limited(APSPDCL) is also headquartered at Tirupati. Gandhi Road, Prakasam Road, V.V Mahal Road, AIR Bypass Road are highly commercial areas in the City. Major brands of Automobile, Textile, Mobile, Electrical and Electronic companies have their outlets in Tirupati. APIIC Industrial Park is located at Gajulamandyam, Renigunta. Industries like Sri Venkateswara Cooperative Sugar Factory Limited, AshwiniBio Pharma Ltd and others are situated in this park. Amara Raja factory is located at Karakambadi, Renigunta. Lanco cement factory is located at Eerpedu mandal. The majority of the city residents are employed under TTD.

Tirupati: IT/ITES and electronics industry

Sri Venkateswara Mobile & Electronics Manufacturing Hub is planned to be established in Tirupati and a foundation stone had been laid by Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi on 22 October 2015. The Hub is spread over 122 acres (49 ha) Acres out of which Celkon will be established in 20 acres (8.1 ha) acres, Micromax in 15 acres (6.1 ha) acres, Karbonn in 15.28 acres (6.18 ha) acres and Lava in 20 acres (8.1 ha) acres with a total investment of Rupees 2000 crores.

Tirupati: Tourism sector

Tourism sector is of great importance to the city. It is because of the presence of Tirumala Venkateswara Temple and a number of other temples in and around the city. It attracts large number of tourists which helps the tourism department of the state in generating revenue.

Tirupati: Cityscape

Tirupati: Landmarks

Kapila Theertham water falls from Seshachalam Hills and Kapileswara Temple (right)
Regional science centre, Tirupati

Tirumala Venkateswara Temple is the most notable temple for being the world's richest Vaishnavite temple of Lord Venkateswara. Beside Venkateswara Temple, the city is known for many other ancient temples, such as Padmavathi Temple at Tiruchanur, Govindaraja Temple, Kapileswara Temple at Kapila Theertham, Thathayyagunta Gangamma Temple of Goddess Gangamma is the Gramadevata of Tirupati, Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple etc.

Besides historic temples there are other tourist destinations in and around the city. Chandragiri Fort is a historical fort, built in the 11th century located in Chandragiri. The fort also host an Archaeological Museum maintained by Archaeological Survey of India. Established in 1987, Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park in Tirupati is the second largest zoo park in Asia, which covers an area of 5532 acres. Tirupati also hosts Regional Science centre.

Tirupati: Neighbourhoods

Tiruchanur, Alipiri, Gandhi Road, Teertha katta veedi, NTR Circle, Tiruchanur Road, Tilak Road, Tirupati Central bus and railway station, SriKrishnadevaraya Circle(Leela Mahal) areas are the notable ones of the city.

Tirupati: Transport

Tirupati Ghat Road
Sapthagiri Express bus of APSRTC

Tirupati: Roadways

The city is well connected to major cities through national and state highways. The National highways passing through Tirupati are, National Highway 71 which connects Madanapalle and Nayudupeta, National Highway 140 connecting Tirupati with Puthalapattu.

Constructed one in 1944 and the other in 1974, there are two all-weather, asphalt Ghat Roads between Tirupati and Tirumala. There is a total of 294.47 km of Roads within the Tirupati Municipal Corporation Limits.

Tirupati: Public transport

APSRTC is the state owned transport service, which operates buses to various destinations from Tirupati bus station complex. The bus station has comprises three mini bus stations to various destinations, such as Srinivasa bus station for west-bound destinations, Sri Hari bus station for east bound destinations and Yedukondalu bus station is utilised for bus services to Tirumala. Balaji Link bus station at Alipiri is also used for bus services to Tirumala. Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams runs free buses from railway station and Central bus stand to Alipiri for pilgrims. The buses to Tirumala are known as Sapthagiri Express.

Tirupati is in close proximity with the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Hence, buses from KSRTC, TNSTC and SETC also operates their services. There are also private transport which operate in the city.

Tirumala foot steps

There are two footpaths from Tirupati to Tirumala. These paths are called Sopanamargas and are mostly used by pilgrims. The first (and oldest) path starts from Alipiri and has 3550 steps, totalling 11 km. At Alipiri there is a temple dedicated to Lord Venkateswara called Padalamandapam. There are four Gopurams (temple towers) along the way. The other path, called Sri Vari Mettu starts from Srinivasa Mangapuram and is 6 km long. Both paths are completely roofed and pass through seven hills (part of Seshachalam Hills).

Railways

Tirupati Main is under the jurisdiction of Guntakal railway division of South Central Railway zone. It is also connected to Chennai Suburban Railway's North Line. Renigunta Junction which lies on the Chennai - Mumbai rail corridor is 15 km away from Tirupati main station. Other stations in the city include Chandragiri, Tirupati West Halt, Tiruchanur.

Airways

Sri Venkateswara Airport is located 15 km from the city centre and has regular flights to Coimbatore, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam. The closest international airport is Chennai International Airport which is 130 km (81 mi) from Tirupati. Tirupati Airport is being upgraded to international airport. The new Terminal was inaugurated on 22 October 2015 by Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi.

Tirupati: Education

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state. Majority of them are named after presiding deity of Tirupati temple, Lord Venkateswara and his concert Goddess Padmavati.

There are several universities and colleges including state government and Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam sponsored such as, Sri Venkateswara University, established in 1954; Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, a dedicated women's university; Medical colleges include Sri Venkateswara Medical College and Sri Padmavathi Medical College for Women. Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences(SVIMS) is also a medical institute, Sri Venkateswara Vedic University to preserve, foster and promote oral traditions of Vedic, Agamic and Cognate Literature, with focus on right intonations. Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, a University established for higher learning in Sanskrit studies, Traditional Sastras and Pedagogy. Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University to strengthen education and services in the fields of Veterinary Science, Dairy Technology and Fishery Science in the State of Andhra Pradesh. Sri Venkateswara Institute of Traditional Sculpture and Architecture (SVITSA) run by TTD is one of the two institutions in India offering courses in traditional sculpture and architecture to students. Seven different Diploma Courses are offered in subjects such as Temple Architecture, Stone Sculpture, Sudai Sculpture, Metal Sculpture, Wood Sculpture, Traditional Painting and Traditional Kalamkari Art. Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati.

The city is set to get an culinary institute sponsored by the Ministry of Tourism (India) and Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research(IISER) which were allotted by Government of India to the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Research

  • Sri Venkateswara Medical College, Tirupati is selected for establishment of Multidisciplinary Research Units (MRUs),Model rural Health Research Units (MRHRU) by The Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR).
  • Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences(SVIMS), Tirupati is selected for establishment of college level Viral Diagnostic Research Labs
  • A sub-centre for All India Coordinated Research Project(AICRP) on groundnut is established at the Regional Agricultural Research Station(RARS), Tirupati to conduct research activities on new high. The research will help to meet the needs of the country’s 100 arid districts which receive less than 500 mm rainfall. RARS has so far developed 12 groundnut varieties.
  • A research centre for indigenous Cows had been established by TTD at its Diary form named Sri Venkateswara Gosamrakshanashala. The purpose of the Research centre is to protect the indigenous Cows and also to share the rare breeds among similar organisations. The Gosamrakshanashala already had distinctive high-worth breeds like Ongole breed of cows, while it is also trying to gather Sahiwal breed of cows from Punjab, Gir cows of Gujarat to the Centre, Tharparker and Kankrej cows from karnataka.

Tirupati: Media

Sri Venkateswara Bhakti Channel(SVBC), the first 24-hour Telugu devotional channel dedicated to broadcast Hindu devotional programmes and live telecasts of poojas performed at Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, is being Telecasted from Tirupati. Started in 1949, Sapthagiri is a spiritual monthly magazine based at Tirupati and is published in Telugu, Sanskrit, Hindi, English, Tamil and Kannada languages. Both SVBC channel and Sapthagiri Magazine are run by Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. Telugu newspapers – Andhra Bhoomi, Saakshi, Eenadu, Vaartha, Andhra Jyothi, Andhra Prabha, English newspapers – Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu, Indian Express, Times of India, The Hans India are available in the city. Tirupati has All India Radio station and is served by FM stations like 92.7 Big FM, 93.5 Red FM.

Tirupati: See also

  • List of cities in Andhra Pradesh by population
  • List of cities in Andhra Pradesh by area
  • List of municipal corporations in Andhra Pradesh
  • List of urban agglomerations in Andhra Pradesh

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  • Famous temples in Tirupati
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