Lowest prices on Uganda hotels booking

One of the newest proposals is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Uganda hotels and book a best hotel in Uganda saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Uganda hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Uganda and airline tickets to Uganda!

Uganda Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Uganda hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Uganda hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Uganda hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Uganda hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Uganda hotels
▪ Advanced Uganda hotel search & comparison
▪ All Uganda hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Uganda

What's important: you can compare and book not only Uganda hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Uganda. If you're going to Uganda save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Uganda online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Uganda, and rent a car in Uganda right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Uganda related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

Here you can book a hotel virtually anywhere in Uganda, including such popular and interesting places as Kampala, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Uganda

In order to book an accommodation in Uganda enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Uganda hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Uganda map to estimate the distance from the main Uganda attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Uganda hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Uganda is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Uganda is waiting for you!

Hotels of Uganda

A hotel in Uganda is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Uganda hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Uganda are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Uganda hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Uganda hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Uganda have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Uganda
An upscale full service hotel facility in Uganda that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Uganda hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Uganda
Full service Uganda hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Uganda
Boutique hotels of Uganda are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Uganda boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Uganda may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Uganda
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Uganda travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Uganda focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Uganda
Small to medium-sized Uganda hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Uganda traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Uganda hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Uganda
A bed and breakfast in Uganda is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Uganda bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Uganda B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Uganda
Uganda hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Uganda hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Uganda
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Uganda hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Uganda lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Uganda
Uganda timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Uganda often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Uganda on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Uganda
A Uganda motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Uganda for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Uganda motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Uganda at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Uganda hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Uganda hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Uganda hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Uganda Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined will be useful for those interested in Uganda, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Uganda hotels, low prices on Uganda hotels, best hotel in Uganda, best Uganda hotel, discounted Uganda hotel booking, online Uganda hotel reservation, Uganda hotels comparison, hotel booking in Uganda, luxury and cheap accomodation in Uganda, Uganda inns, Uganda B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Uganda, condo hotels and apartments in Uganda, bargain Uganda rentals, cheap Uganda vacation rentals,Uganda pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Uganda, Uganda motels, dormitories of Uganda, dorms in Uganda, Uganda dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Uganda, hotel prices comparison in Uganda, travel to Uganda, vacation in Uganda, trip to Uganda, trusted hotel reviews of Uganda, sights and attractions of Uganda, Uganda guidebook, Uganda guide, hotel booking in Uganda, tours to Uganda, travel company in Uganda, travel agency in Uganda, excursions in Uganda, tickets to Uganda, airline tickets to Uganda, Uganda hotel booking, Uganda hostels, dormitory of Uganda, dorm in Uganda, etc.

Many people are also interested in the Uganda dormitory, Uganda airfares, Uganda airline tickets, Uganda tours, Uganda travel, must-see places in Uganda, Uganda Booking.com, Uganda hotels Trivago, Uganda Expedia, Uganda Airbnb, Uganda TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Uganda, HotelsCombined Uganda, Uganda hotels and hostels, UG hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Yugandha, أوغندا, ယူဂန်းဒါးနိုင်ငံ, Уганда, Ugandäa, ugandas, Ùgándà, ئووگاندا, 우간다, യുഗാണ്ട, ଉଗାଣ୍ଡା, Ουγκάντα, Ûganda, Yugianda, Ubuganda, IBuganda, Уґанда, ประเทศยูกันดา, Oganda, உகாண்டா, and so on.

While others are looking for the Ugando, Uganna, युगांडा, אוגנדה, Ugandaa, Úganda, אוגאנדע, Uqanda, ఉగాండా, Yuganda, Ooganda, ئۇگاندا, Ubugande, اوجاندا, Ouganda, युगान्डा, Ուգանդա, Угандин Орн, Wganda, Oeganda, Uganda, 烏干達, Угандæ, Yugaandaa, Paankɔc ke Uganda, IYuganda, Lugandayän, یوگنڈا, ཨུ་གན་ད།, ಉಗಾಂಡ, ޔުގެންޑާ, Ukānga, Ugand, უგანდა, 乌干达, اوگاندا, Ugandu, युगाण्डा, ウガンダ, ਯੁਗਾਂਡਾ, উগান্ডা, ዩጋንዳ. A lot of people have already booked the hotels in Uganda on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Try it for yourself!

Travelling and vacation in Uganda

.

 / 1; 32

Republic of Uganda
Flag of Uganda
Flag
Coat of arms of Uganda
Coat of arms
Motto: "For God and My Country"
Anthem: "Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty"
Location of  Uganda  (dark green)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of Uganda (dark green)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Kampala
Official languages English ("the official language"), Swahili ("the second official language")
Vernacular languages
  • Ateso/Akaramojong
  • Kakwa/Kuku
  • Kinyarwanda,
  • Kumam
  • Luganda
  • Lugbara (which also includes Madi)
  • Lugwere/Lumasaba/Lugisu
  • Lunyoli
  • Luo(covering Lango, Acholi and Alur)
  • Lusamia
  • Lusoga
  • Rukonjo
  • Runyankole/Rukiga
  • Runyoro/Rutooro
  • Sebei
Demonym Ugandan
Government Dominant-party semi-presidential republic
• President
Yoweri Museveni
• Vice President
Edward Kiwanuka Ssekandi
• Prime Minister
Ruhakana Rugunda
Legislature Parliament
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
9 October 1962
• Current constitution
8 October 1995
Area
• Total
241,038 km (93,065 sq mi) (81st)
• Water (%)
15.39
Population
• Estimate
37,873,253 (35th)
• 2014 census
34,634,650
• Density
157.1/km (406.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$91.212 billion
• Per capita
$2,155
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$27.174 billion
• Per capita
$642
Gini (2012) 41.01
medium
HDI (2015) Increase 0.493
low · 163rd
Currency Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Drives on the left
Calling code +256
ISO 3166 code UG
Internet TLD .ug
  1. +006 from Kenya and Tanzania.

Uganda (/juːˈɡændə/ yew-GAN-də or /juːˈɡɑːndə/ yew-GAHN-də), officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the south-west by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda is in the African Great Lakes region. Uganda also lies within the Nile basin, and has a varied but generally a modified equatorial climate.

Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country, including the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago, when Bantu-speaking populations migrated to the southern parts of the country.

Beginning in 1894, the area was ruled as a protectorate by the British, who established administrative law across the territory. Uganda gained independence from Britain on 9 October 1962. The period since then has been marked by intermittent conflicts, including a lengthy civil war against the Lord's Resistance Army in the Northern Region, which has caused hundreds of thousands of casualties.

The official languages are English and Swahili, although "any other language may be used as a medium of instruction in schools or other educational institutions or for legislative, administrative or judicial purposes as may be prescribed by law." Luganda, a central language, is widely spoken across the country, and several other languages are also spoken including Runyoro, Runyankole, Rukiga, and Luo. The president of Uganda is Yoweri Museveni, who came to power in January 1986 after a protracted six-year guerrilla war.

Uganda: History

The ancestors of the Ugandans were hunter-gatherers until 1,700-2,300 years ago. Bantu-speaking populations, who were probably from central Africa, migrated to the southern parts of the country.

According to oral tradition, the Empire of Kitara covered an important part of the great lakes area, from the northern lakes Albert and Kyoga to the southern lakes Victoria and Tanganyika. Bunyoro-Kitara is claimed as the antecedent of the Buganda, Toro, Ankole, and Busoga kingdoms.

Flag of the Uganda Protectorate

Some Luo invaded the area of Bunyoro and assimilated with the Bantu there, establishing the Babiito dynasty of the current Omukama (ruler) of Bunyoro-Kitara.

Arab traders moved inland from the Indian Ocean coast of East Africa in the 1830s. They were followed in the 1860s by British explorers searching for the source of the Nile. British Anglican missionaries arrived in the kingdom of Buganda in 1877 (a situation which gave rise to the death of the Uganda Martyrs) and were followed by French Catholic missionaries in 1879. The British government chartered the Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC) to negotiate trade agreements in the region beginning in 1888. From 1886, there were a series of religious wars in Buganda, initially between Muslims and Christians and then, from 1890, between ba-Ingleza Protestants and ba-Fransa Catholics. Because of civil unrest and financial burdens, IBEAC claimed that it was unable to "maintain their occupation" in the region. British commercial interests were ardent to protect the trade route of the Nile, which prompted the British government to annex Buganda and adjoining territories to create the Uganda Protectorate in 1894.

Uganda: Uganda Protectorate (1894–1962)

In the 1890s, 32,000 labourers from British India were recruited to East Africa under indentured labour contracts to construct the Uganda Railway. Most of the surviving Indians returned home, but 6,724 decided to remain in East Africa after the line's completion. Subsequently, some became traders and took control of cotton ginning and sartorial retail.

From 1900 to 1920, a sleeping sickness epidemic in the southern part of Uganda, along the north shores of Lake Victoria, killed more than 250,000 people.

Uganda: Independence (1962 to 1965)

Uganda gained independence from Britain on 9 October 1962 as a Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state. In October 1963, Uganda became a republic but maintained its membership in the Commonwealth of Nations.

The first post-independence election, held in 1962, was won by an alliance between the Uganda People's Congress (UPC) and Kabaka Yekka (KY). UPC and KY formed the first post-independence government with Milton Obote as executive prime minister, with the Buganda Kabaka (King) Edward Muteesa II holding the largely ceremonial position of president.

Construction of the Owen Falls Dam in Jinja.
The Uganda Printers Building on Kampala Road, Kampala, Uganda

Uganda: The Buganda Crisis 1962-1966

Uganda’s immediate post-independence years were dominated by the relationship between the central government and the largest regional kingdom – Buganda. Indeed, an understanding of this relationship is critical to understanding the current political and social elements that have forged and continue to shape Uganda.

From the moment the British created the Uganda protectorate, the issue of how to manage the largest monarchy within the framework of a unitary state had always been a problem. Colonial governors had failed to come up with a formula that worked. This was further complicated by Buganda’s nonchalant attitude to issue. Buganda never sought independence, but rather appeared to be comfortable with a loose arrangement that guaranteed them privileges above the other subjects in the protectorate – or a special status when the British left. This is best demonstrated by the battle between the British Governor Cohen and the Kabaka and his subjects prior to Independence.

Within Buganda there were divisions – between those who wanted the Kabaka to remain a dominant monarch, and those who wanted to join with the rest of Uganda to create a modern secular state. The split resulted in the creation of two dominant Buganda based parties – the Kabaka Yekka (Kabaka Only) KY, and the Democratic Party (DP) that had roots in the Catholic Church. The bitterness between these 2 parties was extremely intense especially as the first elections for the post-Colonial parliament approached. The Kabaka particularly disliked the DP leader, Benedicto Kiwanuka.

Outside Buganda, a quiet spoken politician, Milton Obote, from Northern Uganda had forged an alliance of non-Buganda politicians to form the Uganda People’s Congress (UPC). The UPC at its heart was dominated by politicians who wanted to rectify what they saw as the regional inequality that favoured Buganda's special status. This drew in substantial support from outside Buganda. The party however remained a loose alliance of interests but Obote showed great skill at negotiating them into a common ground based on a federal formula.

At Independence, the Buganda question remained unresolved. Uganda was one of the few colonial territories that achieved independence without a dominant political party with a clear majority in parliament. In the pre-Independence elections, the UPC ran no candidates in Buganda and won 37 of the 61 directly elected seats (outside Buganda). The DP won 24 seats outside Buganda. The “Special Status” granted to Buganda, meant that the 21 Buganda seats were elected by proportional representation reflecting the elections to the Buganda parliament – the Lukikko. KY won a resounding victory over DP, winning all 21 seats.

KY held the balance of power, and the bitterness with the DP in Buganda walked the Kabaka to seek an alliance with UPC, further enhanced by Obote’s promise to keep Buganda’s “special status” and grant the Kabaka the ceremonial presidential role.

The UPC and KY thus entered a coalition, and were boosted further by the 9 seats allocated by parliament (6 to UPC and 3 to KY). An additional seat was allocated to the Attorney General which was given to a Buganda UPC supporter - Godfrey Binaisa. The UPC now had 44 of the 92 parliamentary seats as Uganda celebrated independence, still short of a majority and dependant on KY to rule. Obote became Prime minister, and as promised the Kabaka became ceremonial president.

This arrangement had an almost immediate impact on the opposition DP – especially amongst its MPs who after all shared many of the values that were espoused by the UPC. Just 2 years after independence in 1964 a trickle of defections from the DP meant that the UPC had achieved an absolute majority in parliament, and no longer needed the support of KY. Without any formal announcement, the coalition arrangement ended, although the Kabaka remained president.

The UPC reached a high at the end of 1964 when the leader of the DP in parliament, Basil Bataringaya crossed the parliamentary floor with 5 other MPs, leaving DP with only 9 seats. The DP MPs were not particularly happy that their leader Benedicto Kiwanuka's hostility towards the Kabaka that was hindering their chances of compromise with KY . The trickle of defections turned into a flood when 10 KY members crossed the floor when they realised the formal coalition with the UPC was no longer viable. Obote’s charismatic speeches across the country were sweeping all before him, and the UPC was winning almost every local election held and increasing its control over all district councils and legislatures outside Buganda. The response from the Kabaka was mute – probably content in his ceremonial role and symbolism in his part of the country. However there were also major divisions within his palace that made it difficult for him to act effectively against Obote. By the time Uganda had become independent, Buganda "was a divided house with contending social and political forces"

There were however problems brewing inside the UPC. As its ranks swelled, the ethnic, religious, regional and personal interests began to shake the party. The party’s apparent strength was eroded in a complex sequence of factional conflicts in its central and regional structures. And by 1966, the UPC was tearing itself apart. The conflicts were further intensified by the newcomers who had crossed the parliamentary floor from DP and KY.

The UPC delegates arrived in Gulu in 1964 for their delegates conference. Here was the first demonstration as to how Obote was losing control of his party. The battle over the Secretary General of the party was a bitter contest between the new moderate’s candidate – Grace Ibingira and the radical John Kakonge. Ibingira subsequently became the symbol of the opposition to Obote within the UPC. This is an important factor when looking at the subsequent events that led to the crisis between Buganda and the Central government. For those outside the UPC (including KY supporters), this was a sign that Obote was vulnerable. Keen observers realised the UPC was not a cohesive unit.

The collapse of the UPC-KY alliance openly revealed the dissatisfaction Obote and others had about Buganda’s “special status”. In 1964 The government responded to demands from some parts of the vast Buganda Kingdom that they were not the Kabaka’s subjects. Prior to colonial rule Buganda had been rivalled by the neighbouring Bunyoro kingdom. Buganda had conquered parts of Bunyoro and the British colonialists had formalised this in the Buganda Agreements. Known as the “lost counties”, the people in these areas wished to revert to being part of Bunyoro. Obote decided to allow a referendum which angered the Kabaka and most of the rest of Buganda. The residents of the counties voted to return to Bunyoro despite the Kabaka's attempts to influence the vote. Having lost the referendum, KY opposed the bill to pass the counties to Bunyoro, thus ending the alliance with the UPC.

The tribal nature of Ugandan politics was also manifesting itself in government. The UPC which had previously been a national party began to break along tribal lines when Ibingira challenged Obote in the UPC. The “North/South” ethnic divide that had been evident in economic and social spheres now entrenched itself in politics. Obote surrounded himself with mainly northern politicians – A. A. Neykon, Felix Onama, Alex Ojera – while Ibingira’s supporters who were subsequently arrested and jailed with him, were mainly from the South – George Magezi, B. Kirya, Matthias Ngobi. In time, the 2 factions acquired ethnic labels – “Bantu” (the mainly Southern Ibingira faction) and “Nilotic” (the mainly Northern Obote faction). The perception that the government was at war with the Bantu was further enhanced when Obote arrested and imprisoned the mainly Bantu ministers who backed Ibingira.

These labels brought into the mix 2 very powerful influences. First Buganda – the people of Buganda are Bantu and therefore naturally aligned to the Ibingira faction. The Ibingira faction further advanced this alliance by accusing Obote of wanting to overthrow the Kabaka. They were now aligned to opposing Obote. Second – the security forces – the British colonialists had recruited the army and police almost exclusively from Northern Uganda due to their perceived suitability for these roles. At independence, the army and police was dominated by northern tribes – mainly Nilotic. They would now feel more affiliated to Obote, and he took full advantage of this to consolidate his power. In April 1966, Obote passed out eight hundred new {army] recruits at [[Moroto], of whom seventy percent came from the Northern Region .

It is true that at the time there was a tendency to see central government and security forces as dominated by “northerners” - particularly the Acholi who through the UPC had significant access to government positions at national level. In northern Uganda there were also varied degrees of anti-Buganda feelings particularly over the kingdoms “special status” before and after independence, and all the economic and social benefits that came with this status. "Obote brought significant numbers of northerners into the central state, both through the civil service and military, and created a patronage machine in Northern Uganda". However, both “Bantu and “Nilotic” labels represent significant ambiguities. The Bantu category for example includes both Buganda and Bunyoro – historically bitter rivals. The Nilotic label includes the Lugbara, Acholi and Langi who have bitter rivalries that were to define Uganda’s military politics later. Despite these ambiguities, these events unwittingly brought to fore the northerner/southerner political divide which to some extent still influences Ugandan politics.

The UPC fragmentation continued as opponents sensed Obote’s vulnerability. At local level where the UPC dominated most councils discontent began to challenge incumbent council leaders. Even in Obote’s home district, attempts were made to oust the head of the local district council in 1966. A more worrying fact for the UPC was that the next national elections loomed in 1967 – and without the support of KY (who were now likely to back the DP), and the growing factionalism in the UPC, there was the real possibility that the UPC would be out of power in months.

Obote went after KY with a new act of parliament in early 1966 that blocked any attempt by KY to expand outside Buganda. KY appeared to respond in parliament through one of their few remaining MPs, the terminally ill Daudi Ochieng. Ochieng was an irony – although from Northern Uganda, he had risen high in the ranks of KY and become a close confidant to the Kabaka who had gifted him with large land titles in Buganda. In Obote’s absence from Parliament, Ochieng laid bare the illegal plundering of ivory and gold from the Congo that had been orchestrated by Obote’s army chief of staff, Colonel Idi Amin. He further alleged that Obote, Onama and Neykon had all benefited from the scheme. Parliament overwhelmingly voted in favour of a motion to censure Idi Amin and investigate Obote's involvement. This shook the government and raised tensions in the country.

KY further demonstrated its ability to challenge Obote from within his party at the UPC Buganda conference where Godfrey Binaisa (the Attorney General) was ousted by a faction believed to have the backing of KY, Ibingira and other anti-Obote elements in Buganda. Obote’s response was to arrest Ibingira and other ministers at a cabinet meeting and to assume special powers in February 1966. In March 1966, Obote also announced that the offices of President and Vice President would cease to exist – effectively dismissing the Kabaka. Obote also gave Amin more power – giving him the Army Commander position over the previous holder (Opolot) who had relations to Buganda through marriage (possibly believing Opolot would be reluctant to take military action against the Kabaka if it came to that). Obote abolished the constitution and effectively suspended elections due in a few months. Obote went on television and radio to accuse the Kabaka of various offences including requesting foreign troops which appears to have been explored by the Kabaka following the rumours of Amin plotting a coup. Obote further dismantled the authority of the Kabaka by announcing amongst others:  The abolition of independent public service commissions for federal units. This removed the Kabaka’s authority to appoint civil servants in Buganda.  The abolition of the Buganda High Court – removing any judicial authority the Kabaka had.  The bringing of Buganda financial management under further central control.  Abolition of lands for Buganda chiefs. Land is one the key sources of Kabaka’s power over his subjects.


The lines were now drawn for a show down between Buganda and the Central government. Historians may argue about whether this could have been avoided through compromise. This was unlikely as Obote now felt emboldened and saw the Kabaka as weak. Indeed, by accepting the presidency four years earlier and siding with the UPC, the Kabaka had divided his people and taken the side of one against the other. Within Buganda’s political institutions, rivalries driven by religion and personal ambition made the institutions ineffective and unable to respond to the central government moves. The Kabaka was often regarded as aloof and unresponsive to advice from the younger Buganda politicians who better understood the new post-Independence politics, unlike the traditionalists who were ambivalent to what was going on as long as their traditional benefits were maintained. The Kabaka favoured the neo-traditionalists.

In May 1966, the Kabaka made his move. He asked for foreign help and the Buganda parliament demanded that the Uganda government leave Buganda (including the capital, Kampala). In response Obote ordered Idi Amin to attack the Kabaka’s palace. The battle for the Kabaka’s palace was fierce – the Kabaka’s guards putting up more resistance that had been expected. The British trained Captain - the Kabaka with about 120 armed men kept Idi Amin at bay for twelve hours. It is estimated that up to 2,000 people died in the battle which ended when the army called in heavier guns and overran the palace. The anticipated countryside uprising in Buganda did not materialise and a few hours later a beaming Obote met the press to relish his victory. The Kabaka escaped over the palace walls and was scuttled off into exile in London by supporters. He died there 3 years later.

Uganda: 1966–1971 (before the coup)

In 1966, following a power struggle between the Obote-led government and King Muteesa, Obote suspended the constitution and removed the ceremonial president and vice-president. In 1967, a new constitution proclaimed Uganda a republic and abolished the traditional kingdoms. Obote was declared the president.

Uganda: 1971 (after the coup) –1979 (end of Amin regime)

After a military coup on 25 January 1971, Obote was deposed from power and General Idi Amin seized control of the country. Amin ruled Uganda as dictator with the support of the military for the next eight years. He carried out mass killings within the country to maintain his rule. An estimated 80,000-500,000 Ugandans lost their lives during his regime. Aside from his brutalities, he forcibly removed the entrepreneurial Indian minority from Uganda. In June 1976, Palestinian terrorists hijacked an Air France flight and forced it to land at Entebbe airport. One hundred of the 250 passengers originally on board were held hostage until an Israeli commando raid rescued them ten days later. Amin's reign was ended after the Uganda-Tanzania War in 1979, in which Tanzanian forces aided by Ugandan exiles invaded Uganda.

Uganda: 1986–present

Belligerents of the Second Congo War. On December 19, 2005, the International Court of Justice found against Uganda, in a case brought by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, for illegal invasion of its territory, and violation of human rights.

Museveni has been president since his forces toppled the previous regime in January 1986.

Political parties in Uganda were restricted in their activities beginning that year, in a measure ostensibly designed to reduce sectarian violence. In the non-party "Movement" system instituted by Museveni, political parties continued to exist, but they could operate only a headquarters office. They could not open branches, hold rallies, or field candidates directly (although electoral candidates could belong to political parties). A constitutional referendum cancelled this nineteen-year ban on multi-party politics in July 2005.

In the mid-to-late 1990s, Museveni was lauded by western countries as part of a new generation of African leaders.

His presidency has been marred, however, by invading and occupying the Democratic Republic of the Congo during the Second Congo War, resulting in an estimated 5.4 million deaths since 1998, and by participating in other conflicts in the Great Lakes region of Africa. He has struggled for years in the civil war against the Lord's Resistance Army, which has been guilty of numerous crimes against humanity, including child slavery, the Atiak massacre, and other mass murders. Conflict in northern Uganda has killed thousands and displaced millions.

Parliament abolished presidential term limits in 2005, allegedly because Museveni used public funds to pay US$2,000 to each member of parliament who supported the measure. Presidential elections were held in February 2006. Museveni ran against several candidates, the most prominent of them being Kizza Besigye.

On 20 February 2011, the Uganda Electoral Commission declared the incumbent president Yoweri Kaguta Museveni the winning candidate of the 2011 elections that were held on 18 February 2011. The opposition however, were not satisfied with the results, condemning them as full of sham and rigging. According to the official results, Museveni won with 68 percent of the votes. This easily topped his nearest challenger, Besigye, who had been Museveni's physician and told reporters that he and his supporters "downrightly snub" the outcome as well as the unremitting rule of Museveni or any person he may appoint. Besigye added that the rigged elections would definitely lead to an illegitimate leadership and that it is up to Ugandans to critically analyse this. The European Union's Election Observation Mission reported on improvements and flaws of the Ugandan electoral process: "The electoral campaign and polling day were conducted in a peaceful manner [...] However, the electoral process was marred by avoidable administrative and logistical failures that led to an unacceptable number of Ugandan citizens being disfranchised."

Since August 2012, hacktivist group Anonymous has threatened Ugandan officials and hacked official government websites over its anti-gay bills. Some international donors have threatened to cut financial aid to the country if anti-gay bills continue.

Indicators of a plan for succession by the president's son, Muhoozi Kainerugaba, have increased tensions.

Uganda: Geography

Regional map of Uganda.
Mount Kadam, Uganda.
Ugandan kob
Uganda map of Köppen climate classification.
The road between Otuboi and Bata near the Teso/Lango border

The country is located on the East African Plateau, lying mostly between latitudes 4°N and 2°S (a small area is north of 4°), and longitudes 29° and 35°E. It averages about 1,100 metres (3,609 ft) above sea level, sloping very steadily downwards to the Sudanese Plain to the north.

Uganda: Lakes and rivers

Much of the south of the country is heavily influenced by one of the world's biggest lakes, Lake Victoria, which contains many islands. Most important cities are located in the south, near this lake, including the capital Kampala and the nearby city of Entebbe.

Lake Kyoga is in the centre of the country and is surrounded by extensive marshy areas.

Although landlocked, Uganda contains many large lakes. Besides Lakes Victoria and Kyoga, there are Lake Albert, Lake Edward, and the smaller Lake George.

Uganda lies almost completely within the Nile basin. The Victoria Nile drains from Lake Victoria into Lake Kyoga and thence into Lake Albert on the Congolese border. It then runs northwards into South Sudan. An area in eastern Uganda is drained by the Suam River, part of the internal drainage basin of Lake Turkana. The extreme north-eastern part of Uganda drains into the Lotikipi Basin, which is primarily in Kenya.

Uganda: Environment and conservation

The Crested crane is the national bird.

Uganda has 60 protected areas, including ten national parks: Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Rwenzori Mountains National Park (both UNESCO World Heritage Sites), Kibale National Park, Kidepo Valley National Park, Lake Mburo National Park, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, Mount Elgon National Park, Murchison Falls National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park, and Semuliki National Park.

Uganda: Government and politics

Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda

The President of Uganda is both head of state and head of government. The president appoints a vice-president and a prime minister to aid him in governing.

U.S. President George W. Bush met with President Yoweri Museveni in Entebbe, Uganda, July 11, 2003.

The parliament is formed by the National Assembly, which has 449 members. These include; 290 constituency representatives, 116 district woman representatives, 10 representatives of the Uganda Peoples Defence Forces, 5 representatives of the youth, 5 representatives of workers, 5 representatives of persons with disabilities and 18 ex-official members.

Uganda: Corruption

Transparency International has rated Uganda's public sector as one of the most corrupt in the world. In 2016, Uganda ranked 151st worst out of 176 and had a score of 25 on a scale from 0 (perceived as most corrupt) to 100 (perceived as clean).

The World Bank's 2015 Worldwide Governance Indicators ranked Uganda in the worst 12 percentile of all countries. According to the United States Department of State's 2012 Human Rights Report on Uganda, "The World Bank's most recent Worldwide Governance Indicators reflected corruption was a severe problem" and that "the country annually loses 768.9 billion shillings ($286 million) to corruption."

Ugandan parliamentarians in 2014 were earning 60 times what was being earned by most state employees and they were seeking a major increase. This was causing widespread criticism and protests, including the smuggling of two piglets into the parliament in June 2014 to highlight corruption amongst members of parliament. The protesters, who were arrested, were using the word "MPigs" to highlight their grievance.

A specific scandal, which had significant international consequences and highlighted the presence of corruption in high-level government offices, was the embezzlement of $12.6 million of donor funds from the Office of the Prime Minister in 2012. These funds were "earmarked as crucial support for rebuilding northern Uganda, ravaged by a 20-year war, and Karamoja, Uganda's poorest region." This scandal prompted the EU, the UK, Germany, Denmark, Ireland, and Norway to suspend aid.

Widespread grand and petty corruption involving public officials and political patronage systems have also seriously affected the investment climate in Uganda. One of the high corruption risk areas is the public procurement in which non-transparent under-the-table cash payments are often demanded from procurement officers.

What may ultimately compound this problem is the availability of oil. The Petroleum Bill, passed by parliament in 2012 and touted by the NRM as bringing transparency to the oil sector, has failed to please domestic and international political commentators and economists. For instance, Angelo Izama, a Ugandan energy analyst at the US-based Open Society Foundation said the new law was tantamount to "handing over an ATM (cash) machine" to Museveni and his regime. According to Global Witness in 2012, a non-governmental organization devoted to international law, Uganda now has "oil reserves that have the potential to double the government's revenue within six to ten years, worth an estimated" US $2.4 billion per year.

The Non-Governmental Organizations (Amendment) Act, passed in 2006, has stifled the productivity of NGOs through erecting barriers to entry, activity, funding and assembly within the sector. Burdensome and corrupt registration procedures (i.e. requiring recommendations from government officials; annual re-registration), unreasonable regulation of operations (i.e. requiring government notification prior to making contact with individuals in NGO's area of interest), and the precondition that all foreign funds be passed through the Bank of Uganda, among other things, are severely limiting the output of the NGO sector. Furthermore, the sector's freedom of speech has been continually infringed upon through the use of intimidation, and the recent Public Order Management Bill (severely limiting freedom of assembly) will only add to the government's stockpile of ammunition.

Uganda: Political divisions

Uganda is divided into 112 districts. The districts are subdivided into counties. Each county is subdivided into sub-counties, parishes, and villages.

Administrative units (August 2014)
Districts 112
Counties 181
Sub counties 1,382
Municipalities 22
Town councils 174

Political subdivisions in Uganda are officially served and united by the Uganda Local Governments Association (ULGA), a voluntary and non-profit body which also serves as a forum for support and guidance for Ugandan sub-national governments.

Parallel with the state administration, five traditional Bantu kingdoms have remained, enjoying some degrees of mainly cultural autonomy. The kingdoms are Toro, Busoga, Bunyoro, Buganda, and Rwenzururu. Furthermore, some groups attempt to restore Ankole as one of the officially recognised traditional kingdoms, to no avail yet. Several other kingdoms and chiefdoms are officially recognized by the government, including the union of Alur chiefdoms, the Iteso paramount chieftaincy, the paramount chieftaincy of Lango and the Padhola state.

Uganda: Foreign relations and military

In Uganda, the Uganda People's Defence Force serves as the military. The number of military personnel in Uganda is estimated at 45,000 soldiers on active duty. The Uganda army is involved in several peacekeeping and combat missions in the region, with commentators noting that only the United States Armed Forces is deployed in more countries. Uganda has soldiers deployed in the northern and eastern areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in the Central African Republic, Somalia, and South Sudan.

Uganda: Human rights

Two women in Gulu whose lips have been cut off by Lord's Resistance Army rebels

There are many areas which continue to attract concern when it comes to human rights in Uganda.

Conflict in the northern parts of the country continues to generate reports of abuses by both the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), led by Joseph Kony, and the Ugandan Army. A UN official accused the LRA in February 2009 of "appalling brutality" in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The number of internally displaced persons is estimated at 1.4 million. Torture continues to be a widespread practice amongst security organisations. Attacks on political freedom in the country, including the arrest and beating of opposition members of parliament, have led to international criticism, culminating in May 2005 in a decision by the British government to withhold part of its aid to the country. The arrest of the main opposition leader Kizza Besigye and the siege of the High Court during a hearing of Besigye's case by heavily armed security forces – before the February 2006 elections – led to condemnation.

Child labour is common in Uganda. Many child workers are active in agriculture. Children who work on tobacco farms in Uganda are exposed to health hazards. Child domestic servants in Uganda risk sexual abuse. Trafficking of children occurs. Slavery and forced labour are prohibited by the Ugandan constitution.

The US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants reported several violations of refugee rights in 2007, including forcible deportations by the Ugandan government and violence directed against refugees.

Torture and extrajudicial killings have been a pervasive problem in Uganda in recent years. For instance, according to a 2012 US State Department report, "the African Center for Treatment and Rehabilitation for Torture Victims registered 170 allegations of torture against police, 214 against the UPDF, 1 against military police, 23 against the Special Investigations Unit, 361 against unspecified security personnel, and 24 against prison officials" between January and September 2012.

In September 2009 Museveni refused Kabaka Muwenda Mutebi, the Baganda king, permission to visit some areas of Buganda Kingdom, particularly the Kayunga district. Riots occurred and over 40 people were killed while others remain imprisoned to this date. Furthermore, 9 more people were killed during the April 2011 "Walk to Work" demonstrations. According to the Humans Rights Watch 2013 World Report on Uganda, the government has failed to investigate the killings associated with both of these events.

Uganda: LGBT rights

Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.

In 2007, a Ugandan newspaper, the Red Pepper, published a list of allegedly gay men, many of whom suffered harassment as a result.

On 9 October 2010, the Ugandan newspaper Rolling Stone published a front page article titled "100 Pictures of Uganda's Top Homos Leak" that listed the names, addresses, and photographs of 100 homosexuals alongside a yellow banner that read "Hang Them". The paper also alleged that homosexuals aimed to recruit Ugandan children. This publication attracted international attention and criticism from human rights organisations, such as Amnesty International, No Peace Without Justice and the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. According to gay rights activists, many Ugandans have been attacked since the publication. On 27 January 2011, gay rights activist David Kato was murdered.

In 2009, the Ugandan parliament considered an Anti-Homosexuality Bill that would have broadened the criminalisation of homosexuality by introducing the death penalty for people who have previous convictions, or are HIV-positive, and engage in same-sex sexual acts. The bill also included provisions for Ugandans who engage in same-sex sexual relations outside of Uganda, asserting that they may be extradited back to Uganda for punishment, and included penalties for individuals, companies, media organisations, or non-governmental organisations that support legal protection for homosexuality or sodomy. The private member's bill was submitted by MP David Bahati in Uganda on 14 October 2009, and was believed to have had widespread support in the Uganda parliament. The hacktivist group Anonymous hacked into Ugandan government websites in protest of the bill. The debate of the bill was delayed in response to global condemnation but was eventually passed on 20 December 2013 and signed by President Yoweri Museveni on 24 February 2014. The death penalty was dropped in the final legislation. The law was widely condemned by the international community. Denmark, the Netherlands, and Sweden said they would withhold aid. The World Bank on 28 February 2014 said it would postpone a US$90 million loan, while the United States said it was reviewing ties with Uganda. On 1 August 2014, the Constitutional Court of Uganda ruled the bill invalid as it was not passed with the required quorum. A 13 August 2014 news report said that the Ugandan attorney general had dropped all plans to appeal, per a directive from President Museveni who was concerned about foreign reaction to the bill and who also said that any newly introduced bill should not criminalize same-sex relationships between consenting adults.

Uganda: Economy and infrastructure

Downtown Kampala, the capital city.

The Bank of Uganda is the central bank of Uganda and handles monetary policy along with the printing of the Ugandan shilling.

In 2015, Uganda's economy generated export income from the following merchandise: coffee (US $402.63 million), oil re-exports (US $131.25 million), base metals and products (US $120.00 million), fish (US $117.56 million), maize (US $90.97 million), cement (US $80.13 million), tobacco (US $73.13 million), tea (US $69.94 million), sugar (US $66.43 million), hides and skins (US $62.71 million), cocoa beans (US $55.67 million), beans (US $53.88 million), simsim (US $52.20 million), flowers (US $51.44 million), and other products (US $766.77 million).

The country has been experiencing consistent economic growth. In fiscal year 2015-16, Uganda recorded gross domestic product growth of 4.6 percent in real terms and 11.6 percent in nominal terms. This compares to 5.0 percent real growth in fiscal year 2014-15.

The country has largely untapped reserves of both crude oil and natural gas. While agriculture accounted for 56 percent of the economy in 1986, with coffee as its main export, it has now been surpassed by the services sector, which accounted for 52 percent of GDP in 2007. In the 1950s, the British colonial regime encouraged some 500,000 subsistence farmers to join co-operatives. Since 1986, the government (with the support of foreign countries and international agencies) has acted to rehabilitate an economy devastated during the regime of Idi Amin and the subsequent civil war.

Suburban Kampala.
Graphical depiction of Uganda's product exports in 28 color-coded categories.
Coffee fields in southwestern Uganda

In 2012, the World Bank still listed Uganda on the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries list.

Economic growth has not always led to poverty reduction. Despite an average annual growth of 2.5 percent between 2000 and 2003, poverty levels increased by 3.8 percent during that time. This has highlighted the importance of avoiding jobless growth and is part of the rising awareness in development circles of the need for equitable growth not just in Uganda, but across the developing world.

With the Uganda securities exchanges established in 1996, several equities have been listed. The government has used the stock market as an avenue for privatisation. All government treasury issues are listed on the securities exchange. The Capital Markets Authority has licensed 18 brokers, asset managers, and investment advisors including: African Alliance Investment Bank, Baroda Capital Markets Uganda Limited, Crane Financial Services Uganda Limited, Crested Stocks and Securities Limited, Dyer & Blair Investment Bank, Equity Stock Brokers Uganda Limited, Renaissance Capital Investment Bank and UAP Financial Services Limited. As one of the ways of increasing formal domestic savings, pension sector reform is the centre of attention (2007).

Uganda traditionally depends on Kenya for access to the Indian Ocean port of Mombasa. Efforts have intensified to establish a second access route to the sea via the lakeside ports of Bukasa in Uganda and Musoma in Tanzania, connected by railway to Arusha in the Tanzanian interior and to the port of Tanga on the Indian Ocean.

Uganda is a member of the East African Community and a potential member of the planned East African Federation.

Uganda has a large diaspora, residing mainly in the United States and the United Kingdom. This diaspora has contributed enormously to Uganda's economic growth through remittances and other investments (especially property). According to the World Bank, Uganda received in 2016 an estimated US $1.099 billion in remittances from abroad, second only to Kenya (US $1.574 billion) in the East African Community. Uganda also serves as an economic hub for a number of neighbouring countries like the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, and Rwanda.

The Ugandan Bureau of Statistics announced inflation was 4.6 percent in November 2016.

Uganda: Poverty

Street views in Kampala

Uganda is one of the poorest nations in the world. In 2012, 37.8 percent of the population lived on less than $1.25 a day. Despite making enormous progress in reducing the countrywide poverty incidence from 56 percent of the population in 1992 to 24.5 percent in 2009, poverty remains deep-rooted in the country's rural areas, which are home to 84 percent of Ugandans.

People in rural areas of Uganda depend on farming as the main source of income and 90 per cent of all rural women work in the agricultural sector. In addition to agricultural work, rural women are responsible for the caretaking of their families. The average Ugandan woman spends 9 hours a day on domestic tasks, such as preparing food and clothing, fetching water and firewood, and caring for the elderly, the sick as well as orphans. As such, women on average work longer hours than men, between 12 and 18 hours per day, with a mean of 15 hours, as compared to men, who work between 8 and 10 hours a day.

To supplement their income, rural women may engage in small-scale entrepreneurial activities such as rearing and selling local breeds of animals. Nonetheless, because of their heavy workload, they have little time for these income-generating activities. The poor cannot support their children at school and in most cases, girls drop out of school to help out in domestic work or to get married. Other girls engage in sex work. As a result, young women tend to have older and more sexually experienced partners and this puts women at a disproportionate risk of getting affected by HIV, accounting for about 57 per cent of all adults living with HIV in Uganda.

Maternal health in rural Uganda lags behind national policy targets and the Millennium Development Goals, with geographical inaccessibility, lack of transport and financial burdens identified as key demand-side constraints to accessing maternal health services; as such, interventions like intermediate transport mechanisms have been adopted as a means to improve women's access to maternal health care services in rural regions of the country.

Gender inequality is the main hindrance to reducing women's poverty. Women are subjected to an overall lower social status than men. For many women, this reduces their power to act independently, participate in community life, become educated and escape reliance upon abusive men.

Uganda: Communications

An advertisement for a mobile phone carrier on a van in Kampala.

There are seven telecommunications companies serving over 21 million subscribers in a population of over 34 million. More than 95 percent of internet connections are made using mobile phones.

The total mobile and fixed telephony subscriptions increased from over 20 million to over 21 million yielding an increment of over 1.1 million subscribers (5.4 increase) compared to the 4.1 percent increases realized in the previous quarter Q4 2014 (October–December).

The road between Fort Portal and Rebisengo
Mobile & Fixed Telephony
Indicators Q4 2014 Q1 2015 Change (%)
Mobile Subscriptions (prepaid) 20,257,656 21,347,079 5.4
Mobile Subscriptions (post-paid) 108,285 110,282 1.8
Fixed subscriptions 324,442 349,163 7.6
Tele-density 56.5 62.5 10.6
National status 20,690,383 21,806,523 5.4
Northern corridor road from Kampala to Gulu at Matugga Town in Wakiso District

Uganda: Energy

In the 1980s, the majority of energy in Uganda came from charcoal and wood. However, oil was found in the Lake Albert area, totaling an estimated 95,000,000 m (3.354893339×10 cu ft) barrels of crude. Heritage Oil discovered one of the largest crude oil finds in Uganda, and continues operations there.

Uganda: Water supply and sanitation

According to a 2006 published report, the Ugandan water supply and sanitation sector had made substantial progress in urban areas since the mid-1990s, with substantial increases in coverage as well as in operational and commercial performance. Sector reforms in the period 1998-2003 included the commercialization and modernization of the National Water and Sewerage Corporation operating in cities and larger towns, as well as decentralization and private sector participation in small towns.

Although, these reforms have attracted significant international attention, 38 percent of the population still had no access to an improved water source in 2010. Concerning access to improved sanitation, figures have varied widely. According to government figures, it was 70 percent in rural areas and 81 percent in urban areas in 2011, while according to UN figures it was only 34 percent.

The water and sanitation sector was recognized as a key area under the 2004 Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP), Uganda's main strategy paper to fight poverty. According to a 2006 published report, a comprehensive expenditure framework had been introduced to coordinate financial support by external donors, the national government, and nongovernmental organizations. The PEAP estimated that from 2001 to 2015, about US $1.4 billion, or US $92 million per year, was needed to increase water supply coverage up to 95 percent, with rural areas needing US $956 million, urban areas and large towns needing US $281 million, and small towns needing US $136 million.

Uganda: Education

Students in Uganda
Children attending a primary education program for conflict-affected students

At the 2002 census, Uganda had a literacy rate of 66.8 percent (76.8 percent male and 57.7 percent female). Public spending on education was at 5.2 percent of the 2002–2005 GDP.

Uganda: Health

Lira, Uganda.

Uganda has been among the rare HIV success stories. Infection rates of 30 per cent of the population in the 1980s fell to 6.4 percent by the end of 2008. However, there has been a spike in recent years compared to the mid-1990s. Meanwhile, the practice of abstinence was found to have decreased.

The prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) is low: according to a 2013 UNICEF report, Only 1 percent of women in Uganda have undergone FGM, with the practice being illegal in the country.

Life expectancy at birth was estimated to be 53.45 years in 2012. The infant mortality rate was approximately 61 deaths per 1,000 children in 2012. There were eight physicians per 100,000 persons in the early 2000s. The 2006 Uganda Demographic Health Survey (UDHS) indicated that roughly 6,000 women die each year from pregnancy-related complications. However, recent pilot studies by Future Health Systems have shown that this rate could be significantly reduced by implementing a voucher scheme for health services and transport to clinics.

Uganda's elimination of user fees at state health facilities in 2001 has resulted in an 80 percent increase in visits, with over half of this increase coming from the poorest 20 percent of the population. This policy has been cited as a key factor in helping Uganda achieve its Millennium Development Goals and as an example of the importance of equity in achieving those goals. Despite this policy, many users are denied care if they do not provide their own medical equipment, as happened in the highly publicised case of Jennifer Anguko. Poor communication within hospitals, low satisfaction with health services and distance to health service providers undermine the provision of quality health care to people living in Uganda, and particularly for those in poor and elderly-headed households. The provision of subsidies for poor and rural populations, along with the extension of public private partnerships, have been identified as important provisions to enable vulnerable populations to access health services.

In July 2012, there was an Ebola outbreak in the Kibaale District of the country. On 4 October 2012, the Ministry of Health officially declared the end of the outbreak after at least 16 people had died.

The Health Ministry announced on 16 August 2013 that three people had died in northern Uganda from a suspected outbreak of Congo Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever.

Uganda: Crime and law enforcement

In Uganda, the Allied Democratic Forces is considered a violent rebel force that opposes the Ugandan government. These rebels are an enemy of the Uganda People's Defence Force and are considered an affiliate of Al-Shabaab.

Uganda: Science and technology

The National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy dates from 2009. Its overarching goal is to ‘strengthen national capability to generate, transfer and apply scientific knowledge, skills and technologies that ensure sustainable utilisation of natural resources for the realisation of Uganda’s development objectives.’ The policy precedes Uganda Vision 2040, which was launched in April 2013 to transform ‘Ugandan society from a peasant to a modern and prosperous country within 30 years,’ in the words of the Cabinet. Uganda Vision 2040 vows to strengthen the private sector, improve education and training, modernize infrastructure and the underdeveloped services and agriculture sectors, foster industrialization and promote good governance, among other goals. Potential areas for economic development include oil and gas, tourism, minerals and information and communication technologies (ICTs).

Research funding climbed between 2008 and 2010 from 0.33% to 0.48% of GDP. Over the same period, the number of researchers doubled (in head counts) from 1 387 to 2 823, according to the UNESCO Institute for Statistics. This represents a leap from 44 to 83 researchers per million inhabitants over the same period. One in four researchers is a woman. Uganda has been able to manufacture prototype of cars called kiira in which the government invested 70usd.

Uganda: Demographics

Cultural celebrations in Northern Uganda

The country has a significant overpopulation problem. Uganda's population grew from 9.5 million people in 1969 to 34.9 million in 2014. With respect to the last inter-censal period (September 2002), the population increased by 10.6 million people in the past 12 years. Uganda's median age of 15 years is the lowest in the world. Uganda has the fifth highest total fertility rate in the world, at 5.97 children born per woman (2014 estimates).

There were about 80,000 Indians in Uganda before Idi Amin required the expulsion of Ugandan-Asians (mostly of Indian origin) in 1972, which reduced the population to as low as 7,000. Many Indians, however, returned to Uganda after Amin's fall ouster in 1979. Around 90 percent of Ugandan Indians reside in Kampala.

According to the UNHCR, Uganda hosted over 190,000 refugees in 2013. Most of the latter came from neighbouring countries in the African Great Lakes region, namely Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, and Sudan.

Uganda: Languages

An ethnolinguistic map of Uganda

Swahili, a widely used language throughout the African Great Lakes region, was approved as the country's second official national language in 2005. English was the only official language until the constitution was amended in 2005. Although Swahili has not been favoured by the Bantu-speaking populations of the south and south-west of the country, it is an important lingua franca in the northern regions. It is also widely used in the police and military forces, which may be a historical result of the disproportionate recruitment of northerners into the security forces during the colonial period. The status of Swahili has thus alternated with the political group in power. For example, Idi Amin, who came from the north-west, declared Swahili to be the national language.

Uganda: Religion

Church in Entebbe
Gaddafi National Mosque

According to the 2002 census, Christians made up about 85 percent of Uganda's population. The Roman Catholic Church had the largest number of adherents (41.9 percent), followed by the Anglican Church of Uganda (35.9 percent). Adventist, Evangelical, Pentecostal, and other Protestant churches claimed most of the remaining Christians, although there was also a tiny Eastern Orthodox community. The next most reported religion of Uganda was Islam, with Muslims representing 12.1 percent of the population.

The Muslim population is primarily Sunni. There are also minorities who are Shia (7 percent), Ahmadiyya (4 percent), and those that are non-denominational Muslims, Sufi Muslims.

The remainder of the population according to the 2002 census followed traditional religions (1.0 percent), Baha'i (0.1 percent), other non-Christian religions (0.7 percent), or had no religious affiliation (0.9 percent).

The Northern Region, including the West Nile sub-region, is predominantly Catholic, while the Iganga District in eastern Uganda has the highest percentage of Muslims. The rest of the country has a mix of religious affiliations.

Uganda: Largest cities

Uganda: Culture

Woman in Ruwenzori – Western Uganda

Owing to the large number of communities, culture within Uganda is diverse. Many Asians (mostly from India) who were expelled during the regime of Idi Amin have returned to Uganda.

Uganda: Sport

Uganda: Basketball

The country has an increasingly successful national basketball team. It is nicknamed "The Silverbacks", and made its debut at the 2015 FIBA Africa Championship.

Uganda: Baseball

In July 2011, Kampala, Uganda qualified for the 2011 Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania for the first time, beating Saudi Arabian baseball team Dharan LL, although visa complications prevented them from attending the series. Little League teams from Uganda qualified for and attended the 2012.d

Uganda: Media

Uganda: Cinema

The Ugandan film industry is relatively young. It is developing quickly, but still faces an assortment of challenges. There has been support for the industry as seen in the proliferation of film festivals such as Amakula, Pearl International Film Festival, Maisha African Film Festival and Manya Human Rights Festival. However filmmakers struggle against the competing markets from other countries on the continent such as those in Nigeria and South Africa in addition to the big budget films from Hollywood.

The first publicly recognised film that was produced solely by Ugandans was Feelings Struggle, which was directed and written by Hajji Ashraf Ssemwogerere in 2005. This marks the year of ascent of film in Uganda, a time where many enthusiasts were proud to classify themselves as cinematographers in varied capacities.

The local film industry is polarised between two types of filmmakers. The first are filmmakers who use the Nollywood video film era's guerrilla approach to film making, churning out a picture in around two weeks and screening it in makeshift video halls. The second is the filmmaker who has the film aesthetic, but with limited funds has to depend on the competitive scramble for donor cash.

Though cinema in Uganda is evolving it still faces major challenges. Along with technical problems such as refining acting and editing skills, there are issues regarding funding and lack of government support and investment. There are no schools in the country dedicated to film, banks do not extend credit to film ventures, and distribution and marketing of movies remains poor.

The Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) is preparing regulations starting in 2014 that require Ugandan television to broadcast 70 percent Ugandan content and of this, 40 percent to be independent productions. With the emphasis on Ugandan Film and the UCC regulations favouring Ugandan productions for mainstream television, Ugandan film may become more prominent and successful in the near future.

Uganda: See also

  • Conservation in Uganda
  • Index of Uganda-related articles
  • National Heroes' Day
  • Kisizi
  • List of national parks of Uganda
  • Outline of Uganda
  • The Uganda Scouts Association
  • Tourism in Uganda
  • Uganda AIDS Orphan Children Foundation
  • War/Dance
  • Football in Uganda
  • Supreme Court of Uganda
  • Transport in Uganda

Uganda: References

  1. Article 5, Chapter 2, Constitution of Uganda, 1995, accessed 17 January 2017
  2. "The Constitution (Amendment) Act 2005" (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  3. Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Uganda". The World Factbook. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
  4. Republic of Uganda - Census 2014 - Final Report - Table 2.1 page 8
  5. "Uganda". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  6. "Gini index (World Bank estimate)". World Bank. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  7. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  8. "Who is Joseph Kony? A look at the Ugandan warlord | Toronto Star". thestar.com. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  9. "Article 6, Chapter 2, Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, 1995".
  10. "East Africa Living Encyclopedia – Ethnic Groups". African Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania.
  11. Martin, Phyllis and O'Meara, Patrick (1995). Africa. 3rd edition. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253209846.
  12. Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2009). Ethnicity and National Identity in Uganda: The Land and Its People. New Africa Press. p. 87.
  13. Mwambutsya, Ndebesa (June 1990 and January 1991). "Pre-capitalist Social Formation: The Case of the Banyankole of Southwestern Uganda". Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review. 6 (2; 7 no. 1): 78–95. Archived from the original on 31 January 2008. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  14. "Origins of Bunyoro-Kitara Kings" at the Wayback Machine (archived 10 December 2006), bunyoro-kitara.com.
  15. Stanley, H. M., 1899, Through the Dark Continent, London: G. Newnes, ISBN 0486256677
  16. "Background Note: Uganda". Bureau of African Affairs, United States Department of State. November 2008. Retrieved 21 Jamuary 2017. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  17. Pulford, Cedric (2011). Two Kingdoms of Uganda: Snakes and Ladders in the Scramble for Africa. Daventry: Ituri Publications.
  18. Beachey, R. W. (1962). "The Arms Trade in East Africa in the Late Nineteenth Century". The Journal of African History: 451.
  19. J. H. Kennaway (6 February 1893). "House of Commons: Address In Answer To Her Majesty's Most Gracious Speech - Adjourned Debate". Commons and Lords Hansard. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  20. Evans, Ruth (24 May 2000). "Kenya's Asian heritage on display". BBC. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  21. Chao (26 October 2014). "THE LUNATIC EXPRESS – A PHOTO ESSAY ON THE UGANDA RAILWAY.". Thee Agora. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  22. West, Stewart (February 2012). "Policing, Colonial Life and Decolonisation in Uganda, 1957-1960" (PDF). The Ferguson Centre for African and Asian Studies, Working Paper No. 03. pp. 3–4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-30.
  23. Fèvre, E. M.; Coleman, P. G.; Welburn, S. C.; Maudlin, I. (April 2004). "Reanalyzing the 1900–1920 Sleeping Sickness Epidemic in Uganda" (PDF). Emerging Infectious Diseases. US: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  24. History of Parliament at the Wayback Machine (archived 20 February 2010) (Website of the Parliament of Uganda)
  25. "Buganda Kingdom: The Uganda Crisis, 1966". Buganda.com. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
  26. J M Lee "Uganda's First Year of Independence", The Political Quarterly, January 1964
  27. Young C "The Politics of Cultural Pluralism, University of Wisconsin, 1979", Pg 248-250
  28. Mutibwa M Phares, "Uganda Since Independence, A Story of Unfulfilled Hope", C Hurst & Co. Publishers 1992
  29. Kasozi A, "Social Origins of Violence in Uganda 1964-1985", McGill-Queens Press, 1994
  30. Bade A, "Benedicto Kiwanuka, The Man and his Politics, Fountain Publishers, 1996
  31. Clement J, "Encyclopaedia of Conflicts Since World War 2" Pg 311, Routledge, 2015
  32. Kasozi A, "Social Origins of Violence in Uganda 1964-1985", Pg 63, McGill-Queens Press, 1994
  33. Kasozi A, "Social Origins of Violence in Uganda 1964-1985", Pg 71, McGill-Queens Press, 1994
  34. Kasozi A, "Social Origins of Violence in Uganda 1964-1985", Pg 70, McGill-Queens Press, 1994
  35. Lamwaka C, The Raging Storm", Fountain Publishers 2016
  36. Otunnu O, "Crisis of Legitimacy and Political Violence in Uganda", Springer, 2016
  37. Otunnu O, "Crisis of Legitimacy and Political Violence in Uganda", Springer, 2016
  38. Kasozi A, "Social Origins of Violence in Uganda 1964-1985", Pg 83, McGill-Queens Press, 1994
  39. Allen T, Vlassenroot K, "The Lord's Resistance Army: Myth and Reality" Zed Books, 2010
  40. Allen T, Vlassenroot K, "The Lord's Resistance Army: Myth and Reality" Zed Books, 2010
  41. Somerville K, "Ivory: Power and Poaching in Africa", Oxford University Press 2017
  42. Kasozi A, "Social Origins of Violence in Uganda 1964-1985", Pg 63, McGill-Queens Press, 1994
  43. Kasozi A, "Social Origins of Violence in Uganda 1964-1985", Pg 64, McGill-Queens Press, 1994
  44. Kasozi A, "Social Origins of Violence in Uganda 1964-1985", Pg 85, McGill-Queens Press, 1994
  45. "A Country Study: Uganda", Library of Congress Country Studies
  46. Keatley, Patrick (18 August 2003). "Obituary: Idi Amin". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 March 2008.
  47. "UK Indians taking care of business", The Age (8 March 2006). Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  48. "1976: Israelis rescue Entebbe hostages". BBC News. 4 July 1976. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
  49. "Court orders Uganda to pay Congo damages". The Guardian. 20 December 2005
  50. "'New-Breed' Leadership, Conflict, and Reconstruction in the Great Lakes Region of Africa: A Sociopolitical Biography of Uganda's Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, Joseph Oloka-Onyango," Africa Today – Volume 50, Number 3, Spring 2004, p. 29
  51. "No End to LRA Killings and Abductions". Human Rights Watch. 23 May 2011.
  52. "Uganda term-limits bill grandfathers Museveni", The Washington Times, 23 April 2012, accessed 21 June 2015
  53. "Uganda 2011 Elections" (PDF). European Union Election Observation Mission. 20 February 2011.
  54. Roberts, Scott (13 November 2012) Hacktivists target Ugandan lawmakers over anti-gay bill. pinknews.co.uk
  55. Roberts, Scott (14 November 2012) Pressure on Uganda builds over anti-gay law. pinknews.co.uk
  56. Article 19. (2013). Uganda: Public Order Management Bill.
  57. Masereka, Alex. (2013). M7 Okays Public Order Bill. Red Pepper.
  58. United States Department of State (Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor).(2012). Uganda 2012 Human Rights Report.
  59. Natabaalo, Grace. (2013). Ugandan Police Shutdown Papers Over 'Plot'. Al Jazeera.
  60. "Maps - Data Basin".
  61. "World Heritage List". Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  62. "Corruption Perceptions Index 2016". Transparency International. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  63. Worldwide Governance Indicators, World Bank, 2015, accessed 18 April 2017
  64. "Piglets released in Ugandan parliament investigated for terrorism". Uganda News.Net. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
  65. Human Rights Watch. (2013). Letting the Big Fish Swim.
  66. "A Snapshot of Corruption in Uganda". Business Anti-Corruption Portal. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  67. Biryabarema, Elias. (2012). "Ugandan Lawmakers Pass Oil Bill, Worry About Corruption". Thomson Reuters
  68. Global Witness (2 March 2012). "UGANDA'S OIL LAWS: GLOBAL WITNESS ANALYSIS", accessed 21 January 2016
  69. The International Center for Not-For-Profit Law. (2012). NGO Law Monitor: Uganda.
  70. "NPHC 2014 PROVISIONAL RESULTS REPORT" (PDF). NPHC 2014 PROVISIONAL RESULTS REPORT.pdf. www.ubos.org. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  71. "Can Uganda's economy support more districts?", New Vision, 8 August 2005
  72. "National Population and Housing Census 2014" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics.
  73. Uganda Local Government Association. Ulga.org. Retrieved on 19 July 2013.
  74. Tumushabe, Alfred (22 September 2012) Ankole monarchists' two decade battle for restoration of kingdom. monitor.co.ug.
  75. "A rough guide to the country's kingdoms". 11 September 2009.
  76. "With Somalia, CAR, and South Sudan, Museveni is remaking the state - Charles Onyango Obbo". Monitor.co.ug. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  77. "AFP: Attacks of 'appalling brutality' in DR Congo: UN". Google. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
  78. "Uganda: Respect Opposition Right to Campaign", Human Rights Watch, 19 December 2005
  79. Refworld |2010 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor – Uganda. UNHCR (3 October 2011). Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  80. "World Refugee Survey 2008". U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants. 19 June 2008. Archived from the original on 26 February 2009.
  81. Human Rights Watch. (2013). World Report 2013 (Uganda).
  82. "Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people" at the Wayback Machine (archived 11 March 2008), Amnesty International Report 2007 Uganda.
  83. "Ugandan paper calls for gay people to be hanged", Xan Rice, The Guardian, 21 October 2010.
  84. "Ugandan gay rights activist: 'I have to watch my back more than ever'", 5 November 2010.
  85. "Uganda: Stop homophobic campaign launched by Rolling Stone tabloid", 14 October 2010, No Peace Without Justice.
  86. "Uganda Newspaper Published Names/Photos of LGBT Activists and HRDs – Cover Says 'Hang Them'", International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association.
  87. Akam, Simon (22 October 2010), "Outcry as Ugandan paper names 'top homosexuals'", The Independent.
  88. "Uganda gay rights activist David Kato killed", 27 January 2011, BBC News.
  89. Sharlet, Jeff (September 2010). "Straight Man's Burden: The American roots of Uganda's anti-gay persecutions". Harper's Magazine. 321 (1,924): 36–48. Retrieved 21 January 2011.
  90. Brocklebank, Christopher (15 August 2012). Anonymous hack into Ugandan government websites in protest at their anti-LGBT policies. Pinknews.co.uk.
  91. "Uganda's anti-gay law prompts World Bank to postpone $90mn loan", Uganda News.Net, 28 February 2014.
  92. "Uganda anti-gay law challenged in court". The Guardian. AFP. 31 July 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  93. "Uganda court annuls anti-gay law". BBC News. 1 August 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  94. "Uganda constitutional court annuls new anti-gay law". Times LIVE. AFP. 1 August 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  95. "Uganda's Attorney General Won't Appeal Ruling on Antigay Law", The Wall Street Journal, reported by Nicholas Bariyo, 13 August 2014, accessed 23 November 2015
  96. "Section 4(2) of The Bank of Uganda Act" (PDF). Bank of Uganda. 2000. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  97. "2015 Statistical Abstract - Table 3.3a: Exports of merchandise (Flows) - CY" (PDF). Research and Policy Directorate, Bank of Uganda. p. 9. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  98. "Monetary Policy Report" (PDF). Bank of Uganda. August 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  99. Uganda's oil rush: Derricks in the darkness. Economist.com (6 August 2009). Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  100. "Uganda at a Glance" (PDF). World Bank. 13 November 2009.
  101. W. D. Ogilvie: Interview with David Hines in 1999; obituary of David Hines in London Daily Telegraph, 8 April 2000.
  102. "Economic Policy and Debt - Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (39 countries)".
  103. "Economic growth and the MDGs – Resources – Overseas Development Institute". ODI. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
  104. "List of Licensed Investment Banks & Stock Brokerage Firms in Uganda". Use.or.ug. 31 December 2001. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  105. Kaujju, Peter (June 2008). "Capital markets eye pension reform". The New Vision. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
  106. Rutaagi, Edgar (2009). "Uganda Moving Towards Pension Reforms". The African Executive. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
  107. Mbunga, Paskal. "Tanzania And Uganda Agree To Speed Up Railway Project". Businessdailyafrica.com8 November 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  108. "Annual Remittances Data". World Bank. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  109. Ondoga, Ayiga (June 2008). "Arua: West Nile's business hub". The New Vision.
  110. Yoshino, Yutaka; Ngungi, Grace and Asebe, Ephrem. ""Enhancing the Recent Growth of Cross-Border Trade between South Sudan and Uganda", Africa Trade Policy Notes.
  111. Muwanga, David (March 2010), "Uganda, Rwanda Border to Run 24hrs". AllAfrica.com.
  112. "November inflation increases to 4.6%".
  113. "Poverty headcount ratio at $1.25 a day (PPP) (% of population)". World Bank. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  114. "Enabling Poor People to Overcome Poverty in Uganda" (PDF). International Fund for Agricultural Development. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  115. "IFAD Gender Strengthening Programme" (PDF). International Fund for Agricultural Development. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  116. "From Periphery to Center: A Strategic Country Gender Assessment" (PDF). World Bank. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  117. "AVERTing HIV and AIDS". AVERT. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  118. Ekirapa-Kiracho, E. (2011). "Increasing Access To Institutional Deliveries Using Demand And Supply Side Incentives: Early Results From A Quasi-Experimental Study". BMC International Health and Human Rights. 11 (Suppl 1): S11. doi:10.1186/1472-698x-11-s1-s11. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  119. Peters, David; et al. (2011). "Exploring New Health Markets: Experiences From Informal Providers Of Transport For Maternal Health Services In Eastern Uganda". BMC International Health and Human Rights. 11 (Suppl 1): S10. doi:10.1186/1472-698x-11-s1-s10. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  120. "Gender Equity Issues in Uganda". Foundation for Sustainable Development. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  121. "Q1-Market Report 2015" (PDF). Reports & Surveys. UCC: Uganda Communications Commission. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  122. Hendrik Rood; Senior consultant; Stratix Consulting. "Uganda - Mobile Market - Insights, Statistics and Forecasts - BuddeComm - BuddeComm". Budde.com.au. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  123. Heritage Oil |Timeline. Heritageoilplc.com. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  124. Mugisha, Silver; Berg, Sanford V. (November 2006). "Struggling State-Owned Enterprises: NWSC's Turnaround in Uganda". SSRN 1088139 Freely accessible.
  125. UN-Water; World Water Assessment Programme (2006). "National Water Development Report: Uganda. Prepared for 2nd UN World Water Development Report "Water, a shared responsibility"" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-05-05.
  126. Ministry of Water and Environment (2011). "Third Water and Environment Sector Performance Report". Retrieved 16 July 2012.
  127. * World Health Organization; UNICEF. "Joint Monitoring Program". Retrieved 16 July 2012.
  128. Republic of Uganda; Ministry of Finance; Planning and Economic Development. "Poverty Eradication Action Plan (2004/5-2007/8)" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-05-07.
  129. Ministry of Water and Environment (Uganda) (September 2006). "Water and Sanitation Sector Performance Report 2006" (PDF). Retrieved 13 May 2008.
  130. "Human Development Report 2009 – Uganda [Archived]". Hdrstats.undp.org. Archived from the original on 29 April 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
  131. Kelly, Annie (1 December 2008), "Background: HIV/Aids in Uganda". The Guardian.
  132. "UNAIDS: Uganda Profile". UNAIDS.
  133. Kamali, A.; Carpenter, L. M.; Whitworth, J. A.; Pool, R.; Ruberantwari, A.; Ojwiya, A. (2000). "Seven-year trends in HIV-1 infection rates, and changes in sexual behaviour, among adults in rural Uganda". AIDS (London, England). 14 (4): 427–434. PMID 10770546. doi:10.1097/00002030-200003100-00017.
  134. UNICEF 2013, p. 27.
  135. "Uganda bans female genital mutilation". BBC News. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  136. CIA World Factbook: Life Expectancy ranks
  137. CIA World Factbook: Infant Mortality ranks
  138. "Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2006" (PDF). Measure DHS. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  139. "Improving Access to Safe Deliveries in Uganda". Future Health Systems. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  140. "Women's Perceptions of ANC and delivery care Services, a community perspective" (PDF). Future Health Systems. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  141. The MDGs and equity. Overseas Development Institute, June 2010
  142. Dugger, Celia (29 July 2011). "Maternal Deaths Focus Harsh Light on Uganda". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  143. Rutebemberwa, E.; Ekirapa-Kiracho, E.; Okui, O.; Walker, D.; Mutebi, A.; Pariyo, G. (2009). "Lack of effective communication between communities and hospitals in Uganda: A qualitative exploration of missing links". BMC Health Services Research. 9: 146. PMC 2731748 Freely accessible. PMID 19671198. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-9-146.
  144. Kiguli, Julie; et al. (2009). "Increasing access to quality health care for the poor: community perceptions on quality care in Uganda". Patient Preference and Adherence. 3. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  145. Pariyo, G.; et al. (2009). "Changes in Utilization of Health Services among Poor and Rural Residents in Uganda: Are Reforms Benefitting the Poor?". International Journal for Equity in Health. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  146. "Ebola Outbreak Spreads". Daily Express. Associated Press. 31 July 2012.
  147. Biryabarema, Elias (5 October 2012). "Uganda says it is now free of deadly Ebola virus". Reuters.
  148. "Three die in Uganda from Ebola-like fever: Health Ministry". Yahoo News. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  149. ADF recruiting in Mayuge, Iganga says army. Newvision.co.ug (3 January 2013). Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  150. UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (PDF). Paris: UNESCO. 2015. pp. 471–565. ISBN 978-92-3-100129-1.
  151. Zinkina J., Korotayev A. Explosive Population Growth in Tropical Africa: Crucial Omission in Development Forecasts (Emerging Risks and Way Out). World Futures 70/2 (2014): 120–139.
  152. Uganda Bureau Of Statistics (UBOS) (November 2015). National Population and Housing Census 2014. Provisional Results (PDF) (Revised ed.). Kampala, Uganda. p. 6. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  153. Uganda: Return of the exiles at the Wayback Machine (archived 11 June 2010). The Independent, 26 August 2005
  154. "Their Suffering, Our Burden? How Congolese Refugees Affect the Ugandan Population" (PDF). World Bank. 9 June 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  155. "Museveni Signs 3rd Term Bill". New Vision (Kampala). 29 September 2005. From now on, Swahili is the second official language...
  156. Swahili in the UCLA Language Materials Project
  157. "A Brief History of the Swahili Language", glcom.com
  158. "2002 Uganda Population and Housing Census – Main Report" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26 March 2008.
  159. "The World's Muslims: Unity and Diversity" (PDF). Pew Forum on Religious & Public life. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  160. oded, Arye (2000). Islam and Politics in Kenya. p. 163.
  161. "U.S. Department of State". State.gov. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
  162. Lorch, Donatella (22 March 1993). "Kampala Journal; Cast Out Once, Asians Return: Uganda Is Home". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  163. Kaweru, Franklin, "Uganda's Silverbacks ranked 89th in latest FIBA rankings", KAWOWO Sports, 9 October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  164. Adeyemi, Bandele (19 August 2011). "Frustrating View of Game Day". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  165. [1]
  166. Telling the story against all odds; state of Uganda film industry. Cannes vu par. Retrieved on 19 July 2013.
  167. Rasmussen, Kristin Alexandra (2010) Kinna-Uganda: A review of Uganda's national cinema. Master's Theses. Paper 3892. The Faculty of the Department of TV, Radio, Film, Theatre Arts, San José State University, US
  168. Ugandan film’s leap – Theatre & Cinema. monitor.co.ug. Retrieved on 19 July 2013.

Uganda: Further reading

Encyclopedia
  • Appiah, Anthony and Henry Louis Gates (ed). Encyclopaedia of Africa (2010). Oxford University Press.
  • Middleton, John (ed). New encyclopaedia of Africa (2008). Detroit: Thompson-Gale.
  • Shillington, Kevin (ed). Encyclopedia of African history (2005). CRC Press.
Selected books
  • BakamaNume, Bakama B. A Contemporary Geography of Uganda. (2011) African Books Collective.
  • Robert Barlas (2000). Uganda (Cultures of the World). Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 9780761409816. OCLC 41299243. overview written for younger readers.
  • Chrétien, Jean-Pierre. The great lakes of Africa: two thousand years of history (2003). New York: Zone Books.
  • Hodd, Michael and Angela Roche. Uganda handbook (2011) Bath: Footprint.
  • Jagielski, Wojciech and Antonia Lloyd-Jones. The night wanderers: Uganda's children and the Lord's Resistance Army. (2012). New York: Seven Stories Press. ISBN 9781609803506
  • Otiso, Kefa M. Culture And Customs of Uganda. (2006) Greenwood Publishing Group.

Uganda: Overview

  • "Uganda". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  • Uganda from UCB Libraries GovPubs.
  • Country Profile from BBC News.
  • Uganda Corruption Profile from the Business Anti-Corruption Portal
  • Welcome To Uganda - The Uganda Guide and Information Portal
  • Uganda at DMOZ

Uganda: Maps

  • Printable map of Uganda from UN.org
  • Wikimedia Atlas of Uganda

Uganda: Government and economy

  • Chief of State and Cabinet Members
  • Key Development Forecasts for Uganda from International Futures

Uganda: Humanitarian issues

  • Humanitarian news and analysis from IRIN – Uganda
  • Humanitarian information coverage on ReliefWeb
  • Radio France International – dossier on Uganda and Lord's Resistance Army
Trade
  • World Bank Summary Trade Statistics Uganda

Uganda: Tourism

  • Uganda Tourism Board
  • Uganda Wildlife Authority
  • Visit Kampala with Kampala Capital City Authority
  • Immigration Department
  • Uganda travel guide from Wikivoyage
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Uganda: Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Abkhazia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Virgin Islands
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kongo
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Réunion
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Somaliland
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Uganda: Today's Super Sale
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting