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Hotels of Ujjain

A hotel in Ujjain is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Ujjain hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Ujjain are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Ujjain hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Ujjain hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Ujjain have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Ujjain
An upscale full service hotel facility in Ujjain that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Ujjain hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Ujjain
Full service Ujjain hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Ujjain
Boutique hotels of Ujjain are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Ujjain boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Ujjain may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Ujjain
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Ujjain travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Ujjain focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Ujjain
Small to medium-sized Ujjain hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Ujjain traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Ujjain hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Ujjain
A bed and breakfast in Ujjain is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Ujjain bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Ujjain B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Ujjain
Ujjain hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Ujjain hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Ujjain
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Ujjain hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Ujjain lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Ujjain
Ujjain timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Ujjain often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Ujjain on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Ujjain
A Ujjain motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Ujjain for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Ujjain motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Ujjain

Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantika, Avantikapuri
Ujjain City
Ujjain City
Nickname(s): The City of Temples
Ujjain is located in India
Ujjain is located in Madhya Pradesh
Location in India
Coordinates:  / 23.17; 75.79  / 23.17; 75.79
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
Region Malwa
District Ujjain
• Body Ujjain Municipal Corporation
• Mayor Meena Jonwal (BJP)
• Municipal Commissioner Devendra Nigam
• Total 152 km (59 sq mi)
Population (2011)
• Total 515,215
• Density 3,400/km (8,800/sq mi)
• Official Hindi,
• Other Malvi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 456001 to 456010
Telephone code 0734
Vehicle registration MP-13
Climate Cfa (Köppen)
Precipitation 900 millimetres (35 in)
Avg. annual temperature 24.0 °C (75.2 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 31 °C (88 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 17 °C (63 °F)
Website ujjain.nic.in

Ujjain (/ˈn/; About this sound listen ) is the largest city in Ujjain district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the fifth largest city in Madhya Pradesh by population and is the administrative centre of Ujjain district and Ujjain division.

An ancient city situated on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River, Ujjain was the most prominent city on the Malwa plateau of central India for much of its history. It emerged as the political centre of central India around 600 BCE. It was the capital of the ancient Avanti kingdom, one of the sixteen mahajanapadas. It remained an important political, commercial and cultural centre of central India until the early 19th century, when the British administrators decided to develop Indore as an alternative to it. Ujjain continues to be an important place of pilgrimage for Shaivites, Vaishnavites and followers of Shakta.

Ujjain has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.

Ujjain: History

Excavations at Kayatha (around 26 km from Ujjain) have revealed chalcolithic agricultural settlements dating to around 2000 BCE. Chalcolithic sites have also been discovered at other areas around Ujjain, including Nagda, but excavations at Ujjain itself have not revealed any chalcolithic settlements. H. D. Sankalia theorized that the chalcolithic settlements at Ujjain were probably destroyed by the Iron Age settlers.

According to Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, Avanti, whose capital was Ujjain, "was one of the earliest outposts in central India" and showed signs of early urbanisation around 700 BCE. Around 600 BCE, Ujjain emerged as the political, commercial and cultural centre of Malwa plateau.

The ancient walled city of Ujjain was located around the Garh Kalika hill on the bank of river Kshipra, in the present-day suburban areas of the Ujjain city. This city covered an irregular pentagonal area of 0.875 km. It was surrounded by a 12 m high mud rampart. The archaeological investigations have also indicated the presence of a 45 m wide and 6.6 m deep moat around the city. According to F. R. Allchin and George Erdosy, these city defences were constructed between 6th and 4th centuries BCE. Dieter Schlingloff believes that these were built before 600 BCE. This period is characterised by structures made of stone and burnt-brick, tools and weapons made of iron, and black and red burnished ware.

According to the Puranic texts, a branch of the legendary Haihaya dynasty ruled over Ujjain.

An equatorial sun dial adjusted to the latitude of Ujjain, found in Ai-Khanoum, 3rd-2nd century BCE.

In the Mauryan period, Ujjain remained the administrative centre of the region. From this period, Northern Black Polished Ware, copper coins, terracotta ring wells and ivory seals with Brahmi text have been excavated. During the reign of his father Bindusara, Ashoka served as the viceroy of Ujjain. Ujjain was subsequently controlled by a number of empires and dynasties, including the Shungas, the Western Satraps, the Satavahanas, the Guptas and the Paramaras. The Paramaras shifted the region's capital from Ujjain to Dhar.

Ujjain was an important literary centre of ancient India, called Adyapeetha, or foundation of Sanskrit learning, ethics, knowledge, science and art, and has been called, "Swarna Sringa", in local parlance, due to the golden towers of the many temples in this temple city. Raja Bharthari wrote his great epics, Virat Katha, Neeti Sataka, the love story of Pradyot Princess Vasavadatta and Udayan in Ujjayini, as the city was called during his times. The writings of Bhasa are set in Ujjain, and he probably lived in the city. Kalidasa also refers to Ujjain multiple times, and it appears that he spent at least a part of his life in Ujjain. Mrichchhakatika by Shudraka is also set in Ujjain. Ujjain also appears in several stories as the capital of the legendary emperor Vikramaditya. Somadeva's Kathasaritsagara (11th century) mentions that the city was created by Vishwakarma, and describes it as invincible, prosperous and full of wonderful sights.

The Jantar Mantar at Ujjain was commissioned by Jai Singh II (1688-1743) of Jaipur.

During medieval times, Ujjain ultimately came under the Islamic rule, like other parts of north-central India. In 1235 CE, Iltutmish of Delhi Sultanate plundered the city, and destroyed its temples. However, Ujjain continued to be an important city of the region. As late as during the times of the Mughal vassal Jai Singh II (1688-1743), who constructed a Jantar Mantar in the city, Ujjain was the largest city and capital of the Malwa Subah.

During the 18th century, the city briefly became the capital of Scindia state of the Maratha confederacy, when Ranoji Scindia established his capital at Ujjain in 1731. But his successors moved to Gwalior, where they ruled the Gwalior State in the latter half of the 18th century. The struggle of supremacy between the Holkars of Indore and Scindias (who ruled Ujjain) led to rivalry between the merchants of the two cities. On 18 July 1801, the Holkars defeated the Scindias at the Battle of Ujjain. On 1 September, Yashwantrao Holkar entered the city, and demanded a sum of 15 lakh rupees from the city. He received only 1/8th of this amount; the rest was pocketed by his officers. A force sent by Daulat Scindhia later regained control of Ujjain. After both Holkar and Scindias accepted the British suzerainty, the British colonial administrators decided to develop Indore as an alternative to Ujjain, because the merchants of Ujjain had supported certain anti-British people. John Malcolm, the British administrator of Central India, decided to reduce the importance of Ujjain "by transferring a great part of that consequence it now enjoys to the Towns of Indore and Rutlam cities, which are and will continue more under our control."

After the independence India, Ujjain became a part of the Madhya Bharat state. In 1956 Madhya Bharat was fused into the State of Madhya Pradesh.

Ujjain: Geography

Ujjain is located in the west-central part of India, and is north of the upper limit of the Vindhya mountain ranges. Located on the Malwa plateau, it is higher than the north Indian plains and the land rises towards the Vindhya Range to the south. Ujjain's co-ordinates are  / 23.167; 75.767 with an average elevation of 494 m (1620 ft). The region is an extension of the Deccan Traps, formed between 60 and 68 million years ago at the end of the Cretaceous period. The city is on the bank of the river Shipra which flows into the nearby Chambal. The tropic of cancer also passes through a temple named Karkoteshwar, located near Harsiddhi Mandir in Ujjain.

Ujjain: Demographics

Harsiddhi Marg

According to the 2011 census, Ujjain has a population of 515,215, 264,871 of whom were male and 250,344 female. The sex ratio is 945 per 1000 males, and the child sex ratio is 929 girls per 1000 boys. The city has 58,972 children under the age of six. There were 30,573 boys and 28,399 girls, which formed 11.45% of the total population of the city.

The total literates in the city were 385,193, of whom 210,075 were males and 175,118 were females. The average literacy rate of the city is 84.43 percent. Male and female literacy were 89.66 and 78.90 percent, respectively.

Ujjain: Government and jurisdiction

Most of the regions surrounding the city are administered by the Ujjain Municipal Corporation (UMC). The city is administered by a Divisional Commissioner and a Collectorate Office as well as the Mayor. They are responsible for the town and Country Planning Department, Forest Department, Public Health Engineering, Public Works Department and MP Electricity Board.

Ujjain has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor-council form of government. The Ujjain Municipal Corporation (UMC) was established in 1956 under the Madhya Pradesh Nagar Palika Nigam Adhiniyam. The UMC was established in 1886 as Nagar Palika, but the Municipal Corporation of Ujjain was declared on a par with the Gwalior Municipal Corporation. The UMC is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, local planning and welfare services. The mayor and councillors are elected to five-year terms.

The Ujjain Development Authority, also known as UDA, is the urban planning agency serving Ujjain. Its headquarters are located in the Bharatpuri area of Ujjain. It was established under the Madhya Pradesh Town and Country Planning Act, 1973.

Ujjain Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 29 Lok Sabha constituencies in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency came into existence in 1951 as one of the 9 Lok Sabha constituencies in the erstwhile Madhya Bharat state. It is reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes since 1966. This constituency covers the entire Ujjain district and part of Ratlam district. Currently, Dr. Chintamani Malviya of the Bharatiya Janata Party is member of parliament who won in the Indian general elections, 2014.

Ujjain: Education

Government Engineering College, Ujjain

Ujjain: University

  • Avantika University
  • Maharshi Panini Sanskrit University
  • Vikram University

Ujjain: Medical Colleges

  • Amaltas Hospital & Medical College (AIMS)
  • Ruxmaniben Deepchand Gardi Medical College

Ujjain: Engineering Colleges

  • Mahakal Institute of Technology
  • Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Business Management, Vikram University
  • School of Engineering and Technology Ujjain, Vikram University
  • Ujjain Engineering College
  • Prashantee Institute of Technology
  • Alpine Institute of Technology
  • Shree Guru Sandipani Institute of Technology and Science
  • Late Ramoti Institute of Technology

Ujjain: Schools

The city's government and private schools include:

  • AadharshilA Academy
  • Carmel Convent Sr. Sec. School
  • Christu Jyoti Convent Senior Secondary School
  • Govt. School for Excellence, Madhavnagar
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Nagziri
  • Mahadji Scindia Public School, Chamunda Mata
  • Saraswati Vidhya Mandir, Marutiganj, Ujjain
  • St. Mary's Convent School
  • St Paul's Higher Secondary School
  • Takshshila Junior College
  • Ujjain Public School

Ujjain: Industry

The Government of Madhya Pradesh has allotted 1,200 acres for the development of an industrial area on the Dewas Road near Narwar . Originally named "Vikramaditya Knowledge City", the area was envisaged as an educational hub. Due to diminished investment prospects, it was renamed to "Vikram Udyog Nagari" ("Vikram Industrial City"). As of 2014, the government has conceptualised it as a half-industrial, half-educational area. The stakeholders in the project include the state government and the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) Trust.

Ujjain: Culture

Ujjain is considered one of the holiest cities in India, and is a popular pilgrimage centre.Some of the notable sacred places in the city include:

  • Chamunda Mata temple, Ujjain
  • Chintaman Ganesh temple
  • Gopal Mandir, built by Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur
  • ISKCON temple
  • Kal Bhairav temple
  • Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, an ancient temple that was destroyed by Iltutmish and then restored by the Scindias of Gwalior
  • Mangalnath Temple, tropic of cancer passes through this temple

Other historic places in Ujjain include:

  • Ved Shala
  • Sandipani Ashram
  • Kaliadeh Palace

Ujjain: Simhastha

The Ujjain Simhastha is a mass Hindu pilgrimage, and one of the fairs recognised as Kumbh Melas. During the Simhastha, Hindus gather to bathe in a sacred river.At Ujjain, it is held once every 12 years, on the banks of Kshipra river. It is also known as Simhastha, when it falls during Jupiter's stay in Leo of Simha. The latest Simhastha was held in Ujjain from 22 April 2016 to 21 May 2016.

Ujjain: Transport

Ujjain: Airport

Ujjain does not have any airport but has an airstrip on Deaws road which is used for air transport purposes. In 2013, the Government of Madhya Pradesh started a Ujjain-Bhopal air services as a joint venture with Ventura AirConnect. Due to very low booking, the ambitious project was scrapped. The main reason for the failure of the plan was improper timing. The nearest airport is the Devi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport at Indore (57.2 km).

Ujjain: Railway

Ujjain Station

Ujjain Junction with 'A' category is the main railway station of Ujjain, and it is directly or indirectly well-connected to all the major railway stations in India. It lies on the Ratlam–Bhopal, Indore–Nagda and Guna–Khandwa route. To the west it is connected to Ratlam Junction, to the north it is connected with Nagda Junction, to the east it is connected with Maksi Junction, Bhopal Junction, and to the south it is connected to Indore Junction BG, Dewas Junction.

There are five railway stations in the Ujjain city and its suburbs:

Station name Station code Railway zone Total platforms
Ujjain Junction UJN Western Railway 8
Chintaman Ganesh CNN Western Railway 1
Matana Buzurg (abandoned) MABG Western Railway 2
Pingleshwar PLW Western Railway 2
Vikramnagar VRG Western Railway 2

Ujjain: Road

Ujjain-Indore Highway

Dewas Gate Inter State Bus Stand and Nana Kheda Inter State Bus Stand are the two bus stands in the city that provide service to destinations located in the states. A large number of state run private buses are available for Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Ajmer, Khajuraho, Indore, Bhopal, Pune, Mumbai Kota, Mandu, Jhalawar and various other locations. The city has a well connected road network including Indore Road, Badnagar Road, Dewas Road, Agar Road, Nagda Road and Maksi Road. There are three state highways; 18 connects to Ahmedabad, 17 connects to jaora and 27 connects to Indore.

Other important regional highways passing through the city are:

  • Indore – Ujjain Road via SH 27
  • Kota / Agar – Ujjain Road via SH 27
  • Bhopal / Dewas – Ujjain Road via SH 18
  • Ratlam / Barnagar – Ujjain Road via SH 18
  • Jaora / Nimach – Ujjain Road via SH 17
  • Maksi – Ujjain Road (Connects to NH 3)

Ujjain is to surrounded by ring road. MR-2, MR-5, MR-10 and simhastha bypass comes under this ringroad

Ujjain: Local transport

Ujjain depends on an extensive network of auto rickshaws, city busses, private taxis and Tata Magic, that operate throughout the city, connecting one part with another. UMC has recently introduced city buses with a public private partnership project as the city was identified urban agglomerations with less than 1 million population under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission.

Ujjain: Sports

Cricket is one of the most popular sports in the city. Ujjain is also home to the Ujjain Divisional Cricket Association which is affiliated to BCCI. The city does not have any international or national stadia, but hosted Ranji Trophy matches at Pipe Factory Ground in 1977 and 1980.

Kite flying is another popular activity in the city around Makar Sakranti.

There are a few playing fields in Ujjain:

  • Madhav College Ground
  • Mahakal Institute of Technology Ground
  • Ujjain International Stadium
  • Vikram University Ground

Ujjain: Health care

The city has a government hospital, charak bhavan (for children and mothers) TB hospital and Ruxmaniben Deepchand Gardi Medical College. More are Ujjain charitable Hospital Madhav Nagar General Hospital CHL medical center Sanjeevani Hospital and Research center

Ujjain: Smart city

Ujjain city was shortlisted under the Government of India’s flagship programmes Smart Cities Mission. Under the mission, UMC ([5] Ujjain Municipal Corporation)shall participate in the smart cities challenge by Ministry of Urban Development. As part of this, UMC is preparing a Smart City Proposal (SCP). SCP will include smart city solutions based on the consultations to be held with the key stakeholders of the city. UMC invited the suggestions from citizens of Ujjain to make ‘Ujjain as a smart city’. The citizens were able to post their views pertaining to basic services such as water supply, sewerage, urban transport, social infrastructure and e-governance.

Ujjain: Notable people

Notable people who were born or lived in Ujjian include:

  • Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar
  • Bharthari
  • Yashoda Devi
  • Vivian Dsena
  • Thawar Chand Gehlot
  • Gundecha Brothers
  • Satyanarayan Jatiya
  • Hukam Chand Kachwai
  • Mahendraditya
  • Sachida Nagdev
  • Naman Ojha
  • Paramartha
  • Sartaj Singh
  • Saumya Tandon
  • Commissioner Bapusaheb Taore
  • Vikramaditya

Ujjain: References

  1. "District Census Handbook - Ujjain" (PDF). Census of India. p. 12,22. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  2. Jacobsen, Knut A. (2013). Pilgrimage in the Hindu Tradition: Salvific Space. Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-41559-038-9.
  3. http://www.firstpost.com/business/why-only-98-cities-instead-of-100-announced-all-questions-answered-about-smart-cities-project-2410576.html
  4. P. K. Basant (2012). The City and the Country in Early India: A Study of Malwa. Primus. pp. 78–81. ISBN 9789380607153.
  5. , pp. 1-2.
  6. ISBN 978-0-41532-920-0.
  7. Trudy Ring; Noelle Watson; Paul Schellinger, eds. (2012). Asia and Oceania: International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge. p. 835. ISBN 9781136639791.
  8. Dieter Schlingloff (2014). Fortified Cities of Ancient India: A Comparative Study. Anthem. pp. 21–22. ISBN 9781783083497.
  9. ISBN 9780521376952.
  10. Kailash Chand Jain (1972). "Malwa Through the Ages, from the Earliest Times to 1305 A.D". Motilal Banarsidass. p. 90. ISBN 9788120808249.
  11. Ahmad, S. H., Anthropometric measurements and ethnic affinities of the Bhil and their allied groups of Malwa area., Anthropological Survey of India,1991, ISBN 81-85579-07-5
  12. ISBN 9781108009416.
  13. Ujjayini Mahakaleshwar Jyotirling
  14. Martin Banham (1995). The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge University Press. p. 103. ISBN 9780521434379.
  15. Arthur W. Ryder (2014). Translations of Shakuntala: And Other Works. The Floating Press.
  16. Farley P. Richmond (1993). Indian Theatre: Traditions of Performance. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 55–57. ISBN 9788120809819.
  17. N. M. Penzer, ed. (1924). "Book XVIII: Vishamasila". The ocean of story. IX. Translated by C. H. Tawney. Chas J. Sawyer. p. 2.
  18. Virendra Nath Sharma (1995). Sawai Jai Singh and His Astronomy. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 212.
  19. Amar Farooqui (1998). Smuggling as Subversion: Colonialism, Indian Merchants, and the Politics of Opium, 1790-1843. Lexington. pp. 62–63.
  20. R.S. Chaurasia (2004). History of the Marathas. Atlantic. p. 61. ISBN 9788126903948.
  21. http://dateandtime.info/citycoordinates.php?id=1253914
  22. "Geochronological Study of the Deccan Volcanism by the 40Ar-39Ar Method". Archived from the original on 2006-02-25.
  23. The Deccan beyond the plume hypothesis
  24. "District Census Handbook: Ujjain" (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations, Madhya Pradesh. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  25. "Welcome to official website of District Administration Ujjain (M.P.) India". ujjain.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  26. "BJP clean sweeps in Madhya Pradesh civic polls - The Times of India". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  27. "Welcome to official website of District Administration Ujjain (M.P.) India". ujjain.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  28. "Welcome to official website of District Administration Ujjain (M.P.) India". ujjain.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  29. "Information at a glance" (PDF). MPurban. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  30. "Constituencywise-All Candidates". Eciresults.nic.in. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  31. Ujjain's 'Knowledge City' renamed 'Vikram Udyog Nagari'
  32. Agam Gupta (September 2013). Unfolding Faith: A Journey to the Kumbh. Partridge Publishing. pp. 31–. ISBN 978-1-4828-1213-8.
  33. Trains at Ujjain
  34. [1]
  35. UDA
  36. [2]
  37. [3]
  38. [4]
  39. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission Archived 10 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  40. Indian Express
  41. Ground Info
  42. Kite flying, holy dips mark Sankranti in Ujjain, Indore
  43. Mahakal Institute of Technology Ground
  44. Kisan Sammelan to be held at Nanakheda Stadium
  45. Cricketarchive
  46. "Smart City Ujjain". MyGov.in. 2015-09-21. Retrieved 2017-01-18.

Ujjain: Bibliography

  • Rahman Ali; Ashok Trivedi; Dhirendra Solanki (2004). Buddhist remains of Ujjain region: excavations at Ṣodañga. Sharada Pub. House. ISBN 978-81-88934-15-7.
  • Dipak Kumar Samanta (1996). Sacred Complex of Ujjain. D.K. Printworld. ISBN 978-81-246-0078-8.
  • Hunter, Cotton, Burn, Meyer. "The Imperial Gazetteer of India", 2006. Oxford, Clarendon Press. 1909.
  • Dongray, Keshav Rao Balwant (1935). Ujjain. Alijar Darbar Press, Gwalior.
  • Pranab Kumar Bhattacharyya (1977). Historical Geography of Madhya Pradesh from Early Records. ISBN 978-0-8426-9091-1.
  • Official website of Ujjain Municipal Corporation
  • Official website of Ujjain district
  • Official website of Ujjain Kumbh Mela
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