"Latin numerals" redirects here. For a description of numeric words in Latin, see Latin numerals (linguistics).
Roman numerals on stern of a British clipper ship showing draft in feet. The numbers range from 13 to 22, from bottom to top.
Hindu–Arabic numeral system
Positional systems by base
Non-standard positional numeral systems
Bijective numeration (1)
Signed-digit representation (Balanced ternary)
Complex-base system (2i)
Non-integer representation (φ)
Asymmetric numeral systems
List of numeral systems
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, are based on seven symbols:
The use of Roman numerals continued long after the decline of the Roman Empire. From the 14th century on, Roman numerals began to be replaced in most contexts by the more convenient Arabic numerals; however, this process was gradual, and the use of Roman numerals persists in some minor applications to this day.
Roman numerals: Roman numeric system
Roman numerals: Basic decimal pattern
The original pattern for Roman numerals used the symbols I, V, and X (1, 5, and 10) as simple tally marks. Each marker for 1 (I) added a unit value up to 5 (V), and was then added to (V) to make the numbers from 6 to 9:
I, II, III, IIII, V, VI, VII, VIII, VIIII, X.
The numerals for 4 (IIII) and 9 (VIIII) proved problematic (among other things, they are easily confused with III and VIII), and are generally replaced with IV (one less than 5) and IX (one less than 10). This feature of Roman numerals is called subtractive notation.
The numbers from 1 to 10 (including subtractive notation for 4 and 9) are expressed in Roman numerals as follows:
I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X.
The system being basically decimal, tens and hundreds follow the same pattern:
Thus 10 to 100 (counting in tens, with X taking the place of I, L taking the place of V and C taking the place of X):
X, XX, XXX, XL, L, LX, LXX, LXXX, XC, C.
Note that 40 (XL) and 90 (XC) follow the same subtractive pattern as 4 and 9.
Similarly, 100 to 1000 (counting in hundreds):
C, CC, CCC, CD, D, DC, DCC, DCCC, CM, M.
Again - 400 (CD) and 900 (CM) follow the standard subtractive pattern.
Many numbers include hundreds, units and tens. The Roman numeral system being basically decimal, each "place" is added in descending sequence from left to right, as with Arabic numerals. For example:
39 = "Thirty nine" (XXX+IX) = XXXIX.
246 = "Two hundred and forty six" (CC+XL+VI) = CCXLVI.
As each place has its own notation there is no need for place keeping zeros, so "missing places" are ignored, as in Latin (and English) speech, thus:
207 = "Two hundred and seven" (CC+VII) = CCVII
1066 = "A thousand and sixty six" (M+LX+VI) = MLXVI.
Roman numerals for large numbers are nowadays seen mainly in the form of year numbers (other uses are detailed later in this article), as in these examples:
1776 (M+DCC+LXX+VI) = MDCCLXXVI (the date written on the book held by the Statue of Liberty).
1954 (M+CM+L+IV) = MCMLIV (as in the trailer for the movie The Last Time I Saw Paris)
1990 (M+CM+XC) = MCMXC (used as the title of musical project Enigma's debut album MCMXC a.D., named after the year of its release).
2014 (MM+X+IV) = MMXIV (the year of the games of the XXII (22nd) Olympic Winter Games (in Sochi)
The current year (2018) is MMXVIII.
Roman numerals: Alternative forms
A typical clock face with Roman numerals in Bad Salzdetfurth, Germany
The "standard" forms described above reflect typical modern usage rather than a universally accepted convention. Usage in ancient Rome varied greatly and remained inconsistent in medieval and modern times.
Inscriptions dating from the Roman period not infrequently use IIII for "4" instead of IV, although other "additive" forms, such as VIIII for IX, are also sometimes seen. On the numbered gates to the colosseum, for instance, IV is systematically avoided in favour of IIII, while other "subtractives", such as IX and XL are used conventionally.
Clock faces that use Roman numerals normally show IIII for four o'clock but IX for nine o'clock, a practice that goes back to very early clocks such as the Wells Cathedral clock of the late 14th century. However, this is far from universal: for example, the clock on the Palace of Westminster, Big Ben, uses a "normal" IV.
XIIX or IIXX are sometimes used for "18" instead of XVIII. The Latin word for "eighteen" is often rendered as the equivalent of "two less than twenty", (duodeviginti) which may be the source of this usage.
While in standard usage subtractive notation is limited to use of "adjacent" numerals, so that 98 and 99 (for example) are written XCVIII and XCIX, these are occasionally rendered as IIC and IC, perhaps originally from the Latin duodecentum and undecentum (two/one less than a hundred).
An inscription on Admiralty Arch, London. The number is 1910, for which MCMX would be more usual.
Sometimes V and L are not used, with instances such as IIIIII and XXXXXX rather than VI or LX.
At the beginning of the 20th century, different representations of 900 (conventionally CM) appeared in several inscribed dates. For instance, 1910 is shown on Admiralty Arch, London, as MDCCCCX rather than MCMX, while on the north entrance to the Saint Louis Art Museum, 1903 is inscribed as MDCDIII rather than MCMIII.
Roman numerals: History
Roman numerals: Pre-Roman times and ancient Rome
Although Roman numerals came to be written with letters of the Roman alphabet, they were originally independent symbols. The Etruscans, for example, used 𐌠, 𐌡, 𐌢, 𐌣, 𐌚, and ⊕ for I, V, X, L, C, and M, of which only I and X happened to be letters in their alphabet.
Roman numerals: Hypotheses about the origin of Roman numerals
Roman numerals: Tally marks
One hypothesis is that the Etrusco-Roman numerals actually derive from notches on tally sticks, which continued to be used by Italian and Dalmatian shepherds into the 19th century.
Thus, ⟨I⟩ descends not from the letter ⟨I⟩ but from a notch scored across the stick. Every fifth notch was double cut i.e. ⋀, ⋁, ⋋, ⋌, etc.), and every tenth was cross cut (X), IIIIΛIIIIXIIIIΛIIIIXII...), much like European tally marks today. This produced a positional system: Eight on a counting stick was eight tallies, IIIIΛIII, or the eighth of a longer series of tallies; either way, it could be abbreviated ΛIII (or VIII), as the existence of a Λ implies four prior notches. By extension, eighteen was the eighth tally after the first ten, which could be abbreviated X, and so was XΛIII. Likewise, number four on the stick was the I-notch that could be felt just before the cut of the Λ (V), so it could be written as either IIII or IΛ (IV). Thus the system was neither additive nor subtractive in its conception, but ordinal. When the tallies were transferred to writing, the marks were easily identified with the existing Roman letters I, V and X.
The tenth V or X along the stick received an extra stroke. Thus 50 was written variously as N, И, K, Ψ, ⋔, etc., but perhaps most often as a chicken-track shape like a superimposed V and I: ↆ. This had flattened to Ʇ (an inverted T) by the time of Augustus, and soon thereafter became identified with the graphically similar letter L. Likewise, 100 was variously Ж, ⋉, ⋈, H, or as any of the symbols for 50 above plus an extra stroke. The form Ж (that is, a superimposed X and I like: 𐌟) came to predominate. It was written variously as >I< or ↃIC, was then abbreviated to Ↄ or C, with C variant finally winning out because, as a letter, it stood for centum, Latin for "hundred".
The hundredth V or X was marked with a box or circle. Thus 500 was like a Ↄ superimposed on a ⋌ or ⊢, becoming D or Ð by the time of Augustus, under the graphic influence of the letter ⟨D⟩. It was later identified as the letter D; an alternative symbol for "thousand" was (I) (or CIↃ or CꟾↃ), and half of a thousand or "five hundred" is the right half of the symbol, I) (or IↃ or ꟾↃ), and this may have been converted into ⟨D⟩. This at least was the etymology given to it later on.
Meanwhile, 1000 was a circled or boxed X: Ⓧ, ⊗, ⊕, and by Augustinian times was partially identified with the Greek letter Φphi. Over time, the symbol changed to Ψ and ↀ. The latter symbol further evolved into ∞, then ⋈, and eventually changed to M under the influence of the Latin word mille "thousand".
Roman numerals: Hand signals
Alfred Hooper has an alternative hypothesis for the origin of the Roman numeral system, for small numbers. Hooper contends that the digits are related to hand gestures for counting. For example, the numbers I, II, III, IIII correspond to the number of fingers held up for another to see. V, then represents that hand upright with fingers together and thumb apart. Numbers 6–10, are represented with two hands as follows (left hand, right hand) 6=(V,I), 7=(V,II), 8=(V,III), 9=(V,IIII), 10=(V,V) and X results from either crossing of the thumbs, or holding both hands up in a cross.
Another possibility is that each I represents a finger and V represents the thumb of one hand. This way the numbers between 1–10 can be counted on one hand using the order: I=P, II=PR, III=PRM, IV=IT, V=T, VI=TP, VII=TPR, VIII=TPRM, IX=IN, X=N (P=pinky, R=ring, M=middle, I=index, T=thumb N=no fingers/other hand). This pattern can also be continued using the other hand with the fingers representing X and the thumb L.
Roman numerals: Intermediate symbols deriving from few original symbols
A third hypothesis about the origins states that the basic ciphers were I, X, C and Φ (or ⊕) and that the intermediary ones were derived from taking half of those (half an X is V, half a C is L and half a Φ/⊕ is D). The Φ was later replaced with M, the initial of mille (the Latin word for "thousand").
Roman numerals: Middle Ages and Renaissance
Lower case, minuscule, letters were developed in the Middle Ages, well after the demise of the Western Roman Empire, and since that time lower-case versions of Roman numbers have also been commonly used: i, ii, iii, iv, and so on.
Since the Middle Ages, a "j" has sometimes been substituted for the final "i" of a "lower-case" Roman numeral, such as "iij" for 3 or "vij" for 7. This "j" can be considered a swash variant of "i". The use of a final "j" is still used in medical prescriptions to prevent tampering with or misinterpretation of a number after it is written.
Numerals in documents and inscriptions from the Middle Ages sometimes include additional symbols, which today are called "medieval Roman numerals". Some simply substitute another letter for the standard one (such as "A" for "V", or "Q" for "D"), while others serve as abbreviations for compound numerals ("O" for "XI", or "F" for "XL"). Although they are still listed today in some dictionaries, they are long out of use.
Notes and etymology
Resembles an upside-down V. Also said to equal 500.
Either from a ligature of VI, or from digamma (ϛ), the Greek numeral 6 (sometimes conflated with the stigma ligature).
Presumed abbreviation of septem, Latin for 7.
Presumed abbreviation of onze, French for 11.
Presumed abbreviation of English forty.
Also could stand for 7, with the same derivation.
Presumed abbreviation of nonaginta, Latin for 90. (N.B. N is also used for "nothing" (nullus)).
Possibly derived from the lowercase y's shape.
Unusual, origin unknown; also said to stand for 250.
Possibly derived from Greek tetra, as 4 × 40 = 160.
Could also stand for 2 (see also 𐆙, the symbol for the dupondius). From a barring of two I's.
Redundant with D; abbreviates quingenti, Latin for 500.
Chronograms, messages with dates encoded into them, were popular during the Renaissance era. The chronogram would be a phrase containing the letters I, V, X, L, C, D, and M. By putting these letters together, the reader would obtain a number, usually indicating a particular year.
Roman numerals: Modern use
By the 11th century, Arabic numerals had been introduced into Europe from al-Andalus, by way of Arab traders and arithmetic treatises. Roman numerals, however, proved very persistent, remaining in common use in the West well into the 14th and 15th centuries, even in accounting and other business records (where the actual calculations would have been made using an abacus). Replacement by their more convenient "Arabic" equivalents was quite gradual, and Roman numerals are still used today in certain contexts. A few examples of their current use are:
Spanish Real using "IIII" instead of "IV" as regnal number of Charles IV of Spain
Names of monarchs and popes, e.g. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, Pope Benedict XVI. These are referred to as regnal numbers and are usually read as ordinals; e.g. II is pronounced "the second". This tradition began in Europe sporadically in the Middle Ages, gaining widespread use in England during the reign of Henry VIII. Previously, the monarch was not known by numeral but by an epithet such as Edward the Confessor. Some monarchs (e.g. Charles IV of Spain and Louis XIV of France) seem to have preferred the use of IIII instead of IV on their coinage (see illustration).
Generational suffixes, particularly in the US, for people sharing the same name across generations, for example William Howard Taft IV.
In the French Republican Calendar, initiated during the French Revolution, years were numbered by Roman numerals – from the year I (1792) when this calendar was introduced to the year XIV (1805) when it was abandoned.
The year of production of films, television shows and other works of art within the work itself. It has been suggested – by BBC News, perhaps facetiously – that this was originally done "in an attempt to disguise the age of films or television programmes." Outside reference to the work will use regular Arabic numerals.
Hour marks on timepieces. In this context, 4 is often written IIII.
The year of construction on building faces and cornerstones.
Page numbering of prefaces and introductions of books, and sometimes of annexes, too.
Book volume and chapter numbers, as well as the several acts within a play (e.g. Act iii, Scene 2).
Sequels to some films, video games, and other works (as in Rocky II).
Outlines that use numbers to show hierarchical relationships.
Occurrences of a recurring grand event, for instance:
The Summer and Winter Olympic Games (e.g. the XXI Olympic Winter Games; the Games of the XXX Olympiad)
The Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (e.g. Super Bowl XXXVII; Super Bowl 50 is a one-time exception)
WrestleMania, the annual professional wrestling event for the WWE (e.g. WrestleMania XXX). This usage has also been inconsistent.
Roman numerals: Specific disciplines
Entrance to section LII (52) of the Colosseum, with numerals still visible
In astronomy, the natural satellites or "moons" of the planets are traditionally designated by capital Roman numerals appended to the planet's name. For example, Titan's designation is SaturnVI.
In chemistry, Roman numerals are often used to denote the groups of the periodic table.
They are also used in the IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry, for the oxidation number of cations which can take on several different positive charges. They are also used for naming phases of polymorphiccrystals, such as ice.
In education, school grades (in the sense of year-groups rather than test scores) are sometimes referred to by a Roman numeral; for example, "grade IX" is sometimes seen for "grade 9".
In entomology, the broods of the thirteen and seventeen year periodical cicadas are identified by Roman numerals.
In advanced mathematics (including trigonometry, statistics, and calculus), when a graph includes negative numbers, its quadrants are named using I, II, III, and IV. These quadrant names signify positive numbers on both axes, negative numbers on the X axis, negative numbers on both axes, and negative numbers on the Y axis, respectively. The use of Roman numerals to designate quadrants avoids confusion, since Arabic numerals are used for the actual data represented in the graph.
In military unit designation, Roman numerals are often used to distinguish between units at different levels. This reduces possible confusion, especially when viewing operational or strategic level maps. In particular, army corps are often numbered using Roman numerals (for example the American XVIII Airborne Corps or the WW2-era German III Panzerkorps) with Arabic numerals being used for divisions and armies.
In music, Roman numerals are used in several contexts:
Movements are often numbered using Roman numerals.
In music theory, the diatonic functions are identified using Roman numerals. (See: Roman numeral analysis)
Individual strings of stringed instruments, such as the violin, are often denoted by Roman numerals, with higher numbers denoting lower strings.
In pharmacy, Roman numerals are used in some contexts, including S to denote "one half" and N to mean "nothing". (See the sections below on "zero" and "fractions".)
In photography, Roman numerals (with zero) are used to denote varying levels of brightness when using the Zone System.
In seismology, Roman numerals are used to designate degrees of the Mercalli intensity scale of earthquakes.
In sport the team containing the "top" players and representing a club or school at the highest level in (say) rugby union is often called the "1st XV", while a cricket or American football team for younger or less experienced players might be the "3rd XI".
In tarot, Roman numerals (with zero) are used to denote the cards of the Major Arcana.
In theology and biblical scholarship, the Septuagint is often referred to as LXX, as this translation of the Old Testament into Greek is named for the legendary number of its translators (septuaginta being Latin for "seventy").
Roman numerals: Modern use in continental Europe
Some uses that are rare or never seen in English speaking countries are relatively common in continental Europe. For instance:
Capital or small capital Roman numerals are widely used in Romance languages to denote centuries, e.g. the French xviii siècle and the Spanish siglo XVIII mean "18th century". Slavic languages in and adjacent to Russia similarly favour Roman numerals (XVIII век). On the other hand, in Slavic languages in Central Europe, like most Germanic languages, one writes "18." (with a period) before the local word for "century".
Boris Yeltsin's signature, dated 10 November 1988. The month is specified by "XI" rather than "11".
Mixed Roman and Arabic numerals are sometimes used in numeric representations of dates (especially in formal letters and official documents, but also on tombstones). The month is written in Roman numerals, while the day is in Arabic numerals: "14.VI.1789" and "VI.14.1789" both refer unambiguously to 14 June 1789.
Business hours table on a shop window in Vilnius
Roman numerals are sometimes used to represent the days of the week in hours-of-operation signs displayed in windows or on doors of businesses, and also sometimes in railway and bus timetables. Monday, taken as the first day of the week, is represented by I. Sunday is represented by VII. The hours of operation signs are tables composed of two columns where the left column is the day of the week in Roman numerals and the right column is a range of hours of operation from starting time to closing time. In the example case (left), the business opens from 10 am to 7 pm on weekdays, 10 AM to 5 pm on Saturdays and is closed on Sundays. Note that the listing uses 24-hour time.
Sign at 17.9 km on route SS4 Salaria, north of Rome
Roman numerals may also be used for floor numbering. For instance, apartments in central Amsterdam are indicated as 138-III, with both an Arabic numeral (number of the block or house) and a Roman numeral (floor number). The apartment on the ground floor is indicated as 138-huis.
In Italy, where roads outside built-up areas have kilometre signs, major roads and motorways also mark 100-metre subdivisionals, using Roman numerals from I to IX for the smaller intervals. The sign "IX | 17" thus marks kilometre 17.9.
A notable exception to the use of Roman numerals in Europe is in Greece, where Greek numerals (based on the Greek alphabet) are generally used in contexts where Roman numerals would be used elsewhere.
Roman numerals: Special values
Roman numerals: Zero
The number zero does not have its own Roman numeral, but the word nulla (the Latin word meaning "none") was used by medieval scholars in lieu of 0. Dionysius Exiguus was known to use nulla alongside Roman numerals in 525. About 725, Bede or one of his colleagues used the letter N, the initial of nulla or of nihil (the Latin word for "nothing"), in a table of epacts, all written in Roman numerals.
Roman numerals: Fractions
A triens coin (1/3 or 4/12 of an as). Note the four dots •••• indicating its value.
A semis coin (1/2 or 6/12 of an as). Note the S indicating its value.
Though the Romans used a decimal system for whole numbers, reflecting how they counted in Latin, they used a duodecimal system for fractions, because the divisibility of twelve (12 = 2 × 3) makes it easier to handle the common fractions of 1/3 and 1/4 than does a system based on ten (10 = 2 × 5). On coins, many of which had values that were duodecimal fractions of the unit as, they used a tally-like notational system based on twelfths and halves. A dot (•) indicated an uncia "twelfth", the source of the English words inch and ounce; dots were repeated for fractions up to five twelfths. Six twelfths (one half) was abbreviated as the letter S for semis "half". Uncia dots were added to S for fractions from seven to eleven twelfths, just as tallies were added to V for whole numbers from six to nine.
Each fraction from 1/12 to 12/12 had a name in Roman times; these corresponded to the names of the related coins:
Name (nominative and genitive)
2/12 = 1/6
·· or :
3/12 = 1/4
··· or ∴
4/12 = 1/3
···· or ∷
····· or ⁙
"Five-ounce" (quinque unciae → quincunx)
6/12 = 1/2
"Seven-ounce" (septem unciae → septunx)
8/12 = 2/3
S·· or S:
"Twice" (as in "twice a third")
9/12 = 3/4
S··· or S∴
Dodrans, dodrantis ornonuncium, nonuncii
"Less a quarter" (de-quadrans → dodrans) or "ninth ounce" (nona uncia → nonuncium)
10/12 = 5/6
S···· or S∷
Dextans, dextantis ordecunx, decuncis
"Less a sixth" (de-sextans → dextans) or "ten ounces" (decem unciae → decunx)
S····· or S⁙
"Less an ounce" (de-uncia → deunx)
12/12 = 1
The arrangement of the dots was variable and not necessarily linear. Five dots arranged like (⁙) (as on the face of a die) are known as a quincunx, from the name of the Roman fraction/coin. The Latin words sextans and quadrans are the source of the English words sextant and quadrant.
Other Roman fractional notations included the following:
1/8 sescuncia, sescunciae (from sesqui- + uncia, i.e. 1½ uncias), represented by a sequence of the symbols for the semuncia and the uncia.
1/24 semuncia, semunciae (from semi- + uncia, i.e. ½ uncia), represented by several variant glyphs deriving from the shape of the Greek letter sigma (Σ), one variant resembling the pound sign without the horizontal line (𐆒) and another resembling the Cyrillic letter Є.
1/36 binae sextulae, binarum sextularum ("two sextulas") or duella, duellae, represented by a sequence of two reversed Ss (𐆓𐆓).
1/48 sicilicus, sicilici, represented by a reversed C (Ↄ).
1/72 sextula, sextulae (1/6 of an uncia), represented by a reversed S (𐆓).
1/144 = 12 dimidia sextula, dimidiae sextulae ("half a sextula"), represented by a reversed S crossed by a horizontal line (𐆔).
1/288 scripulum, scripuli (a scruple), represented by the symbol ℈.
1/1728 = 12 siliqua, siliquae, represented by a symbol resembling closing guillemets (𐆕).
Roman numerals: Large numbers
A number of systems were developed for the expression of larger numbers that cannot be conveniently expressed using the normal seven letter symbols of conventional Roman numerals.
"1630" on the Westerkerk in Amsterdam, with the date expressed in "apostrophus" notation.
Roman numerals: Apostrophus
One of these was the apostrophus, in which 500 (usually written as "D") was written as ꟾↃ, while 1,000 was written as CꟾↃ instead of "M". This is a system of encasing numbers to denote thousands (the Cs and Ↄs functioned in this case as the Roman equivalent of parentheses), and has its origins in Etruscan numeral usage.
Each extra set of C combined with Ↄ, raises CꟾↃ by a factor of ten, for example, CCꟾↃↃ is 10,000 and CCCꟾↃↃↃ is 100,000. Whereas the ꟾↃ (representing 500) is raised by a factor of ten by combining it with a Ↄ, for example, ꟾↃↃ is 5,000, and ꟾↃↃↃ is 50,000. The D and M used to represent 500 and 1,000 in conventional Roman numerals were probably derived from ꟾↃ and CꟾↃ, respectively.
CꟾↃ = 1,000
CCꟾↃↃ = 10,000
CCCꟾↃↃↃ = 100,000
ꟾↃ = 500
CꟾↃꟾↃ = 1,500 = CꟾↃ + ꟾↃ
CCꟾↃↃꟾↃ = 10,500 = CCꟾↃↃ + ꟾↃ
CCCꟾↃↃↃꟾↃ = 100,500 = CCCꟾↃↃↃ + ꟾↃ
ꟾↃↃ = 5,000
CCꟾↃↃꟾↃↃ = 15,000 = CCꟾↃↃ + ꟾↃↃ
CCCꟾↃↃↃꟾↃↃ = 105,000 = CCCꟾↃↃↃ + ꟾↃↃ
ꟾↃↃↃ = 50,000
CCCꟾↃↃↃꟾↃↃↃ = 150,000 = CCCꟾↃↃↃ + ꟾↃↃↃ
Sometimes CꟾↃ was reduced to ↀ for 1,000. John Wallis is often credited for introducing the symbol for infinity (modern ∞), and one conjecture is that he based it on this usage, since 1,000 was hyperbolically used to represent very large numbers. Similarly, ꟾↃↃ for 5,000 was reduced to ↁ; CCꟾↃↃ for 10,000 to ↂ; ꟾↃↃↃ for 50,000 to ↇ; and CCCꟾↃↃↃ for 100,000 to ↈ.
Page from a 16th-century manual, showing a mixture of apostrophus and vinculum numbers (see in particular the ways of writing 10,000).
Roman numerals: Vinculum
Another system is the vinculum, where a conventional Roman numeral is multiplied by 1,000 by adding an overline. Although mathematical historian David Eugene Smith disputes that this was part of ancient Roman usage, the notation was certainly in use in the Middle Ages, and is at least a convenient and "conventional" way to express numbers greater than 3,999 in Roman numerals.
IV for 4,000
XXV for 25,000
Adding vertical lines (or brackets) before and after the numeral seems to have been used (at least by late medieval times) to multiply a Roman numeral by 10: thus M for 10,000 rather than X. In combination with the overline the bracketed forms might be used to raise the multiplier to (say) ten (or one hundred) thousand, thus:
VIII for 80,000 (or 800,000)
XX for 200,000 (or 2,000,000)
Use of Roman numeral "I" (with exaggerated serifs) contrasting with the upper case letter "I".
This needs to be distinguished from the custom of adding both underline and overline to a Roman numeral, simply to make it clear that it is a number, e.g. MCMLXVII.
Roman numerals: See also
Roman numerals in Unicode
Roman numerals: References
Gordon, Arthur E. (1982). Illustrated Introduction to Latin Epigraphy. Berkeley: University of California Press. Buy book ISBN 0-520-05079-7. Alphabetic symbols for larger numbers, such as Q for 500,000, have also been used to various degrees of standardization.
Reddy, Indra K.; Khan, Mansoor A. (2003). Essential Math and Calculations for Pharmacy Technicians. CRC Press. Buy book ISBN 978-0-203-49534-6.
Dela Cruz, M. L. P.; Torres, H. D. (2009). Number Smart Quest for Mastery: Teacher's Edition. Rex Bookstore, Inc. Buy book ISBN 9789712352164.
Martelli, Alex; Ascher, David (2002). Python Cookbook. O'Reilly Media Inc. Buy book ISBN 978-0-596-00167-4.
"What book is the Statue of Liberty holding? What is its significance?". Quora.
Hayes, David P. "Guide to Roman Numerals". Copyright Registration and Renewal Information Chart and Web Site.
Adams, Cecil (23 February 1990). "What is the proper way to style Roman numerals for the 1990s?". The Straight Dope.
Milham, W.I. (1947). Time & Timekeepers. New York: Macmillan. p. 196.
Buy book ISBN 978-0-19-534800-2.
Adams, Cecil; Zotti, Ed (1988). More of the straight dope. Ballantine Books. p. 154. Buy book ISBN 978-0-345-35145-6..
Kennedy, Benjamin H. (1879). Latin grammar. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. p. 150.
Reynolds, Joyce Maire; Spawforth, Anthony J. S. (1996). "numbers, Roman". In Hornblower, Simon; Spawforth, Anthony. Buy book ISBN 0-19-866172-X.
Kennedy, Benjamin Hall (1923). The Revised Latin Primer. London: Longmans, Green & Co.
"Gallery: Museum's North Entrance (1910)". Saint Louis Art Museum. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2014. The inscription over the North Entrance to the Museum reads: "Dedicated to Art and Free to All MDCDIII." These roman numerals translate to 1903, indicating that the engraving was part of the original building designed for the 1904 World's Fair.
Ifrah, Georges (2000). The Universal History of Numbers: From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer. Translated by David Bellos, E. F. Harding, Sophie Wood, Ian Monk. John Wiley & Sons.
Asimov, Isaac (1977) . Asimov On Numbers. Pocket Books, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc. p. 9.
Alfred Hooper. The River Mathematics (New York, H. Holt, 1945).
Keyser, Paul (1988). "The Origin of the Latin Numerals 1 to 1000". American Journal of Archaeology. 92: 529–546. JSTOR 505248.
Sturmer, Julius W. Course in Pharmaceutical and Chemical Arithmetic, 3rd ed. (LaFayette, IN: Burt-Terry-Wilson, 1906). p25. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
Bastedo, Walter A. Materia Medica: Pharmacology, Therapeutics and Prescription Writing for Students and Practitioners, 2nd ed. (Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders, 1919) p582. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
Capelli, A. Dictionary of Latin Abbreviations. 1912.
Perry, David J. Proposal to Add Additional Ancient Roman Characters to UCS Archived 22 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine..
Owen, Rob (13 January 2012). "TV Q&A: ABC News, 'Storage Wars' and 'The Big Bang Theory'". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
NFL won't use Roman numerals for Super Bowl 50 Archived 1 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine., National Football League. Retrieved 5 November 2014
Bachenheimer, Bonnie S. (2010). Manual for Pharmacy Technicians. Buy book ISBN 1-58528-307-X.
Lexique des règles typographiques en usage à l'imprimerie nationale (in French) (6th ed.). Paris: Buy book ISBN 978-2-7433-0482-9. On composera en chiffres romains petites capitales les nombres concernant : ↲ 1. Les siècles.
Beginners latin Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine., Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 1 December 2013
Roman Arithmetic Archived 22 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine., Southwestern Adventist University. Retrieved 1 December 2013
Roman Numerals History Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 1 December 2013
Faith Wallis, trans. Bede: The Reckoning of Time (725), Liverpool, Liverpool Univ. Pr., 2004. Buy book ISBN 0-85323-693-3.
Byrhtferth's Enchiridion (1016). Edited by Peter S. Baker and Michael Lapidge. Early English Text Society 1995. Buy book ISBN 978-0-19-722416-8.
C. W. Jones, ed., Opera Didascalica, vol. 123C in Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina.
Maher, David W.; Makowski, John F., "Literary Evidence for Roman Arithmetic with Fractions Archived August 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.", Classical Philology96 (2011): 376–399.
"Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary".
Smith, David Eugene (1958) , History of Mathematics, II, p. 60, Buy book ISBN 0-486-20430-8
Roman numerals: Sources
Menninger, Karl (1992). Number Words and Number Symbols: A Cultural History of Numbers. Buy book ISBN 978-0-486-27096-8.
Roman numerals: Further reading
Aczel, Amir D. 2015. Finding Zero: A Mathematician's Odyssey to Uncover the Origins of Numbers. 1st edition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Goines, David Lance. A Constructed Roman Alphabet: A Geometric Analysis of the Greek and Roman Capitals and of the Arabic Numerals. Boston: D.R. Godine, 1982.
Houston, Stephen D. 2012. The Shape of Script: How and Why Writing Systems Change. Santa Fe, NM: School for Advanced Research Press.
Taisbak, Christian M. 1965. "Roman numerals and the abacus." Classica et medievalia 26: 147–60.
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Classical Latin alphabet
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International Phonetic Alphabet
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letters used in mathematics
Ancient Rome topics
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See also English internet slang (at Wiktionary)
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Roman numerals in other languages
▪ Afrikaans: Romeinse syfers ▪ العربية: أرقام رومانية ▪ Asturianu: Numberación romana ▪ Avañe'ẽ: Papaha Rómapegua ▪ Azərbaycanca: Rum rəqəmləri ▪ تۆرکجه: رومی اعداد ▪ বাংলা: রোমান সংখ্যা ▪ Bân-lâm-gú: Lô-má sò͘-jī ▪ Башҡортса: Рим цифрҙары ▪ Беларуская: Рымская сістэма злічэння ▪ Беларуская (тарашкевіца): Рымскія лічбы ▪ Български: Римски цифри ▪ བོད་ཡིག: རོ་མའི་ཨང་ཀི། ▪ Bosanski: Rimski brojevi ▪ Brezhoneg: Niveradur roman ▪ Català: Numeració romana ▪ Чӑвашла: Рим шутлав йĕрки ▪ Čeština: Římské číslice ▪ Dansk: Romertal ▪ Deutsch: Römische Zahlschrift ▪ Eesti: Rooma numbrid ▪ Ελληνικά: Ρωμαϊκοί αριθμοί ▪ Emiliàn e rumagnòl: Nùmer romàṅ ▪ Español: Numeración romana ▪ Esperanto: Romaj ciferoj ▪ Euskara: Erromatar zenbakera ▪ فارسی: عددنویسی رومی ▪ Français: Numération romaine ▪ Gaeilge: Uimhir Rómhánach ▪ Galego: Numeración romana ▪ 한국어: 로마 숫자 ▪ Հայերեն: Հռոմեական թվեր ▪ हिन्दी: रोमन संख्यांक ▪ Hrvatski: Rimski brojevi ▪ Ido: Romana cifri ▪ Bahasa Indonesia: Angka Romawi ▪ Interlingua: Numeration roman ▪ Íslenska: Rómverskir tölustafir ▪ Italiano: Sistema di numerazione romano ▪ עברית: ספרות רומיות ▪ ಕನ್ನಡ: ರೋಮನ್ ಅಂಕಿಗಳು ▪ Қазақша: Рим сандары ▪ Kiswahili: Namba za Kiroma ▪ Kurdî: Hejmarên romî ▪ Кыргызча: Рим цифралары ▪ Latina: Numeri Romani ▪ Latviešu: Romiešu skaitļi ▪ Lëtzebuergesch: Réimesch Zuelen ▪ Lietuvių: Romėniški skaičiai ▪ Magyar: Római számírás ▪ Македонски: Римски бројки ▪ മലയാളം: റോമൻ സംഖ്യാസമ്പ്രദായം ▪ मराठी: रोमन अंक ▪ مصرى: ارقام رومانيه ▪ Bahasa Melayu: Angka Rumi ▪ Mirandés: Numeraçon romana ▪ Nederlands: Romeinse cijfers ▪ नेपाली: रोमन संख्या ▪ 日本語: ローマ数字 ▪ Nordfriisk: Röömsk taal ▪ Norsk: Romertall ▪ Norsk nynorsk: Romartal ▪ Nouormand: Chiffes romaines ▪ Occitan: Numeracion romana ▪ Oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Rim raqamlari ▪ Plattdüütsch: Röömsche Tallen ▪ Polski: Rzymski system zapisywania liczb ▪ Português: Numeração romana ▪ Română: Cifre romane ▪ Русский: Римские цифры ▪ Gagana Samoa: Fuainumera o Roma ▪ Scots: Roman numerals ▪ Sesotho sa Leboa: Lebadi la roma ▪ Shqip: Numrat romakë ▪ Sicilianu: Nùmmura rumani ▪ සිංහල: රෝමානු සංඛ්යා ▪ Simple English: Roman numeral ▪ Slovenčina: Rímska číslica ▪ Slovenščina: Rimske številke ▪ Српски / srpski: Римски бројеви ▪ Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rimski brojevi ▪ Suomi: Roomalaiset numerot ▪ Svenska: Romerska siffror ▪ தமிழ்: உரோமை எண்ணுருக்கள் ▪ ไทย: ตัวเลขโรมัน ▪ Türkçe: Roma rakamları ▪ Українська: Римська система числення ▪ اردو: رومن اعداد ▪ Vèneto: Numarasion romana ▪ Tiếng Việt: Số La Mã ▪ 吴语: 罗马数字 ▪ ייִדיש: רוימישע צאל ▪ 粵語: 羅馬數字 ▪ Zazaki: Reqemê Romenan ▪ 中文: 罗马数字 ▪ Lingua Franca Nova: Numeros roman
Roman numerals: Information
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Roman numerals: Delivery
Delivery to the United States: New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Phoenix, Philadelphia, San Antonio, San Diego, Dallas, San Jose, Austin, Jacksonville, San Francisco, Columbus, Fort Worth, Indianapolis, Charlotte, Seattle, Denver, Washington, Boston, El Paso, Detroit, Nashville-Davidson, Memphis, Portland, Oklahoma City, Las Vegas, Louisville/JeffersonCounty, Escondido, Paterson, Joliet, Naperville, Rockford, Torrance, Bridgeport, Savannah, Killeen, Bellevue, Mesquite, Syracuse, McAllen, Pasadena, Orange, Fullerton, Dayton, Miramar, etc.
Delivery to the cities of the United States: Olathe, Thornton, Waco, Murfreesboro, Denton, West Valley City, Midland, Carrollton, Roseville, Warren, Charleston, Hampton, Surprise, Columbia, Coral Springs, Visalia, Sterling Heights, Gainesville, Cedar Rapids, New Haven, Stamford, Elizabeth, Concord, Thousand Oaks, Kent, Santa Clara, Simi Valley, Lafayette, Topeka, Athens-Clarke, Round Rock, Hartford, Norman, Victorville, Fargo, Berkeley, Vallejo, Abilene, Columbia, Ann Arbor, Allentown, Pearland, Beaumont, Wilmington, Evansville, Arvada, Provo, Independence, Lansing, Odessa, Richardson, Fairfield, El Monte, Rochester, Clearwater, Carlsbad, Springfield, Temecula, West Jordan, Costa Mesa, Miami Gardens, Cambridge, College Station, Murrieta, Downey, Peoria, Westminster, Elgin, Antioch, Palm Bay, High Point, Lowell, Manchester, Pueblo, Gresham, North Charleston, San Buenaventura (Ventura), Inglewood, Pompano Beach, Centennial, West Palm Beach, Everett, Richmond, Clovis, Billings, Waterbury, Broken Arrow, Lakeland, West Covina, Boulder, Daly City, Santa Maria, Hillsboro, Sandy Springs, Norwalk, Jurupa Valley, Lewisville, Greeley, Davie town, etc.
Delivery to other cities of the USA: Green Bay, Tyler, League City, Burbank, San Mateo, Wichita Falls, El Cajon, Rialto, Davenport, South Bend, Las Cruces, Vista, Renton, Sparks, Allen, Tuscaloosa, San Angelo, Vacaville, Meridian, Kenosha, Roanoke, Albany, Boca Raton, Spokane Valley, Orem, Compton, Beaverton, Erie, Lee's Summit, Lawrence, Federal Way, Flint, San Marcos, Rio Rancho, Sandy, Mission Viejo, Brockton, Yuma, South Gate, New Bedford, Hesperia, Roswell, Portsmouth, Bend, Dearborn, Longmont, Sunrise, Quincy, Livonia, Lynn, Plantation, Lawton, Yakima, Nampa, Chico, Carson, Miami Beach, Santa Monica, Carmel, Greenville, Santa Barbara, Concord, Edmond, Asheville, Fishers, Redding, Westminster, Tracy, Deltona, Menifee, San Leandro, Livermore, Edinburg, Suffolk, Chino, Indio, Fall River, Bellingham, Norwalk, Newton, Kirkland, Sugar Land, Reading, Nashua, Fort Smith, Citrus Heights, Hawthorne, Waukegan, O'Fallon, Champaign, Ogden, Whittier, Redwood City, Mount Pleasant, Clifton, Palm Coast, Newport Beach, Duluth, Bloomington, Alhambra, Fayetteville, Danbury, Hemet, Bloomington, Trenton, Hoover, Largo, Mission, St. George, Conroe, Johns Creek, Lake Forest, etc.
Delivery to the US cities: Avondale, Bryan, Troy, Santa Fe, Merced, Buena Park, Pleasanton, Cicero, Sioux City, Melbourne, Medford, Westland, Kennewick, Longview, Mountain View, Somerville, Cranston, Farmington Hills, Lynchburg, Lakewood, Warwick, Auburn, Brooklyn Park, Deerfield Beach, Tustin, Chino Hills, Lawrence, New Rochelle, Fort Myers, Goodyear, Napa, Springdale, Pharr, Manteca, Alameda, Parma, New Braunfels, Plymouth, Franklin, Milpitas, Folsom, Bloomington, Perris, Bellflower, Boynton Beach, Scranton, Racine, Lake Charles, Upland, Baytown, Loveland, Layton, Flower Mound, Hammond, Gastonia, St. Joseph, Baldwin Park, Gary, Wyoming, San Ramon, Jonesboro, Kalamazoo, Iowa City, Bethlehem, Cedar Park, Arlington Heights, Union City, Bolingbrook, Warner Robins, Evanston, Appleton, Camden, Temple, Missouri City, Rapid City, Rochester Hills, Schaumburg, Rancho Cordova, Turlock, Missoula, Southfield, Albany, Apple Valley, Rock Hill, Pasco, Bismarck, New Britain, Waukesha, Jacksonville, Lafayette, Decatur, Pittsburg, Pawtucket, Flagstaff, Lauderhill, Gulfport, Redlands, etc.
Delivery to other US cities: Frederick, Passaic, Wilmington, Kissimmee, Lynwood, Maple Grove, South Jordan, Weston, Canton, Georgetown, North Richland Hills, Union City, St. Charles, Homestead, Walnut Creek, Woodbury, Davis, Mansfield, Marysville, Delray Beach, Gaithersburg, Mount Vernon, Palatine, Muncie, Eau Claire, Bossier City, Buckeye, Rockville, Broomfield, Yorba Linda, Greenville, Dothan, Daytona Beach, St. Cloud, Redondo Beach, Camarillo, Waterloo, Kenner, South San Francisco, Bayonne, Palo Alto, Victoria, Bowling Green, Portland, Yuba City, Jackson, Oshkosh, Eagan, Ames, Rogers, Lake Elsinore, Johnson City, Laguna Niguel, North Port, North Little Rock, Lodi, Alpharetta, Conway, Tamarac, Schenectady, West Des Moines, Shawnee, Madera, Harlingen, East Orange, San Clemente, Santa Cruz, Jupiter, Wellington, Rocklin, Youngstown, Blaine, Sammamish, Eden Prairie, Janesville, Redmond, Skokie, Auburn, Tulare, Lorain, Lakeville, Haverhill, Cheyenne, Pico Rivera, Pflugerville, Eastvale, Port Orange, Montebello, Encinitas, San Marcos, Rowlett, Lehi, Coon Rapids, Grand Junction, La Habra, Waltham, Brentwood, etc.
Delivery to the US towns: Ankeny, Springfield, Council Bluffs, Castle Rock, North Miami, Hamilton, Noblesville, Moore, Burnsville, National City, Taylor, Malden, Doral, Idaho Falls, Marietta, Monterey Park, Coconut Creek, Dublin, Petaluma, Cupertino, Terre Haute, Utica, Vineland, Lakewood, Gardena, Bristol, Millcreek, La Mesa, Woodland, Taylorsville, West Allis, Meriden, Chapel Hill, Pontiac, Novi, Lancaster, St. Clair Shores, Owensboro, Sanford, Springfield, Porterville, Royal Oak, Ocala, Bartlett, San Rafael, White Plains, Great Falls, Bowie, Huntington Park, Arcadia, Orland Park, Margate, Dubuque, Des Plaines, Santee, Corvallis, Kokomo, Casper, Medford, Gilroy, Hendersonville, Greenwood, Midwest City, St. Peters, Taunton, New Brunswick, Grand Forks, Sarasota, Smyrna, Tinley Park, Diamond Bar, Weymouth Town, Bradenton, Hanford, Fountain Valley, Richland, Huntersville, Shoreline, Bonita Springs, Oak Lawn, Valdosta, Novato, Commerce City, Hempstead, Dearborn Heights, Berwyn, Chicopee, Port Arthur, Casa Grande, Highland, Pocatello, etc.
Delivery to other US towns: Kettering, Euless, Hoboken, Anderson, Palm Beach Gardens, Blue Springs, Paramount, West Haven, Manhattan, Colton, Carson City, Caldwell, Cathedral City, Rosemead, Rocky Mount, Stonecrest, Lake Havasu City, Decatur, Normal, West New York, Harrisonburg, Leesburg, Parker, Watsonville, Southaven, Revere, Grapevine, Mount Prospect, Elyria, Yucaipa, DeSoto, Lenexa, Brookhaven, West Sacramento, Albany, Bellevue, Kingsport, Wheaton, Tigard, Delano, Minnetonka, Burlington, Peabody, Milford, Palm Desert, Pinellas Park, Perth Amboy, Pensacola, Elkhart, Glendora, Apple Valley, Joplin, Oak Park, Placentia, Edina, La Crosse, Kentwood, Aliso Viejo, Burien, Olympia, Hoffman Estates village, Apopka, Florissant, Grand Island, Plainfield, Battle Creek, St. Cloud, Logan, Coral Gables, Cerritos, Coeur d'Alene, Galveston, Apex town, Summerville town, Collierville town, Methuen Town, Lakewood, Enid, Poway, Troy, Saginaw, Niagara Falls, Charleston city, etc.
Delivery to Canada: Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, Ottawa, Edmonton, Mississauga, North York, Winnipeg, Vancouver, Scarborough, Quebec, Hamilton, Brampton, Surrey, Laval, Halifax, Etobicoke, London, Okanagan, Victoria, Windsor, Markham, Oshawa, Gatineau, Vaughan, Kitchener, Longueuil, Burnaby, Ladner, Saskatoon, Richmond Hill, Barrie, Richmond, Nepean, Regina, Oakville, Burlington, Greater Sudbury, Abbotsford, Saguenay, St. Catharines, Sherbrooke, Anmore, Levis, Kelowna, Cambridge, Trois-Rivieres, Guelph, East York, Coquitlam, Kingston, Sydney, Delta, Dartmouth, Thunder Bay, St. John's, Waterloo, Terrebonne, Langley, Ajax, etc.
Delivery to the cities of Canada: Saint John, Pickering, Brantford, Moncton, Nanaimo, Milton, Sarnia, Niagara Falls, Willowdale, Saint-Laurent, Chilliwack, Repentigny, Fort McMurray, Peterborough, Sault Ste. Marie, Newmarket, Red Deer, Saint-Leonard, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Lethbridge, Maple Ridge, Brossard, Kamloops, Notre-Dame-de-Grace, White Rock, Prince George, Medicine Hat, Norfolk County, Drummondville, New Westminster, St. Albert, Sherwood Park, Saint-Jerome, Jonquiere, Granby, Fredericton, Welland, Saint-Hyacinthe, North Bay, Belleville, Shawinigan, Dollard-Des Ormeaux, Cornwall, North Vancouver, Vernon, Blainville, West End, Chatham, etc.
Delivery to other cities of Canada: Timmins, Chateauguay, Quinte West, West Vancouver, Charlottetown, Rimouski, Saint-Eustache, Grande Prairie, Boucherville, Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Penticton, St. Thomas, Rock Forest, Joliette, Mascouche, Mirabel, Prince Albert, Victoriaville, Brant, Woodstock, Campbell River, Ancaster, Courtenay, Orangeville, North Cowichan, Moose Jaw, Midland, Cote-Saint-Luc, Saint-Georges, Val-d'Or, Stratford, Orillia, Pointe-Claire, Baie-Comeau, Alma, Sainte-Julie, West Kelowna, Port Moody, Boisbriand, Brandon, Vaudreuil-Dorion, Thetford-Mines, Walnut Grove, Prince Edward, Sainte-Therese, Airdrie, Mount Pearl, etc.
Delivery to other cities of Canada: Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Rouyn-Noranda, Saint-Constant, Brockville, Langley, Whitehorse, Owen Sound, Chambly, Sept-Iles, Langford, Duncan, La Prairie, Lower Sackville, Port Alberni, Keswick, Varennes, Clarence-Rockland, Truro, Westmount, Kirkland, New Glasgow, Cole Harbour, Glace Bay, Huntsville, Terrace, North Battleford, Beaconsfield, Mont-Royal, Beloeil, Corner Brook, Cranbrook, Port Colborne, Riviere-du-Loup, Dieppe, Thorold, Miramichi, Cobourg, Dorval, Oak Bay, Amos, Spruce Grove, Pitt Meadows, Deux-Montagnes, Fort St. John, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Conception Bay South, Saint-Lazare, etc.
Delivery to the Canadian cities: Sainte-Catherine, L'Assomption, Edmundston, L'Ancienne-Lorette, Cochrane, Lutes Mountain, Sainte-Catherine, Salmon Arm, Rayside-Balfour, Petawawa, Fort Erie, Candiac, Lloydminster, Yellowknife, Collingwood, Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Camrose, Yorkton, Saint-Basile-le-Grand, Leduc, Pembroke, Magog, Greater Napanee, Kenora, le Plateau, Fort Saskatchewan, Okotoks, Gaspe, Matane, Summerside, Prince Rupert, Swift Current, Colwood, Rosemere, Williams Lake, Saint-Lin-Laurentides, Simcoe, Quesnel, Bay Roberts, Mont-Laurier, Portage la Prairie, Dolbeau-Mistassini, Powell River, Brooks, Bathurst, Kentville, Elliot Lake, etc.
Delivery to other Canadian cities: Thompson, Aldergrove, Canmore, Hawkesbury, North Perth, Grand Falls-Windsor, Parksville, Beauharnois, Ingersoll, Montmagny, Cold Lake, Sainte-Marie, Uxbridge, Fall River, Amherstburg, Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac, Wetaskiwin, Pincourt, Paris, Becancour, North Saanich, Cowansville, Dawson Creek, Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Lambton Shores, Sainte-Adele, Les Coteaux, Whistler, Smiths Falls, Sylvan Lake, Temiskaming Shores, Rawdon, Labrador City, Angus, Prevost, Mercier, Lacombe, Strathmore, Hanceville, South Huron, Bells Corners, L'Ile-Perrot, Estevan, Hinton, Notre-Dame-de-l'Ile-Perrot, High River, etc.
Delivery to the towns of Canada: Nelson, Carleton Place, Trail, Selkirk, Lorraine, Arnprior, Steinbach, Lachute, Val-des-Monts, La Tuque, Weyburn, Amherst, Dorchester, Roberval, Saint-Raymond, Huron East, Kapuskasing, Saint-Sauveur, Oromocto, Kitimat, La Malbaie, Stony Plain, Mont-Tremblant, Binbrook, Whitecourt, Lavaltrie, Ladysmith, Pont-Rouge, Castlegar, Otterburn Park, Dauphin, Bois-des-Filion, Winkler, Concord, Bracebridge, Notre-Dame-des-Prairies, Dryden, Taber, Morinville, Silver Berry, Saint-Felicien, Saint-Hippolyte, Bridgewater, Goderich, Wild Rose, Renfrew, Edson, Fort Frances, Chandler, Kirkland Lake, Slave Lake, etc.
Delivery to other towns of Canada: Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Wasaga Beach, Chibougamau, Revelstoke, Aylmer, Pont Rouge, Camlachie, Banff, Yarmouth, Carignan, Campbellton, Beaumont, Innisfil, Delson, Sydney Mines, Baie-Saint-Paul, Hanover, La Sarre, Asbestos, Merritt, Bluewater, Coaticook, Hampstead, Olds, Greenwood, Gibsons, Carbonear, Saint-Zotique, Kincardine, Plessisville, Brownsburg-Chatham, Ponoka, Mont-Joli, Rocky Mountain House, Kimberley, Perth, Parry Sound, Pointe-Calumet, Morden, Coaldale, Summerland, Stephenville, Amqui, Beauceville, Saint-Joseph-du-Lac, Sooke, Iqaluit, Drayton Valley, Farnham, The Pas, Bromont, Saint-Felix-de-Valois, Bonnyville, Flin Flon., etc.
Delivery to the United Kingdom: London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Leeds, Bristol, Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield, Edinburgh, Cardiff, Leicester, Stoke-on-Trent, Bradford, Coventry, Nottingham, Kingston-upon-Hull, Belfast, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Sunderland, Brighton, Derby, Plymouth, Wolverhampton, Southampton, Swansea, Salford, Portsmouth, Milton Keynes, Aberdeen, Reading, Northampton, Luton, Swindon, Warrington, Dudley, York, Bolton, Stockton-on-Tees, Preston, Bournemouth, Norwich, Middlesbrough, Peterborough, Southend-on-Sea, Walsall, Colchester, Mansfield, Telford, Ipswich, Huddersfield, Dundee, Oxford, Doncaster, Chelmsford, Cambridge, Maidstone, Slough, Poole, Blackburn, Chesterfield, Blackpool, Newport, Birkenhead, St Alban's, Hastings, Bedford, Gloucester, West Bromwich, Worcester, Sale, Nuneaton, Watford, Exeter, Solihull, Chester, High Wycombe, Gateshead, Southport, Rotherham, Cheltenham, etc.
Delivery to other cities of the UK: Olathe, Thornton, Waco, Murfreesboro, Denton, West Valley City, Midland, Carrollton, Roseville, Warren, Charleston, Hampton, Surprise, Columbia, Coral Springs, Visalia, Sterling Heights, Gainesville, Cedar Rapids, New Haven, Stamford, Elizabeth, Concord, Thousand Oaks, Kent, Santa Clara, Simi Valley, Lafayette, Topeka, Athens-Clarke, Round Rock, Hartford, Norman, Victorville, Fargo, Berkeley, Vallejo, Abilene, Columbia, Ann Arbor, Allentown, Pearland, Beaumont, Wilmington, Evansville, Arvada, Provo, Independence, Lansing, Odessa, Richardson, Fairfield, El Monte, Rochester, Clearwater, Carlsbad, Springfield, Temecula, West Jordan, Costa Mesa, Miami Gardens, Cambridge, College Station, Murrieta, Downey, Peoria, Westminster, Elgin, Antioch, Palm Bay, High Point, Lowell, Manchester, Pueblo, Gresham, North Charleston, San Buenaventura (Ventura), Inglewood, Pompano Beach, Centennial, West Palm Beach, Everett, Richmond, Clovis, Billings, Waterbury, Broken Arrow, Lakeland, West Covina, Boulder, Daly City, Santa Maria, Hillsboro, Sandy Springs, Norwalk, Jurupa Valley, Lewisville, Greeley, Davie town, etc.
Delivery to the UK cities: Loughborough, Halesowen, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Bebington, Aldershot, Livingston, Kettering, Royal Leamington Spa, Littlehampton, Gravesend, Corby, Canterbury, Barry, Christchurch, Keighley, Hamilton, Brentwood, Ewell, Beeston, Bootle, Esher, Kingswinford, Neath, Clacton-on-Sea, Crosby, Kirkcaldy, Dunfermline, Carlton, Wellingborough, Torquay, Sittingbourne, Smethwick, Shoreham-by-Sea, Welwyn Garden City, Inverness, Lancaster, Horsham, Ayr, Perth, Cwmbrân, Banbury, Llanelli, Kilmarnock, Barrow-in-Furness, Sutton-in-Ashfield, Cheshunt, West Bridgford, Northwich, Ashton-under-Lyne, Winchester, Havant, Salisbury, Greenock, Coatbridge, Wallsend, Merthyr Tydfil, Jarrow, Whiteley, Middleton, Lytham St Anne's, Kirkby, Wokingham, Bexhill-on-Sea, Hoddesdon, Fareham, Grantham, Worksop, Andover, Dover, Braintree, Caerphilly, Boston, Bridgwater, Bury St Edmund's, Ramsgate, etc.
Delivery to other UK cities: Irvine, Cleethorpes, Trowbridge, Swadlincote, Glenrothes, Castleford, Leyland, Newbury, Eccles, Fleet, Great Yarmouth, Tonbridge, Ilkeston, Herne Bay, Abingdon-on-Thames, Canvey Island, Camberley, Bishop's Stortford, Long Eaton, Hatfield, Leighton Buzzard, Blyth, Port Talbot, Chester-le-Street, Airdrie, Newark-on-Trent, Redcar, Whitley Bay, Eccles, Chorley, Wilmslow, Borehamwood, Accrington, Chadderton, Romiley, Coalville, Redhill, Skelmersdale, Exmouth, Billericay, Hitchin, Tyldesley, Hyde, Haywards Heath, St Helier, Wickford, Bromsgrove, Brighouse, Letchworth Garden City, Huyton, Chippenham, Strood, Glossop, Dumfries, Lichfield, Stroud, Bicester, Pudsey, Hucknall, Whitstable, Motherwell, Prestwich, Barnstaple, Spalding, Wisbech, Epsom, Brierley Hill, Rutherglen, Warwick, Pitsea, Loughton, Stanford-le-Hope, Burgess Hill, Beverley, Wishaw, Colwyn Bay, St Neot's, Harpenden, etc.
Delivery to Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Gold Coast, Canberra, Newcastle, Wollongong, Logan City, Geelong, Hobart, Townsville, Cairns, Toowoomba, Darwin, Rockingham, Launceston, Bendigo, Ballarat, Mandurah, Mackay, Bundaberg, Bunbury, Maitland, Armadale, Rockhampton, Adelaide Hills, South Brisbane, Reservoir, Tamworth, Wagga Wagga, Albury, Berwick, Port Macquarie, Queanbeyan, Orange, Blacktown, Shepparton, Caloundra, Hoppers Crossing, Werribee, Melton, Castle Hill, Saint Albans, Nowra, Frankston, Frankston East, Rowville, Warrnambool, etc.
Delivery to the cities of Australia: Baulkham Hills, Albany, Mount Waverley, St Albans, Auburn, Bathurst, Pakenham South, Point Cook, Dubbo, Epping, Wodonga, Kalgoorlie, Bankstown, Mill Park, Gladstone, Kwinana, Lismore, Mildura, Preston, Sunbury, Hurstville, Narre Warren South, Noble Park, Southport, Kellyville, Port Stephens, Banora Point, Liverpool, Doncaster East, Croydon, Geraldton, Maroubra, Coffs Harbour, Mosman, Richmond, Narre Warren, Randwick, Strathfield, Bundoora, Alice Springs, Quakers Hill, Palmerston, Endeavour Hills, Coburg, Dandenong, Fremantle, Ferntree Gully, Campsie, Kew, Hampton Park, etc.
Delivery to other cities of Australia: Canning Vale, Glen Iris, Mount Gambier, Marrickville, Northcote, Granville, Mount Isa, Keysborough, Armidale, Morphett Vale, Dianella, Forest Lake, Mornington, Thornlie, Ashfield, Traralgon, Dandenong North, Busselton, Cabramatta, Greystanes, Tarneit, Maryborough, Caboolture, Kirwan, Langwarrin, Carlingford, Liverpool, Caringbah, Brighton, Glenferrie, Hawthorn South, Hawthorn, Goulburn, Boronia, Woodridge, Booval, Thomastown, Cheltenham, Punchbowl, Prospect, Greensborough, Gawler, Burnie, Balwyn North, Lalor, Brunswick, Hornsby, St Clair, Springvale, Wheelers Hill, etc.
Delivery to Australian cities: City of Parramatta, Craigieburn, Whyalla, Glenroy, Camberwell, Malvern East, Murray Bridge, Echuca, Devonport, Roxburgh Park, Glenmore Park, Epping, Ballajura, Essendon, Cherrybrook, Altona Meadows, Cranbourne, Katoomba, Surfers Paradise, Parramatta, Broken Hill, Doncaster, Eltham, Fairfield, Morayfield, Engadine, Eastwood, Saint Kilda, Highton, Mulgrave, Forster, Wantirna South, Dee Why, Thornbury, Wahroonga, Frankston South, Wyndham Vale, Gosnells, Mount Eliza, Willetton, Carrum Downs, North Ryde, Mount Martha, Wangaratta, Sunnybank Hills, Cronulla, Sunshine West, Taree, Earlwood, Sunnybank, etc.
Delivery to other Australian cities: South Grafton, Cessnock, Hillside, Westmead, Carnegie, Nerang, Narangba, Deer Park, Taylors Lakes, Deception Bay, Umina, Seaford, Burwood, Yagoona, West Pennant, Paralowie, Lilydale, Moe, Clayton, Lara, Griffith, Bracken Ridge, Eight Mile Plains, Parafield Gardens, Prestons, Buderim, Brighton East, Carindale, Port Hedland, Duncraig, Pascoe Vale, Rochedale South, Coorparoo, Meadow Heights, Mitcham, Casula, Bossley Park, Cranbourne North, Caulfield North, Lakemba, Kingston, Grovedale, Horsham, Bentleigh, Ballina, Kingsford, Lidcombe, Carlton, Wantirna, Manly, etc.
Delivery to the towns of Australia: Ingleburn, Burleigh Waters, Elwood, Cleveland, Victoria Point, Yarraville, Singleton, Bongaree, Raymond Terrace, Mount Druitt, Bacchus Marsh, Newtown, Moonee Ponds, Palm Beach, Ascot Vale, Morwell, Port Melbourne, Yeppoon, Keilor East, Port Augusta, Port Pirie, Williamstown, Footscray, Sale, Coogee, Templestowe Lower, Brunswick West, Surrey Hills, Hawthorn East, Port Lincoln, Doonside, Concord, Toongabbie, Dulwich Hill, Balwyn, Miranda, Toorak, Beaumaris, Port Kennedy, Broome, Fawkner, Scarborough, St Kilda East, Inala, Warwick, Rosebud, Hampton, Como, Ashwood, Chadstone, etc.
Delivery to other towns of Australia: Marsfield, Kiama, Leichhardt, Mayfield, Springvale South, Goonellabah, Port Augusta West, Geelong West, Lavington, Doreen, Newport, Greenvale, Blackburn, Burwood, West Ryde, Penrith, Kingswood Park, Varsity Lakes, Donvale, Muswellbrook, Taylors Hill, Bateau Bay, North Melbourne, Wynnum West, Karratha, Charlestown, Wynnum, Penshurst, Mentone, Paddington, Caringbah South, Clayton South, Happy Valley, Diamond Creek, Redfern, North Fitzroy, Warnbro, Vermont South, Sandy Bay, East Maitland, South Perth, Lithgow, Bayswater, Manly West, Parkdale, Caulfield South, Gympie, Bairnsdale, Bowen, Nunawading, etc.
Delivery to small towns in Australia: Wanneroo, Samford Valley, Mount Gravatt East, Altona North, Caroline Springs, Bulleen, Kensington, Gladesville, Menai, Bondi Beach, Wellington Point, Mount Lawley, Annerley, Tewantin, Box Hill North, Sunshine North, Yokine, Batemans Bay, Camp Hill, Marangaroo, Dapto, Maylands, Drummoyne, Melton West, Bondi, Sydenham, Keilor Downs, Neutral Bay, Highett, West Footscray, Nambour, Rutherford, Maribyrnong, Hallam, Hillarys, Burwood East, Blackburn South, Darlinghurst, Hamilton, Dingley Village, Glenorchy, Forest Hill, Kilsyth, Parkes, Nedlands, Moranbah, Broadmeadows, Grafton, Altona, Vermont, etc.
Delivery to New Zealand: Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Manukau City, Waitakere, North Shore, Hamilton, Dunedin, Tauranga, Lower Hutt, Palmerston North, Rotorua, Hastings, Nelson, Napier, Mangere, Porirua, Whangarei, New Plymouth, Invercargill, Wanganui, Upper Hutt, Gisborne, Ashburton, Papakura, Timaru, Blenheim, Paraparaumu, Taupo, Pukekohe East, Masterton, Levin, Whakatane, Taradale, Cambridge, Tokoroa, Richmond, Oamaru, Gore, Hawera, Takanini, Queenstown, Kaiapoi, Greymouth, Pakuranga, Waiuku, Motueka, Thames, Kawerau, Petone, Papatowai, Waitara, Matamata, Otaki, Kerikeri, Ngaruawahia, Waitangi, etc.Abkhazia: Gagra, Gudauta, Lake Ritsa, New Athos, Ochamchire, Pitsunda, Sukhumi, Tsandryphsh, etc.
Afghanistan: Herat, Jalalabad, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunduz, Mazar-i-Sharif, Taloqan, etc.
Algeria: Algiers, Annaba, Béjaïa, Oran, Tlemcen, etc.
American Virgin Islands: Charlotte Amalie, etc.
Andorra: Andorra la Vella, Arinsal, El Pas de la Casa, Encamp, Grandvalira, Ordino, Pal, Soldeu, Vallnord, etc.
Angola: Benguela, Luanda, etc.
Anguilla: The Valley, West End, etc.
Antigua and Barbuda: Jolly Harbour, Saint John’s, etc.
Argentina: Buenos Aires, Capilla del Monte, Colón, Córdoba, El Calafate, La Plata, Los Glaciares, Mar del Plata, Mendoza, Mina Clavero, Neuquén, Pinamar, Puerto Iguazú, Puerto Madryn, Rosario, Río Cuarto, Río Grande, Salta, San Carlos de Bariloche, San Martín de los Andes, San Miguel de Tucumán, San Rafael, Santa Rosa de Calamuchita, Tandil, Tierra del Fuego, Ushuaia, Villa Carlos Paz, Villa General Belgrano, Villa Gesell, Villa La Angostura, Villa de Merlo, etc.
Aruba: Eagle Beach, Noord, Oranjestad, Palm Beach, Santa Cruz, Savaneta, etc.
Australia: Adelaide, Airlie Beach, Alice Springs, Bondi Beach, Brisbane, Byron Bay, Cairns, Canberra, Coffs Harbour, Darwin, Daylesford, Fremantle, Geelong, Gold Coast, Great Barrier Reef, Hervey Bay, Hobart, Hyams Beach, Jervis Bay, Launceston, Logan City, Mackay, Mandurah, Maroochydore, Melbourne, Mooloolaba, Mount Gambier, New South Wales, Newcastle, Noosa Heads, Northern Territory, Perth, Port Douglas, Queensland, Redland City, Rockhampton, South Australia, Surfers Paradise, Sydney, Tasmania, Toowoomba, Townsville, Ulladulla, Victor Harbor, Victoria, Western Australia, Wollongong, etc.
Austria: Abtenau, Alpbach, Austrian Alps, Bad Gastein, Bad Hofgastein, Bad Kleinkirchheim, Dürnstein, Flachau, Fugen, Graz, Hallstatt, Innsbruck, Ischgl, Kaprun, Kitzbühel, Klagenfurt, Klosterneuburg, Kufstein, Lech, Leogang, Lienz, Linz, Maria Alm, Mayrhofen, Neustift im Stubaital, Obergurgl, Saalbach-Hinterglemm, Saalfelden, Salzburg, Schladming, Seefeld, Serfaus, St. Anton, St. Johann im Pongau, Sölden, Tux, Tyrol, Vienna, Villach, Wachau, Wagrain, Zell am See, etc.
Azerbaijan: Baku, Ganja, Lankaran, Quba, Qusar, Shahdag, Sheki, Stepanakert, etc.
Bahamas: Andros, Eleuthera, Exuma, Freeport, Grand Bahama, Nassau, New Providence, Paradise Island, etc.
Belgium: Antwerp, Ardennes, Blankenberge, Boom, Bouillon, Bruges, Brussels, Charleroi, De Haan, De Panne, Durbuy, Flanders, Ghent, Hasselt, Kortrijk, La Louvière, Leuven, Liège, Mechelen, Namur, Nieuwpoort, Ostend, Spa, Ypres, Zeebrugge, etc.
Belize: Ambergris Caye, Belize City, Caye Caulker, Placencia, San Pedro, etc.
Benin: Cotonou, etc.
Bermuda: Hamilton, etc.
Bhutan: Paro, Thimphu, etc.
Bolivia: Cochabamba, El Alto, La Paz, Oruro, Quillacollo, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Sucre, Uyuni, etc.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Banja Luka, Bihać, Jahorina, Medjugorje, Mostar, Neum, Sarajevo, Travnik, Trebinje, etc.
Botswana: Gaborone, Maun, etc.
Brazil: Amazon River, Amazonia, Angra dos Reis, Arraial do Cabo, Atlantic Forest, Balneário Camboriú, Belo Horizonte, Belém, Bombinhas, Brasília, Búzios, Cabo Frio, Camaçari, Campinas, Campos do Jordão, Caraguatatuba, Copacabana, Costa do Sauípe, Curitiba, Duque de Caxias, Fernando de Noronha, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, Goiânia, Gramado, Guarujá, Guarulhos, Iguazu Falls, Ilha Grande, Ilhabela, Ilhéus, Ipanema, Itacaré, Maceió, Manaus, Morro de São Paulo, Natal, Niterói, Osasco, Ouro Preto, Paraty, Petrópolis, Porto Alegre, Porto Seguro, Praia do Forte, Recife, Ribeirão Preto, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Santos, São Gonçalo, São José dos Campos, São Luís, São Paulo, São Sebastião, Trancoso, Ubatuba, Vila do Abraão, etc.
British Virgin Islands: Tortola, etc.
Brunei: Bandar Seri Begawan, etc.
Bulgaria: Albena, Apriltsi, Arbanasi, Balchik, Bansko, Blagoevgrad, Borovets, Burgas, Byala, Chepelare, Chernomorets, Dobrinishte, Gabrovo, Golden Sands, Haskovo, Hisarya, Kavarna, Kazanlak, Kiten, Koprivshtitsa, Kranevo, Lovech, Lozenets, Nesebar, Obzor, Pamporovo, Pazardzhik, Pirin, Pleven, Plovdiv, Pomorie, Primorsko, Ravda, Razlog, Rila, Ruse, Saints Constantine and Helena, Samokov, Sandanski, Sapareva Banya, Shumen, Sliven, Smolyan, Sofia, Sozopol, Stara Zagora, Sunny Beach, Sveti Vlas, Targovishte, Tryavna, Tsarevo, Varna, Veliko Tarnovo, Velingrad, Vratsa, Yambol, etc.
Cameroon: Bafoussam, Bamenda, Douala, Garoua, Kribi, Limbe, Maroua, Yaoundé, etc.
Canada: Alberta, Banff, Brampton, British Columbia, Burnaby, Calgary, Charlottetown, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Gatineau, Halifax, Hamilton, Jasper, Kamloops, Kelowna, Kingston, Kitchener, Laval, London, Longueuil, Manitoba, Markham, Mississauga, Moncton, Mont-Tremblant, Montreal, Nanaimo, New Brunswick, Niagara Falls, Niagara on the Lake, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Ottawa, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Regina, Richmond, Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Surrey, Toronto, Vancouver, Vaughan, Victoria, Whistler, Whitehorse, Windsor, Winnipeg, Yukon, etc.
Cape Verde: Boa Vista Cape Verde, Sal, etc.
Caribbean Netherlands:, etc.
Cayman Islands: George Town, Grand Cayman, West Bay, etc.
Central African Republic: Bangui, etc.
Chad: N'Djamena, etc.
Chile: Antofagasta, Arica, Atacama, Coquimbo, Easter Island, Hanga Roa, Iquique, La Serena, Patagonia, Pucón, Puerto Montt, Puerto Natales, Puerto Varas, Punta Arenas, San Pedro de Atacama, Santiago, Torres del Paine, Valdivia, Valparaíso, Villarrica, Viña del Mar, etc.
Colombia: Barranquilla, Bogotá, Bucaramanga, Cali, Cartagena, Medellín, Pereira, San Andrés, Santa Marta, Villa de Leyva, Villavicencio, etc.
Comoros: Moroni, etc.
Costa Rica: Alajuela, Jacó, La Fortuna, Manuel Antonio, Monteverde, Puerto Viejo de Talamanca, Puntarenas, Quepos, San José, Santa Teresa, Tamarindo, Tortuguero, etc.
Croatia: Baška Voda, Baška, Bibinje, Biograd na Moru, Bol, Brač, Brela, Cavtat, Cres, Dalmatia, Dubrovnik, Fažana, Hvar, Istria, Ičići, Karlovac, Kolocep, Korčula, Kožino, Krk, Kukljica, Lopud, Lovran, Lošinj, Makarska, Mali Lošinj, Malinska, Medulin, Mlini, Nin, Novi Vinodolski, Novigrad, Omiš, Opatija, Orebić, Pag, Pakoštane, Petrčane, Podstrana, Poreč, Povljana, Privlaka, Pula, Rab, Rabac, Rijeka, Rovinj, Slavonski Brod, Split, Stari Grad, Starigrad, Sukošan, Supetar, Sveti Filip i Jakov, Trogir, Tučepi, Umag, Vir, Vrsar, Zadar, Zagreb, Čiovo, Šibenik, Šipan, etc.
Cuba: Baracoa, Camagüey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo, Cayo Santa María, Cienfuegos, Guantánamo, Havana, Holguín, Pinar del Río, Remedios Cuba, Sancti Spíritus, Santa Clara Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Trinidad, Varadero, Viñales, etc.
Curaçao: Sint Michiel, Westpunt, Willemstad, etc.
Cyprus: Ayia Napa, Coral Bay Cyprus, Famagusta, Kouklia, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos, Paralimni, Peyia, Pissouri, Polis, Protaras, etc.
Czech Republic: Bohemia, Brno, Děčín, Františkovy Lázně, Frymburk, Frýdek-Místek, Harrachov, Hradec Králové, Jihlava, Karlovy Vary, Kladno, Krkonoše, Kutná Hora, Liberec, Lipno nad Vltavou, Marienbad, Mikulov, Mladá Boleslav, Mělník, Olomouc, Ostrava, Pardubice, Plzeň, Poděbrady, Prague, Teplice, Třeboň, Zlín, Znojmo, Ústí nad Labem, České Budějovice, Český Krumlov, Špindlerův Mlýn, Železná Ruda, etc.
Dominican Republic: Boca Chica, Bávaro, Cabarete, La Romana, Las Terrenas, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo, Sosúa, etc.
East Timor: Dili, etc.
Ecuador: Baños, Cuenca, Galápagos Islands, Guayaquil, Manta, Otavalo, Puerto Ayora, Puerto López, Quito, Salinas, etc.
Egypt: Abu Simbel, Al Qusair, Alexandria, Aswan, Cairo, Dahab, El Alamein, El Gouna, El Hadaba, Faiyum, Giza, Hurghada, Luxor, Marsa Alam, Mersa Matruh, Naama Bay, Nabq Bay, Nile, Nuweiba, Port Said, Red Sea, Safaga, Sahl Hasheesh, Scharm asch-Schaich, Sharks Bay, Sinai, Suez, Taba, Valley of the Kings, etc.
El Salvador: La Libertad, San Salvador, etc.
Equatorial Guinea: Malabo, etc.
Eritrea: Asmara, etc.
Estonia: Haapsalu, Kuressaare, Narva, Pärnu, Saaremaa, Tallinn, Tartu, etc.
Indonesia: Bali, Balikpapan, Bandung, Batu, Bintan, Bogor, Borobudur, Denpasar, Jakarta, Java, Jimbaran, Kalimantan, Kuta, Lombok, Makassar, Malang, Mataram, Medan, Nusa Dua, Padang, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Sanur, Semarang, Seminyak, Sumatra, Surabaya, Surakarta, Ubud, Yogyakarta, etc.
Iran: Isfahan, Mashhad, Shiraz, Tehran, etc.
Iraq: Baghdad, Basra, Duhok, Erbil, Karbala, Sulaymaniyah, etc.
Lebanon: Baalbeck, Beirut, Byblos, Faraya, Jounieh, Mzaar Kfardebian, Tripoli, etc.
Lesotho: Maseru, etc.
Liberia: Monrovia, etc.
Libya: Benghazi, Tripoli, etc.
Liechtenstein: Schaan, Vaduz, etc.
Lithuania: Druskininkai, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Nida, Palanga, Panevėžys, Trakai, Vilnius, Šiauliai, Šventoji, etc.
Luxembourg: Differdange, Dudelange, Echternach, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg City, Vianden, etc.
Macedonia: Bitola, Mavrovo, Ohrid, Skopje, etc.
Madagascar: Antananarivo, etc.
Malawi: Blantyre, Lilongwe, Zomba, etc.
Malaysia: Borneo, George Town, Ipoh, Johor Bahru, Johor, Kedah, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuah, Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Terengganu, Kuantan, Kuching, Langkawi, Malacca, Penang, Putrajaya, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Shah Alam, etc.
Maldives: Kaafu Atoll, Malé, etc.
Mali: Bamako, etc.
Malta: Birżebbuġa, Buġibba, Gozo, Gżira, Mellieħa, Paceville, Pembroke, Qawra, Sliema, St. Julian's, St. Paul's Bay, Valletta, etc.
Martinique: Fort-de-France, La Trinité, Le Diamant, Les Trois-Îlets, Sainte-Luce, etc.
Mauritania: Nouakchott, etc.
Mauritius: Port Louis, etc.
Mexico: Acapulco, Akumal, Cabo San Lucas, Cancún, Chetumal, Chichen Itza, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Cozumel, Cuernavaca, Guadalajara, Guanajuato, Guaymas, Isla Mujeres, Ixtapa, Los Cabos, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Monterrey, Mérida, Oaxaca, Playa del Carmen, Puebla, Puerto Aventuras, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Morelos, Puerto Peñasco, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro, Riviera Maya, San Carlos, San Cristóbal de las Casas, San Francisco de Campeche, San Miguel de Allende, San Miguel de Cozumel, Teotihuacan, Tijuana, Toluca, Tulum, Zihuatanejo, etc.
Moldova: Bălți, Chișinău, Tiraspol, etc.
Monaco: Monte Carlo, etc.
Mongolia: Darkhan, Erdenet, Ulaanbaatar, etc.
Montenegro: Bar, Bečići, Bijela, Budva, Cetinje, Dobra Voda, Dobrota, Herceg Novi, Igalo, Kolašin, Kotor, Miločer, Nikšić, Perast, Petrovac, Podgorica, Prčanj, Sutomore, Sveti Stefan, Tivat, Ulcinj, Žabljak, etc.
Myanmar: Mandalay, Naypyidaw, Nyaung Shwe, Yangon, etc.
Namibia: Rundu, Swakopmund, Walvis Bay, Windhoek, etc.
Nepal: Chitwan, Himalayas, Kathmandu, Lukla, Lumbini, Mount Everest, Nagarkot, Namche Bazaar, Patan, Pokhara, Tengboche, etc.
Netherlands: 's-Hertogenbosch, Alkmaar, Amersfoort, Amsterdam, Arnhem, Breda, Delft, Domburg, Dordrecht, Eindhoven, Groningen, Haarlem, Leiden, Maastricht, Nijmegen, Noordwijk, Rotterdam, Texel, The Hague, Utrecht, Valkenburg aan de Geul, Wijk aan Zee, Zandvoort, etc.
New Caledonia: Nouméa, etc.
New Zealand: Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin, Gisborne, Hamilton, Hastings, Invercargill, Kaikoura, Lower Hutt, Napier, Nelson, New Plymouth, North Island, Palmerston North, Porirua, Queenstown, Rotorua, South Island, Taupo, Tauranga, Waiheke Island, Wanaka, Wellington, Whangarei, etc.
Nicaragua: Granada, Managua, etc.
Nigeria: Abuja, Benin City, Calabar, Enugu, Ibadan, Ilorin, Jos, Kaduna, Lagos, Owerri, Port Harcourt, Uyo, etc.
Philippines: Angeles City, Antipolo, Bacolod, Bacoor, Baguio, Batangas, Bohol, Boracay, Cagayan de Oro, Calamba, Caloocan, Cebu, Coron, Dasmariñas, Davao, Dumaguete, El Nido, General Santos, Iloilo City, Kalibo, Lapu-Lapu City, Las Piñas, Luzon, Mactan, Makati, Mandaue, Manila, Marikina, Mindanao, Muntinlupa, Olongapo, Palawan, Panglao, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, Puerto Galera, Puerto Princesa, Quezon City, Tagaytay, Tagbilaran, Taguig, Valenzuela, Visayas, Zamboanga, etc.
Saint Lucia: Anse La Raye, Castries, Gros Islet, Soufrière, etc.
Saint Martin:, etc.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon: Saint Pierre, etc.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Kingstown, etc.
Samoa: Apia, etc.
San Marino: City of San Marino, etc.
Saudi Arabia: Abha, Al Khobar, Buraydah, Dammam, Jeddah, Jizan, Jubail, Mecca, Medina, Riyadh, Ta'if, Tabuk, Yanbu, etc.
Senegal: Dakar, M'Bour, Saly Portudal, etc.
Serbia: Belgrade, Kopaonik, Niš, Novi Sad, Palić, Stara Planina, Subotica, Zlatibor, etc.
Seychelles: La Digue, Mahé, Praslin, etc.
Sierra Leone: Freetown, etc.
Singapore: Changi, Sentosa, etc.
Sint Maarten:, etc.
Slovakia: Bratislava, Jasná, Košice, Liptov, Tatranská Lomnica, Vysoké Tatry, Štrbské Pleso, etc.
Slovenia: Bled, Bohinj, Bovec, Kranjska Gora, Ljubljana, Maribor, Piran, Portorož, Rogaška Slatina, etc.
Solomon Islands: Honiara, etc.
Somalia: Mogadishu, etc.
Somaliland: Hargeisa, etc.
South Africa: Ballito, Benoni, Bloemfontein, Boksburg, Cape Town, Drakensberg, Durban, East London, George, Johannesburg, Kempton Park, Kimberley, Knysna, Kruger National Park, Marloth Park, Mossel Bay, Nelspruit, Pietermaritzburg, Plettenberg Bay, Polokwane, Port Elizabeth, Potchefstroom, Pretoria, Rustenburg, Sandton, Stellenbosch, Umhlanga, etc.
Spain: A Coruña, Alcúdia, Algeciras, Alicante, Almería, Altea, Andalusia, Antequera, Aragon, Asturias, Ayamonte, Baiona, Balearic Islands, Barbate, Barcelona, Basque Country, Benalmádena, Benidorm, Benissa, Besalú, Bilbao, Blanes, Buñol, Cadaqués, Cala d'Or, Calella, Calonge, Calp, Calvià, Cambados, Cambrils, Canary Islands, Cangas de Onís, Cantabria, Cartagena, Castilla-La Mancha, Catalonia, Chiclana de la Frontera, Costa Blanca, Costa Brava, Costa Dorada, Costa del Maresme, Costa del Sol, Cádiz, Córdoba, Dénia, El Puerto de Santa María, Empuriabrava, Estepona, Figueres, Formentera, Fuerteventura, Galicia, Gijón, Girona, Gran Canaria, Granada, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, L'Escala, L'Estartit, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, La Pineda, Lanzarote, Las Palmas, Llançà, Lleida, Lloret de Mar, Madrid, Magaluf, Malgrat de Mar, Mallorca, Marbella, Maspalomas, Menorca, Mijas, Mojácar, Moraira, Murcia, Málaga, Navarre, Nerja, O Grove, Ourense, Oviedo, Palma Nova, Palma de Mallorca, Pals, Poio, Pollença, Pontevedra, PortAventura, Portonovo, Ronda, Roquetas de Mar, Roses, Salamanca, Salou, San Sebastian, Sant Antoni de Portmany, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Santillana del Mar, Sanxenxo, Seville, Sidges, Sierra Nevada, Tarifa, Tarragona, Tenerife, Toledo, Torremolinos, Torrevieja, Torroella de Montgrí, Tossa de Mar, Valencia, Vigo, Vélez-Málaga, Xàbia, Zaragoza, etc.
Syria: Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Latakia, Palmyra, Tartus, etc.
Taiwan: Hsinchu, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, Taipei, etc.
Tajikistan: Dushanbe, Isfara, Khujand, etc.
Tanzania: Dar es Salaam, Mount Kilimanjaro, Serengeti, Zanzibar, etc.
Thailand: Ayutthaya, Bangkok, Cha-Am, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chonburi, Hua Hin, Kanchanaburi, Karon, Khao Sok, Ko Chang, Ko Lanta, Ko Phangan, Ko Samui, Krabi, Pai, Patong, Pattaya, Phi Phi Islands, Phuket, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, River Kwai, Udon Thani, etc.
Togo: Lomé, etc.
Tonga: Nukuʻalofa, Tunis, etc.
Trinidad and Tobago: Port of Spain, etc.
Tunisia: Djerba, Hammamet, Midoun, Monastir, Port El Kantaoui, Sousse, etc.
United States: Akron, Alabama, Alaska, Albany, Albuquerque, Amarillo, Anaheim, Anchorage, Ann Arbor, Arizona, Arkansas, Arlington, Aspen, Atlanta, Aurora, Austin, Bakersfield, Baltimore, Baton Rouge, Beaver Creek, Berkeley, Big Bear Lake, Billings, Biloxi, Birmingham, Boca Raton, Boise, Boston, Breckenridge, Brooklyn, Buena Park, Buffalo, California, Carlsbad, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Chandler, Charlotte, Chesapeake, Cheyenne, Chicago, Chula Vista, Cincinnati, Clearwater, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Colorado, Columbus Georgia, Columbus, Connecticut, Corpus Christi, Costa Mesa, Cupertino, Dallas, Dana Point, Daytona Beach, Death Valley, Delaware, Delray Beach, Denver, Des Moines, Destin, Detroit, Durham, El Paso, Estes Park, Fargo, Fayetteville, Florida, Fontana, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Fort Walton Beach, Fort Wayne, Fort Worth, Fremont, Fresno, Galveston, Garland, Georgia, Gilbert, Glendale, Grand Canyon, Grand Rapids, Grand Teton, Great Smoky Mountains, Greensboro, Gulfport, Hawaii, Henderson, Hialeah, Hollywood, Honolulu, Hot Springs, Houston, Huntington Beach, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Indianapolis, Iowa, Irving, Jackson Mississippi, Jackson Wyoming, Jacksonville, Jersey City, Juneau, Kansas City, Kansas, Kentucky, Key Largo, Key West, La Jolla, La Quinta, Laguna Beach, Lahaina, Lake Tahoe, Laredo, Las Vegas, Lexington, Lincoln, Little Rock, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Louisiana, Louisville, Lubbock, Madison, Maine, Malibu, Mammoth Lakes, Manhattan, Marathon, Maryland, Massachusetts, Memphis, Menlo Park, Mesa, Mexico City, Miami Beach, Miami, Michigan, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Moab, Modesto, Montana, Monterey, Montgomery, Moreno Valley, Mount St. Helens, Mountain View, Myrtle Beach, Napa, Naples, Nashville, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New Orleans, New York City, New York, Newark, Newport Beach, Newport, Norfolk, North Carolina, North Dakota, North Las Vegas, Oakland, Ocean City, Oceanside, Ohio, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Omaha, Oregon, Orlando, Oxnard, Palm Coast, Palm Desert, Palm Springs, Palo Alto, Panama City Beach, Park City, Pasadena, Paso Robles, Pennsylvania, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Plano, Pompano Beach, Portland, Portland, Providence, Raleigh, Redwood City, Reno, Rhode Island, Richmond, Riverside, Rochester, Rocky Mountains, Sacramento, Saint Paul, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, San Mateo, Sanibel, Santa Ana, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santa Monica, Santa Rosa, Sarasota, Savannah, Scottsdale, Seattle, Shreveport, Silicon Valley, South Carolina, South Dakota, South Lake Tahoe, Spokane, Springfield, Squaw Valley, St. Augustine, St. Louis, St. Petersburg, Steamboat Springs, Stockton, Sunny Isles Beach, Sunnyvale, Syracuse, Tacoma, Tallahassee, Tampa, Telluride, Tennessee, Texas, Thousand Oaks, Toledo, Tucson, Tulsa, Utah, Vail, Vermont, Virginia Beach, Virginia, Waikiki, Walnut Creek, Washington D.C., Washington, West Palm Beach, West Virginia, Wichita, Winston-Salem, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yellowstone, Yonkers, Yosemite, Zion, etc.
Uruguay: Colonia del Sacramento, La Barra, La Paloma, Maldonado, Montevideo, Piriápolis, Punta del Este, Salto, etc.
Uzbekistan: Bukhara, Fergana, Khiva, Kokand, Navoiy, Samarkand, Tashkent, Urgench, etc.
Vanuatu: Port Vila, etc.
Venezuela: Caracas, Isla Margarita, Maracaibo, Porlamar, etc.
Vietnam: Cát Bà Island, Cần Thơ, Da Lat, Da Nang, Haiphong, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Huế, Hạ Long, Hội An, Long Hải, Mỹ Tho, Nha Trang, Ninh Bình, Phan Thiết, Phú Quốc, Qui Nhơn, Rạch Giá, Sa Pa, Tuần Châu, Vũng Tàu, Đồng Hới, etc.
Yemen: Aden, Sana'a, etc.
Zambia: Livingstone, Lusaka, etc.
Zimbabwe: Bulawayo, Harare, Mutare, Victoria Falls, etc.