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Hotels of Zhongshan

A hotel in Zhongshan is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Zhongshan hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Zhongshan are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Zhongshan hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Zhongshan hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Zhongshan have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Zhongshan
An upscale full service hotel facility in Zhongshan that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Zhongshan hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Zhongshan
Full service Zhongshan hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Zhongshan
Boutique hotels of Zhongshan are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Zhongshan boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Zhongshan may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Zhongshan
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Zhongshan travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Zhongshan focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Zhongshan
Small to medium-sized Zhongshan hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Zhongshan traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Zhongshan hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Zhongshan
A bed and breakfast in Zhongshan is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Zhongshan bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Zhongshan B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Zhongshan
Zhongshan hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Zhongshan hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Zhongshan
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Zhongshan hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Zhongshan lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Zhongshan
Zhongshan timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Zhongshan often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Zhongshan on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Zhongshan
A Zhongshan motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Zhongshan for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Zhongshan motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Zhongshan

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 / 22.533; 113.350

Zhongshan
中山市
Prefecture-level city
From top down, left to right: Sunwen West Road; Former residence of Dr. Sun Yat-sen; Dongqu Subdistrict; Shiqi River (石岐河); Chen ancestral shrine in Chadong Village (茶东陈氏宗祠)
From top down, left to right: Sunwen West Road; Former residence of Dr. Sun Yat-sen; Dongqu Subdistrict; Shiqi River (石岐河); Chen ancestral shrine in Chadong Village (茶东陈氏宗祠)
Location of Zhongshan in Guangdong
Location of Zhongshan in Guangdong
Zhongshan is located in China
Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Location in China
Coordinates:  / 22.533; 113.350
Country China
Province Guangdong
County-level divisions None
Township-level divisions 5 districts
18 towns
1 development zone
Government
• CPC Committee Secretary Xue Xiaofeng (薛晓峰)
• Mayor Chen Liangxian (陈良贤)
Area
• Total 1,783.67 km (688.68 sq mi)
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2012)
• Total 3,142,300
• Density 1,800/km (4,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 528400
Area code(s) 0760
License plate prefixes 粤T
GDP ¥218.85 billion (2011)
GDP per capita ¥92,154 (2011)
City flower Chrysanthemum
Website www.ZhongShan.gov.cn (Chinese)
Zhongshan
ZhongShanChinese1.png
"Zhongshan City", as written in Chinese
Chinese 中山
Cantonese Yale Jūngsāan
Cantonese Jyutping Zung1 saan1
Hanyu Pinyin Zhōngshān ([ʈʂʊ́ŋʂán])
Postal Chungshan
Literal meaning Central mountain
(Named after Sun Yat-sen)
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Zhōngshān ([ʈʂʊ́ŋʂán])
Wade–Giles Chung-shan
Yue: Cantonese
Yale Romanization Jūngsāan
Jyutping Zung1 saan1
Xiangshan
(former name)
Chinese 香山
Cantonese Yale Hēungsāan
Cantonese Jyutping Hoeng1 saan1
Hanyu Pinyin Xiāngshān
Postal Heungshan
Literal meaning Fragrant Mountain
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Xiāngshān
Wade–Giles Hsiang-shan
Yue: Cantonese
Yale Romanization Hēungsāan
Jyutping Hoeng1 saan1

Zhongshan ([ʈʂʊ́ŋ ʂán]; Chinese: 中山) is a prefecture-level city in the south of the Pearl River Delta in Guangdong province, China, with a population of over 3 million (2012). The city used to be called Shekki or Shiqi (石岐).

Zhongshan is one of a very few cities in China named after a person. It is named after Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925), who is known in Mandarin as Sun Zhongshan. Sun, the founding father of the Republic of China who is also regarded positively by the People's Republic, was born in Cuiheng village in Nanlang Township of what was then Xiangshan County. In 1925, the year after his death, Xiangshan was renamed Zhongshan in his honor.

Sunwen Lu (Road) West at dusk.

Zhongshan: Names

Until 1925, Zhongshan was generally known as Xiangshan or Heung-san (Chinese: 香山; literally: "Fragrant Mountain"), in reference to the many flowers that grew in the mountains nearby. The city was renamed in honor of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, who had adopted the name Zhongshan. Sun is considered by both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China to be the "Father of Modern China", and was from Cuiheng village – now part of Nanlang Town in Zhongshan.

Zhongshan: History

Thousands of years ago, much of the Zhongshan area lay within the Pearl River estuary, with only scattered islands above the surface. Gradually from south to north, the area filled in with alluvial silt and became dry land. The northern parts of today's Zhongshan did not fill in until the time of the Ming Dynasty.

The Zhongshan area was part of an extended Dongguan County during the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 AD), and was a significant sea salt producer. In 1082, during the Northern Song Dynasty, a fortified settlement called Xiangshan was founded in the area, marking the first official use of the name by which it would be known throughout most of its modern history. The prosperous settlement was then upgraded to a county in 1152. After the collapse of the Southern Song Dynasty, many descendants of Song court officials, including members of the imperial family, settled in Xiangshan. Under the Qing Dynasty, embankments were built to prevent flooding in the new alluvial lands, and the area of cultivation was extended.

Much of the First Opium War took place in and around Xiangshan. In 1839, the official Lin Zexu arrived in Xiangshan and ordered the expulsion of Sir Charles Elliot and other British traders from the area. Qing Dynasty soldiers resisted British attacks on the area in 1840, but were ultimately overwhelmed.

After the Opium Wars opened the region to foreign influence, a number of Xiangshan residents, including Sun Zhongshan (Yatsen), left to study overseas and were among the creators of modern China. Xiangshan was one of the first counties in China liberated as part of the Xinhai Revolution. After Sun Zhongshan's death in 1925, the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the Republic of China decided to memorialize Sun by renaming his county of birth from Xiangshan to Zhongshan.

During the Second Sino-Japanese War, in July 1937, the Imperial Japanese Army seized several islands belonging to Zhongshan. During March 1940, the Japanese army occupied most of Zhongshan. The Japanese army implemented Unit 8604 or Nami Unit, a secret military medical unit, related to Unit 731, that researched biological warfare and other topics through human experimentation. It was headquartered at Zhongshan Medical University (Hal Gold, Unit 731 Testimony, 2003, p. 50). Nationalist and Communist units launched guerrilla attacks on Japanese forces beginning in 1942. On August 15, 1945, Japanese forces declared an unconditional surrender, and Zhongshan was liberated.

Zhongshan was the scene of fighting during the Chinese Civil War and was held for much of the war by Nationalists. On October 30, 1949, however, the People's Liberation Army defeated Nationalist forces in Zhongshan, and the county came under the control of the People's Republic of China.

In 1983, Zhongshan was elevated in administrative status from a county to a county-level city under the administration of Foshan. In 1988 Zhonshan became a prefecture-level city.

Zhongshan: Geography

Zhongshan is located along the west side of the mouth of the Pearl River, directly opposite Shenzhen and Hong Kong. It lies south of Guangzhou and Foshan and north of Zhuhai and Macau. The northern part of Zhongshan, including most of the urbanized area, lies on the alluvial plains of the Pearl River Delta, while the southern part of the city's territory reaches into a range of coastal hills.

The most notable of these are the Wugui Hills (Chinese: 五桂山; pinyin: Wǔguī Shān; Jyutping: Nggwai Saan). The city's current geography is typical of southern China: numerous steep mountains and hills with alluvial plains in between down to the coastline. The main summit of the Wugui Hills is the highest point in the city, at 531 metres (1,742 ft) above sea level.

Like nearly all of southern China, Zhongshan's climate is warm and humid most of the year, with an average temperature of 22 °C (72 °F) and 175 centimetres (69 in) of rainfall each year. Southern China experiences fairly frequent typhoons and thunderstorms, and most rain falls between April and September.

Zhongshan's location in the Pearl River Delta.

Zhongshan: Cityscape

Fufeng pagoda in Zhongshan Park.

Zhongshan is a city of numerous leafy parks, wide boulevards and various monuments. Notable sights include:

  • Sunwen Road West (or Sunwen Xilu) in Zhongshan Old Town, a pedestrian mall lined with dozens of restored buildings from the colonial period in treaty port style. Several of these buildings were built in the 1920s. The seven story Fufeng Pagoda, built in 1608, which is visible from all over the city, is located on a hill in Zhongshan Park, which abuts the western end of Sunwen Road West immediately to its north. A Sun Yat-sen memorial pavilion stands near the pagoda.
  • Sunwen Memorial Park, at the southern end of Xingzhong Road, is the site of the largest bronze sculpture of Sun Yat-sen in the world.

Zhongshan: Administration

Zhongshan is a prefecture-level city of the Guangdong province. An uncommon administrative feature is that it has no county-level division. The city government directly administers 6 Subdistricts and 18 towns:

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km)
Density
(/km)
Division code Residential communities Administrative villages
Shiqi Subdistrict 石岐街道 Shíqí Jiēdào 206,362 26.0 7,937.00 442000001 19
Dongqu Subdistrict 东区街道 Dōngqū Jiēdào 153,477 72.0 2,131.62 442000002 10
THIDZ Subdistrict 火炬高技术产业开发区街道 Huǒjù Gāojìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū Jiēdào 229,997 90.0 2,555.52 442000003 7
Xiqu Subdistrict 西区街道 Xiqū Jiēdào 97,864 26.7 3,665.31 442000004 9
Nanqu Subdistrict 南区街道 Nánqū Jiēdào 64,548 48.0 1,344.75 442000005 10
Wuguishan Subdistrict 五桂山街道 Wǔguìshān Jiēdào 48,019 113.0 424.94 442000006 1 4
Xiaolan Town 小榄镇 Xiǎolǎn Zhèn 315,626 75.4 4,186.02 442000100 15
Huangpu Town 黄圃镇 Huángpǔ Zhèn 145,017 83.6 1,734.65 442000101 4 12
Minzhong Town 民众镇 Mínzhòng Zhèn 108,417 125.4 864.56 442000102 3 16
Dongfeng Town 东凤镇 Dōngfèng Zhèn 123,562 54.8 2,254.78 442000103 4 10
Dongsheng Town 东升镇 Dōngshēng zhèn 118,052 76.7 1,539.13 442000104 8 6
Guzhen Town 古镇镇 Gǔzhèn Zhèn 147,440 47.8 3,084.51 442000105 1 12
Shaxi Town 沙溪镇 Shāxī Zhèn 119,372 55.0 2,170.40 442000106 1 15
Tanzhou Town 坦洲镇 Tǎnzhōu Zhèn 219,943 136.0 1,617.22 442000107 7 7
Gangkou Town 港口镇 Gǎngkǒu Zhèn 113,748 70.5 1,613.44 442000108 7 2
Sanjiao Town 三角镇 Sānjiǎo Zhèn 121,770 72.3 1,684.23 442000109 1 7
Henglan Town 横栏镇 Hénglán Zhèn 103,135 76.0 1,357.03 442000110 1 10
Nantou Town 南头镇 Nántóu Zhèn 130,712 30.0 4,357.06 442000111 6
Fusha Town 阜沙镇 Fùshā Zhèn 57,570 37.0 1,555.94 442000112 1 8
Nanlang Town 南朗镇 Nánlǎng Zhèn 107,977 206.0 524.16 442000113 2 13
Sanxiang Town 三乡镇 Sānxiāng Zhèn 200,197 93.6 2,138.85 442000114 3 12
Banfu Town 板芙镇 Bǎnfú Zhèn 82,412 82.0 1,005.02 442000115 1 10
Dachong Town 大涌镇 Dàyǒng Zhèn 74,276 45.5 1,632.43 442000116 6 2
Shenwan Town 神湾镇 Shénwān Zhèn 31,392 59.0 532.06 442000117 1 5
Administrative divisions of Zhongshan
Division code English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km Population 2010 Seat Postal code Divisions
Subdistricts Towns Residential communities Administrative villages
442000 Zhongshan City 中山市 Zhōngshān Shì 1,783.67 3,121,275 City-administered District 528400 6 18 128 151
442000 City-administered District 市辖区 Shìxiáqū 1,783.67 3,121,275 Dongqu Subdistrict 528400 6 18 128 151
  • Cuiheng New Area (翠亨新区)

Zhongshan: Language

The main ethnic group in Zhongshan is Han Chinese, but there is no dominant language spoken, Zhongshan is known as one of the most diverse cities in China. Dialects spoken varies from the Yue to the Hakka and to the Min, dialects include the Shiqi dialect, Shatian dialect, Longdu dialect, Nanlang dialect, Sanxiang dialect, Guzhen dialect, Sanjiao dialect, Zhangjiabian dialect and the only Hakka Dialect in the City, Wuguishan dialect. But most shares the common language, Cantonese.

Zhongshan: Yue

  • Shiqi dialect - Shiqiqu Subdistrict, Dongqu Subdistrict, Nanqu Subdistrict
  • Shatian dialect - Xiqu Subdistrict, Tanzhou Town, Shenwan Town, Banfu Town, Henglan Town, Xiaolan Town, Dongfeng Town, Nantou Town, Huangpu Town, Minzhong Town, Gangkou Town, Fusha Town, Dongsheng Town
  • Guzhen dialect - Guzhen Town
  • Sanjiao dialect - Sanjiao Town

Zhongshan: Min

  • Nanlang dialect - Nanlang Town
  • Sanxiang dialect - Sanxiang Town
  • Longdu dialect - Dachong Town, Shaxi Town
  • Zhangjiabian dialect - THIDZ Subdistrict

Zhongshan: Hakka

  • Wuguishan dialect - Wuguishan Subdistrict

Zhongshan: Economy

Zhongshan: Primary industries

Primary productions are agricultural, such as rice, lychee, banana, and sugar cane. Added to this, horticulture in Xiaolan Town is famous throughout southern China for its blooming chrysanthemum.

Zhongshan: Manufacturing industries

Zhongshan, together with Dongguan, Nanhai and Shunde, are dubbed as Four Little Tigers in Guangdong. The proximity of Zhongshan to Hong Kong and Macau is an advantage to its economic development, especially in manufacturing.

In the 1980s, Zhongshan had a relatively developed state-owned enterprise (SOE) sector that was used to stimulate Township and Village Enterprises (TVE) development in the countryside. Currently, the SOE sector is much weaker, and the economy is dominated by foreign investment and TVEs, and also by various specialized manufacturing towns. Each of these towns specializes in making a particular product. Most of the towns are so successful that they earn a reputation as leading manufacturers in their own pillar industries. Indeed, "One Industry in One Town" has become a unique economic feature in Zhongshan.

Pillar industries in various specialized manufacturing towns in Zhongshan include:

  • Dachong Town for mahogany furniture,
  • Dongfeng Town for electric household appliances,
  • Guzhen Town for lighting fixtures,
  • Huangpu Town for food processing,
  • Shaxi Town for casual wear manufacturing,
  • Xiaolan Town for locks and hardware, as well as for electronic acoustics products

The government of Zhongshan encourages "Research and Design" in the region by setting up national level research centres and specialized industrial regions. For example, the Zhongshan National Torch High-Tech Industrial Development Zone (中山国家级火炬高技术产业开发区) was established in 1990 in the east of the city by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the governments of Guangdong province and Zhongshan. Zhongshan Port, which ranks among the top 10 ports nationwide in terms of container-handling capacity, is in the zone. Since 2001, it has included the Zhongshan Electronic Base of China (中国电子中山基地) for its reputation in the electronic acoustics industry. Following possible development in Nansha, the city considers its eastern part, of which 400 square kilometres (154 square miles) of land is available, a focus of future development.

Currently, the city is trying to re-organize its fragmented industrialization. Meanwhile, the light and labour-intensive industry characteristic of Zhongshan's economy faces the problem of a shortage of land in Zhongshan.

Zhongshan: Tourism, recreation and leisure

  • Two natural hot spring resorts are located in Sanxiang Town, such as the national own firm Zhongshan Hot Springs Resort, which is ranked top 10 hot spring resorts in China because there is a rare hot spring reservoir in the Pearl River Delta.

The World Lamp King Museum, a lamp museum in the form of a giant lamp scheduled to open in 2015, will be a major tourist attraction.

  • Former Residence of Sun Yat-sen Memorial Museum: The former residence of Sun Zhongshan is at the center of the Memorial Museum, located in the village of Cuiheng.
  • Xiaolan: Many houses in the town of Xiaolan have garden pavilions dedicated to the cultivation of chrysanthemums. Roofs and balconies, streets and lanes feature countless varieties of chrysanthemum plantings.

Zhongshan is home to a number of forest parks which are designed to protect the natural features of the land and offer visitors a chance to get closer to nature. Zhongshan Tianxin Forest Park (Chinese: 中山田心森林公园) was opened in 2015 as part of the city's "green lung" initiative.

Zhongshan: Education

Zhongshan: Colleges and universities

Statue of Sun Yat-sen in Sunwen Memorial Park.
  • Guangdong Pharmaceutical University (Zhongshan Campus)
  • University of Electronic Science and Technology
  • Guangdong Polytechnic Institute (Zhongshan Campus)
  • Zhongshan Polytechnic
  • Zhongshan Torch Polytechnic

Zhongshan: High schools and institutions

  • Zhongshan Overseas Chinese Middle School ((Chinese: 中山市华侨中学) opened in 1954, is one of the first top-grade schools of Guangdong Province ((Chinese: 省一级学校) and the first national demonstrative ordinary high schools ((Chinese: 国家级示范性普通高中).
  • Sun Yat-sen Memorial Middle School (Chinese: 中山纪念中学; pinyin: Zhōngshān Jìniàn Zhōngxúe) was established in memory of Sun Yat-sen in 1934, and was built under the supervision of Soong Ching-ling, the widow of Sun Yat-sen.
  • Zhongshan No. 1 Middle School (Chinese: 中山市第一中学; pinyin: Zhōngshānshì Dìyī Zhōngxúe) opened in 1908.
  • Guangdong Zhongshan Experimental Middle School
  • Zhongshan Guishan Middle School
  • Guangdong Bowen International School
  • Sanxin Bilingual School
  • China-Hong Kong English School

Zhongshan: Transportation

Zhongshan: Public Buses

Zhongshan Public Transport Group Co., Ltd. operates many bus routes throughout the city. Stop announcements are voiced in Mandarin and Cantonese on all buses. On BRT system buses, announcements are also voiced in English. By purchasing a Zhongshan Tong card from authorized retailers, riders can receive a discount of 50% on all bus rides. Elderly citizens are allowed to ride for free.

Zhongshan: Ferry Transport

Chu Kong Passenger Transport (CKS) connects Zhongshan with Hong Kong with multiple daily scheduled high-speed ferry services to both Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal on Hong Kong Island and Hong Kong China Ferry Terminal in Kowloon. The trip by ferry takes about 1.5 hours.

Zhongshan: High-Speed Rail

Guangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Railway Multiple stations serve the city of Zhongshan.

Zhongshan: Major Projects Under Construction

  • The Shenzhen-Zhongshan Bridge will connect Zhongshan with the city of Shenzhen on the Eastern side of the Pearl River Delta. It will consist of a series of bridges and tunnels, starting from Bao'an International Airport on the Shenzhen side. Construction of the proposed 51 km (32 mi) eight-lane link is scheduled to start in 2015, with completion scheduled for 2021.
  • Line 1 of the Zhongshan Urban Rail Transit network is currently under construction. The transit system will consist of monorail trains that run throughout the city. The first phase of Line 1 will include 11 stations, running north to south from Gangkou Town to Bo'ai Road.

Zhongshan: Twin towns – Sister cities

Zhongshan is an official sister city of five cities worldwide.

Country City County/District/Region/State Date
Japan Moriguchi Osaka 1988
United States Honolulu County Hawaii 1997
Mexico Culiacán Sinaloa 2007
Canada Burnaby British Columbia 2011
Malaysia George Town Penang 2012

Zhongshan: References

  1. Tai Ping Huan Yu Ji 《太平寰宇记》, juan 157, 3019.
  2. "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.
  3. "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.
  4. 中国2010年人口普查分乡, 镇, 街道资料 [China 2010 census, township, street information] (in Chinese). China. 国务院. 人口普查办公室, China. 国家统计局. 人口与就业统计司 (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: 中国统计出版社. 2012. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  5. 中华人民共和国民政部 (August 2014). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》 (in Chinese). 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9.
  6. "Zhongshan Torch Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone". rightsite.asia. 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  7. http://www.zsnews.cn/News/2012/04/26/1989666.shtml
  8. "中山首个市级森林公园"十一"正式开放_中山日报报业集团·《中山商报》数字报". www.zsnews.cn. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
  9. "Zhongshan Overseas Chinese Middle School". Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  10. "广东省中山纪念中学简介". Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  11. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 31, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
  12. "International Relations, Official Web Site for The City and County of Honolulu". 2014. Archived from the original on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  13. "Sister & Friendship Cities". burnaby.ca. 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  • Zhongshan government website
  • Zhongshan News website (in Simplified Chinese)
  • Zhongshan News website (translated to English by Google)
  • Zhongshan Overseas Friendship Association website (in Simplified Chinese)
  • ZSRenn (English information for expats and tourists in Zhongshan)
  • Map of Zhongshan
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