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In order to book an accommodation in Vitebsk enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Vitebsk hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Vitebsk map to estimate the distance from the main Vitebsk attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Vitebsk hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Vitebsk

A hotel in Vitebsk is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Vitebsk hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Vitebsk are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Vitebsk hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Vitebsk hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Vitebsk have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Vitebsk
An upscale full service hotel facility in Vitebsk that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Vitebsk hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Vitebsk
Full service Vitebsk hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Vitebsk
Boutique hotels of Vitebsk are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Vitebsk boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Vitebsk may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Vitebsk
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Vitebsk travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Vitebsk focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Vitebsk
Small to medium-sized Vitebsk hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Vitebsk traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Vitebsk hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Vitebsk
A bed and breakfast in Vitebsk is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Vitebsk bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Vitebsk B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Vitebsk
Vitebsk hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Vitebsk hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Vitebsk
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Vitebsk hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Vitebsk lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Vitebsk
Vitebsk timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Vitebsk often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Vitebsk on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Vitebsk
A Vitebsk motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Vitebsk for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Vitebsk motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Vitebsk

.
Vitebsk
Vitebskas
Witebsk
װיטעבסק
  • Витебск (Russian)
  • Віцебск (Belarusian)
Skyline of Vitebsk
Flag of Vitebsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Vitebsk
Coat of arms
Vitebsk is located in Belarus
Vitebsk
Vitebsk
Coordinates:  / 55.183; 30.167  / 55.183; 30.167
Country Belarus
Voblast Vitebsk Region
Founded 947
Government
• Chairman Viktor Pavlovich Nikolaykin
Area
• Total 124.54 km (48.09 sq mi)
Elevation 172 m (564 ft)
Population (2015)
• Total 366,299
• Density 2,900/km (7,600/sq mi)
Time zone FET (UTC+3)
Postal code 210000
Area code(s) +375-212
License plate 2
Website Official website

Vitebsk or Vitsebsk (Belarusian: Ві́цебск, Łacinka: Viciebsk, pronounced [ˈvʲitsʲepsk]; Lithuanian: Vitebskas; Russian: Витебск, pronounced [ˈvʲitʲɪpsk]; Polish: Witebsk, Yiddish: װיטעבסק‎), is a city in Belarus. The capital of the Vitebsk Region, in 2004 it had 342,381 inhabitants, making it the country's fourth largest city. It is served by Vitebsk Vostochny Airport and Vitebsk air base.

Vitebsk: History

View of Vitebsk in the early 19th century by Józef Peszka.

Vitebsk developed from a river harbor where the Vitba River (Віцьба, from which it derives its name) flows into the larger Western Dvina, which is spanned in the city by the Kirov Bridge.

Archaeological research indicates that at the mouth of Vitba there were settlements by Baltic tribes, which were replaced in the 9th century by Slavic tribes Krivichs. According to the Chronicle of Michael Brigandine (1760), Vitebsk (also known mentioned as Dbesk, Vidbesk, Videbsk, Vitepesk, Vitbesk) was founded by Princess Olga of Kiev in 974. Other versions give 947 or 914. Academician Boris Rybakov and historian Leonid Alekseyev, based on the chronicles, have come to the conclusion that Princess Olga of Kiev could have established Vitebsk in 947. Leonid Alekseyev suggested that the chroniclers, moving the date from the account of the Byzantine era (since the creation of the world) to a new era, got the year 947, but later mistakenly written in copying manuscripts 974. an important place on trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks, by the end of the 12th century Vitebsk became a center of trade and commerce, became the center of an independent principality, following Polotsk, and at times, Smolensk and Kiev princes.

The official year of founding Vitebsk is 974, based on an anachronistic legend that it was founded by Olga of Kiev, but the first mention in historical record is from 1021, when Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev gave it to Bryachislav Izyaslavich, Prince of Polotsk.

In the 12th and 13th centuries Vitebsk was the capital of the Principality of Vitebsk, an appanage principality which thrived at the crossroads of the river routes among the Baltic and Black seas. In 1320 the city was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania as a dowry of the Princess Maria, the first wife of Grand Duke of Lithuania Algirdas. By 1351 the city had erected a stone Upper and Lower Castle, the prince's palace. In 1410 Vitebsk participated in the Battle of Grunwald. In 1597, the townsfolk of Vitebsk were privileged with Magdeburg rights. However, the rights were taken away in 1623 after the citizens revolted against the imposed Union of Brest and killed Archbishop Josaphat Kuntsevych. During the First Partition of Poland in 1772, Vitebsk was annexed by the Russian Empire.

Under the Russian Empire the historic centre of Vitebsk was rebuilt in the Neoclassical style.

By World War II, Vitebsk had a significant Jewish population: according to Russian census of 1897, out of the total population of 65,900, Jews constituted 34,400 (around 52% percent). The most famous of its Jewish natives was the painter Marc Chagall.

In 1919, Vitebsk was proclaimed to be part of the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia, but was soon transferred to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and later to the short-lived Lithuanian–Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1924, it was returned to the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.

During World War II, the city was under Nazi Germany occupation (10 July 1941 - 26 June 1944). Much of the old city was destroyed in the ensuing battles between the Germans and the Red Army soldiers. Most of the local Jews perished in the Vitebsk Ghetto massacre.

Vitebsk: Post-war period

Downtown of Vitebsk

In the first postwar five-year period the city was rebuilt. In the structure of its industrial complex stands machinery and light industry, and machine tools.

In 1959, a TV tower was commissioned and started broadcasting the 1st Central Television program. In the same year during excavations on the Liberation Square, a birch-bark scroll was found dating from the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries. It read:

From Stpana to Nezhilovi. Also, if hast sold trousers, buy me rye for 6 hryvnia. And if some didst not sold, send to my person. And if thou hast sold, do good to buy rye for me

Vitebsk: Independence of Belarus

In January 1991, Vitebsk celebrated the first Marc Chagall Festival. In June 1992, a monument to Chagall was erected on his native Pokrovskaja Street and a memorial inscription was placed on the wall of his house.

Since 1992, Vitebsk has been hosting the annual Slavianski Bazaar in Vitebsk, an international art festival. The main participants are artists from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine, with guests from many other countries, both Slavic and non-Slavic. In 1999, a free economic zone "Vitebsk" was established. The city built the Ice Sports Palace, and there was a remarkable improvement and expansion in the city. The central stadium was reconstructed and the Summer Amphitheatre for the international art festival, the Slavic Bazaar, the railway station and other historical sites and facilities were restored, and a number of new churches and other public facilities were built, together with the construction of new residential areas.

Vitebsk: Attractions

St. Barbara church in Vitebsk
Vitebsk Town Hall (1775)
Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Vitebsk

The city has one of the oldest buildings in the country: the Annunciation Church. This magnificent six-pillared building dates back to the period of Kievan Rus since the city at the time was pagan and didn't belong to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church or the Russian Orthodox Church or the Kievan Rus state. It was constructed in the 1140s as a pagan church, rebuilt in the 14th and 17th centuries as Roman Catholic Church, repaired in 1883 and destroyed by the Communist administration in 1961. The church was in ruins until 1992, when it was restored to its presumed original appearance.

Churches from the Polish-Lithuanian period were likewise destroyed, although the Resurrection Church (1772–77) has been rebuilt. The Orthodox cathedral, dedicated to the Intercession of the Theotokos, was erected in 1760. There are also the town hall (1775); the Russian governor's palace, where Napoleon celebrated his 43rd birthday in 1812; the Neo-Romanesque Roman Catholic cathedral (1884–85); and an obelisk commemorating the centenary of the Russian victory over Napoleon.

Vitebsk is also home to a lattice steel TV tower carrying a horizontal cross on which the antenna mast is guyed. This tower, which is nearly identical to that at Grodno, but a few metres shorter (245 metres in Vitebsk versus 254 metres at Grodno) was completed in 1983. The city is also home to the Marc Chagall Museum and the Vitebsk regional museum.

Vitebsk: Climate

Climate data for Vitebsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
10.9
(51.6)
19.1
(66.4)
28.5
(83.3)
32.5
(90.5)
32.2
(90)
34.7
(94.5)
37.8
(100)
30.1
(86.2)
24.6
(76.3)
15.0
(59)
10.7
(51.3)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
2.9
(37.2)
11.6
(52.9)
18.5
(65.3)
21.4
(70.5)
23.5
(74.3)
22.2
(72)
16.2
(61.2)
9.5
(49.1)
2.1
(35.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
10.0
(50)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.8
(44.2)
13.1
(55.6)
16.4
(61.5)
18.4
(65.1)
17.0
(62.6)
11.6
(52.9)
6.1
(43)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
6.1
(43)
Average low °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−8.5
(16.7)
−3.9
(25)
2.5
(36.5)
7.9
(46.2)
11.6
(52.9)
13.6
(56.5)
12.3
(54.1)
7.7
(45.9)
3.3
(37.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
−6.5
(20.3)
2.5
(36.5)
Record low °C (°F) −36.1
(−33)
−38.9
(−38)
−27.8
(−18)
−13.9
(7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.6
(29.1)
4.0
(39.2)
1.0
(33.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
−15.0
(5)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−35.0
(−31)
−38.9
(−38)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 51
(2.01)
45
(1.77)
46
(1.81)
36
(1.42)
57
(2.24)
86
(3.39)
82
(3.23)
83
(3.27)
66
(2.6)
62
(2.44)
55
(2.17)
55
(2.17)
724
(28.5)
Average rainy days 8 6 9 13 16 17 17 14 16 17 14 10 157
Average snowy days 23 21 14 4 0.3 0 0 0 0.2 3 13 22 101
Average relative humidity (%) 85 81 76 67 66 72 73 75 80 83 87 87 78
Source: Pogoda.ru.net

Vitebsk: Education

The main universities of Vitebsk are Vitebsk State Technological University, Vitebsk State Medical University and Vitebsk State University named in honor of Pyotr Masherov.

Vitebsk: Notable people

Slavianski Bazaar in Vitebsk. 2009
  • Zhores Alferov (born 1930), physicist, 2000 Nobel Prize Winner for Physics
  • S. Ansky (1863–1920), playwright, The Dybbuk
  • Marc Chagall (1887–1985), artist
  • Max Danish (1881-1964), U.S. labor journalist with ILGWU
  • Tanya Dziahileva (born 1991), model
  • Leon Gaspard (1882–1964), artist
  • Joseph Günzburg (1812–1878), Russian financier and philanthropist
  • Isser Harel (1912–2003), Israel intelligence chief
  • Lazar Khidekel (1904–1986), artist, architect
  • Lev Khidekel (1909-1977), architect
  • Leon Kobrin (1873–1946), playwright
  • Marcelo Koc (1918–2006), Argentinian composer
  • Sergei Kornilenko (born 1983), footballer
  • Lazar Lagin (1903–1979), writer
  • El Lissitzky (1890–1941), artist
  • Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk (1730?–1788), Hasidic Rebbe
  • Anna Missuna (1868-1922), geologist
  • Yehuda Pen (1854–1937), artist
  • Kazimierz Siemienowicz (1600–1651), engineer, pioneer of rocketry
  • Joseph Solman (1909–2008), American painter
  • Simeon Strunsky (1879–1948), author in New York City
  • Immanuel Velikovsky (1895–1979), psychiatrist/psychoanalyst and author
  • Alexander Vvedensky (1889–1946), one of the leaders of the Living Church movement

Vitebsk: Website

Website of the city of Vitebsk www.gorod212.by - a news portal.

Vitebsk: Sources

  • Shishanov V. A. (2007). Vitebsk Museum of Modern Art: history of creation and collection. 1918-1941. Minsk: Medisont. p. 144. In Russian. eastview.com
  • Любезный мне город Витебск…. Мемуары и документы. Конец XVIII - начало XIX в. / Вступ. ст., науч., коммент., сост., публ. В. А. Шишанова. Мн.: Асобны Дах, 2005. 40 с. [1]
  • Шишанов В. 947 или 914? // Витебский проспект. 2005. №45. 10 нояб. С.3.
  • Изобразительное искусство Витебска 1918 - 1923 гг. в местной периодической печати : библиограф. указ. и тексты публ. / сост. В. А. Шишанов. - Минск : Медисонт, 2010. - 264 с. [2]

Vitebsk: Notes

  1. "Belarus - The regions of the Republic of Belarus as well as all cities and urban settlements of more than 10,000 inhabitants.". City Population. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  2. History, Vitebsk Regional Executive Committee
  3. Joshua D. Zimmerman (2004). Poles, Jews, and the politics of nationality. Univ of Wisconsin Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-299-19464-7.
  4. The Annunciation Church is a six-pillared building with one apse. It is built of hewn limestone quadras, each row being separated by two rows of brick, covered with a thin layer of stucco so as to emulate large blocks of stone. This technique was widespread in Byzantium; but there are only two examples north of Crimea - one in Vitebsk and another, unfinished and long ruined church in Navahrudak, probably by the same team of Byzantine builders. Another extraordinary feature of the church is that its bays are equal and the central nave is square in plan. The choir gallery occupies the western bay; it adjoins two secluded chapels over the lateral aisles. Stairs leading to the gallery are built into the western wall. russiancity.ru
  5. "Weather and Climate- The Climate of Vitebsk" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  6. "Сайт города Витебска - gorod212.by". www.gorod212.by. Retrieved 2016-04-13.
  • Encyclopedia of Vitebsk
  • Cultural space - Vitebsk4.me(Belarusian)
  • Official web server(Russian)
  • Official site(Russian)
  • Population of Vitebsk by mother tongue in 1897
  • The plan of Vitebsk 1904
  • Official site of Vitebsk regional museum of local lore(Russian)
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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