United States Army Institute of Heraldry
United States Army Institute of Heraldry
Coat of Arms of the United States Army Institute of Heraldry.svg
Active 1918–1960 (as the Heraldic Program Office)
1960–present (as the Institute of Heraldry)
Country United States Army Institute of Heraldry United States of America
Branch United States Army Institute of Heraldry United States Army
Type Administrative
Role Heraldic authority
Size 32 civilians
Part of Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army
Garrison/HQ Fort Belvoir, Virginia, U.S.
Motto Aegis fortissima honos
(Latin for "Honor is the strongest shield")
Colors Gules and Or
Website www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil

The United States Army Institute of Heraldry (TIOH) furnishes heraldic services to the U.S. Armed Forces and other U.S. government organizations, including the Executive Office of the President. The activities of the Institute encompass research, design, development, standardization, quality control, and other services relating to official symbolic items-seals, decorations, medals, insignia, badges, flags, and other items awarded to or authorized for official wear or display by government personnel and agencies. Limited research and information services concerning official symbolic items are also provided to the general public. The Institute of Heraldry is located at Fort Belvoir, a military installation within the metropolitan area of Washington, D.C. The staff consists of thirty-two civilians.

History

Heraldic and other military symbols have been used by the U.S. Armed Forces and government agencies since the beginning of the American Revolution, however, there was no co-ordinated military heraldry program until 1919, when an office within the United States Department of War staff was established to approve and co-ordinate the coats of arms and insignia of U.S. Army organizations. In 1924, formal staff responsibility for specific military designs was delegated to the Quartermaster General. As the needs for symbolism by the military services and the national government expanded, the scope of the services furnished by the Quartermaster General's Office evolved into the Heraldic Program.

The expansion of the Army during World War II, and the subsequent increased interest in symbolism, contributed to the growth of the Heraldic Program. It was further expanded by Pub.L. 85–263, approved September 1957, 71 Stat. 89, which delineated the authority of the Secretary of the Army to furnish heraldic services to the military departments and other branches of the federal government.

18 U.S.C. § 704 and the Code of Federal Regulations (32 CFR, Part 507) permit the Institute of Heraldry to issue directives on how military insignia are displayed, the criteria for issuance, and how insignia will be worn on military uniforms.

On 1960-08-10, Army General Order Number 29 placed the U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry under the control of the Quartermaster General. The Army Adjutant General’s office assumed responsibility of the Institute in 1962, when the Office of the Quartermaster General ceased existing because the Army reorganized. In 1987, another realignment subordinated the Institute to the U.S. Total Army Personnel Command (the U.S. Army Human Resources Command). In April 1994, the Institute of Heraldry moved from Cameron Station to Fort Belvoir, Virginia. In October 2004, another realignment assigned responsibility for the Heraldic Program to Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army, part of the United States Army.

Specific functions

  • Approve designs for distinctive unit insignia (DUI), Regimental Distinctive Insignia (RDI), and shoulder sleeve insignia (SSI), as authorized by Army Regulation 670-1.
  • Authorize heraldic items for U.S. Army Organizations.
  • Authorize the use of Army insignia when incorporated into items for commercial sale.
  • Design and develop insignia (branch, grade, unit) seals, medals, badges, band regalia and flags.
  • Establish Army policy for flag design and display.
  • Fabricate three-dimensional display items.
  • Monitor the Heraldic Quality Control System in accordance with Army Regulation 672-8, to ensure heraldic items are manufactured according to government specifications or purchase descriptions.
  • Prepare heraldic item specifications and provide engineering support to manufacturers.
  • Provide manufacturers with government-loaned tools and specifications for heraldic items.

Coat of arms of the Institute

Escutcheon

Coat of Arms of the United States Army Institute of Heraldry.svg

Blazon: Or a chevron Gules, on a chief Sable a label of the first.

The red chevron refers to the military (armed services) which supports and is under the civil jurisdiction of the federal government represented by the label, the three points alluding to the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches.

The label also is indicative of The Institute of Heraldry being the direct descendant (offspring) of the heraldic activity initially created in 1919 under The General Staff, United States Army, in 1924 transferred to the Quartermaster General and in 1962 reassigned to The Adjutant General.

Furthermore, the label alludes to The Institute of Heraldry as being the only heraldic activity in the United States which is officially comparable to the heraldic institutions of the Old World and which continues the art and science of heraldry under its long established traditional and historic rules.

Crest

Blazon: On a wreath Or and Gules, a griffin salient of the first.

The griffin, a fabulous animal half eagle and half lion, is symbolic of wisdom and inspiration.

The role of the griffin as guardian of treasure is symbolic of the Institute's singular responsibility to safeguard the heraldic art of the federal government.

The eagle also alludes to the United States and the lion to Great Britain, the major source of US language, laws and heraldic knowledge.

Banners

Blazon: Flanking the crest two banners, the staffs Light Brown with Silver finials and ferrules passing behind the shield and extending below the motto scroll, the dexter banner Or bordered compony of the like and Azure, charged with a mullet of the last voided Argent, the sinister banner Or bordered compony of the like and Gules, charged with a Tudor Rose barb and seeded Vert.

Dexter: The large white star (heraldic mullet) edged with blue symbolizes all the States, which comprise the United States, and was suggested by the union of the United States Flag.

Sinister: The red and white (Tudor) heraldic rose alludes to the first and permanent colonization of America by the English under the Tudors.

Gold is symbolic of achievement and honor, red of zeal, and black of jurisprudence and knowledge.

Motto

Blazon: Aegis fortissima honos (Honor is the Strongest Shield) on a scroll Or lined Sable with lettering of the last.

See also

  • Distinctive unit insignia
  • Shoulder sleeve insignia
  • commons:Category:Regimental coats of arms of the United States Army

References

  • Institute of Heraldry Fact Sheet No. 10, October 1997

External links

  • Official website
  • The Design of American Heraldry: An Interview with Charles V. Mugno
  • Quartermaster Foundation - U.S. Army Heraldry
  • United States Army Institute of Heraldry at the Wayback Machine (archived April 11, 2006)
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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Abkhazia: Gagra, Gudauta, New Athos, Pitsunda, Sukhumi

Afghanistan: Kabul

Albania: Durrës, Himarë, Sarandë, Shkodër, Tirana, Vlorë

Algeria: Algiers, Oran

Andorra: Andorra la Vella, Arinsal, El Pas de la Casa, Encamp, Grandvalira, Ordino, Pal, Soldeu, Vallnord

Angola: Benguela, Luanda

Anguilla: The Valley, West End

Antigua And Barbuda: Saint John’s

Argentina: Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Mar del Plata, Mendoza, San Carlos de Bariloche, Ushuaia

Armenia: Dilijan, Etchmiadzin, Goris, Gyumri, Jermuk, Sevan, Tsaghkadzor, Vagharshapat, Vanadzor, Yerevan

Aruba: Oranjestad

Australia: Adelaide, Brisbane, Byron Bay, Cairns, Canberra, Darwin, Gold Coast, Hobart, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney

Austria: Abtenau, Alpbach, Austrian Alps, Bad Gastein, Bad Hofgastein, Bad Kleinkirchheim, Flachau, Fugen, Graz, Innsbruck, Ischgl, Kaprun, Kitzbühel, Kufstein, Lech, Leogang, Lienz, Linz, Maria Alm, Mayrhofen, Neustift im Stubaital, Obergurgl, Saalbach-Hinterglemm, Saalfelden, Salzburg, Schladming, Seefeld, Serfaus, St. Anton, St. Johann im Pongau, Sölden, Tux, Tyrol, Vienna, Villach, Wagrain, Zell am See

Azerbaijan: Baku, Ganja, Lankaran, Sheki, Stepanakert

Bahamas: Freeport, Nassau

Bahrain: Manama

Bangladesh: Dhaka

Barbados: Bridgetown

Belarus: Babruysk, Brest Belarus, Gomel, Grodno, Lahoysk, Maladzyechna, Minsk, Mogilev, Nesvizh, Pinsk, Silichi, Vitebsk

Belgium: Antwerp, Blankenberge, Bruges, Brussels, De Haan, De Panne, Durbuy, Ghent, Hasselt, Leuven, Liège, Nieuwpoort, Ostend, Spa, Ypres

Belize: Belize City, Placencia, San Pedro

Benin: Cotonou

Bermuda: Hamilton

Bhutan: Paro, Thimphu

Bolivia: Cochabamba, El Alto, La Paz, Quillacollo, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Sucre

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Banja Luka, Jahorina, Medjugorje, Mostar, Neum, Sarajevo

Botswana: Gaborone, Maun

Brazil: Amazon River, Angra dos Reis, Arraial do Cabo, Balneário Camboriú, Belo Horizonte, Bombinhas, Brasília, Búzios, Cabo Frio, Camaçari, Campos do Jordão, Copacabana, Costa do Sauípe, Curitiba, Fernando de Noronha, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, Gramado, Guarujá, Iguazu Falls, Ilhabela, Ipanema, Itacaré, Manaus, Morro de São Paulo, Natal, Niterói, Ouro Preto, Paraty, Petrópolis, Porto Alegre, Porto Seguro, Praia do Forte, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, São Paulo, São Sebastião, Trancoso, Ubatuba, Vila do Abraão

British Virgin Islands: Tortola

Brunei: Bandar Seri Begawan

Bulgaria: Albena, Bansko, Borovets, Burgas, Golden Sands, Nesebar, Pamporovo, Plovdiv, Pomorie, Sofia, Sozopol, Sunny Beach, Sveti Vlas, Varna

Burkina Faso: Ouagadougou

Burundi: Bujumbura

Cambodia: Angkor, Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville

Cameroon: Douala, Yaoundé

Canada: Calgary, Edmonton, Montreal, Niagara Falls, Ottawa, Quebec, Saskatoon, Toronto, Vancouver, Winnipeg

Cape Verde: Boa Vista Cape Verde, Sal

Caribbean Netherlands:

Cayman Islands: George Town

Chile: Easter Island, Patagonia, Santiago, Valparaíso, Viña del Mar

China: Beijing, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongguan, Foshan, Great Wall of China, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hainan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Huizhou, Jiaxing, Jinan, Lhasa, Linyi, Nanjing, Nantong, Ningbo, Qingdao, Rizhao, Sanya, Shanghai, Shaoxing, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse, Suzhou, Tai'an, Taiyuan, Taizhou Jiangsu, Tianjin, Tibet, Weifang, Weihai, Wuhan, Wulingyuan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Yangzhou, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhangjiajie, Zhongshan, Zhoushan, Zhuhai

Colombia: Bogotá, Cartagena, Medellín

Costa Rica: Alajuela, Jacó, La Fortuna, Manuel Antonio, Monteverde, Puerto Viejo de Talamanca, Puntarenas, Quepos, San José, Santa Teresa, Tamarindo, Tortuguero

Croatia: Baška Voda, Bol, Brač, Cavtat, Dubrovnik, Fažana, Hvar, Istria, Korčula, Makarska, Medulin, Novigrad, Opatija, Pag, Poreč, Pula, Rabac, Rijeka, Rovinj, Split, Trogir, Umag, Zadar, Zagreb

Cuba: Cayo Coco, Cayo Santa María, Cienfuegos, Havana, Pinar del Río, Santiago de Cuba, Trinidad, Varadero, Viñales

Curaçao: Willemstad

Cyprus: Ayia Napa, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos, Peyia, Protaras

Czech Republic: Brno, Harrachov, Karlovy Vary, Marienbad, Olomouc, Ostrava, Plzeň, Prague, České Budějovice, Český Krumlov, Špindlerův Mlýn

Denmark: Aarhus, Copenhagen, Frederikshavn, Greenland, Jutland

Dominican Republic: Boca Chica, Bávaro, Punta Cana, Santo Domingo, Sosúa

Ecuador: Cuenca, Galápagos Islands, Guayaquil, Quito

Egypt: Alexandria, Aswan, Cairo, Dahab, El Alamein, El Gouna, Giza, Hurghada, Luxor, Marsa Alam, Mersa Matruh, Nile, Nuweiba, Port Said, Red Sea, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sinai, Taba

El Salvador: La Libertad, San Salvador

Estonia: Haapsalu, Kuressaare, Narva, Pärnu, Saaremaa, Tallinn, Tartu

Ethiopia: Addis Ababa, Bahir Dar, Gondar

Faroe Islands: Tórshavn

Fiji: Nadi, Suva, Viti Levu Island

Finland: Espoo, Helsinki, Imatra, Jyväskylä, Kuopio, Kuusamo, Lahti, Lapland, Lappeenranta, Levi, Mariehamn, Oulu, Pyhätunturi, Rovaniemi, Rukatunturi, Saariselkä, Saimaa, Tampere, Turku, Vuokatti

France: Aix-en-Provence, Ajaccio, Alsace, Annecy, Antibes, Arles, Avignon, Avoriaz, Biarritz, Bonifacio, Bordeaux, Brittany, Cabourg, Calvi, Cannes, Carcassonne, Chambéry, Chamonix, Colmar, Corsica, Courchevel, Deauville, Dijon, French Alps, French Riviera, Fréjus, Grenoble, Honfleur, La Plagne, Les Arcs, Lille, Lourdes, Lyon, Marseille, Megève, Montpellier, Méribel, Nantes, Nice, Normandy, Paris, Porto-Vecchio, Provence, Rouen, Saint-Malo, Saint-Tropez, Strasbourg, Tignes, Toulouse, Trouville-sur-Mer, Val Thorens, Val-d'Isère, Versailles

French Polynesia: Bora Bora, Mo'orea, Papeete, Tahiti

Gabon: Libreville

Gambia: Banjul, Serekunda

Georgia: Bakuriani, Batumi, Borjomi, Gudauri, Kobuleti, Kutaisi, Mestia, Tbilisi

Germany: Aachen, Baden-Baden, Bavaria, Berlin, Binz, Bonn, Bremen, Cologne, Dortmund, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Erfurt, Essen, Frankfurt, Füssen, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Hamburg, Hanover, Ingolstadt, Leipzig, Lübeck, Magdeburg, Munich, Münster, Neuschwanstein Castle, Nuremberg, Oberstdorf, Potsdam, Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Rügen, Stuttgart, Wiesbaden

Ghana: Accra, Kumasi

Gibraltar:

Greece: Athens, Cephalonia, Chania, Corfu, Crete, Faliraki, Halkidiki, Heraklion, Hersonissos, Katerini, Kos, Lefkada, Mykonos, Parga, Rethymno, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Syros, Thasos, Thessaloniki, Zakynthos

Guadeloupe: Saint-François

Guam: Tamuning, Tumon

Guatemala: Antigua Guatemala

Haiti: Port-au-Prince

Honduras: Roatán, Tegucigalpa

Hong Kong: Causeway Bay, Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, Mong Kok, New Territories, Repulse Bay, Tsim Sha Tsui, Wan Chai

Hungary: Budapest, Eger, Gyula, Hajdúszoboszló, Hévíz, Lake Balaton, Pécs, Siófok, Szeged, Zalakaros

Iceland: Akureyri, Höfn, Reykjavik

India: Agra, Allahabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Darjeeling, Delhi, Gangtok, Goa, Gurgaon, Haridwar, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Karnataka, Kerala, Khajuraho, Kochi, Kolkata, Ladakh, Leh, Madurai, Maharashtra, Manali, Mumbai, New Delhi, Pune, Punjab, Rajasthan, Rishikesh, Sikkim, Srinagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Varanasi, Varkala

Indonesia: Bali, Bandung, Bintan, Borobudur, Denpasar, Jakarta, Java, Jimbaran, Kalimantan, Kuta, Lombok, Nusa Dua, Sanur, Seminyak, Sumatra, Surabaya, Ubud, Yogyakarta

Iran: Isfahan, Shiraz, Tehran

Iraq: Baghdad, Erbil

Ireland: Connemara, Cork, Dingle, Dublin, Galway, Kenmare, Kilkenny, Killarney, Limerick, Shannon, Tralee, Westport Ireland

Isle of Man: Douglas

Israel: Bat Yam, Beersheba, Dead Sea Israel, Eilat, Haifa, Herzliya, Jerusalem, Nazareth, Netanya, Petah Tikva, Ramat Gan, Safed, Tel Aviv, Tiberias

Italy: Alghero, Amalfi Coast, Aosta Valley, Arezzo, Assisi, Bellagio, Bergamo, Bologna, Bolzano, Bormio, Breuil-Cervinia, Cagliari, Canazei, Capri, Catania, Cinque Terre, Cortina d'Ampezzo, Courmayeur, Dolomites, Elba, Fassa Valley, Florence, Genoa, Ischia, Italian Alps, Jesolo, La Spezia, Lake Como, Lake Garda, Lake Maggiore, Livigno, Lucca, Madonna di Campiglio, Merano, Milan, Naples, Ortisei, Padua, Palermo, Perugia, Pisa, Portofino, Positano, Rimini, Riomaggiore, Riva del Garda, Rome, Salerno, Sanremo, Sardinia, Sicily, Siena, Siracusa, Sorrento, Sëlva, Taormina, Trento, Trieste, Turin, Tuscany, Val Gardena, Venice, Verona

Ivory Coast: Abidjan

Jamaica: Kingston, Montego Bay, Negril, Ocho Rios, Port Antonio, Runaway Bay

Japan: Atami, Fujisawa, Fukuoka, Furano, Hakodate, Hakone, Hakuba, Hamamatsu, Hiroshima, Hokkaido, Ishigaki, Itō, Kanagawa, Kanazawa, Karuizawa, Kawasaki, Kobe, Kutchan, Kyoto, Matsumoto, Miyakojima, Nagasaki, Nagoya, Naha, Nanjō, Nikkō, Okinawa, Onna, Osaka, Sapporo, Sendai, Shizuoka, Takayama, Tokyo, Yokohama

Jordan: Amman, Aqaba, Jerash, Madaba, Petra, Wadi Rum

Kazakhstan: Aktau, Aktobe, Almaty, Astana, Atyrau, Burabay, Karagandy, Kokshetau, Kostanay, Oskemen, Pavlodar, Semey, Shymkent

Kenya: Kisumu, Lake Victoria, Masai Mara, Mombasa, Nairobi, Ukunda

Kuwait: Kuwait City

Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek, Issyk Kul, Karakol

Laos: Luang Prabang, Vientiane

Latvia: Daugavpils, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Riga, Rēzekne, Sigulda, Ventspils

Lebanon: Beirut, Byblos

Lesotho: Maseru

Libya: Tripoli

Liechtenstein: Vaduz

Lithuania: Druskininkai, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Nida, Palanga, Vilnius, Šiauliai

Luxembourg: Luxembourg City

Macau:

Macedonia: Bitola, Mavrovo, Ohrid, Skopje

Madagascar: Antananarivo

Malawi: Blantyre, Lilongwe

Malaysia: Borneo, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Langkawi, Penang

Maldives: Kaafu Atoll, Malé

Mali: Bamako

Malta: Buġibba, Gozo, Mellieħa, Paceville, Qawra, Sliema, St. Julian's, Valletta

Martinique: Fort-de-France

Mauritius: Port Louis

Mexico: Acapulco, Cancún, Cozumel, Guadalajara, Los Cabos, Mazatlán, Mexico City, Playa del Carmen, Puerto Vallarta, Tulum

Moldova: Chișinău, Tiraspol

Monaco: Monte Carlo

Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar

Montenegro: Bar, Bečići, Bijela, Budva, Dobra Voda, Dobrota, Herceg Novi, Kolašin, Kotor, Miločer, Perast, Petrovac, Podgorica, Prčanj, Sutomore, Sveti Stefan, Tivat, Ulcinj, Žabljak

Morocco: Agadir, Casablanca, Essaouira, Fez, Marrakesh, Merzouga, Rabat, Tangier

Mozambique: Maputo

Myanmar: Mandalay, Yangon

Namibia: Windhoek

Nepal: Chitwan, Himalayas, Kathmandu, Lukla, Lumbini, Mount Everest, Nagarkot, Namche Bazaar, Patan, Pokhara, Tengboche

Netherlands: Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Groningen, Haarlem, Leiden, Maastricht, Rotterdam, Texel, The Hague, Utrecht, Zandvoort

New Zealand: Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin, Queenstown, Rotorua, Wellington

Nicaragua: Granada, Managua

Nigeria: Abuja, Lagos Nigeria, Port Harcourt

North Korea: Pyongyang

Northern Mariana Islands: Saipan

Norway: Beitostølen, Bergen, Bodø, Gardermoen, Geilo, Geirangerfjord, Hardangerfjord, Hemsedal, Kristiansand, Larvik, Lillehammer, Lofoten, Narvik, Oslo, Sognefjord, Stavanger, Stryn, Svalbard, Tromsø, Trondheim, Ålesund

Oman: Muscat, Nizwa, Salalah

Pakistan: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore

Palau: Koror

Palestine: Bethlehem, Hebron, Ramallah

Panama: Bocas del Toro, Panama City

Papua New Guinea: Port Moresby

Paraguay: Asunción, Ciudad Del Este

Peru: Arequipa, Cusco, Lima, Machu Picchu, Puno, Trujillo

Philippines: Bohol, Boracay, Cebu, El Nido, Makati, Manila, Palawan, Puerto Princesa

Poland: Gdańsk, Gdynia, Katowice, Kraków, Lublin, Poznań, Sopot, Szczecin, Toruń, Warsaw, Wrocław, Zakopane, Łódź

Portugal: Albufeira, Algarve, Azores, Funchal, Lagos, Lisbon, Madeira, Porto, Sintra

Puerto Rico: San Juan

Qatar: Doha

Romania: Bran, Brașov, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Constanța, Poiana Brașov, Sibiu, Timișoara, Transylvania

Russia: Abakan, Abrau-Dyurso, Abzakovo, Adler, Altai Republic, Alupka, Alushta, Anapa, Angarsk, Arkhangelsk, Arkhipo Osipovka, Armavir, Astrakhan, Balashikha, Barnaul, Belgorod, Belokurikha, Biysk, Blagoveshchensk, Bratsk, Bryansk, Cheboksary, Chelyabinsk, Cherepovets, Cherkessk, Chita, Crimea, Dagomys, Divnomorskoye, Dombay, Domodedovo International Airport, Dzerzhinsk, Dzhankhot, Dzhubga, Elista, Engels, Estosadok, Feodosia, Foros, Gaspra, Gatchina, Gelendzhik, Golden Ring, Golubitskaya, Gornaya Karusel, Goryachy Klyuch, Grozny, Gurzuf, Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Izhevsk, Kabardinka, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kamchatka, Karelia, Kazan, Kemerovo, Kerch, Khabarovsk, Khanty-Mansiysk, Khibiny, Khimki, Khosta, Kirov, Kirovsk, Kislovodsk, Kizhi, Koktebel, Kolomna, Komsomolsk on Amur, Konakovo, Koreiz, Korolev, Kostroma, Krasnaya Polyana, Krasnodar, Krasnogorsk, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Kursk, Kyzyl, Lake Baikal, Lake Seliger, Lazarevskoye, Lipetsk, Listvyanka, Loo, Lyubertsy, Magadan, Magnitogorsk, Makhachkala, Matsesta, Maykop, Miass, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow, Mount Elbrus, Murmansk, Murom, Mytishchi, Naberezhnye Chelny, Nakhodka, Nalchik, Naryan-Mar, Nebug, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Tagil, Norilsk, Novokuznetsk, Novorossiysk, Novosibirsk, Novyy Urengoy, Obninsk, Odintsovo, Omsk, Orenburg, Orsk, Oryol, Partenit, Penza, Pereslavl Zalessky, Perm, Petergof, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Petrozavodsk, Plyos, Podolsk, Pskov, Pulkovo Airport, Pushkin, Pushkino, Pyatigorsk, Repino, Rosa Khutor, Rostov-on-Don, Ryazan, Rybinsk, Saint Petersburg, Saky, Salekhard, Samara, Saransk, Saratov, Sea of Azov, Sergiyev Posad, Serpukhov, Sestroretsk, Sevastopol, Shakhty, Sheregesh, Sheremetyevo International Airport, Siberia, Simeiz, Simferopol, Smolensk, Sochi, Solovetsky Islands, Sortavala, Stary Oskol, Stavropol, Sterlitamak, Sudak, Sukko, Surgut, Suzdal, Svetlogorsk, Syktyvkar, Syzran, Taganrog, Tambov, Terskol, Tobolsk, Tolyatti, Tomsk, Torzhok, Tuapse, Tula, Tver, Tyumen, Ufa, Uglich, Ulan-Ude, Ulyanovsk, Valaam, Valday, Veliky Novgorod, Veliky Ustyug, Vityazevo, Vladikavkaz, Vladimir, Vladivostok, Vnukovo International Airport, Volgograd, Vologda, Volzhskiy, Voronezh, Vyborg, Yakhroma, Yakutsk, Yalta, Yaroslavl, Yekaterinburg, Yelets, Yessentuki, Yevpatoria, Yeysk, Yoshkar-Ola, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Zelenogradsk, Zhukovsky, Zvenigorod

Rwanda: Gisenyi, Kigali

Réunion: Saint-Denis

Saint Kitts and Nevis:

Saint Martin: Sint Maarten

Samoa: Apia

San Marino: City of San Marino

Saudi Arabia: Al Khobar, Jeddah, Mecca, Medina, Riyadh

Senegal: Dakar

Serbia: Belgrade, Kopaonik, Kosovo, Niš, Novi Sad, Palić, Pristina, Stara Planina, Subotica, Zlatibor

Seychelles: La Digue, Mahé, Praslin

Singapore: Sentosa

Slovakia: Bratislava, Jasná, Liptov, Tatranská Lomnica, Vysoké Tatry, Štrbské Pleso

Slovenia: Bled, Bohinj, Kranjska Gora, Ljubljana, Maribor, Portorož

South Africa: Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg, Port Elizabeth, Pretoria

South Korea: Busan, Daegu, Gyeongju, Incheon, Jejudo, Pyeongchang, Seogwipo, Seoul, Suwon

Spain: A Coruña, Alicante, Altea, Barcelona, Basque Country, Benalmádena, Benidorm, Benissa, Bilbao, Blanes, Calp, Cambrils, Canary Islands, Cangas de Onís, Cartagena, Catalonia, Costa Brava, Costa Dorada, Córdoba, Dénia, Fuerteventura, Girona, Gran Canaria, Granada, Ibiza, L'Estartit, Lanzarote, Lloret de Mar, Madrid, Mallorca, Marbella, Maspalomas, Menorca, Moraira, Murcia, Málaga, Málaga, Palma, Roses, Salamanca, Salou, San Sebastian, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Sidges, Sierra Nevada, Tarragona, Tenerife, Toledo, Torremolinos, Torrevieja, Tossa de Mar, Valencia, Xàbia

Sri Lanka: Anuradhapura, Bentota, Beruwala, Colombo, Galle, Hikkaduwa, Kandy, Negombo, Tangalle, Unawatuna

Suriname: Paramaribo

Swaziland: Lobamba, Mbabane

Sweden: Gothenburg, Gotland, Helsingborg, Malmö, Stockholm, Uppsala, Visby, Åre

Switzerland: Andermatt, Arosa, Ascona, Basel, Bern, Crans-Montana, Davos, Engelberg, Geneva, Grindelwald, Gstaad, Haute-Nendaz, Interlaken, Jungfrau, Lake Maggiore, Lausanne, Locarno, Lucerne, Lugano, Matterhorn, Montreux, Nendaz, Saas-Fee, Sion, St Moritz, Swiss Alps, Verbier, Wengen, Zermatt, Zürich

Syria: Aleppo, Damascus

Taiwan: Kaohsiung, Taipei

Tajikistan: Dushanbe, Khujand

Tanzania: Dar es Salaam, Mount Kilimanjaro, Serengeti, Zanzibar

Thailand: Ayutthaya, Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Hua Hin, Kanchanaburi, Karon, Ko Chang, Ko Phangan, Ko Samui, Krabi, Patong, Pattaya, Phi Phi Islands, Phuket, River Kwai

Togo: Lomé

Trinidad and Tobago: Port of Spain

Tunisia: Djerba, Hammamet, Monastir, Port El Kantaoui, Sousse, Tunis

Turkey: Alacati, Alanya, Ankara, Antalya, Beldibi, Belek, Bodrum, Bozcaada, Bursa, Cappadocia, Dalyan, Erzurum, Fethiye, Göynük, Istanbul, Kaş, Kemer, Konakli, Kuşadası, Mahmutlar, Marmaris, Palandöken, Pamukkale, Side, Tekirova, Trabzon, Çamyuva, Çıralı, Ölüdeniz, İzmir, İçmeler

Turkmenistan: Ashgabat

Turks and Caicos Islands: Cockburn Town

U.S. Virgin Islands: Charlotte Amalie

Uganda: Kampala

Ukraine: Bukovel, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Kiev, Kryvyi Rih, Luhansk, Lviv, Mariupol, Mykolaiv, Odessa, Poltava, Truskavets, Uzhgorod, Vinnytsia, Yaremche, Zaporizhia, Zatoka, Zhytomyr

United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah

United Kingdom: Aberdeen, Bath, Belfast, Blackpool, Bournemouth, Brighton, Bristol, Cambridge, Canterbury, Cardiff, Cheltenham, Chester, Cornwall, Cumbria, Devon, Dorset, Eastbourne, Edinburgh, Exeter, Fort William, Glasgow, Hampshire, Inverness, Kent, Lancashire, Leeds, Liverpool, Llandudno, London, Manchester, Newcastle, Newquay, Norwich, Nottingham, Oban, Oxford, Paignton, Plymouth, Scarborough, Scotland, Sheffield, Somerset, Southampton, Stonehenge, Swansea, Torquay, Wales, Windsor, York

United States: Alabama, Alaska, Albuquerque, Anaheim, Anchorage, Arizona, Arkansas, Aspen, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Beaver Creek, Billings, Birmingham, Boise, Boston, Breckenridge, California, Charlotte, Cheyenne, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Colorado, Columbus, Connecticut, Dallas, Daytona Beach, Delaware, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, Fargo, Florida, Fort Lauderdale, Georgia, Hawaii, Hollywood, Honolulu, Hot Springs, Houston, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Indianapolis, Iowa, Jackson, Jersey City, Juneau, Kansas City, Kansas, Kentucky, Key West, Lahaina, Lake Tahoe, Las Vegas, Lexington, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisiana, Louisville, Madison, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Memphis, Miami Beach, Miami, Michigan, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New Orleans, New York City, New York, Newport, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ocean City, Ohio, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Omaha, Oregon, Orlando, Palm Springs, Park City, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Portland, Portland, Providence, Raleigh, Reno, Rhode Island, Richmond, Sacramento, Saint Paul, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, Santa Barbara, Santa Fe, Savannah, Scottsdale, Seattle, South Carolina, South Dakota, Springfield, Squaw Valley, St. Augustine, Steamboat Springs, Tampa, Telluride, Tennessee, Texas, Tucson, Tulsa, Utah, Vail, Vermont, Virginia Beach, Virginia, Waikiki, Washington D.C., Washington, West Virginia, Wichita, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yosemite National Park

Uruguay: Montevideo, Punta del Este

Uzbekistan: Bukhara, Khiva, Samarkand, Tashkent

Vanuatu: Port Vila

Vatican City:

Venezuela: Caracas, Isla Margarita

Vietnam: Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hạ Long Bay, Nha Trang, Phan Thiết, Phú Quốc

Yemen: Aden, Sana'a

Zambia: Livingstone, Lusaka

Zimbabwe: Harare, Victoria Falls

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