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Hotels of Trentino-Alto Adige

A hotel in Trentino-Alto Adige is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Trentino-Alto Adige hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Trentino-Alto Adige are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Trentino-Alto Adige hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Trentino-Alto Adige hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Trentino-Alto Adige have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Trentino-Alto Adige
An upscale full service hotel facility in Trentino-Alto Adige that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Trentino-Alto Adige hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Trentino-Alto Adige
Full service Trentino-Alto Adige hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Trentino-Alto Adige
Boutique hotels of Trentino-Alto Adige are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Trentino-Alto Adige boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Trentino-Alto Adige may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Trentino-Alto Adige
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Trentino-Alto Adige travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Trentino-Alto Adige focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Trentino-Alto Adige
Small to medium-sized Trentino-Alto Adige hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Trentino-Alto Adige traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Trentino-Alto Adige hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Trentino-Alto Adige
A bed and breakfast in Trentino-Alto Adige is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Trentino-Alto Adige bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Trentino-Alto Adige B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Trentino-Alto Adige
Trentino-Alto Adige hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Trentino-Alto Adige hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Trentino-Alto Adige
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Trentino-Alto Adige hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Trentino-Alto Adige lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Trentino-Alto Adige
Trentino-Alto Adige timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Trentino-Alto Adige often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Trentino-Alto Adige on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Trentino-Alto Adige
A Trentino-Alto Adige motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Trentino-Alto Adige for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Trentino-Alto Adige motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Trentino-Alto Adige

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Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Trentino-Alto Adige
Autonomous region of Italy
Flag of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Flag
Coat of arms of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Coat of arms
Trentino-South Tyrol in Italy.svg
Country Italy
Capital Trento
Government
• President Arno Kompatscher (SVP)
Area
• Total 13,606.87 km (5,253.64 sq mi)
Population (2015-04-30)
• Total 1,056,223
• Density 78/km (200/sq mi)
• Official languages Italian, German (regional); Ladin, Mocheno and Cimbrian (in some municipalities)
Citizenship
• Italian 93%
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
GDP/ Nominal €37.2 billion (2008)
GDP per capita €30,800 (2008)
NUTS Region ITD
Website www.regione.taa.it

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol (Italian: Trentino-Alto Adige, pronounced [trenˈtiːno ˈalto ˈaːdidʒe]; German: Trentino-Südtirol; Ladin: Trentin-Südtirol) is an autonomous region in Northern Italy. Since the 1970s, most legislative and administrative powers have been transferred to the two self-governing provinces that make up the region: Trentino and South Tyrol.

From the 8th century until its annexation by Italy in 1919, the region was part of Austria-Hungary and its predecessors, the Austrian Empire and the Holy Roman Empire. Together with the Austrian state of Tyrol it is represented by the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino. With a past of poverty, the region is today among the wealthiest and most developed in both Italy and the whole European Union.

In English, the region is also known as Trentino-South Tyrol or by its Italian name Trentino-Alto Adige.

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: History

Main articles: History of Trentino and History of South Tyrol
The Prince-Bishops of Trent ruled from Buonconsiglio Castle from the 13th until the 19th century

The region was conquered by the Romans in 15 BC. After the end of the Western Roman Empire, it was divided between the invading Germanic tribes in the Lombard Duchy of Tridentum (today's Trentino), the Alamannic Vinschgau, and the Bavarians (who took the remaining part). After the creation of the Kingdom of Italy under Charlemagne, the Marquisate of Verona included the areas south of Bolzano, while the Duchy of Bavaria received the remaining part.

From the 11th century onwards, part of the region was governed by the prince-bishops of Trent and Brixen, to whom the Holy Roman Emperors had given extensive temporal powers over their bishoprics. Soon, they were overruled by the Counts of Tyrol and Counts of Görz, who also controlled the Puster Valley: in 1363 its last titular, Margarete, Countess of Tyrol ceded the region to the House of Habsburg. The regions north of Salorno were largely Germanized in the early Middle Ages, and important German poets like Arbeo of Freising and Oswald von Wolkenstein were born and lived in the southern part of Tyrol.

The two bishoprics were secularized by the Treaty of Lunéville of 1803 and given to the Habsburgs. Two years later, following the Austrian defeat at Austerlitz, the region was given to Napoleon's ally Bavaria (Treaty of Pressburg, 1805). The new rulers provoked a popular rebellion in 1809, led by Andreas Hofer, a landlord from St. Leonhard in Passeier; this rebellion was crushed the same year. The resulting Treaty of Paris of February 1810 split the area between Austria and the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy. During French control of the region, it was called officially Haut Adige (literally "High Adige", Italian: "Alto Adige"; German: "Hochetsch") in order to avoid any reference to the historical County of Tyrol. After Napoleon's defeat, in 1815, the region returned to Austria.

Under Austrian rule the territory of today's province of South Tyrol was called südliches Tirol or Deutschsüdtirol, but was occasionally also referred to as Mitteltirol, i.e. Middle Tyrol, due to its geographic position, while Südtirol (Italian: Tirolo meridionale), i.e. South Tyrol, indicated mostly today's province of Trentino. Trentino was also called Welschtirol ("Romance Tyrol", Italian: Tirolo italiano) or Welschsüdtirol ("Romance South Tyrol", Italian: Tirolo meridionale italiano). Sometimes Südtirol also indicated the whole of the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region.

During the First World War, major battles were fought high in the Alps and Dolomites between Austro-Hungarian Kaiserjäger and Italian Alpini, for whom control of the region was a key strategic objective. The collapse of the Austro-Hungarian war effort enabled Italian troops to occupy the region in 1918 and its annexation was confirmed in the post-war treaties, which awarded the region to Italy under the terms of the Treaty of Saint-Germain.

Cathedral Maria Himmelfahrt in Bolzano/Bozen, capital of South Tyrol
View of the Rosengarten group in South Tyrol

Under the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini, the Fascist dictator of Italy (ruled 1922–1943), the German population was subjected to an increased forced programme of Italianization: all references to old Tyrol were banned and the region was referred to as Venezia Tridentina between 1919 and 1947, in an attempt to justify the Italian claims to the area by historically linking the region to one of the Roman Regions of Italy (Regio X Venetia et Histria). Hitler and Mussolini agreed in 1938 that the German-speaking population would be transferred to German-ruled territory or dispersed around Italy, but the outbreak of the Second World War prevented them from fully carrying out the relocation. Nevertheless, thousands of people were relocated to the Third Reich and only with great difficulties managed to return to their ancestral land after the end of the war.

In 1943, when the Italian government signed an armistice with the Allies, the region was occupied by Germany, which reorganised it as the Operation Zone of the Alpine Foothills and put it under the administration of Gauleiter Franz Hofer. The region was de facto annexed to the German Reich (with the addition of the province of Belluno) until the end of the war. This status ended along with the Nazi regime and Italian rule was restored in 1945.

Italy and Austria negotiated the Gruber-De Gasperi Agreement in 1946, put into effect in 1947 when the new republican Italian constitution was promulgated, that the region would be granted considerable autonomy. German and Italian were both made official languages, and German-language education was permitted once more. The region was called Trentino-Alto Adige/Tiroler Etschland between 1947 and 1972.

However, the implementation of the agreement was seen as satisfactory by neither the German-speaking population nor the Austrian government. The issue became the cause of significant friction between the two countries and was taken up by the United Nations in 1960. A fresh round of negotiations took place in 1961 but proved unsuccessful, partly because of popular discontent and a campaign of sabotage and bombings by German-speaking autonomists and separatists led by the South Tyrolean Liberation Committee.

The issue was resolved in 1971, when a new Austro-Italian treaty was signed and ratified. It stipulated that disputes in South Tyrol would be submitted for settlement to the International Court of Justice in The Hague, that the province would receive greater autonomy within Italy, and that Austria would not interfere in South Tyrol's internal affairs. The new agreement proved broadly satisfactory to the parties involved and the separatist tensions soon eased. Matters were helped further by Austria's accession to the European Union in 1995, which has helped to improve cross-border cooperation.

In May 2006, senator-for-life Francesco Cossiga introduced a bill that would allow the region to hold a referendum, in which the local electorate could decide whether to stay within the Italian Republic, become fully independent or return to Austria. All parties, including the separatists, rejected this measure as potentially causing a revival of ethnic tensions.

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: Geography

Alpine landscape near the village of Stilfs, South Tyrol
Lakeside promenade in Riva del Garda, Trentino

The region is bordered by East and North Tyrol (Austria) to the north-east and north respectively, by Graubünden (Switzerland) to the north-west, and by the Italian regions of Lombardy to the west and Veneto to the south and south-east. It covers 13,607 km (5,254 sq mi). It is extremely mountainous, covering a large part of the Dolomites and the southern Alps.

The region is composed of two provinces, Trentino in the south and South Tyrol in the north.

Trentino has an area of 6,207 km, most of it mountainous land (20% is over 2,000 m (6,600 ft) and 70% over 1,000 m) and covered by vast forests (50% of the territory). The climate is various through the province, from an alpine climate to subcontinental one, with warm and variable summers and cold and quite snowy winters. The region has always been a favourite destination for tourists, both in winter for skiing in the high mountains and in summer to visit the wide valleys and many lakes (the largest being Lake Garda).

South Tyrol has an area of 7,398 square kilometres (2,856 square miles), all of it mountainous land and covered by vast forests. The climate is of the continental type, owing to the influence of the many mountain ranges which stand at well over 3,000 metres (9,800 feet) above sea level and the wide valleys through which flow the main river, the Adige, from north to south and its numerous tributaries. In the city of Bolzano, capital of the province, the average air temperature stands at 12.2 °C (54.0 °F) and the average rainfall at 717.7 mm (28.3 in). The lowest pass across the Alps, the Brenner Pass, is located at the far north of the region on the border with Austria.

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: Politics

Main article: Politics of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Map of the two autonomous provinces of the region

The region is divided into two autonomous provinces: Trentino (Province of Trento) and South Tyrol (Province of Bolzano). The Italian state recognised a certain degree of autonomy for the region and its two constituent provinces, which was the result of the Gruber-De Gasperi Agreement of 1946, as well as of the special status of autonomy approved by constitutional law in 1948. This statute gave the region the right to initiate its own laws on a wide range of subjects and to carry out respective administrative functions.

In 1972, the introduction of the second Statute of Autonomy, which was in the centre of the discussions between the Italian and Austrian governments, meant the transfer of the main competencies from the region to the two provinces. The autonomy recognized by the special statute covers the political, legislative, administrative, and fiscal institutions. The second statute turned the region de facto into a loose commonwealth with devolved powers to the two autonomous provinces, with very limited legislative or executive competencies left.

The capital city is Trento, although the two provincial capitals alternate biennially (the other being Bolzano) as the site of the regional assembly.

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: Administration

Province Area (km) Population Density (inh./km)
Trentino 6,207.12 537,267 86.56
South Tyrol 7,398.38 518,956 70.14

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: Economy

Vineyards at the municipality of Tirol
See also: Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol wine

The fertile valleys of the region produce wine, fruit, dairy products and timber, while its industries include paper, chemical and metal production. The region is a major exporter of hydroelectric power. The most important features of the region's economic structure are the strength of tourism and the special system of co-operation between agriculture and industry. In the last decade, tourism became a very important component of the province's economy. The region, which is a staging-post between the countries of northern Europe and central and southern Italy, has found its true vocation in this leading branch of the services sector with all its spin-offs. The region has a higher concentration of hotels than any other region (6,178 establishments in 2001 with 236,864 hotel beds). The total accommodation capacity of the region counts for 651,426 beds available in hotels and other establishments.

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1921 661,000 -
1931 666,000 +0.8%
1936 669,000 +0.5%
1951 729,000 +9.0%
1961 786,000 +7.8%
1971 842,000 +7.1%
1981 873,000 +3.7%
1991 890,000 +1.9%
2001 940,000 +5.6%
2011 1,037,000 +10.3%
2016 1,059,000 +2.1%
Source: ISTAT 2001

The region has a population of about 1,056,223 people (537,267 in Trentino and 518,956 in South Tyrol). The population density in the region is low compared to Italy as a whole. In 2008, it equalled to 77.62 inhabitants per km2, whereas the average figure for Italy was 201.5. The population density in Trentino was 86.56, slightly higher than the one registered in South Tyrol that was equal to 70.14. As of 2011, the Italian national institute of statistics ISTAT estimated that 90,321 foreign-born immigrants lived in the region altogether, equal to 8.55% of the total regional population.

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: Languages

The main language groups are Italian and German, with small minorities speaking Ladin, Mòcheno and Cimbrian. The latter two are Bavarian dialects.

In Trentino the majority language is Italian, although there are Cimbrian minorities in the municipality of Luserna and four Mòcheno municipalities in the Mòcheni Valley. There are also Ladin-speaking minorities living in the Fassa Valley and in Non Valley (3.5% of the population). While in Fassa Valley Ladin already enjoys official status, in Non Valley it still does not, in spite of the fact that the number of speakers outnumbers those in Fassa Valley. Sole Valley also historically belongs to the Ladin area.

In South Tyrol, the majority language is German (69% of the population), although in the capital city Bolzano 73% of the population speaks Italian as its maternal language due to internal immigration from other regions of Italy. Italian speakers are also a significant component in other major urban centres of the province, such as in Merano and Brixen. Ladin is the additional official language in some municipalities. According to the census of 2001, 103 out of 116 communes have a majority of German native speakers, eight of Ladin speakers and five of Italian. Today both German and Italian have the status of co-official languages in South Tyrol.

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: See also

  • Districts of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: References

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: Notes

  1. Sonderstatut für Trentino-Südtirol, Article 99, Title IX. Region Trentino-Südtirol.
  2. Statistiche demografiche ISTAT
  3. "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  4. "European Commission - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Regional GDP per inhabitant in 2008 GDP per inhabitant ranged from 28% of the EU27 average in Severozapaden in Bulgaria to 343% in Inner London". Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  5. Constitution of Italy, Part II: Organisation of the Republic (Art. 116)
  6. "Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Region" (PDF). Official website of the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Region. 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2009.
  7. Vibrations, Zeppelin Group – Good. "L'Istitut per la pension d'enjonta - Pensplan". Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  8. "Province of Bolzano/Bozen". Official website of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano/Bozen. 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2009.
  9. "Special Statute of the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Region" (PDF). Official website of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano/Bozen. 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2009.
  10. Allgemeiner historischer Handatlas, Gustav Droysen.
  11. Ich Wolkenstein, Dieter Kühn. Buy book ISBN 3-458-32197-7, p. 21
  12. Prof. Dr. Rolf Steininger (2011). "Die Südtirolfrage". ZIS Zeitgeschichte Informationssystem. Institute of Contemporary History, University of Innsbruck. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  13. Karl Höffinger (1887). Gries-Bozen in Deutsch-Südtirol, als klimatischer, Terrain-Kurort und Touristenstation - Vademecum für Einheimische, Reisende und Touristen in Gries-Bozen und im Etsch- und Eisack-Gebiete. Innsbruck, Wagner.
  14. e.g. Theodor Trautwein (1868). Wegweiser durch Süd-Baiern, Nord- und Mittel-Tirol und die angrenzenden Theile von Salzburg. Mit den Städten München, Augsburg, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Bozen und Meran. Munich, Lindauer.
  15. Karl Müller (1916). An der Kampffront in Südtirol: Kriegsbriefe eines neutralen Offiziers. Velhagen & Klasing.
  16. On Bolzano's fascist policies cf. Andrea Bonoldi, Hannes Obermair (2006). Tra Roma e Bolzano. Nazione e provincia nel ventennio fascista-Zwischen Rom und Bozen: Staat und Provinz im italienischen Faschismus. Bozen-Bolzano: Città di Bolzano. Buy book ISBN 88-901870-9-3
  17. Helmut Alexander, Adolf Leidlmair, Stefan Lechner (1993). Heimatlos: die Umsiedlung der Südtiroler. Vienna: Deuticke. Buy book ISBN 3-216-07832-9
  18. "Eurostat". Circa.europa.eu. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  19. "Eurostat". Circa.europa.eu. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  20. "Eurostat". Circa.europa.eu. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  21. Anthony R. Rowley. "'Mocheno e Cimbro'. Von Dialek(ten) zu Sprache(n)?" In: Dieter Stellmacher, Dialektologie zwischen Tradition und Neuansätzen, Steiner, Stuttgart 2000, p. 213-221
  22. SPA, Südtiroler Informatik AG | Informatica Alto Adige. "Landesinstitut für Statistik - Autonome Provinz Bozen - Südtirol" (PDF). Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  • Media related to Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol at Wikimedia Commons
  • Geographic data related to Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol at OpenStreetMap
  • Official site of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol (German) (Italian)
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