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Hotels of Voronezh
A hotel in Voronezh is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Voronezh hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Voronezh are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Voronezh hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Voronezh hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Voronezh have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Voronezh
An upscale full service hotel facility in Voronezh that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Voronezh hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Voronezh
Full service Voronezh hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Voronezh
Boutique hotels of Voronezh are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Voronezh boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Voronezh may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Voronezh
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Voronezh travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Voronezh focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Voronezh
Small to medium-sized Voronezh hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Voronezh traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Voronezh hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Voronezh
A bed and breakfast in Voronezh is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Voronezh bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Voronezh B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Voronezh
Voronezh hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Voronezh hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Voronezh
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Voronezh hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Voronezh lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Voronezh
Voronezh timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Voronezh often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Voronezh on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Voronezh
A Voronezh motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Voronezh for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Voronezh motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
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The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Voronezh at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Voronezh hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.
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Voronezh (Russian: Воронеж; IPA: [vɐˈronʲɪʂ]) is a city and the administrative center of Voronezh Oblast, Russia, straddling the Voronezh River and located 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) from where it flows into the Don. The city sits on the Southeastern Railway, which connects European Russia with the Urals and Siberia, the Caucasus and Ukraine, and the M4 highway (Moscow–Voronezh–Rostov-on-Don-Novorossiysk). Its population in 2016 was estimated to be 1,032,895; up from 889,680 recorded in the 2010 Census.
See also: Timeline of Voronezh
Voronezh: Foundation and name
Voronezh originates as a settlement of the Kievan Rus in about the 12th century, first mentioned in the Hypatian Codex (dated 1177). The Voronezh River is likely named for the settlement, then in the Principality of Chernigov. The toponym is usually derived from a Slavic personal name Voroneg, apparently a derivation from voron "raven", The comparative analysis of the name "Voronezh" was carried out by the Khovansky Foundation in 2009.
Voronezh was presumably still in existence when Chernigov was absorbed into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 15th century; Voronezh itself was not part of the territory of the Grand Duchy, the middle Don basin, including the Voronezh river, during the 15th century formed part of the marches separating the Grand Duchies of Lithuania and Muscovy from the Golden Horde. In the 16th century, the area was gradually conquered by Muscovy from the Nogai Horde (a successor state of the Golden Horde), and the current city of Voronezh was established in 1585 by Feodor I as a fort protecting the Muravsky Trail trade route against the raids of the Nogai and Crimean Tatars.
Voronezh: 17th to 20th centuries
A monument to Peter the Great
Center of Voronezh at night
Voronezh. Ship Museum Goto Predestinatsia
In the 17th century, Voronezh gradually evolved into a sizable town. Weronecz is shown on the Worona river in Resania in Joan Blaeu's map of 1645. Peter the Great built a dockyard in Voronezh where the Azov Flotilla was constructed for the Azov campaigns in 1695 and 1696. This fleet, the first ever built in Russia, included the first Russian ship of the line, Goto Predestinatsia. The Orthodox diocese of Voronezh was instituted in 1682 and its first bishop, Mitrofan of Voronezh, was later proclaimed the town's patron saint.
View of Voronezh in the 18th century
Owing to the Voronezh Admiralty Wharf, for a short time, Voronezh became the largest city of South Russia and the economic center of a large and fertile region. In 1711, it was made the seat of the Azov Governorate, which eventually morphed into the Voronezh Governorate.
In the 19th century, Voronezh was a center of the Central Black Earth Region. Manufacturing industry (mills, tallow-melting, butter-making, soap, leather, and other works) as well as bread, cattle, suet, and the hair trade developed in the town. A railway connected Voronezh with Moscow in 1868 and Rostov-on-Don in 1871.
During World War II, Voronezh was the scene of fierce fighting between Russian and combined Axis troops. The Germans used it as a staging area for their attack on Stalingrad, and made it a key crossing point on the Don River. In June 1941, two BM-13 (Fighting machine #13 Katyusha) artillery installations were built at the Voronezh excavator factory. In July, the construction of Katyushas was rationalized so that their manufacture became easier and the time of volley repetition was shortened from five minutes to fifteen seconds. More than 300 BM-13 units manufactured in Voronezh were used in a counterattack near Moscow in December 1941. In October 22, 1941, the advance of the German troops prompted the establishment of a defense committee in the city. On November 7, 1941, there was a troop parade, devoted to the anniversary of the October Revolution. Only three such parades were organized that year: in Moscow, Kuybyshev, and Voronezh. In late June 1942, the city was attacked by German and Hungarian forces. In response, Soviet forces formed the Voronezh Front. By July 6, the German army occupied the western river-bank suburbs before being subjected to a fierce Soviet counter-attack. The city wasn't completely under Axis control, in July 24 frontline was stabilised along Voronezh river. This was the opening move of Case Blue.
Until January 25, 1943, parts of the Second German Army and the Second Hungarian Army occupied west part of Voronezh. During Operation Little Saturn, the Ostrogozhsk–Rossosh Offensive, and the Voronezhsko-Kastornenskoy Offensive, the Voronezh Front exacted heavy casualties on Axis forces. On January 25, 1943, Voronezh was liberated after ten days of combat. During the war the city was almost completely ruined, with 92% of all buildings destroyed.
By 1950, Voronezh had been rebuilt. Most buildings and historical monuments were repaired. It was also the location of a prestigious Suvorov Military School, a boarding school for young boys who were considered to be prospective military officers, many of whom had been orphaned by war.
In 1950–1960, new factories were established: a tire factory, a machine-tool factory, a factory of heavy mechanical pressing, and others. In 1968, Serial production of the Tupolev Tu-144 supersonic plane was established at the Voronezh Aviation factory. In October 1977, the first Soviet domestic wide-body plane, Ilyushin Il-86, was built there.
In 1989, TASS published details of an alleged UFO landing in the city's park and purported encounters with extraterrestrial beings reported by a number of children. A Russian scientist that was cited in initial TASS reports later told the Associated Press that he was misquoted, cautioning, "Don't believe all you hear from TASS," and "We never gave them part of what they published", and a TASS correspondent admitted the possibility that some "make-believe" had been added to the TASS story, saying, "I think there is a certain portion of truth, but it is not excluded that there is also fantasizing".
In 2010, at the seminar "New technologies - the basis of modern communication systems" concern "was presented Constellation system equipment mobile broadband fourth generation« AstraMAX Group and co-production company Runcom Technologies.
From 10 to 17 September 2011, Voronezh celebrated its 425th anniversary. The anniversary of the city was given the status of a federal scale celebration that helped attract large investments from the federal and regional budgets for development.
On December 17, 2012, Voronezh became the fifteenth city in Russia with a population of over one million people.
Today Voronezh is the economic, industrial, cultural, and scientific center of the Central Black Earth Region.
Voronezh: Administrative and municipal status
The Mayor's office of Voronezh
Voronezh is the administrative center of the oblast. Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Voronezh Urban Okrug-an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban okrug status.
Voronezh: City divisions
Administrative districts of Voronezh
The city is divided into six administrative districts:
1. Zheleznodorozhny (183,17 km²)
2. Tsentralny (63,96 km²)
3. Kominternovsky (47,41 km²)
4. Leninsky (18,53 km²)
5. Sovetsky (156,6 km²)
6. Levoberezhny (123,89 km²)
Note: 1926–1970 and 2016 are population estimates; 1989 is the Soviet Census; 2002 and 2010 are сensus urban population only.
The leading sectors of the urban economy in the 20th century were mechanical engineering, metalworking, electronics industry and food industry.
In the city are such companies as:
Voronezh Aircraft Production Association (Tupolev Tu-144 is a retired jet airliner, which was the world's first commercial supersonic transport aircraft)
Voronezhselmash (the leading enterprise of the Russian Federation in the field of agricultural engineering)
Sozvezdie (headquarter, JSC Concern “Sozvezdie”, in 1958 the world's first created mobile telephony and wireless telephone Altai
Voronezh Mechanical Plant (production of missile and aircraft engines, oil and gas equipment)
Mining Machinery Holding - RUDGORMASH (production drilling, mineral processing and mining equipment )
VNiiPM Research Institute of Semiconductor Engineering (equipment for plasma-chemical processes, technical-chemical equipment for liquid operations, water treatment equipment)
KBKhA Chemical Automatics Design Bureau with notable products: The first Russian built nuclear rocket engine RD-0410 (in the years 1960–1980). The rocket engine RD-0109, which was used in the flight by Yuri Gagarin, the first human to space. And the oxygen-hydrogen liquid-propellant rocket engine for the space-rocket complex "Energiya-Buran", as well as a powerful gas-dynamic laser.
Pirelli Voronezh and many others.
On the territory of the city district government Maslovka Voronezh region with the support of the Investment Fund of Russia is implementing a project to create an industrial park, "Maslowski", to accommodate more than 100 new businesses, including transformer factory of Siemens. September 7, 2011 in Voronezh opened Global network operation center of Nokia Siemens Networks, which was the fifth in the world and first in Russia.
In 2014, 926,000 square meters of housing was delivered.
Voronezh: Clusters of Voronezh
In clusters of tax incentives and different preferences, the full support of the authorities. A cluster of Oil and Gas Equipment, Radio-electronic cluster, Furniture cluster, IT cluster, Cluster aircraft, Cluster Electromechanics, Transport and logistics cluster, Cluster building materials and technologies.
The city is served by the Voronezh International Airport, which is located north of the city and is home to Polet Airlines. Voronezh is also home to the Pridacha Airport, a part of a major aircraft manufacturing facility VASO (Voronezhskoye Aktsionernoye Samoletostroitelnoye Obshchestvo, Voronezh aircraft production association) where the Tupolev Tu-144 (known in the West as the "Concordski"), was built and the only operational unit is still stored. Voronezh also hosts the Voronezh Malshevo air force base in the southwest of the city, which, according to a Natural Resources Defense Council report, houses nuclear bombers.
Since 1868, there is a railway connection between Voronezh and Moscow. Rail services form a part of the South Eastern Railway of the Russian Railways. Destinations served direct from Voronezh include Moscow, Kiev, Kursk, Novorossiysk, Sochi, and Tambov.
There are three Bus Stations in Voronezh that connect the city with a large number of destinations including Moscow, Belgorod, Lipetsk, Volgograd, Rostov-on-Don, Astrakhan and many more.
Voronezh experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with long, cold winters and short, warm summers.
Climate data for Voronezh
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
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Record low °C (°F)
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Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net,
Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)
Voronezh: Education and Culture
Snow at night in a Voronezh park
The city has seven theaters, twelve museums, a number of movie theaters, a philharmonic hall, and a circus. It is also a major center of higher education in central Russia. The main educational facilities include:
Voronezh State University
Voronezh State Technical University
Voronezh State University of Architecture and Construction
Voronezh State Pedagogical University
Voronezh State Agricultural University
Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies
Voronezh State Medical University named after N. N. Burdenko
Voronezh State Academy of Arts
Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies named after G.F. Morozov
Voronezh State Institute of Physical Training
Voronezh Institute of Russia's Home Affairs Ministry
Voronezh Military Aviation Engineering University
Voronezh Institute of High Technologies
Voronezh Air Force Academy named after Prof. Zhukovsky and Gagarin
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (Voronezh branch)
Russian State University of Justice
Admiral Makarov State University of Sea and River Fleet (Voronezh branch)
International Institute of Computer Technologies
Voronezh Institute of Economics and Law
and a number of other affiliate and private-funded institutes and universities. There are 2000 schools within the city.
Voronezh Chamber Theatre
Koltsov Academic Drama Theater
Voronezh State Opera and Ballet Theatre
Shut Puppet Theater
Platonov International Arts Festival
Russian Second Division
Tsentralnyi Profsoyuz Stadion
Women's Premier League
Higher Hockey League
Yubileyny Sports Palace
Women's Higher Volleyball League A
Kristall Sports Complex
Annunciation Orthodox Cathedral in Voronezh
Orthodox Christianity is the prevalent religion in Voronezh.
There is an orthodox Jewish community in Voronezh, with a synagogue located on Stankevicha Street.
Voronezh: Notable people
Nikolai Ge. Maria, sister of Lazarus, meets Jesus who is going to their house
Main article: List of people from Voronezh
Nikolay Basov, physicist
Ivan Bunin, writer
Alexey Khovansky, editor
Arkady Davidowitz, writer and aphorist
Pavel Cherenkov, physicist
Kirill Gerstein, musician
Mikhail Tsvet, botanist
Konstantin Feoktistov, cosmonaut and engineer
Poets and writers such as Platonov, Koltsov, Ivan S. Nikitin, Marshak, Peskov, Troepolsky;
Painters Kramskoi, Ge, Kuprin
Valerian Albanov, navigator and polar explorer
Alexander Litvinenko, political dissident
Grigory Sanakoev, chess player
Yelena Davydova and Aleksandr Tkachyov, gymnasts
Yevgeny Lapinsky, Olympic volleyball player
Valentina Popova, weightlifter
Dmitri Sautin, diver
Serge Voronoff, surgeon
Osip Mandelstam, poet
Vladimir Patkin, Olympic volleyball player
Andrei Platonov, writer
Sektor Gaza, punk band
Mitrofan Pyatnitsky, musician
Viktoria Komova, Olympic gymnast
Eduard Vorganov, professional cyclist
Igor Samsonov, painter
Voronezh: International relations
Brno, Czech Republic
Wesermarsch, Lower Saxony, Germany
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
León, Castile and León, Spain
"День города Воронеж 2015". Mir36.ru. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
"Исполнять обязанности мэра Воронежа будет Геннадий Чернушкин Подробнее". Moe-online.ru. 2014-12-30. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
"База данных показателей муниципальных образований". Gks.ru. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
Voronezh Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. , Voronezhstat.gks.ru, (Russian)
The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
Историческая хроника (DOC) (in Russian). Муниципальное учреждение культуры Централизованная библиотечная система города Воронежа Центральная городская библиотека имени А. Платонова. 2009. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
Воронеж может оказаться намного старше (in Russian). Вести. August 19, 2010. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
The existence of the 12th-century settlement is assumed in the historical atlas by Karl Spruner von Merz (1855), Die Völker und Reiche der Slaven zwichen Elbe und Don bis 1125, showing Woronesch on the river Woronesch (high-resolution scan at davidrumsey.com).
Е. М. Поспелов. "Географические названия мира". Москва, 1998. Стр. 104.
А. Лазарев. "Тайна имени Воронежъ" (The Mystery of the Name of Voronezh), 2009.
Woroneż (Wronasz) is shown on the Woroneż river by Stefan Kuczyński (1936) in a historical map of 15th-century Chernigov, «Ziemie Czernihowsko-Siewierskie pod rządami Litwy».
Russiæ, vulgo Moscovia, pars australis in Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive Atlas Novus in quo Tabulæ et Descriptiones Omnium Regionum, Editæ a Guiljel et Ioanne Blaeu, 1645.
Alex Levin, Under The Yellow & Red Stars (Azrieli Foundation, 2009), pp. 45ff., "The Suvorov Military School".
Dahlberg, John-Thor (October 11, 1989). "Voronzeh Scientist Quoted by TASS Casts Doubt on UFO Landing Story". Associated Press. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
"UFO lands in Russia? Writer now waffles". United Press International. October 10, 1989. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
Fein, Esther B.; Times, Special To The New York (11 October 1989). "U.F.O. Landing Is Fact, Not Fantasy, the Russians Insist". The New York Times. p. 6.
Воронеж получил мобильную связь 4G (рус.). Connect.ru. Проверено 8 сентября 2011. Архивировано из первоисточника 24 января 2012.
Интерактивная карта подготовки к 425-летию основания Воронежа (рус.). Сайт администрации города Воронеж (31.08.11). Проверено 24 января 2011
"В Воронеже родился миллионный житель". РБК. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
"Главная страница - АО "Концерн «Созвездие"". Vsm-sorter.com. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
"Voronezh Mechanical Plant". Vmzvrn.ru. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
"НИИПМ-->О компании-->Институт сегодня". Vniipm.ru. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
""Конструкторское Бюро Химавтоматики" - Главная". Kbkha.ru. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
"Pirelli, Russian Technologies joint venture launches technologically advanced second production line at Voronezh". Pirelli.com. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
"Официальный портал органов власти". Govvrn.ru. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
"Главная - ЦКР". Cluster36.ru. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
"Жд вокзал Воронеж | Оригинал жд билета | Жд билеты | Международный аэропорт «Стригино» г. Нижний Новгород, РЖД билет, купить ж д билет, рейсы самолетов в нижний новгород, телефоны справочного бюро аэропорта стригино, заказ ж/д билетов, стоимость жд билетов, билеты на поезд, бронирование, авиарейсы - Аэропорт Нижний Новгород - Нижегородский аэропорт - сайт аэропорта нижний новгород стригино - МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЙ АЭРОПОРТ НИЖНИЙ НОВГОРОД". Nnov-airport.ru. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
"Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved December 10, 2015.
"Voronez (Voronezh) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
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14:50. "В Воронеже открыли одну из крупнейших синагог России". Rg.ru. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
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Воронежская областная Дума. Закон №87-ОЗ от 27 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Воронежской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №41-ОЗ от 13 апреля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Воронежской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Воронежской области и порядке его изменения"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Молодой коммунар", №123, 3 ноября 2006 г. (Voronezh Oblast Duma. Law #87-OZ of October 27, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Voronezh Oblast and on the Procedures of Changing It, as amended by the Law #41-OZ of April 13, 2015 On Amending the Law of Voronezh Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Voronezh Oblast and on the Procedures of Changing It". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).
Воронежская областная Дума. Закон №66-ОЗ от 31 октября 2005 г. «О наделении муниципального образования город Воронеж статусом городского округа». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (18 ноября 2005 г.). Опубликован: "Коммуна", №171, 8 ноября 2005 г. (Voronezh Oblast Duma. Law #66-OZ of October 31, 2005 On Granting Urban Okrug Status to the Municipal Formation of the City of Voronezh. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication date (November 18, 2005).).
Voronezh: Further reading
Charlotte Hobson's book, Black Earth City, is an account of life in Voronezh at the time of the fall of the Soviet Union based on her experiences after spending a year in Voronezh as a foreign student in 1991–1992.
Nadezhda Mandelstam's Hope Against Hope, the first volume of her memoirs concerning her husband, the poet Osip Mandelstam, provides many details about life in Voronezh in the 1930s under Stalinist rule.
Voronezh: External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Voronezh.
Voronezh travel guide from Wikivoyage
Official website of Voronezh
Official website of Voronezh (Russian)
Unofficial website of Voronezh (Russian)
Voronezh State University
Panoramic views of Voronezh
Administrative divisions of Voronezh Oblast
Administrative center: Voronezh
Cities and towns
Cities of Military Glory of Russia
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